Sabin, Florence Rena, 1871-1953

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George Washington Corner worked as an anatomist, endocrinologist, and medical historian.

From the guide to the George Washington Corner papers, 1889-1981, 1903-1982, (American Philosophical Society)

Physician and research scientist. Born in Central City, Colorado. Studied at Johns Hopkins Medical School. First woman to become a full professor there. First woman elected to the National Academy of Sciences. Research focused on lymphatic system, blood vessels and cells and tuberculosis. Helped modernized Colorado's public health system

From the description of Oral history, 1951 Nov. 27 [sound recording]. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 39888163

Florence Rena Sabin, M.D. was born in Central City, Colo. in 1871. She attended Smith College and became the first woman to graduate from the John Hopkins University School of Medicine. Sabin was elected the first woman president of the American Association of Anatomists (1924) and the first lifetime woman member of the National Academy of Scientists. Eventually she became the head of the Department of Cellular Studies at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in New York City, N.Y. (1925). In 1944 Sabin became the head of a subcommittee on health for the state of Colorado. The "Sabine Health Laws" resulting from her work helped to modernize Colorado's public health system. Florence Sabin died in 1953.

From the description of Florence Sabin guest book, 1959. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 20348124

Florence Rena Sabin was an anatomist and physiologist.

From the description of Papers, 1907-1940. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122488763

Florence Rena Sabin, n.d.

Florence Rena Sabin was born November 9, 1871, in Central City, Colorado, the youngest of two daughters of Serena Miner and George K. Sabin. Her father was a mining engineer and she spent her early years in mining communities. Serena Sabin died when Florence was seven and she and her sister, Mary, lived with relatives in Chicago and Vermont. Sabin graduated from Smith College in 1893. In order to earn money for medical school, she taught mathematics in Denver for two years and was an assistant in the Zoology Department at Smith College from 1895 to1896. She entered Johns Hopkins Medical School in 1896 as a member of the fourth class to admit women. Upon graduation she was awarded an internship with renowned teacher and physician Sir William Osler at Johns Hopkins Hospital. Under the direction of embryologist and head of the Department of Anatomy, Franklin P. Mall, she undertook a project which led to the construction of a three-dimensional model of the mid and lower brain. It was adapted for publication in 1901.

After completing her internship in 1901, Sabin continued her anatomical and histological research with the help of a fellowship from a group of Baltimore women who aided women's education. In 1902, she became assistant in the department of anatomy, the first woman on the Hopkins medical faculty. She rose to full professor in 1917, the first woman at the university to achieve that rank. Sabin spent twenty-five years at Hopkins and during her early years there she concentrated her research mainly upon the origins of blood cells and the lymphatic system. She wrote a number of widely cited papers based upon her work. Sabin had many devoted students, many of whom followed scientific careers, and a number of them became leaders in the fields of anatomy, immunology, and hematology. In 1925, she became the first woman elected to membership in the National Academy of Sciences. She also was the first woman to receive full membership at the Rockefeller Institute in New York. At the institute she worked for thirteen years as head of a section that studied the cellular aspects of immunity.

Sabin retired to Colorado in 1938 to live with her sister Mary. She remained professionally active and carried on an extensive correspondence with her former students and colleagues. In 1944, she was asked by Colorado governor John Vivian to serve on his post-war planning committee which was organized to assess public health needs in the state. She did research, traveled, spoke, and wrote extensively. She lobbied colleagues, legislators and state officials to support a reorganized and better-financed public health program and worked for successful passage of a series of health laws drafted by her committee and known as the Sabin program. In 1947 she was appointed chair of the Interim Board of Health and Hospitals of Denver, a post she held until 1951. Sabin received many honors and awards. Buildings were named for her at the University of Colorado School of Medicine and at Smith College. She is one of two Coloradoans and one of a handful of women represented by statues in the United States Capitol. Sabin died October 3, 1953, in Denver of a heart attack.

From the guide to the Florence Rena Sabin Papers MS 136., 1872-1985, (Sophia Smith Collection)

Physician; Professor; Public health specialist.

Born Central City, CO, 1871; graduated Smith College, 1893; attended Johns Hopkins Medical School, 1900; completed her internship in 1901 and continued her work in anatomical and histological research under a fellowship. In 1902, Sabin became first woman on Johns Hopkins faculty as assistant in the department of anatomy, and rose to full professor in 1917. She made significant scientific contributions to research in the origins of red blood cells and lymphatic system. She became first woman president of the American Association of Anatomists, 1924; first woman elected to the National Academy of Sciences, 1925; and first woman to receive full membership at the Rockefeller Institute, where she headed a section studying cellular aspects of immunity until her retirement in 1938. Published biography of Franklin Mall, 1934. Sabin was asked to serve on Colorado governor John Vivian's Post-War Planning Committee to assess public health needs in Colorado, 1944. She crusaded for basic health reforms and worked successfully for the passage of health laws known as the Sabin program, and chaired the Interim Board of Health and Hospitals of Denver, 1947-51.

