Planned parenthood federation of America

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In 1921 Margaret Sanger founded the national lobbying organization, American Birth Control League (ABCL) which in 1942 became Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA). Between 1921 and 1942 the organization underwent two transformations. In 1923 Sanger opened the Birth Control Clinical Research Bureau (BCCRB) for the purposes of dispensing contraceptives under the supervision of licensed physicians and studying their effectiveness. The ABCL provided institutional backing for clinics. The BCCRB merged with the ABCL in 1939 to form the Birth Control Federation of American (BCFA). In 1942 the name of the BCFA was changed to the Planned Parenthood Federation of America.

Birth Control Federation of America flyer, undated

The name change reflected a redefinition of the organization's goals from family limitation to family planning. While PPFA continued to function as the largest birth control organization in the country, it sought to position itself as a more mainstream and moderate organization committed to a broad range of programs related to reproductive health. Under the leadership of National Director D. Kenneth Rose, the PPFA expanded its programs and services through the 1940s, adding affiliate organizations throughout the country. By the end of World War II, the Federation was no longer solely a center for birth control services or a clearing house for contraceptive information but had emerged as a major national health organization. PPFA's programs included a full range of family planning services, including marriage education and counseling, and infertility services. The leadership of the PPFA, largely consisting of businessmen and male physicians, endeavored to incorporate its contraceptive services unofficially into regional and national public health programs by emphasizing less politicized aspects such as child-spacing. During the 1950s, the Federation further adjusted its programs and message to appeal to a family-centered, more conservative post-war populace, while continuing to function, through its affiliated clinics, as the most reliable source of contraceptives in the country.

From 1942 to 1962, PPFA concentrated its efforts on strengthening its ties to affiliates, expanding public education programs, and improving its medical and research work. By 1960, visitors to PPFA centers across the nation numbered over 3,000,000 per year.

In the 1950s PPFA began focusing greater attention on global population issues as new concerns arose over the political, social, and cultural implications of overpopulation in Asia and around the world. The organization became active in international birth control work through its membership in the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), which Margaret Sanger helped found in 1952. In 1961 the population crisis debate, along with funding shortages, convinced PPFA to merge with the World Population Emergency Campaign, a citizens' fund-raising organization, to become PPFA-World Population. Later in the 1960s, after several decades of emphasizing a family-centered, more conservative program for public health, PPFA reasserted its primary commitment to championing women's reproductive rights. It was also in the 1960s that family planning began to win the support of the federal government. Alan Guttmacher, M.D., who served as president of PPFA from 1962 until his death in 1974, was an effective advocate for the idea of a woman's right to safe and effective birth control. He successfully fought for the development of federally funded domestic and international family planning programs. Guttmacher also played an important role in the development of the birth control Pill and IUD. The Alan Guttmacher Institute (AGI) was named in his honor. AGI is an independent corporation for research, policy analysis, and public education on reproductive health issues and is a special affiliate of PPFA.

In 1970, Congress enacted Title X of the Public Health Services Act, providing support and funding for family planning services and educational programs and for biomedical and behavioral research in reproduction and contraceptive development. The Family Planning International Assistance division was established in 1972 by PPFA, becoming the largest U.S. nongovernmental provider of family planning services to developing countries.

In 1978, Faye Wattleton was appointed the first woman president of PPFA since Margaret Sanger. She led PPFA in its ongoing battle to preserve access to safe and legal abortion, to protect client confidentiality, especially for minors, against encroachments by the state, and to preserve federal funding for domestic and international family planning programs. By the time she retired from PPFA in 1992, Wattleton had greatly expanded its program of advocacy around the idea that sexual and reproductive liberation is central to women's equality.

In the 1980s and 90s, PPFA faced an onslaught of opposition to family planning and birth control. The organization challenged regulations passed under the administrations of Presidents Ronald Reagan and George Bush that placed restrictions on U.S. funding of family planning services overseas and domestically. Organized right-wing opposition and violence against birth control and abortion providers also became a serious concern. PPFA continues to confront this opposition while it also addresses the public health issues surrounding sexuality and reproduction, such as the AIDS epidemic and the effect of poverty on families and children. Gloria Feldt currently serves as president of Planned Parenthood.

