Berle, Adolf A., Jr., 1895-1971

Alternative names

Hide Profile

George Washington Corner worked as an anatomist, endocrinologist, and medical historian.

From the guide to the George Washington Corner papers, 1889-1981, 1903-1982, (American Philosophical Society)

Adolf Augustus Berle (1895-1971) was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the second of four children of Dr. Adolf Augustus and Mary Augusta (Wright) Berle. He graduated from Harvard College in 1913, after majoring in history, and received his M.A, degree the following year. In 1916 at age twenty-one, he became the youngest man to receive an LL.B. degree from the Harvard Law School and began practicing with Louis D. Brandeis''s firm. When the United States entered World War I, he enlisted in the Army. After receiving officer training at Plattsburg, New York, he was commissioned a second lieutenant and served at the Army War College in Washington, D.C. as an intelligence officer. In 1918 the Army sent him to Santo Domingo to settle land titles for U.S. sugar companies in order to increase sugar production for the war effort. He drafted a land law that is still operative in the Dominican Republic. After the armistice he remained in the Army and served with the American Commission to Negotiate the Peace at Paris as an advisor on Russian, Polish, and Baltic affairs. He protested the Versailles settlement in May 1919, and requested to be relieved from his duties with the Commission. His request was granted the following month. After his discharge in July 1919, Berle moved to New York where he resumed law practice with the firm of Rounds, Hatch, Dillingham, & Debevoise. He became a volunteer worker with the Henry Street Settlement and, at the request of the American Indian Defense Association, helped to secure the land titles of the Pueblo Indians in New Mexico and assisted in drafting the Pueblo Indian Land Law of 1924. He became a member of the firm of Lippitt & Berle in 1924, and in 1929, he organized with his brother, Rudolf, the firm of Berle & Berle. Meanwhile he had started teaching, first as a lecturer at the Harvard Business School from 1924 to 1927, and then as associate professor and professor of corporation law at Columbia University from 1927 to 1963. He was on leave of absence during World War II and became professor emeritus in 1963. He served as special counsel to a committee of the Ohio State Bar Association in revising the Ohio Corporation Law in 1926-27, and in the same capacity to the Wisconsin Public Service Commission in revising the Wisconsin Securities law in 1931-32. Berle''s association with Franklin D. Roosevelt began as a member of the Brain Trust, a group headed by Raymond Moley which advised Governor Roosevelt during his campaign for the Presidency in 1932. Although he declined a full-time position in the Roosevelt administration, he helped to write a section of the Bankruptcy Act, assisted the Reconstruction Finance Corporation in railroad reorganizations, and was a special counsel to the R.F.C. from 1933 to 1938. He also participated in the Treasury Conference during the "Bank Holiday" in March 1933, and advised the government on stock exchange legislation in 1933 and 1934. He went to Cuba in August 1933, at the request of the State Department as financial adviser to the American Embassy in Havana. In 1934, he was elected a member of the Advisory Committee of the Board of Governors of the New York Stock Exchange. As Chamberlain of the City of New York from 1934 to 1937, Berle worked to improve the City''s finances and to acquire and unify under public ownership and control the rapid transit railroads. When the office was abolished in 1937, on his recommendation, he became temporary chairman of the Planning Commission of the City of New York, a member of the City Housing Authority, and chairman of a committee to study New York''s substitute teacher system. From 1938 to 1944, Berle was an Assistant Secretary of State. He took particular interest in Latin American affairs, serving as a U.S. delegate to inter-American conferences in Lima in 1938, and Havana in 1940. He had also been a U.S. delegate at Buenos Aires in 1936-37, and later attended the conference at Mexico City in 1945. Berle''s duties at the Department of State included postwar planning, negotiating with Allied governments in exile, coordinating U.S. and foreign intelligence activities, evaluating trends in international finance, drafting government statements on international questions, and writing speeches for the President and administration officials. He was president of the International Conference on Civil Aviation in Chicago in 1944, and chairman of the United States delegation. He served as United States ambassador to Brazil in 1945-46. After the war Berle returned to law practice and teaching in New York. He was chairman of the Liberal Party of New York State from 1947 to 1955, and assisted such foundations as The Fund for the Republic, the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the Committee on Human Ecology during the 1950''s and 1960''s. He also maintained an interest in Central and South American affairs and in 1956 assisted in the settlement of a dispute between Nicaragua and Costa Rica. When John F. Kennedy was running for the presidency in 1960, he asked Berle to be chairman of a task force to study Latin American problems. On January 25, 1961, he was made Consultant to the Secretary of State and on January 31, President Kennedy set up the Interdepartmental Task Force on Latin America to coordinate "all policies and programs of concern to the Americas" with Berle as chairman. He reported to the President and Secretary of State Dean Rusk. He resigned from the State Department in July 1961, after submitting to the President the final report of the Task Force. In addition to his teaching at Columbia, Berle was a lecturer at the United States Air War College at Maxwell Air Force Base in Alabama from 1954 to 1965, and Chairman of the Board of the Ecole de l''Europe Libre, Strasbourg, France, from 1948 to 1959, and trustee of the University of the Andes Foundation. He was also a Trustee, 1934 to 1951, and Chairman of the Board of the Twentieth Century Fund, 1951 to 1971, as well as a Trustee of the Free Europe Committee, 1948 to 1963, and Director, Treasurer, and Chairman of the Board of the American Molasses Company from 1946 to 1971. Berle was also Director of the Savings Bank Trust Company from 1932 to 1938, and counsel its thereafter, and Director of Nationwide Corporation from 1956 to 1971.

