Bingham, William, 1752-1804

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Philadelphia banker and senator, American consul to Martinique.

From the description of Draft : St. Pierre, Martinique, to the Committee of Secret Correspondence, 1778 Jan. 14. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122541846

Statesman and entrepreneur. From 1770-1776 Bingham was the British consul in St. Pierre, Martinique. He remained in the West Indies for four more years serving as an agent of the Continental Congress, overseeing commercial privateering and espionage. By the time he returned to Philadelphia Bingham had amassed a considerable fortune. He owned a fleet of ships and broad tracts of land in Maine, New York and Pennsylvania and over time became the wealthiest man in America. Bingham was one of the founders of the Bank of Pennsylvania, chartered on Dec. 31, 1781 as the Bank of North America, the first bank in the United States. In 1791 he was elected one of twenty-five directors of the first national bank, the Bank of the United States. Bingham was also a statesman with considerable political power. Washington, Franklin, Hamilton, and Lord Lansdowne, England's prime minister were counted among his friends both politically and socially. They, along with business acquaintances, foreign visitors, relatives and friends, were frequent guests at the Bingham mansion in Philadelphia, where he and his wife, the former Anne Willing, were the social leaders of the nation's first capital. Their daughter, Anne Louisa Bingham, married Alexander Baring, later first Baron Ashburton, 1774-1848, who with Daniel Webster resolved the boundary line of northeast Maine between the United States and Canada. The Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842 also provided for the suppression of slave trade off the African coast.

From the description of Papers, 1752-1891. (Indiana University). WorldCat record id: 59006807

William Bingham was born in Philadelphia in 1752. The son of merchant William Bingham and his wife Mary (Stamper), the younger William was apprenticed to Philadelphia merchant Thomas Wharton. During the Revolutionary War, he was appointed American consul to Martinique, where he acquired a considerable fortune. After returning to Philadelphia, Bingham and his wife Ann Willing (1764-1801), established themselves as one of the young nation's most popular couples. Bingham dabbled in politics during the 1790s, and as a result of extensive land speculation in New York and Maine, was regarded as the wealthiest man in America at the time of his death in 1804.

From the description of William Bingham correspondence, 1791-1803. (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 62096252

Epithet: MA

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001439.0x0001d9

Trader, privateer owner, banker, and U.S. senator from Pennsylvania.

From the description of William Bingham papers, 1776-1801. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 123819684

Philadelphia banker and senator.

From the description of ALS : Lansdowne, Pa., to Willing and Francis, 1800 Sept. 18. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122591688

From the description of ALS : Washington, D.C., to Thomas W. Griffith, 1801 Feb. 15. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122617110

From the description of ALS : Washington, D.C., to James Beatty, 1827 Mar. 11. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122466285

William Bingham was a businessman and public official who was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on April 8, 1752, the son of Mary Stamper and William Bingham, a saddler and merchant. The younger Bingham graduated from the College of Philadelphia in 1768, apprenticed to a merchant, and began to buy his own ships. During the American Revolution, he served as an American agent in the West Indies, where he was able to acquire a large fortune. After the war, Bingham became a director of the Bank of North America, oversaw the construction of the Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike, founded Binghamton, New York, and dabbled in land speculation. By 1800, he was reputed to be the wealthiest man in the United States. He served in the Continental Congress, the Pennsylvania legislature, and the United States senate.

In 1780, William married Anne Willing, the daughter of Anne McCall and Thomas Willing, one of Bingham's business partners. The Binghams built a large house for themselves, and it became a favorite meeting place for members of the government while the U.S. capital was located in Philadelphia. William's and Anne's two daughters married Englishmen. Following the death of Anne in1801, William moved to England to live with his daughter who had married Alexander Baring. He died in Bath, England, on February 7, 1804, and was buried in Bath Abbey. Robert C. Alberts wrote a book about Bingham entitled The Golden Voyage.

From the description of Papers, 1741-1884, 1791-1794 (bulk dates). (Winterthur Library). WorldCat record id: 261233686

Delegate for Pennsylvania to the Continental Congress from 1786 to 1788; served in the U.S. Senate from 1795 to 1801. He helped found the Bank of North America, the first bank of the new nation, in 1781.

http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=B000474

From the description of William Bingham letter, 1780 Jan. 22. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 649510843

