Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931

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American painter and critic.

From the description of Letter, n.d. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 79182370

Philip Leslie Hale (1865-1931) was a painter, teacher, critic, and writer from Boston, Mass.

Hale received early training under his sister Ellen Day Hale, at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts and Academy Julian in Paris, and he studied privately with William M. Chase, J.A. Weir, and Kenyon Cox. Taught at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston for thirty years; at various times, he also was on the faculty of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and Boston University. He is the son of Reverend Edward Everett Hale.

From the description of Philip Leslie Hale papers, 1818-1962 bulk,1877-1939. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79868170

Painter, teacher, critic, and writer; Boston, Mass.

Hale received early training under his sister Ellen Day Hale, at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts and Academy Julian in Paris, and he studied privately with William M. Chase, J.A. Weir, and Kenyon Cox. Taught at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston for thirty years; at various times, he also was on the faculty of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and Boston University. He is the son of Reverend Edward Everett Hale.

From the description of Philip Leslie Hale drawings, [ca. 1880-ca. 1930]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 220228858

Philip Leslie Hale was the son of prominent Unitarian minister and well-known author, Edward Everett Hale. Members of this distinguished old Boston family included such ancestors as Revolutionary War hero Nathan Hale, influential preacher Lyman Beecher, educator Catherine Beecher, and Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin . From a young age Philip's talent and interest in drawing was encouraged by his parents, especially his mother. An older artist sister, Ellen Day Hale (1855-1940) and an aunt, Susan Hale (1834-1910), a trained painter, provided Philip with his first art lessons.

Family tradition and expectations decreed that after completing studies at the Boston Latin School and Roxbury Latin School, Hale would attend Harvard. After passing Harvard's entrance examination, as required by his father, Philip was free to pursue art. He enrolled in the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, in the fall of 1883, where he was an early pupil of Edmund C. Tarbell. The following year he continued his studies in New York at the Art Students League under J. Alden Weir and Kenyon Cox.

In early 1887, Hale went to Paris, adopted a bohemian lifestyle, and studied at the École des Beaux-Arts and the Académie Julian. He became friends with fellow students Theodore Butler and William Howard ("Peggy") Hart. In the summer of 1888, the three made their first trip to Giverny, where they were among the first Americans to experiment with Impressionism. They met other American artists, including Theodore Robinson, John Leslie Breck, and Theodore Wendel, who also had been drawn to Giverny by the presence of Claude Monet. Hale returned to Boston in the summer of 1890, but was soon drawn back to Paris to be with his sweetheart Katharine Kinsella. He spent the summers of 1891-1893 continuing his experiment with Impressionism in Giverny, and during that period traveled to London, Paris, and Spain, periodically returning home and to the family's Rhode Island summer place.

In 1893 Hale began teaching cast drawing at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, where he remained on the faculty until his death in 1931. Eventually he became the chief instructor of drawing, and also offered courses in life drawing, artistic anatomy, and art history. Hale also taught at the Worcester Art Museum (1898-1910), The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (1913-1928), and Boston University (1926-1928).

Hale's first solo exhibition, held in 1899 at Durand-Ruel Galleries in New York City, consisted of Impressionist paintings and pastels that received mixed reviews. In subsequent years his work became increasingly academic and focused on figure paintings and portraits. He exhibited frequently in national and international shows, won numerous medals and prizes, and was elected an Associate National Academician of the National Academy of Design in 1917.

In 1902, Hale married former student, Lilian Westcott, a painter and portraitist whose success during some periods eclipsed that of her husband.

Philip Leslie Hale, like many of his relatives, was a noted writer and speaker. His column "Art in Paris" for the Canadian-based periodical Arcadia: A Journal Devoted to Music, Art and Literature, which appeared regularly between 1892 and 1893, discussed Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, and Symbolism. Hale regularly contributed art columns, reviews, and miscellaneous articles to the Boston Daily Advertiser, Boston Commonwealth, Boston Herald, and Boston Evening Transcript during the first decade of the twentieth century.

Hale's teaching stressed the importance of learning Old Master's techniques. He had a life-long interest in Vermeer, and as a writer and critic he generated quite a bit of enthusiasm for that artist among the figurative painters of the Boston School, his own students, and others. Jan Vermeer of Delft, a highly regarded monograph by Philip Leslie Hale - the first on the subject published in the United States - appeared in 1913. He wrote several other books on art subjects, and his services as a lecturer on art topics were sought after by a variety of organizations both locally and nationally.