From the description of Papers, 1872-1985. (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 50119431

Born in the mining town of Central City, Colorado, as the daughter of an engineer, Florence Rena Sabin was raised in New England and carved out a career of firsts in developmental biology and anatomy.

Receiving a bachelor's degree from Smith College in 1893, Sabin entered the three year old medical school at Johns Hopkins University in 1896, becoming the first woman graduate from the school with the class of 1900. At Hopkins, Sabin became the protégé of Franklin P. Mall, who encouraged her research interests in anatomy. By any reckoning, her talent for medical investigation was enormous, earning her an internship at Hopkins Hospital, followed by a special fellowship in the Department of Anatomy from the Baltimore Association for the Advancement of University Education of Women. By 1917, Sabin was made a member of the faculty in the Department of Histology, the first woman at the University to be promoted to the status of full professor.

Her early research centered on the embryological origins of the lymphatic system, and she later worked on the origins of blood, blood cells, and blood vessels, on the histology of the brain, and on the pathology and immunology of tuberculosis.

In September, 1925, Sabin accepted the invitation to head the Department of Cellular Studies at the Rockefeller Institute, becoming the first woman faculty member there, and continuing her work on tuberculosis. She retired to Colorado in 1938, but emerged six years later at the request of the governor to chair a subcommittee on public health and help reform and modernize the state's public health system. She retired a second time in 1951 and died October 3, 1953.

Honors accrued to Sabin throughout her career, including a number of firsts. In addition to being the first female graduate of Hopkins medical school, the first full professor there, and the first at Rockefeller, she was the first president of the American Association of Anatomists (1924) and the first woman member of the National Academy of Sciences (1925). She was selected as one of two representatives for the state of Colorado in the National Statuary Hall in the U.S. Capitol.