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Karzhavin, F. V. (Fedor Vasilʹevich), 1745-1812. Letters, 1773-1788. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library
referencedIn United States. District Court (Pennsylvania : Eastern District). Equity dockets and case files, 1790-1847 [microform]. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Bingham, William, 1752-1804. Armstrong C[ount]y. Library of Congress
creatorOf Bingham, William, 1752-1804. Document signed : Philadelphia, 1792 Sept. 29. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bingham, W. mss., 1752-1891 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly
referencedIn Recollections of my acquaintance with deceased members of the American Philosophical Society, 1862, 1862 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter to William Bingham, 1789 September 25. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Barrington, Samuel, 1729-1800. Samuel Barrington letterbooks, 1778-1779. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter to William Bingham [manuscript], 1789 September 25. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Adlum, John, 1759-1836. W. Br. Pine Cr. Library of Congress
creatorOf Bingham, William, 1752-1804. Lawrence Township : a list of the settlers names and lots in Lawrence Township by the resurvey in 1834 having reference to the numbers of the lots in each survey as numbers on their respective maps the quantity in the resurvey & in the 1 & 2d purchase. Library of Congress
referencedIn Ingersoll, R. Sturgis,. Collection, 1822-1917. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Bingham, William, 1752-1804. ALS : Washington, D.C., to James Beatty, 1827 Mar. 11. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Carson, Marian S.,. Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts (continuation record), 1656-1995 (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress
creatorOf Adlum, John, 1759-1836. W. Su[q.?] Cr., Bradford Co. Library of Congress
referencedIn Nicholson, John, 1757-1800. Papers, 1772-1819 [microform]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Richard Price Papers, 1767-1790 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Banks, Charles Edward, 1854-1931. Scrapbook, ca. 1900. Maine Historical Society Library
creatorOf Adlum, John, 1759-1836. [Land ownership map of the William Bingham estate and lands of adjacent holders in Bradford and Tioga Counties, Pennsylvania / surveyed by John Adlum]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Barrington, Samuel, 1729-1800. Samuel Barrington letterbooks, 1778-1779. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Adlum, John, 1759-1836. [Land ownership map of the William Bingham estate in Potter County, Pennsylvania / surveyed by John Adlum]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Powel family. Powel family papers, 1681-1938. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Benjamin Franklin Papers Part 8 -- Letters to Franklin, 1783 December-1786 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Richard Price Papers, 1767-1790 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Royal Society (Great Britain) letters and communications from Americans, 1662-1900, 1662-1900 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Adlum, John, 1759-1836. Cawanesque. Library of Congress
creatorOf Deane, Silas, 1737-1789. Papers, 1740-1842. Connecticut Historical Society
creatorOf Bingham, William, 1752-1804. William Bingham papers, 1776-1801. Library of Congress
referencedIn William Temple Franklin-Charles Pemberton Fox Legal Records, 1692-1881 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Affidavits by George Bond and James Duane, 1787 April 7. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Adlum, John, 1759-1836. E. Sugar Creek, Bradford Co. Library of Congress
creatorOf Bingham, William, 1752-1804. Tioga, new nos. Library of Congress
referencedIn Pennsylvania Society for the Encouragement of Manufactures and the Useful Arts. Manufacturing fund ledger, 1788-1801. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Bingham, William, 1752-1804. ALS : Washington, D.C., to Thomas W. Griffith, 1801 Feb. 15. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIa, 1743-1806 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Bingham, William, 1752-1804. Charleston. Library of Congress
referencedIn Conewago Canal Company records, 1788-1820 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876, 1700-1800 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Cobb, David, 1748-1830. David Cobb papers, 1708-1833. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Pinckney, Thomas, 1750-1828. Papers, 1771-1813. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn United States. Continental Congress. United States. Continental Congress records, 1765-1825 (bulk 1774-1790). Library of Congress
creatorOf Bingham, William, 1752-1804. Papers, 1752-1891. Indiana University
creatorOf Bingham, William, 1752-1804. ALS : Lansdowne, Pa., to Willing and Francis, 1800 Sept. 18. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Vol. CCCXXV (ff. 385). 22 Mar.-4 Apr. 1842.includes:ff. 1, 3 Sir William Bagge, 1st Baronet; MP: 1867. Correspondence with Sir R. Peel: 1842-1850.ff. 4, 8 Joseph Bailey, MP: for Worcester. Correspondence with Sir R. Peel: 1842.f. 5 George Lang,... British Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Bingham, William, 1752-1804. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1935. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Bingham, William, 1752-1804. Sullivan Township. Library of Congress
referencedIn Samuel Barrington letterbooks, 1778-1779 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Adlum, John, 1759-1836. Venango Co. Library of Congress