From the description of Berle, Adolf A. (Adolf Augustus), 1895-1971 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10678043

Lawyer.

From the description of Oral history interview with Adolf Augustus Berle, 1970. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309728818

From the description of Reminiscences of Adolf Augustus Berle, Jr. : oral history, 1969. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309728830

From the description of Reminiscences of Adolf Augustus Berle : lecture, 1960. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122528344

Lawyer, professor, member of FDR's "brain trust."

Berle served in several government positions, including Assistant Secretary of State, 1938-1944.

From the description of Papers, 1912-1974. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155521635

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Commission on Money and Credit Files
creatorOf Berle, Adolf Augustus, 1895-1971. Letter, 1950, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Berle, Adolf Augustus, 1895-1971. Letter to [Albert] Craig Baird. Washington, DC. 1940 May 10. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn President's Secretary's Files (Truman Administration). 1945 - 1960. President's Appointments Files. 1945 - 1953. Daily Sheets File, 1945-1953: January, 1946. 1945 - 1953. Daily Appointment Sheet of President Harry S. Truman
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. 1932 Presidential Campaign Files
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Speeches and Writings
creatorOf Gale, Esson M. (Esson McDowell), 1884-1964. Esson M. Gale papers, 1926-1965. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Committee Files
referencedIn Arthur Bliss Lane papers, 1904-1957 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Reconstruction Finance Corporation Files
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Diary
referencedIn George S. Messersmith papers, 1907-1955 University of Delaware Library - Special Collections
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Scrapbook, Newspaper Clippings, and Memorabilia
referencedIn Papers of Drew Pearson. 1915 - 1969. Files from the Georgetown Office and Residence
creatorOf George Washington Corner papers, 1889-1981, 1903-1982 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Morison, Samuel Eliot, 1887-1976. Papers of Samuel Eliot Morison, 1807-1976 (inclusive). Harvard University, Archives
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. State Department Subject Files
referencedIn Thayer, Ezra Ripley, 1866-1915. Papers of Ezra Ripley Thayer, 1882-1915 (inclusive). Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn George S. Messersmith papers, 1907-1955 University of Delaware Library - Special Collections
referencedIn Braden, Spruille, 1894-1978. Spruille Braden papers, 1903-1977. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Joseph Alsop and Stewart Alsop Papers, 1699-1989, (bulk 1937-1989) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Lewis Gannett papers, 1681-1966 (inclusive) 1900-1960 (bulk). Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Anson Phelps Stokes family papers, 1761-1960, 1892-1958 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Century Foundation records, 1906-2010, 1960-1996 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Spruille Braden Papers, 1903-1977. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Personal Business Files
creatorOf Liberal Party of New York State. Liberal Party of New York State records, 1936-1975. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn James Harvey Rogers papers, 1904-1963 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Russia Printed Materials
referencedIn Lane, Arthur Bliss, 1894-1956. Arthur Bliss Lane papers, 1904-1957 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Berle, Adolf Augustus, 1895-1971. Reminiscences of Adolf Augustus Berle : lecture, 1960. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Early Career Files
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Subject Files
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Twentieth Century Fund Files
referencedIn Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions Collection, Series 12: Audio-Visual, ca. 1956-1987 University of California, Santa Barbara. Library. Dept. of Special Collections.