From the guide to the Florence Rena Sabin Papers, 1907-1940, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Denver Fortnightly Club. Denver Fortnightly Club records, 1881-2011 1844-2011 [manuscript]. Denver Public Library, Central Library
referencedIn Olitsky, Peter K. Papers, 1917-1964. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Kennon, Ann Byrd. Papers, 1925-1973. Denver Public Library, Central Library
creatorOf Florence Rena Sabin Papers, 1907-1940 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Harrison, Ross G. (Ross Granville), 1870-1959. Ross Granville Harrison papers, 1820-1975 (inclusive), 1889-1959 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Florence Barbara Seibert papers, 1920-1977, 1920-1977 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Mary S. Sabin : [collection] : 1907-1911 ; manuscript. History Colorado
creatorOf George Washington Corner papers, 1889-1981, 1903-1982 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Sabin, Florence Rena, 1871-1953. Papers, 1907-1940. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Florence Rena Sabin : [collection] : 1933-1988 ;. History Colorado
creatorOf Sabin, Florence Rena, 1871-1953. Papers, 1872-1985. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Bluemel, Elinor. Papers, 1903-1974. Denver Public Library, Central Library
referencedIn Beechel, Edith E., 1880-1983. Papers, 1915-1980. Denver Public Library, Central Library
referencedIn Lewis, Warren H. (Warren Harmon), 1870-1964. Papers, ca. 1913-1964. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Sage Colleges Archives. Honorary degree recipient for 1938, Florence R. Sabin. The Sage Colleges Libraries
creatorOf Florence Rena Sabin Papers MS 136., 1872-1985 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Seibert, Florence Barbara, 1897- . Papers, 1920-1977. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Murphy, James B. (James Bumgardner), 1884-1950. Papers, [ca. 1918]-1950. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Papers, 1935-1958 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Sabin, Florence Rena, 1871-1953. Florence Sabin guest book, 1959. Denver Public Library, Central Library
referencedIn Radcliffe "Women in Science" Exhibit, (1936). Records, 1935-1940 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Colorado State Medical Society : [collection] : 1946- 1947 ;. History Colorado
referencedIn Corner, George Washington, 1889-1981. Papers, 1903-1982. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Sabin, Florence Rena, 1871-1953. Oral history, 1951 Nov. 27 [sound recording]. Denver Public Library, Central Library
referencedIn Moore, Dorothea May, 1894-. Papers, 1864-1982 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Sabin, Florence Rena, 1871-1953. Correspondence to Van Wyck Brooks, 1940. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Radcliffe "Women in Science" Exhibit, (1936) Records, 1935-1940 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Peter K. Olitsky papers, 1917-1964, 1917-1964 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Central Committee on Friendship Dinners. Records, 1927-1950 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn James Bumgardner Murphy Papers, Circa 1918-1950 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Harrison, Ross G. (Ross Granville), 1870-1959. Ross Granville Harrison papers, 1820-1975 (inclusive), 1889-1959 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Papers, 1864-1982 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Warren H. (Warren Harmon) Lewis papers, ca. 1913-1964, 1913-1964 American Philosophical Society
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associatedWith Allen, Willard M., 1904-1993 person
associatedWith American Association for the History of Medicine. corporateBody
associatedWith American Association of Anatomists. corporateBody
associatedWith American Association of University Women. corporateBody
associatedWith American Bureau for Medical Advancement in China. corporateBody
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Public Health Association corporateBody
associatedWith American Woman's Association. corporateBody
associatedWith American Women's Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Anderson, Rudolph John, 1879-1961. person
associatedWith Association to Aid Scientific Research by Women. corporateBody
associatedWith Aydelotte, Frank, 1880-1956. person
associatedWith Bartelmez, George W., . 1885. person
associatedWith Bartlemez, George W., b. 1885 person
associatedWith Beebe, William, 1877-1962 person
associatedWith Beechel, Edith E., 1880-1983. person
associatedWith Belt, Elmer, 1893-1980 person
associatedWith Berle, Adolf Augustus, 1895-1971 person
associatedWith Bickford, James V. person
associatedWith Bluemel, Elinor. person
associatedWith Carnegie Institution of Washington. corporateBody
associatedWith Cash, James Robert, 1893-1975. person
associatedWith Castle, William E., (William Ernest), 1867-1962 person
associatedWith Cattell, James McKeen, 1860-1944. person
associatedWith Central Committee on Friendship Dinners. corporateBody
associatedWith Clark, Wilfrid E. Le Gros, (Wilfrid Edward Le Gros), 1895-1971 person
correspondedWith Cohn, Alfred E. (Alfred Einstein), 1879-1957 person
associatedWith Corner, George Washington, 1889-1981. person
associatedWith Cowdry, E. V. (Edmund Vincent), 1888-1975. person
associatedWith Cunningham, Robert Stanley, 1907-. person
associatedWith Cushing, Harvey, 1869-1939 person
associatedWith Denver Fortnightly Club. corporateBody
associatedWith Doan, Charles Austin, b. 1896. person
associatedWith Dorothea May Moore, 1894- person
associatedWith Downey, Hal, 1877-1959. person
associatedWith Ebert, James David, 1921-2001 person
associatedWith Evans, Herbert Martin person
correspondedWith Flexner, Abraham, 1866-1959 person
correspondedWith Flexner, Bernard, 1865- person
correspondedWith Flexner, Simon, 1863-1946 person
associatedWith Flinn, Frederick B. person
associatedWith Forkner, Claude Ellis, 1900- . person
associatedWith Gandhi, Mahatma, 1869-1948 person
associatedWith Garrison, Fielding H., (Fielding Hudson), 1870-1935 person
associatedWith Gasser, Herbert S. (Herbert Spencer), 1888-1963. person
associatedWith Harrison, Ross G. (Ross Granville), 1870-1959. person
associatedWith Henry Strong Denison Medical Foundation. corporateBody
correspondedWith Hepburn, Katharine, 1907-2003 person
correspondedWith Hepburn, Katharine Houghton, 1878-1951 person
correspondedWith Hepburn, Katharine Houghton, 1909- person
associatedWith Hines, Marion, b. 1889. person
associatedWith Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton, N.J.). corporateBody
