Gardner, Isabella Stewart, 1840-1924

Alternative names
Birth 1840-04-14
Death 1924-07-17

Biographical notes:

American collector.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : "Fenway Court," to an unidentified recipient, [1908?] Dec. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269568468

Art collector and patron; Mrs. Jack Gardner.

From the description of Isabella Stewart Gardner and the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum collection, [18--]-[19--]. (University of Mobile Library). WorldCat record id: 70925322

Art historian, critic, collector, and teacher; Florence, Italy.

First name often spelled Bernhard. Was "discovered" by Isabella Stewart Gardner immediately after his graduation from Harvard. As a patron of the fine arts, Gardner financed Berenson's travels in Italy to collect Italian Renaissance art for the Venetian palazzo she re-created in Boston. Berenson bought Villa I Tatti, his home in Florence, before the Second World War. During the war he and his wife and his personal secretary were exiles in the villa for several years. He lived there until his death where upon he bequeathed it to Harvard University.

From the description of Isabella Stewart Gardner letters to Bernard Berenson, 1887-1924. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81263025

Art patron, collector, and museum founder; Boston, Mass.

Immediately after graduation from Harvard, Bernard Berenson was hired by Gardner to travel throughout Italy collecting Italian Renaissance art for her recreated Venetian palazzo in Boston. She established her palazzo as a museum of fine European art with stipulations that after her death none of the exhibited works was to be moved or rearranged, but left as she had designed during her lifetime.

From the description of Isabella Stewart Gardner papers, 1760-1956. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82099067


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  • Art, Italian
  • Art critics
  • Art museums
  • Art, Renaissance
  • Art patrons
  • Art historians
  • Painting, Renaissance
  • Art--Collectors and collecting
  • Sculpture, Renaissance
  • Women art collecters--Correspondence
  • Art patronage


  • Women art patrons--United States
  • Women art collectors--United States


  • Massachusetts--Boston (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Massachusetts--Boston (as recorded)
  • Japan (as recorded)
  • Massachusetts--Boston (as recorded)
  • Italy (as recorded)
  • Italy--Venice (as recorded)