Philip Leslie Hale died following emergency surgery in Dedham, Massachusetts, on February 2, 1931.

From the guide to the Philip Leslie Hale papers, 1818-1962 (bulk 1877-1939), (Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Hale, Nancy, 1908-1988. Papers, 1908-1989. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Cummings, Willard Warren, 1915-1975. Willard Cummings interview, 1973 Mar. 20. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Thayer, Polly, 1904-2006. Oral history interview with Polly Thayer, 1995 May 12 - 1996 Feb. 1. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Hale Family Papers MS 71., 1787-1988 Sophia Smith Collection
creatorOf Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931,. Autograph letter signed from Philip Leslie Hale, Boston, to William Winter [manuscript], 1910 April 2. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn White, Sallie Elizabeth Joy. Papers, 1828-1936 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Barton, Donald, 1903-1990. Oral history interview with Donald Barton, 1989 Mar. 31. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Philip Leslie Hale papers, 1818-1962 (bulk 1877-1939) Archives of American Art
creatorOf Hale family. Papers, 1787-1988 (bulk 1810-1963). Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Thayer, Polly, 1904-. Polly Thayer interview, 1995 May 12-1996 Feb. 1. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf HALE, PHILIP LESLIE. Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)
referencedIn Babcock Galleries. Babcock Galleries exhibition catalogs, [undated and 1918-1939]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Saltonstall, Elizabeth, 1900-1990. Elizabeth Saltonstall interview, 1981 Nov. 18. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Philip Leslie Hale with model [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Mark Anthony De Wolfe Howe additional papers, 1880-1959 Houghton Library
creatorOf Barker, Lucy Hayward, 1872-1948. Lucy Hayward Barker papers, 1898-1992. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Paxton, William McGregor, 1869-1941. William McGregor Paxton papers, 1886-1971. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931. Philip Leslie Hale drawings, [ca. 1880-ca. 1930]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Barton, Donald, 1903-1990. Donald Barton interview, 1989 Mar. 31. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Papers, 1828-1936 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931. Philip Leslie Hale papers, 1818-1962 bulk,1877-1939. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Saltonstall, Elizabeth, 1900-1990. Oral history interview with Elizabeth Saltonstall, 1981 Nov. 18. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn Thayer, Polly, 1904-. Polly Thayer interview, 1995 May 12-1996 Feb. 1 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Gardner, Isabella Stewart, 1840-1924. Isabella Stewart Gardner papers, 1760-1956. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Nancy Hale Papers 251., 1908 - 1989 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Cummings, Willard Warren, 1915-1975. Willard Cummings interview, 1973 Mar. 20 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Van Ness, Beatrice Whitney, 1888-1981. Beatrice Whitney Van Ness papers, 1883-1985. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Gardner, Isabella Stewart, 1840-1924. Isabella Stewart Gardner papers, 1760-1956. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931. Letter, n.d. Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Cummings, Willard Warren, 1915-1975,. Oral history interview with Willard Cummings, 1973 Mar. 20 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Babcock Galleries. corporateBody
associatedWith Barker, Lucy Hayward, 1872-1948. person
associatedWith Barton, Donald, 1903-1990 person
associatedWith Butler, Theodore Earl, 1861-1936. person
associatedWith Cox, Kenyon, 1856-1919. person
associatedWith Cummings, Willard Warren, 1915-1975, person
associatedWith Gardner, Isabella Stewart, 1840-1924. person
associatedWith Hale family. family
associatedWith Hale Family family
associatedWith Hale, Nancy, 1908- person
associatedWith Hale, Nancy, 1908-1988. person
associatedWith Hart, William H., b. 1863. person
correspondedWith Howe, M. A. De Wolfe (Mark Antony De Wolfe), 1864-1960 person
associatedWith Kennedy, Albert J. (Albert Joseph), 1879-1968. person
associatedWith Paxton, William McGregor, 1869-1941. person
associatedWith Sallie Joy White, 1852? -1909 person
associatedWith Saltonstall, Elizabeth, 1900-1990 person
associatedWith Tarbell, Edmund Charles, 1862-1938. person
associatedWith Thayer, Polly, 1904- person
associatedWith Thayer, Polly, 1904- person
associatedWith Van Ness, Beatrice Whitney, 1888-1981. person
associatedWith White, Sallie Elizabeth Joy. person
correspondedWith Winter, William, 1836-1917 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Massachusetts--Boston
Massachusetts--Boston
Subject
Art--Study and teaching
Painters--Massachusetts--Boston
Painters
Painting, American
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1865

Death 1931

Americans

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