Ellison, Ralph

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Biographical Note

Ralph Ellison

  • 1914, Mar.1: Born, Oklahoma City, Okla.
  • 1933 - 1936 : Attended Tuskegee Institute, Tuskegee, Ala.
  • 1938 - 1942 : Researcher, Federal Writers' Project, Works Progress Administration Married Rose Poindexter (divorced 1945)
  • 1939: Published short story “Slick Gonna Learn” in Direction
  • 1940: Published short story “The Birthmark” in New Masses Published short story “Afternoon” in American Writing, ed. Hans Otto Storm and others. Prairie City, Ill.: J. A. Decker
  • 1941: Published short story “Mister Toussan” in New Masses
  • 1942: Managing editor, Negro Quarterly
  • 1943 - 1945 : Seaman, merchant marine
  • 1944: Published short story “Flying Home” in Cross Section, ed. Edwin Seaver. New York: L. B. Fischer Published short story “King of the Bingo Game” in Tomorrow
  • 1945: Received Rosenwald Fellowship
  • 1946: Married Fanny McConnell Buford
  • 1948: Published short story “Battle Royal” in ’48, The Magazine of the Year
  • 1952: Published Invisible Man. New York: Random House
  • 1953: Received National Book Award for Invisible Man
  • 1955 - 1957 : Received American Academy of Arts and Letters Fellowship for study in Rome
  • 1958 - 1961 : Instructor, Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, N.Y.
  • 1960: Published short story “And Hickman Arrives” in The Noble Savage
  • 1961: Alexander White Visiting Professor, University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1962 - 1964 : Visiting Professor of Writing, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, N.J.
  • 1964: Published Shadow and Act. New York: Random House
  • 1964 - 1965 : Visiting Fellow in American Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
  • 1966 - 1972 : Honorary consultant in American Letters, Library of Congress
  • 1967 - 1977 : Trustee, John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, Washington, D.C.
  • 1968 - 1979 : Board of Directors, Educational Broadcasting Corp.
  • 1969: Decorated chevalier l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, France Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • 1969 - 1982 : Trustee, New School for Social Research, New York, N.Y.
  • 1970 - 1975 : Trustee, Bennington College, Bennington, Vt.
  • 1970 - 1979 : Albert Schweitzer Professor of Humanities, New York University, New York, N.Y.
  • 1970 - 1985 : Board of Directors, Museum of the City of New York, New York, N.Y.
  • 1971 - 1984 : Trustee, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation
  • 1972 - 1985 : Board of Visitors, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, N.C.
  • 1975: Opening of Ralph Ellison Branch, Metropolitan Library System, Oklahoma City, Okla.
  • 1985: Awarded National Medal of Arts
  • 1986: Published Going to the Territory. New York: Random House
  • 1994, Apr. 16: Died, New York, N.Y.
  • 1999: Posthumous publication, Juneteenth. New York: Random House

Fanny McConnell Ellison

  • [1911 ?], Nov. 27: Born, Louisville, Ky.
  • 1932 - 1933 : Attended Fisk University, Nashville, Tenn.
  • 1936: B.A., University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa Married Rodney G. Higgins (divorced 1937)
  • 1938: Founded Negro People's Theatre, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1939: Married Ligon Buford (divorced 1945)
  • 1939 - 1941 : Assistant to John Sengstacke and columnist, Chicago Defender
  • 1942: Typist, Navy Yard, Washington D.C. Researcher, War Production Board, Washington, D.C.
  • 1943 - 1945 : Research assistant, National Urban League, New York, N.Y.
  • 1945 - 1946 : Director of publicity, New York City Housing Authority
  • 1946: Married Ralph Ellison
  • 1946 - 1953 : Secretary to executive director, International Rescue Committee
  • 1953 - 1966 : Accounts manager, Harold L. Oram Associates, with a two-year absence from 1955-1957
  • 1955 - 1957 : Translator, Lampada della Fraternità (World Organization of the Lamp of Brotherhood), Rome, Italy
  • 1963: Traveled to Namkham Hospital, Namkham, Burma, for Harold L. Oram, Inc.
  • 2005, Nov. 19: Died, New York, N.Y.

