Julius Rosenwald Fund

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Founded by Julius Rosenwald; incorporated Oct. 30, 1917 in Chicago, Ill., as a non-profit corporation with the purpose of promoting "the well-being of mankind;" after Rosenwald met Booker T. Washington in 1911, funds focus was on Negro interests.

From the description of Julius Rosenwald Fund records, 1917-1948. (Fisk University). WorldCat record id: 70972601

In 1917, Julius Rosenwald (1862-1932), President of Sears, Roebuck and Company, initiated the Julius Rosenwald Foundation. Through this program, more than 5300 schools, shop buildings, and teachers' houses were built by, and for, African-Americans across the South and Southwest until the program was discontinued in 1932.

The Rosenwald Plan called for African Americans to participate in the building of schools in their communities, including land acquisition, fund raising, school management, and curriculum. Working together, African Americans built about 500 Rosenwald schools in South Carolina, the third highest number in the country. Many of the schools operated until desegregation in the early 1970s.

From the description of [Directory of Rosenwald schools in South Carolina] ; [ca. 196u?]. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 55492760

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Claude Barnett and the Associated Negro Press, 1976-1977 Indiana University, Bloomington. Center for the Study of History and Memory
referencedIn Embree, Edwin R. (Edwin Rogers), 1883-1950. Edwin Rogers Embree papers, 1903-1956 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn James Weldon Johnson and Grace Nail Johnson papers, circa 1850-2005, 1900-1976 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Julius Rosenwald Fund. Archives. 1917-1948. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn Alabama. Dept. of Public Health. Bureau of Administration. Administrative files of the State Health Officer, 1866-1992. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Roscoe Pound papers, 1888-1964 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Smalls, O'Neal. On Julius Rosenwald, 2003 Feb. 10 ; [typescript]. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Morrill, Dan L. Survey and research report on the McClintock Rosenwald School and the Newell Rosenwald School, 1987 March 2. University of North Carolina, Charlotte, J. Murrey Atkins Library
referencedIn Edwin Rogers Embree papers, 1903-1956 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Hayden, Robert Earl. Robert Hayden letters to John Hinsdale Thompson, 1945-1952. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Lessing J. Rosenwald Papers, 1891-1979, (bulk 1932-1979) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Jacob Lawrence Papers, 1937-1971 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn Papers, 1897-1983 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Julius Rosenwald Fund. Correspondence with Marian Anderson, 1929-1947. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Julius Rosenwald Fund. [Directory of Rosenwald schools in South Carolina] ; [ca. 196u?]. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Foreman, Clark Howell, 1902-1977. Papers of Clark Foreman [manuscript], 1917-1977. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Julius Rosenwald Fund. Letter, 1931, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn National Council of the Young Men's Christian Associations of the United States of America. Colored Work Dept. Colored Work Department records, 1871-1946. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Christian, Marcus Bruce, 1900-1976. Marcus Christian collection, 1724-1976 bulk 1928-1976. University of New Orleans, Earl K. Long Library
referencedIn Horace Mann Bond Papers, 1830-1979, 1926-1972 Special Collections and University Archives, UMass Amherst Libraries
referencedIn Bond, Horace Mann, 1904-1972. Horace Mann Bond papers, 1830-1979 (bulk 1926-1972). University of Massachusetts Amherst, W.E.B. Du Bois Library
referencedIn Colored Work Department records., 1871-1946. University of Minnesota Libraries. Kautz Family YMCA Archives. [ymca]
referencedIn Murphy, Darryl T. The impact of separate and unequal: Black education and the Rosenwald School concept in South Carolina : 2002 Dec. / Darryl T. Murphy. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Columbia University Oral History Collection. Collection. 1952-1960. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn Ingram, Irvine Sullivan, 1892-1981. [Irvine Sullivan Ingram (1892-1981)]. University of West Georgia, Irvine Sullivan Ingram Library
referencedIn Kentucky. Dept. of Education. Financial records of philanthropic funds, 1924-1934. Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky State Archives
referencedIn Rosenwald, Julius. Papers, 1905-1963 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
referencedIn Embree, Edwin Rogers, 1883-1950. Edwin Rogers Embree papers, 1903-1956 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Dixon, J. Curtis, 1894-. Reminiscences of J. Curtis Dixon : oral history, 1967. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Johnson, Charles Spurgeon, 1893-1956. Charles Spurgeon Johnson records, 1858-1956. John Hope and Aurelia E. Franklin Library. Special Collections & Archives
referencedIn Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938. James Weldon Johnson and Grace Nail Johnson papers, circa 1850-2005 (bulk 1900-1976). Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Commission on Interracial Cooperation. Commission on Interracial Cooperation financial records, 1922-1943. Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library
creatorOf Julius Rosenwald Fund. [Annual reports], 1928- Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis, IUPUI
referencedIn Rosenwald, Julius, 1862-1932. Papers, 1905-1963 (inclusive), 1905-1933 (bulk). University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Baker, Lamar. Correspondence with Carl Zigrosser, 1937-1945. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Julius Rosenwald Fund. Julius Rosenwald Fund records, 1917-1948. John Hope and Aurelia E. Franklin Library. Special Collections & Archives
referencedIn Davis, Jackson, 1882-1947. Library of Virginia records for Jackson Davis, 1911-1954. University of Virginia. Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alabama. Dept. of Public Health. Bureau of Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith Arthur, George R. b. 1879. person
associatedWith Baker, Lamar. person
associatedWith Baldwin, James, 1924-1987. person
associatedWith Bond, Horace Mann, 1904-1972 person
associatedWith Christian, Marcus Bruce, 1900-1976. person
associatedWith Columbia University Oral History Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Commission on Interracial Cooperation. corporateBody
associatedWith Davis, Jackson, 1882-1947. person
associatedWith Dillard University. corporateBody
associatedWith Dixon, J. Curtis, 1894- person
associatedWith Embree, Edwin, 1883-1950. person
associatedWith Embree, Edwin R. 1883-1950. person
associatedWith Flint-Goodridge Hospital (New Orleans, La.) corporateBody
associatedWith Foreman, Clark Howell, 1902-1977. person
associatedWith FRANCES EUPHEMIA THOMPSON, ca. 1903-1991 person
associatedWith Franklin, John Hope, 1915-2009. person
associatedWith Hayden, Robert Earl. person
associatedWith Haygood, William C. person
associatedWith Hurston, Zora Neale. person
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
associatedWith Ingram, Irvine Sullivan, 1892-1981. person
associatedWith Johnson, Charles S., 1893-1956. person
associatedWith Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938. person
associatedWith Kentucky. Dept. of Education. corporateBody
associatedWith Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000 person
associatedWith McKay, Claude, 1890-1948. person
associatedWith Murphy, Darryl T. person
associatedWith National Council of the Young Men's Christian Associations of the United States of America. Colored Work Department. corporateBody
associatedWith National Council of the Young Men's Christian Associations of the United States of America. Colored Work Dept. corporateBody
correspondedWith Pound, Roscoe, 1870-1964 person
associatedWith Rosenwald, Julius, 1862-1932. person
associatedWith Rosenwald, Lessing J. (Lessing Julius), 1891-1979 person
associatedWith Smalls, O'Neal. person
associatedWith Stern, Alfred K. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Illinois
South Carolina
United States
Subject
Education Economic aspects
Endowments
Rural schools--Economic aspects
Endowments--Finance
African Americans--Education
African Americans--Hospitals
Endowments--Statistics
African American schools--Finance
African Americans--Scholarships, fellowships, etc
Rural schools--Photographs
Education--History
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1917

Active 1948

Information

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SNAC ID: 55579406