referencedIn Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986. Chester Bowles papers, 1924-1982 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Ambassador to Brazil Files
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Honorary Awards, Citations, and Degrees Materials
creatorOf Berle, Adolf Augustus, 1895-1971. Reminiscences of Adolf Augustus Berle, Jr. : oral history, 1969. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Ethel Fogg and William Brooks Clift memorial collection, 1769-1992 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Daily Appointment Diaries
creatorOf Berle, Adolf Augustus, 1895-1971. Oral history interview with Adolf Augustus Berle, 1970. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Additional Subject Files
referencedIn Stokes, Anson Phelps, 1874-1958. Anson Phelps Stokes family papers, 1761-1960 (inclusive), 1892-1958 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Courtney Letts de Espil Papers, 1925-1994, (bulk 1930-1949) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Post-War Personal Correspondence
referencedIn Pérez, Nélida. Selected documents concerning Puerto Rico from the papers of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Rexford G. Tugwell, Eleanor Roosevelt, Harry L. Hopkins, Charles W. Taussig and Adolf A. Berle [microform]. Sistema de Bibliotecas, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Río Piedras
referencedIn Arthur Ernest Morgan papers concerning Edward Bellamy, 1912-1944. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Liberal Party of New York State records, 1936-2002 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn New York Times Company records. A.M. Rosenthal papers, 1955-1994, 1967-1986 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Oswald Garrison Villard papers, 1872-1949. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
creatorOf Gale, Esson M. (Esson McDowell), 1884-1964. Esson M. Gale papers, 1909-1965. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf White, Leslie A., 1900-1975. Leslie A. White papers, 1921-1974. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions. Records, 1952-1991. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
creatorOf Berle, Adolf Augustus, 1895-1971. Fundamental values in American foreign policy : speech / of the Honorable A.A. Berle, Jr. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Rogers, James Harvey, 1886-1939. James Harvey Rogers papers, 1904-1963 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Alsop, Joseph, 1910-1989. Papers of Joseph and Stewart Alsop, 1699-1989 (bulk 1937-1989). Library of Congress
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Stock Market Investigation Files
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. American Mission to Europe Files
referencedIn Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions Collection, 1950-1991, 1961-1987 University of California, Santa Barbara. Library. Dept. of Special Collections.
referencedIn Burlingham, Charles Culp, 1858-1959. Papers of Charles C. Burlingham, 1876-1960 (inclusive), 1920-1958 (bulk). Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Personal Correspondence Files
referencedIn Claessens, August, 1885-1954. Papers, 1911-1955. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Papers, 1876-1960 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Papers, 1923-1978 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Whitcomb, John Merrall, 1907-,. Ethel Fogg and William Brooks Clift memorial collection, 1769-1992 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn American Labor Conference on International Affairs Records, 1939-1950 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Chester Bowles papers, 1924-1982 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Ruth Fischer papers, 1925-1961 (inclusive) 1940-1961 (bulk). Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Hunter College. Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños. Microfilm collection, [ca. 1767-1980] Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Berle, Adolf Augustus, 1895-1971. Papers, 1912-1974. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Esson M. Gale papers, 1909-1965 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Papers, 1882-1915 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Columbia University Files