From the guide to the Ralph Ellison Papers, 1890-2005, (bulk 1930-1994), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Stanley Edgar Hyman Papers, 1932-1978, (bulk 1938-1970) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn George P. Garrett Papers, 1929-2008, (bulk 1960-2000) David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Harvard University Archives Photograph Collection: Portraits, ca. 1852-ca. 2004 Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn American Review records, 1967-1977 Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn James A. Emanuel Papers, 1922-1995, (bulk 1960-1995) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn William Styron Papers, 1855-2007 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn John W. Aldridge papers, 1942-2006, 1950-2000 Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Larry Neal papers, 1961-1985 Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. Rare Books, Manuscripts, and Archives Section
referencedIn Robert Penn Warren papers, 1906-1989 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Richard Wright papers, 1927-1978 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn New Yorker records New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Richard Wright collection, 1935-1967 Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. Rare Books, Manuscripts, and Archives Section
referencedIn Antioch Review mss., 1940-2007 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Max Lerner papers, 1927-1998 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Yaddo records, 1870-1980 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Walker Percy Papers, circa 1910-1992 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
creatorOf Miscellaneous Writings, circa 1893-1956 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Reynolds Price Papers, bulk, 1927-2010 and undated, 1956-2006 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Charles Humboldt papers, 1935-1963 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Records of the Albert Schweitzer Chair in the Humanities, 1965-1984 New York University. Archives
referencedIn Glauco Cambon Papers., undated, 1940-1987. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Center.
referencedIn George S. Schuyler Papers, 1912-1976. Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn Arna Bontemps Papers, 1927-1968 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn George Hardy Photograph Collection No. 14 San Francisco State University. Labor Archives and Research Center.
creatorOf Ralph Ellison Papers, 1890-2005, (bulk 1930-1994) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Aldridge, John W. corporateBody
associatedWith American Medical Center for Burma. corporateBody
associatedWith American Review corporateBody
associatedWith Antioch review. corporateBody
correspondedWith Bearden, Romare, 1911-1988 person
correspondedWith Bellow, Saul person
associatedWith Bennington College. corporateBody
associatedWith Bontemps, Arna, 1902-1973 person
correspondedWith Brooks, Harry, 1895-1970 person
correspondedWith Calicutt, Harold person
correspondedWith Cambon, Glauco. person
associatedWith Cantor, Norman person
associatedWith Carnegie Commission on Educational Television. corporateBody
correspondedWith Cheever, John person
correspondedWith Ciardi, John, 1916-1986 person
correspondedWith Clark, Kenneth Bancroft, 1914-2005 person
associatedWith Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith Coxe, A. Cleveland (Arthur Cleveland), 1818-1896 person
associatedWith Cranberry, George Folsom, 1876-1956 person
correspondedWith Davis, Henry B. O., 1911- person
correspondedWith Dawson, William Levi, 1899-1990 person
associatedWith Ellison family. family
associatedWith Ellison, Fanny McConnell. Fanny McConnell Ellison papers. person
correspondedWith Emanuel, James A. person
correspondedWith Engle, Paul, 1908-1991 person
correspondedWith Fabre, Michel person
associatedWith Federal Writers' Project. corporateBody
correspondedWith Garrett, George P., 1929-2008 person
associatedWith Hardy, George person
correspondedWith Harper, Michael S., 1938- person
correspondedWith Hersey, John, 1914-1993 person
correspondedWith Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967 person
associatedWith Humboldt, Charles, 1910-1964 person
correspondedWith Hyman, Phoebe person
correspondedWith Hyman, Stanley Edgar, 1919-1970 person
correspondedWith Jackson, Shirley, 1916-1965 person
correspondedWith Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938 person
associatedWith Kilmer, Ione M. person
associatedWith Lerner, Max, 1902- person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
associatedWith McConnell family. family
correspondedWith McPherson, James Alan, 1943- person
correspondedWith Murray, Albert person
associatedWith Museum of the City of New York. corporateBody
associatedWith Neal, Larry, 1937- person
associatedWith Negro People's Theatre (Chicago, Ill.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Newhall, Joseph F. person
associatedWith New School for Social Research (New York, N.Y. : 1919-1997) corporateBody
correspondedWith New Yorker Magazine, Inc corporateBody
correspondedWith Olmanson, Myron Donald person
associatedWith Percy, Walker, 1916-1990 person
correspondedWith Price, Reynolds, 1933-2011 person
associatedWith Schuyler, George Samuel, 1895- person
correspondedWith Scott, Nathan A. person
correspondedWith Seagrave, Gordon Stifler, 1897-1965 person
associatedWith Stockard, Sallie Walker. person
associatedWith Styron, William person
associatedWith Wake Forest University. corporateBody
correspondedWith Warren, Robert Penn, 1905-1989 person
correspondedWith Wright, Richard, 1908-1960 person
associatedWith Yaddo (Artist's colony) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
African American authors




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