referencedIn Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts, 1582-1843. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Pennsylvania. Land grant to William Bingham, Esq., for property in Lycoming County from Thomas Mifflin, Governor of Pennsylvania, 17 May 1796. University of California, Irvine. Library. Department of Special Collections
referencedIn Carson, Marian S.,. Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts, 1656-1995 (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress
referencedIn Dialectic and Philanthropic Joint Senate of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Records, 1836-2004, (bulk 1959-2004) University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. University Archives.
referencedIn Fobes, Alpheus. Alpheus Fobes deed, 1839. Maine Historical Society Library
creatorOf Merrick, John, 1766-1861. Letter, 1799 October 13 : Hallowell, to William Bingham, Philadelphia. Boston Athenaeum
creatorOf Adlum, John, 1759-1836. McKean Co. Library of Congress
creatorOf Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824. ALS : New York, to William Bingham, Philadelphia, 1787 Sept. 3. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Mark Anthony De Wolfe Howe additional papers, 1880-1959. Houghton Library.
referencedIn United States Continental Congress Records, 1765-1825, (bulk 1774-1790) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Du Pont, Victor, 1767-1827. Papers, 1753-1847. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts, 1656-1995, (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Ball families. Papers, 1676-1879. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Bingham, William, 1752-1804. Papers, 1741-1884, 1791-1794 (bulk dates). Winterthur Library
referencedIn Historical Sketch of the Continental Bills of Credit, from 1775 to 1781, with Specimens thereof, 1840, 1862 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Land grant to William Bingham, Esq., for property in Lycoming County from Thomas Mifflin, Governor of Pennsylvania, 1796 University of California, Irvine. Library. Department of Special Collections
creatorOf Bingham, William, 1752-1804. William Bingham correspondence, 1791-1803. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Adlum, John, 1759-1836. Susquehanna & Sinnemahoning. Library of Congress
creatorOf Bingham, William, 1752-1804. 20 tracts, Tioga County. Library of Congress
referencedIn Royal Society (Great Britain). Letters and communications from Americans, 1662-1900. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous Benjamin Franklin Collections, 1710-1822 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Breck, Samuel, 1771-1862. Recollections of my acquaintance with deceased members of the American Philosophical Society, 1862. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Adlum, John, 1759-1836. Armstrong County. Library of Congress
creatorOf Hartley, M. Document signed : [n.p.], to William Bingham, 1793 Feb. 21. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Turner, George, fl. 18th cent. Letter : n.p., to William Bingham, n.p., [178-?]. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Bingham, William, 1752-1804. Draft : St. Pierre, Martinique, to the Committee of Secret Correspondence, 1778 Jan. 14. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Royal Society (Great Britain). Letters and communications from Americans, 1662-1900. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Adlum, John, 1759-1836. 20 tracts, Charleston. Library of Congress
creatorOf Bingham, William, 1752-1804. William Bingham letter, 1780 Jan. 22. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Benjamin Vaughan Papers, 1746-1900 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Estaing, Charles Henri, comte d', 1729-1794. [Letter] 1779 févr. 17 [to] M. Bingham / Estaing. Smith College, Neilson Library
creatorOf Adlum, John, 1759-1836. Jefferson, Venango & Armstrong. Library of Congress
referencedIn Price, Richard, 1723-1791. Papers, 1767-1790. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Mifflin & Massey. Records, 1751-1863 (bulk 1760-1800). Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf William Bingham letters and document, 1783-1799 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Bingham, William, 1752-1804. Papers, 1777-1917. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
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associatedWith Russell, Thomas. person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
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associatedWith Shelburne, William Petty, 2nd Earl, 1737-1805 person
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associatedWith Wolcott, Oliver, 1760-1833 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Pennsylvania
Scotland, United Kingdom
West Indies
Derbyshire, England
Pennsylvania
United States
United States
United States
Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Maine
Weymouth, Dorset
Pennsylvania
Maine
Syria, Asia Minor
New York
United States
Stockport, Cheshire
Norwich, Norfolk
Middle Atlantic States
lrvine, Ayrshire
Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Great Britain
Maine
Subject
Taverns (Inns)
Wages--Household employees
Land settlement--History
Public lands
Marriage settlements
Shipping
French--Colonization
Commerce--18th century
Frontier and pioneer life
Privateering
Household employees
Prisoners of war
Home economics--Accounting
Surveying
Real property
Real estate investment
Real property--Maps
Rich people
Land tenure
United States--Economic conditions--18th century
Land settlement
Real property--Exchange of
United States--Politics and government--1789-1809
Banks and banking--18th century
Occupation
Bankers
Surveyors
Trader
Senators, U.S. Congress--Pennsylvania
Shipowners
Function

Person

Birth 1752-03-08

Death 1804-02-07

Information

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