References: http://www.plannedparenthood.org/ABOUT/NARRHISTORY

The Margaret Sanger Papers Microfilm Edition: Smith College Collection Series, edited by Esther Katz, et al., University Publications of America, 1995

From the guide to the Planned Parenthood Federation of America Records MS 371., 1928-2009 (PPFA II), (Sophia Smith Collection)

In 1921 Margaret Sanger founded the national lobbying organization, American Birth Control League (ABCL) which in 1942 became Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA). Between 1921 and 1942 the organization had two transformations. In 1923 Sanger opened the Birth Control Clinical Research Bureau (BCCRB) for the purposes of dispensing contraceptives under the supervision of licensed physicians and studying their effectiveness. In 1921 when she founded the American Birth Control League (ABCL) it provided institutional backing for the clinics. The BCCRB merged with the ABCL in 1939 to form the Birth Control Federation of America (BCFA). In 1942 the name of the BCFA was changed to the Planned Parenthood Federation of America.

The name change reflected a redefinition of the organization's goals from family limitation to family planning. While PPFA continued to function as the largest birth control organization in the country, it sought to position itself as a more mainstream and moderate organization committed to a broad range of programs related to reproductive health. Under the leadership of National Director D. Kenneth Rose, the PPFA expanded its programs and services through the 1940s, adding affiliate organizations throughout the country. By the end of World War II, the Federation was no longer solely a center for birth control services or a clearing house for contraceptive information but had emerged as a major national health organization. PPFA's programs included a full range of family planning services including marriage education and counseling, and infertility services. The leadership of the PPFA, largely consisting of businessmen and male physicians, endeavored to incorporate its contraceptive services unofficially into regional and national public health programs by emphasizing less politicized aspects such as child spacing. During the 1950s, the Federation further adjusted its programs and message to appeal to a family-centered, more conservative post war populace, while continuing to function, through its affiliated clinics, as the more reliable source of contraceptives in the country.

From 1942 to 1962, PPFA concentrated its efforts on strengthening its ties to affiliates, expanding public education programs, and improving its medical and research work. By 1960, visitors to PPFA centers across the nation numbered over 300,000 per year.

In the 1950s PPFA began focusing greater attention on global population issues as new concerns arose over the political, social and cultural implications of overpopulation in Asia and around the world. It became active in international birth control work through is membership in the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), which Margaret Sanger helped found in 1952. In 1961 the population crisis debate, along with funding shortages, convinced PPFA to merge with the World Population Emergency Campaign, a citizens fund-raising organization to become PPFA-World Population. (This history is excerpted from The Margaret Sanger Papers Microfilm Edition: Smith College Collection Series)

From the guide to the Planned Parenthood Federation of America Records MS 371., 1918-1974 (PPFA I), (Sophia Smith Collection)

Birth control advocacy organization.

Founded as American Birth Control League in 1921 by Margaret Sanger with purpose to offer national program of education, legislative reform, and research. First legal birth control clinic in U.S., the Clinical Research Bureau (CRB), opened 1923, under auspices of ABCL; and the two in1939 to form Birth Control Federation of America, renamed Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA), 1942. Under the leadership of National Director D. Kenneth Rose, the PPFA expanded through the 1940s, adding affiliate organizations throughout the country. In 1950s, focused greater attention on global population issues, and with World Population Emergency Campaign, formed PPFA-World Population, 1961. Alan Guttmacher, M.D., PPFA president 1962-74, was advocate for woman's right to safe and effective birth control. Faye Wattleton, president 1978-92, led PPFA in ongoing battle to preserve access to safe and legal abortion, and preserve federal funding for domestic and international family planning programs. Gloria Feldt president since 1992.

From the description of Planned Parenthood Federation of America records, 1918- [ongoing]. (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 49335577