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Blue Sky Laws Files
referencedIn Miller, J. Clayton. Correspondence, 1955. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Taussig, Charles W. (Charles William), 1896-1948. Papers, 1928-1948. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. General Correspondence
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. National Committee for a Free Europe and Free Europe Committee Files
referencedIn Leslie A. White Papers, 1921-1974 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Wisconsin Public Service Commission Files
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Puerto Rico Files
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. New York Stock Exchange Files
referencedIn August Claessens Papers, 1906-1963 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Mary Katharine Woodworth papers, 1787-1989 Bryn Mawr College
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. State Department Correspondence Files
referencedIn Letts de Espil, Courtney. Courtney Letts de Espil papers, 1925-1994 (bulk 1930-1949). Library of Congress
creatorOf Berle, Adolf Augustus, 1895-1971. Adolf Augustus Berle papers, 1937-1971 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Papers, 1840-1961. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Papers. 1912 - 1974. Letters of Introduction and Recommendation Files
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Allen, Willard M., 1904-1993 person
associatedWith Alsop, Joseph, 1910-1989. person
associatedWith Alsop, Joseph W. (Joseph Wright), 1876-1953 person
associatedWith Alsop, Stewart. Joseph Alsop and Stewart Alsop papers. 1699-1989 person
associatedWith American Association for the History of Medicine. corporateBody
associatedWith American Association of Anatomists. corporateBody
associatedWith American Labor Conference on International Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Baird, Albert Craig, 1883-1979, person
associatedWith Bartlemez, George W., b. 1885 person
associatedWith Beebe, William, 1877-1962 person
associatedWith Belt, Elmer, 1893-1980 person
associatedWith Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986. person
associatedWith Braden, Spruille, 1894-1978. person
associatedWith Brandeis, Louis Dembitz, 1856-1941. person
associatedWith Burlingham, Charles Culp, 1858-1959. person
associatedWith Carnegie Institution of Washington. corporateBody
associatedWith Castle, William E., (William Ernest), 1867-1962 person
associatedWith Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions. corporateBody
associatedWith Century Foundation corporateBody
associatedWith Claessens, August, 1885-1954. person
associatedWith Clark, Wilfrid E. Le Gros, (Wilfrid Edward Le Gros), 1895-1971 person
associatedWith Columbia University. corporateBody
associatedWith Columbia University. Graduate School of Journalism. corporateBody
associatedWith Corner, George Washington, 1889-1981 person
associatedWith Cowdry, E. V., (Edmund Vincent), 1888-1975 person
associatedWith Cushing, Harvey, 1869-1939 person
associatedWith Ebert, James David, 1921-2001 person
associatedWith Evans, Herbert Martin person
associatedWith Export-Import of the United States. corporateBody
correspondedWith Fischer, Ruth, 1895- person
associatedWith Free Europe Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Gale, Esson M. (Esson McDowell), 1884-1964. person
associatedWith Gandhi, Mahatma, 1869-1948 person
correspondedWith Gannett, Lewis, 1891-1966 person
associatedWith Garrison, Fielding H., (Fielding Hudson), 1870-1935 person
associatedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
associatedWith Hunter College. Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños. corporateBody
associatedWith Institute for Sex Research. corporateBody
associatedWith International Anatomical Nomenclature Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith Kane, Elisha Kent, 1820-1857 person
associatedWith Kinsey, Alfred C., (Alfred Charles), 1894-1956 person
associatedWith Klebs, Arnold C., (Arnold Carl), 1870-1943 person
associatedWith Lane, Arthur Bliss, 1894-1956. person
associatedWith Letts de Espil, Courtney. person
associatedWith Letts de Espil, Courtney. person
associatedWith Liberal Party of New York State. corporateBody
