CHARLOTTE EUGENIA (HAWKINS) BROWN, 1883-1961

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Charlotte Hawkins Brown (June 11, 1883-January 11, 1961) was born in Henderson, North Carolina, the daughter of Caroline Frances Hawkins and Edmund H. Hight. The family moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts, in the late 1880's, where CHB attended public schools. During her senior year of high school Alice Freeman Palmer, formerly president of Wellesley College, encouraged her to attend the State Normal School at Salem and provided financial support. In 1901 CHB accepted a job as teacher in a one-room school in rural Sedalia, North Carolina. It was this school that CHB transformed, with the help of many contributors, into an accredited school and junior college and renamed Palmer Memorial Institute (PMI). In 1911 CHB married Edward S. Brown, also a teacher; they had no children and were later separated. CHB became a nationally recognized educator and received honorary doctorates from Howard, Tuskegee and other universities. She was active in the National Council of Negro Women, the N.C. Teachers Association, and many other organizations, and she was the first black woman to serve on the national board of the Young Women's Christian Association. She lectured and wrote about Negro women, education, and race relations. CHB remained president of PMI until 1952. She died of heart failure in Greensboro, N.C., in 1961.

For additional biographical information, see #1-29 in this collection, and the article about CHB in Notable American Women (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980), which includes a list of additional sources.

From the guide to the Papers, 1900-1961, (Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Papers of Charlotte Hawkins Brown, 1900-1961 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Missionary Association corporateBody
associatedWith Anthony, Susan B II, 1917- person
associatedWith Arter, Edna person
associatedWith Baldwin, Maria Louise, 1856-1922 person
associatedWith Bethel A.M.E. Church corporateBody
associatedWith Bethune, Mary (McLeod), 1875-1955 person
associatedWith Board of Trustees corporateBody
associatedWith Bright, J S person
associatedWith Brooks, Louise Winsor person
associatedWith Burroughs, Nannie H 1879-1961 person
associatedWith Caroline Hawkins Willis person
associatedWith Cogswell, Theodora Bates person
associatedWith Comfelt, Una S person
associatedWith Commission on Interracial Cooperation corporateBody
associatedWith Comstock, Ada Louise, 1876-1973 person
associatedWith Conant, James Bryant, 1893-1979 person
associatedWith Daughters of I.B.P.O.E. of W. corporateBody
associatedWith Deering, Grace L person
associatedWith De Priest, Oscar, 1871-1951 person
associatedWith Dillard, James Hardy, 1856-1940 person
associatedWith Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt, 1868-1963 person
associatedWith Ehringhaus, John Christopher Blucher, 1882-1949 person
associatedWith Eliot, Charles William, 1834-1923 person
associatedWith Eliot, Samuel Atkins, 1862-1950 person
associatedWith Ely, Joseph Buell, 1881-1956 person
associatedWith Gallagher, Buell Gordon, 1904- person
associatedWith Graham, Frank Porter, 1886-1972 person
associatedWith Grinnell, Mary R person
associatedWith Guthrie, Frances A person
associatedWith Harlow, S Ralph, 1885-1972 person
associatedWith Hayes, Roland W 1887-1977 person
associatedWith Heathfield, Laura I person
associatedWith Hobgood, Frank P Jr., 1872- person
associatedWith Hoey, Clyde Roark, 1877-1954 person
associatedWith Hope, John, 1868-1936 person
associatedWith Horton, Mildred (McAfee), 1900- person
associatedWith Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967 person
associatedWith Hutchins, William J 1871-1958 person
associatedWith Jenkins, Ceci R person
associatedWith Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938 person
associatedWith Jones, David Dallas, 1887-1956 person
associatedWith Joseph V. Baker person
associatedWith Kimball, Helen F person
associatedWith Leonard H. Bell person
associatedWith Low, Seth, 1850-1916 person
associatedWith Lucinda Lancy Saunders person
associatedWith Macmahons, Elizabeth W person
associatedWith Marks, Jeannette, 1875-1964 person
associatedWith Mary S. Locke person
associatedWith McIver, Lula V (Martin) person
associatedWith Miller, Kelly, 1863-1939 person
associatedWith National Association of Colored Women corporateBody
associatedWith National Association of Negro Business and Professional Women corporateBody
associatedWith North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. corporateBody
associatedWith Ovington, Mary White, 1865-1951 person
associatedWith Palmer family family
associatedWith Palmer Memorial Institute corporateBody
associatedWith Peabody, George Foster, 1852-1938 person
associatedWith Pickens, William person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Anna Eleanor (Roosevelt), 1884-1962 person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin Delano, 1882-1945 person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Sara (Delano), 1854-1941 person
associatedWith Rosenwald, Julius, 1862-1932 person
associatedWith Schneiderman, Rose, 1884-1972 person
associatedWith Sedalia Public School corporateBody
associatedWith Slowe, Lucy Diggs, 1885-1937 person
associatedWith Southeastern District Women Clubs corporateBody
associatedWith Spaulding, Charles Clinton, 1874-1952 person
associatedWith Stone, Carrie Morton, -1945 person
associatedWith Stone, Galen Luther, 1862-1926 person
associatedWith Talbert, Mary Burnett, 1866-1923 person
associatedWith The Sedalia Singers. corporateBody
associatedWith The Utility Club, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Vickery, Annie L person
associatedWith Walker, Madame C. J., 1867-1919 person
associatedWith Washington, Booker Taliaferro, 1856-1915 person
associatedWith Washington, Margaret James (Murray), 1865- person
associatedWith Wharton, Edward P person
associatedWith Wilhelmina Crosson person
associatedWith Wilson, Francis person
associatedWith Woolley, Mary Emma, 1863-1947 person
associatedWith Work, Monroe Nathan, 1866-1945 person
associatedWith Zeta Phi Beta Sorority corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
North Carolina
United States–Race Relations
Subject
Afro--Americans
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1883

Death 1961

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