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Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abortion corporateBody
associatedWith Abortion Action Coalition. corporateBody
associatedWith Abortion services corporateBody
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associatedWith American Civil Liberties Union. corporateBody
associatedWith Armenta, Nicole, person
associatedWith Bartlemez, George W., b. 1885 person
associatedWith Beebe, William, 1877-1962 person
associatedWith Belt, Elmer, 1893-1980 person
associatedWith Berle, Adolf Augustus, 1895-1971 person
associatedWith Best, Winfield person
associatedWith Birth Control Clinical Research Bureau (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Birth Control Federation of America corporateBody
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associatedWith Calderone, Mary Steichen, 1904-1998. person
associatedWith Campbell, Loraine Leeson, 1905- person
associatedWith Castle, William E., (William Ernest), 1867-1962 person
associatedWith Clark, Wilfrid E. Le Gros, (Wilfrid Edward Le Gros), 1895-1971 person
associatedWith Clothier, Florence, 1903-1987. person
associatedWith Coakley, Thomas F., 1880-1951. person
associatedWith Copeland family. family
associatedWith Corner, George Washington, 1889-1981. person
associatedWith Cowdry, E. V., (Edmund Vincent), 1888-1975 person
associatedWith Cushing, Harvey, 1869-1939 person
associatedWith Dennis, Walter Decoster, 1932-2003. person
associatedWith Dickinson, Robert Latou, 1861- person
associatedWith Downs, Hugh. person
associatedWith Dryfoos, Joy G. person
associatedWith Dryfoos, Joy G. person
associatedWith Duke, Robin Chandler Lynn. person
associatedWith Ebert, James David, 1921-2001 person
associatedWith Edna Bertha (Rankin) McKinnon, 1893-1978 person
associatedWith Evans, Herbert Martin person
associatedWith Family Planning Advocates of New York State. corporateBody
associatedWith Family Planning Oral History Project family
associatedWith Family Planning Oral History Project. corporateBody
associatedWith Family Planning Oral History Project. corporateBody
associatedWith Ferguson, Frances Hand. person
associatedWith Gamble, Clarence James, 1894- person
associatedWith Gandhi, Mahatma, 1869-1948 person
associatedWith Garrison, Fielding H., (Fielding Hudson), 1870-1935 person
associatedWith General Service Foundation (Saint Paul, Minn.). corporateBody
associatedWith Gerson, T. Perceval (Theodore Perceval), 1872- . person
associatedWith Goldsmith, Sadja, 1930- person
associatedWith Griswold, Estelle. person
associatedWith Group Material (Firm : New York, N.Y.). corporateBody
associatedWith Guttmacher, Alan Frank, 1898- person
associatedWith Guttmacher, Lenore. person
associatedWith Hanau, Stella, 1890-1972 person
associatedWith Harriet (Fleishl) Pilpel person
correspondedWith Herter, Christian Archibald, 1895-1966 person
associatedWith Holmes, John Haynes, 1879-1964. person
associatedWith Hugh Downs person
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
associatedWith International Planned Parenthood Federation corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, C. Montgomery (Charles Montgomery) person
associatedWith Kane, Elisha Kent, 1820-1857 person
associatedWith Katherine (Brownell) Oettinger, 1903- person
associatedWith Kentucky Birth Control League. corporateBody
associatedWith Kinsey, Alfred C., (Alfred Charles), 1894-1956 person
associatedWith Klebs, Arnold C., (Arnold Carl), 1870-1943 person
associatedWith Lindbergh, Charles A., (Charles Augustus), 1902-1974 person
associatedWith Lord, Mary Pillsbury, 1904-1978. person
associatedWith Madden, Roberta. person
associatedWith Margaret Sanger Research Bureau corporateBody
associatedWith MARTHA (RAGSDALE) RAGLAND, 1906-1996 person
associatedWith MARY STEICHEN CALDERONE person
associatedWith McCormick, Katherine Dexter, 1876-1967 person
associatedWith McCracken, Joan, corporateBody
associatedWith McKinnon, Edna Rankin, b. 1893. person
associatedWith Mencken, H. L., (Henry Louis), 1880-1956 person
associatedWith Michigan State University. Libraries. American Radicalism Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Minnesota Birth Control League. corporateBody
associatedWith Moe, Henry Allen, 1894-1975 person
associatedWith Moore, Hugh, 1887-1972. person
associatedWith Mountain Maternal Health League. corporateBody
associatedWith Muller, H. J., (Hermann Joseph), 1890-1967 person
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith Notestein, Frank W. (Frank Wallace), 1902- person
associatedWith Oettinger, Katherine Brownell, 1903- person
associatedWith Oram, Harold L. person
associatedWith Pew Charitable Trusts. corporateBody
associatedWith Pilpel, Harriet F. person
associatedWith Pincus, Gregory, 1903-1967. person