associatedWith Lindbergh, Charles A., (Charles Augustus), 1902-1974 person
associatedWith Mencken, H. L., (Henry Louis), 1880-1956 person
associatedWith Messersmith, George S., (George Strausser), 1883-1960 person
associatedWith Miller, J. Clayton. person
associatedWith Moe, Henry Allen, 1894-1975 person
correspondedWith Morgan, Arthur Ernest, 1878-1975 person
associatedWith Morison, Samuel Eliot, 1887-1976. person
associatedWith Muller, H. J., (Hermann Joseph), 1890-1967 person
associatedWith National Association for Retarded Children. corporateBody
associatedWith National Research Council (U.S.). Committee for Research in Problems of Sex. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Stock Exchange. corporateBody
associatedWith North Atlantic Treaty Organization. corporateBody
associatedWith Planned Parenthood Federation of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Public Service Commission of Wisconsin. corporateBody
associatedWith Raacke, Ilse Dorothea, 1925- person
associatedWith Rockefeller Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Rogers, James Harvey, 1886-1939. person
associatedWith Romer, Alfred Sherwood, 1894-1973 person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945. person
associatedWith Rosenthal, A. M. (Abraham Michael), 1922-2006 person
associatedWith Sabin, Florence Rena, 1871-1953 person
associatedWith Sargent, James E., 1941-, person
associatedWith Scott, Douglas, person
associatedWith Sex Information and Education Council of the U.S.. corporateBody
associatedWith Singer, Charles Joseph, 1876-1960 person
associatedWith Stockard, Charles R., (Charles Rupert), 1879-1939 person
associatedWith Stokes, Anson Phelps, 1874-1958. person
associatedWith Streeter, George Linius, 1873-1948 person
associatedWith Sudhoff, Karl, 1853-1938 person
associatedWith Taussig, Charles W. person
associatedWith Taussig, Charles W. (Charles William), 1896-1948. person
associatedWith Thayer, Ezra Ripley, 1866-1915. person
associatedWith Twentieth Century Fund. corporateBody
associatedWith United Nations. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of State. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Reconstruction Finance Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith University of North Carolina (1793 1962). International Relations Club. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Oxford. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Rochester. corporateBody
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
associatedWith Weed, Lewis H., (Lewis Hill), 1886-1952 person
associatedWith Whipple, George Hoyt, 1878- person
associatedWith Whitcomb, John Merrall, 1907-, person
associatedWith White, Leslie A., 1900-1975. person
associatedWith Woodworth, Elizabeth person
associatedWith Yerkes Laboratories of Primate Biology, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Yerkes, Robert Mearns, 1876-1956 person
associatedWith Zeligs, Meyer Aaron, 1909-1978 person
associatedWith Zuckerman, Solly Zuckerman, Baron, 1904-1993 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
Greenland
Puerto Rico
United States
United States
Brazil
United States
New York (State)
Wisconsin
Great Britain
Brazil
Latin America
Canada
New York (N.Y.)
North America
Saint Lawrence Seaway
Europe
Subject
Endowments
Banks and banking
Economics
Land tenure--Law and legislation
Communism
International relations
World War, 1939-1945--Finance
Diplomatic and consular service, American
Elections
Human reproduction--Endocrine aspects
World War, 1939-1945--Diplomatic history
Public service commission
Medicine--History
Lawyers--Interviews
New Deal, 1933-1939
Families
World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects
International organization
Hormones, Sex
Lend-lease operations (1941-1945)
World War, 1939-1945--Military intelligence
Stock exchanges
Education
Waterways
Nuclear energy
Law
Military intelligence
World politics--1900-1945
Medicine--Research--United States
Banking law
Rhesus monkey
Reproduction
World War, 1939-1945--Equipment and supplies
Reconstruction (1939-1951)
World War, 1939-1945--Refugees
Refugees
Occupation
Public officers
Ambassadors
Lawyers
Diplomats
College teachers
Function

Person

Birth 1895-01-29

Death 1971-02-17

Americans

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nw045k

Ark ID: w6nw045k

SNAC ID: 61926926