associatedWith Institute for Sex Research. corporateBody
associatedWith International Anatomical Nomenclature Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Janeway, Theodore C. (Theodore Caldwell), 1872-1917. person
associatedWith John Hopkins University. School of Medicine corporateBody
associatedWith Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine corporateBody
associatedWith John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fund. corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, Treat Baldwin, 1875-1947. person
associatedWith Kane, Elisha Kent, 1820-1857 person
associatedWith Kennon, Ann Byrd. person
associatedWith Kinsey, Alfred C., (Alfred Charles), 1894-1956 person
associatedWith Klebs, Arnold C., (Arnold Carl), 1870-1943 person
associatedWith Kubie, Lawrence S. (Lawrence Schlesinger), 1896-1973. person
associatedWith Lewis, Frederic Thomas, 1875-1951. person
associatedWith Lewis, Warren H. (Warren Harmon), 1870-1964. person
associatedWith Lindbergh, Charles A., (Charles Augustus), 1902-1974 person
associatedWith Long, Esmond R. (Esmond Ray), 1890-1979. person
associatedWith Mall, Franklin P. (Franklin Paine), 1862-1917 person
associatedWith Mary (Ritter) Beard, 1876-1958 person
associatedWith Medical Bureau to Aid Spanish Democracy. corporateBody
associatedWith Mencken, H. L., (Henry Louis), 1880-1956 person
correspondedWith Mendenhall, Dorothy Reed, 1874-1964 person
associatedWith Miller, Franklin R. person
associatedWith Minot, George Richards, 1885-1950. person
correspondedWith Moe, Henry Allen, 1894-1975 person
associatedWith Moore, Dorothea May, 1894- person
associatedWith Morgan, Dale, fl.1950s. person
associatedWith Muller, H. J., (Hermann Joseph), 1890-1967 person
associatedWith Murphy, James B. (James Bumgardner), 1884-1950. person
associatedWith Naples Table Association. corporateBody
associatedWith National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. corporateBody
associatedWith National Association for Retarded Children. corporateBody
associatedWith National Research Council (U.S.). Committee for Research in Problems of Sex. corporateBody
associatedWith National Tuberculosis Association corporateBody
associatedWith New School for Social Research corporateBody
associatedWith New School for Social Research (New York, N.Y.). corporateBody
associatedWith New York University. Hall of Fame. corporateBody
correspondedWith Nuttall, Zelia, 1858-1933 person
associatedWith Olitsky, Peter K. person
associatedWith Peking Union Medical College corporateBody
associatedWith Peking Union Medical College. corporateBody
associatedWith Planned Parenthood Federation of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Raacke, Ilse Dorothea, 1925- person
associatedWith Radcliffe "Women in Science" Exhibit, (1936) corporateBody
associatedWith Reichel, John. person
associatedWith Rockefeller Institute corporateBody
associatedWith Rockefeller University. corporateBody
associatedWith Romer, Alfred Sherwood, 1894-1973 person
associatedWith Sabin, Florene Rena, 1871-1953 person
associatedWith Sabin, Mary person
correspondedWith Sabin, Mary person
associatedWith Schmidt, Louis Bernard, b. 1879. person
associatedWith Seibert, Florence Barbara, 1897- . person
associatedWith Sex Information and Education Council of the U.S.. corporateBody
correspondedWith Sheldon, Edward, 1886-1946 person
associatedWith Shope, Richard E., 1901-1966. person
associatedWith Singer, Charles Joseph, 1876-1960 person
associatedWith Society for Experimental Biology corporateBody
associatedWith Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine (New York, N.Y.). corporateBody
associatedWith Stein, Marguerite Theiss. person
associatedWith Stockard, Charles R., (Charles Rupert), 1879-1939 person
associatedWith Streeter, George Linius, 1873-1948 person
associatedWith Sudhoff, Karl, 1853-1938 person
associatedWith Thomas, M. Carey (Martha Carey), 1857-1935. person
associatedWith Thomas, Robert M. person
associatedWith United States Capitol (Washington, D.C.). Statuary Hall. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Oxford. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Rochester. corporateBody
associatedWith Weed, Lewis H. (Lewis Hill), 1886-1952. person
associatedWith Welch, William Henry, 1850-1934. person
associatedWith Welsh, Lilian, b. 1858. person
associatedWith Whipple, George Hoyt, 1878- person
associatedWith White House Conference on Child Health and Protection. corporateBody
associatedWith White, William Charles, 1874-. person
associatedWith Wiseman, Bruce Kenneth, 1897-1960. person
associatedWith World Center for Women's Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Yerkes Laboratories of Primate Biology, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Yerkes, Robert Mearns, 1876-1956 person
associatedWith Zuckerman, Solly Zuckerman, Baron, 1904-1993 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Colorado
United States
Colorado
Subject
Human reproduction--Endocrine aspects
Medicine--History
Medicine--Research--Finance
Women anatomists
Reproduction
Women physiologists
Spain--Medical care
Jewish women--United States--History--Sources
Medicine--Research--United States--History--20th century--Sources
Physiology
Rhesus monkey
Women medical students--United States--History--Sources
Women medical scientists--United States--History--Sources
Women medical students--History--Sources
Public health--Colorado--History--Sources
Medical sciences
Hospitals--History--Sources
Ellen Richards Prize
Scientists--United States--History--20th century--Sources
Hospitals--Colorado--History--Sources
Women physicians--United States--History--20th century--Sources
Cancer--Research
Anatomy
Autographs
Physicians--United States--History--20th century
Women in medicine
Hormones, Sex
Women physicians
Human anatomy--Study and teaching--History--20th century--Sources
Medicine--Study and teaching--United States--History-20th century
Pernicious anemia
Public health--History--Sources
Medicine--Research--History--20th century--Sources
Lymphatics
Medicine--Research--United States
Naples Table Association
Tuberculosis--Research
White House Conference on Child Health and Protection
University in Exile (see New School for Social Research)
Women medical scientists--History--Sources
Tuberculosis--United States--History--20th century--Sources
Tuberculosis--History--20th century--Sources
Tuberculosis
Women physicians--History--20th century--Sources
Embryology
China--Medical care
Occupation
Function

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Birth 1871-11-09

Death 1953-10-03

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