associatedWith Pitchersky, Carol. person
associatedWith Planned Parenthood League, Inc. (Detroit, Mich.). corporateBody
associatedWith Planned Parenthood League, Inc. of Detroit. corporateBody
associatedWith Planned Parenthood League, Inc. of Detroit (Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith Planned Parenthood League of Massachusetts corporateBody
associatedWith Planned Parenthood League of Massachusetts. person
associatedWith Planned Parenthood of Houston and Southeast Texas. corporateBody
associatedWith Planned Parenthood of Mid-Michigan. corporateBody
associatedWith Planned Parenthood of Mid-Michigan. corporateBody
associatedWith Planned Parenthood of Minnesota person
associatedWith Planned Parenthood of Minnesota. corporateBody
associatedWith Planned Parenthood of San Antonio and South Central Texas corporateBody
associatedWith Planned Parenthood of San Antonio and South Central Texas. corporateBody
associatedWith Planned Parenthood-World Population (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Population Council. corporateBody
associatedWith Power, Sadye. person
associatedWith Power, Sadye. person
associatedWith Raacke, Ilse Dorothea, 1925- person
associatedWith Ragland, Martha Ragsdale, 1906-1996. person
associatedWith Rasmussen, Jeri. person
associatedWith Roberts, Elmer, 1886-1983. person
associatedWith Rockefeller Brothers Fund. corporateBody
associatedWith Rock, John Charles, 1890- person
associatedWith Rock, John Charles, 1890-1984. person
associatedWith Romer, Alfred Sherwood, 1894-1973 person
associatedWith Rose, D. Kenneth person
associatedWith Rose, D. Kenneth person
associatedWith Rose, D. Kenneth person
associatedWith Rose, D. Kenneth person
associatedWith Rose, D. Kenneth person
associatedWith Rose, D. Kenneth person
associatedWith Rose, D. Kenneth person
associatedWith Rose, D. Kenneth person
associatedWith Rose, D. Kenneth person
associatedWith Rose, D. Kenneth person
associatedWith Rose, D. Kenneth person
associatedWith Rose, D. Kenneth person
associatedWith Rose, D. Kenneth person
associatedWith Rose, Florence. person
associatedWith Rose, Florence, 1903-1969 person
associatedWith Ruth Proskauer Smith, 1906- person
associatedWith Sabin, Florence Rena, 1871-1953 person
associatedWith Sanger, Margaret, 1879-1966 person
associatedWith Selden, George K. (George Kearsley), 1917-1985. person
associatedWith Singer, Charles Joseph, 1876-1960 person
associatedWith Smith, Paul person
associatedWith Smith, Paul. person
associatedWith Smith, Ruth Proskauer, 1907- person
associatedWith Stecker, Ellyn. person
associatedWith Stockard, Charles R., (Charles Rupert), 1879-1939 person
associatedWith Stone, Abraham, 1890-1959. person
associatedWith Streeter, George Linius, 1873-1948 person
associatedWith Sudhoff, Karl, 1853-1938 person
associatedWith Swensrud, Sidney A., 1900-1996, person
associatedWith Van Sickle person
correspondedWith Vidal, Gore, 1925- person
associatedWith Wattleton, Faye person
associatedWith Weed, Lewis H., (Lewis Hill), 1886-1952 person
associatedWith Whipple, George Hoyt, 1878- person
associatedWith Wohlforth, Mildred Gilman, 1896-1994. person
associatedWith Yerkes, Robert Mearns, 1876-1956 person
associatedWith Zero Population Growth of Los Angeles. corporateBody
associatedWith Zuckerman, Solly Zuckerman, Baron, 1904-1993 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
Subject
Birth control--Law and legislation--United States--History--Sources
Sexual health--History--20th century--Sources
Abortion--Law and legislation--History--Sources
Women's health services--United States--20th century--Sources
Birth control--Research--History--Sources
Abortion services--History--Sources
Birth control--Developing countries--History--20th century--Sources
Contraceptives--Research--Sources
Women--Health and hygiene--20th century--Sources
Hygiene, Sexual--History--20th century--Sources
Birth control clinics--United States--History--Sources
Reproductive health--Statistics
Contraceptives--Research--History
Hygiene, Sexual--History--20th century
Women--Health and hygiene--United States--20th century
Women--Health and hygiene--United States--20th century--Sources
Population policy--History--20th century--Sources
Population policy--History--20th century
Birth control--Societies, etc
Birth control
Human reproduction--Political aspects
Women's health services--20th century--Sources
Birth control clinics--History--Sources
Birth control--History--20th century--Sources
Women's health services--United States--20th century
Sex instruction--History--Sources
Abortion--Law and legislation--United States--History--Sources
Sex instruction--History
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1932

Active 1971

Information

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