Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955

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Hispanic scholar; philanthropist.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : New York, to [George] Kunz, President of the American Scenic and Historical Preservation Society (and expert on gems), 1915 May 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270871082

Poet, editor, Hispanic scholar, art collector.

From the description of Archer M. Huntington letter to John O'Hara Cosgrave [manuscript], 1910 August 31. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 754955300

Archer Milton Huntington (1870-1955) was an American philanthropist, art patron, scholar and poet. The son of Arabella Duval Huntington and her husband, railroad industrialist Collis P. Huntington, Archer made substantial contributions -- both scholarly and financial -- in his chosen fields, though he is particularly known for his work in Hispanic Studies. He wrote several scholarly works in the field and in 1904 founded The Hispanic Society of America in New York City, a museum and rare books library which he helped fill with an impressive collection of Hispanic paintings, decorative art, books, manuscripts, maps, prints, and photographs. At about this same time, Archer was named foreign corresponding secretary for the New-York Historical Society; he served in this capacity for several years and contributed to the funding of many of the society's publications.

His first wife, whom he married in 1895, was Helen Manchester Gates, an Englishwoman and author. For his second wife (married in 1923), sculptor Anna Hyatt Huntington, Archer founded Brookgreen Gardens in South Carolina where her works were displayed as well as those of dozens of other American sculptors. (She returned the favor, creating several Hispanic-themed works for the grounds of the Hispanic Society, including an equestrian sculpture entitled "The Cid.")

In 1936, Huntington donated an endowment which established the Chair of Poetry at the Library of Congress, now known as the Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress; he also donated to the American Numismatic Society the funding and land for its headquarters and, later, a library. Together with Anna, he founded the Mariners' Museum in Newport News, Virginia, one of the largest and finest maritime museums in the world, and established the Archer and Anna Huntington Wild Life Forest Station in the Adirondacks of New York State.

Archer M. Huntington was awarded honorary degrees from Harvard, Yale, Columbia, Kenyon College, and the University of Madrid. Among his other philanthropic positions, he was president of the American Geographical Society and a trustee of the American Museum of Natural History, the New-York Historical Society, the Museum of the American Indian, and the Heye Foundation. When he died in December of 1955, The Modern Language Journal published a biographical sketch which included the following praise:

In his passing, Hispanic studies in the United States, Spain, and Hispanic America have lost a generous patron who was also in his own right a scholar of distinction, a poet of charm, and in everything he did a good citizen." ( The Modern Language Journal , Feb 1956, p. 59)

From the guide to the Archer Milton Huntington Papers, 1919-1957, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Papers, 1867-2005 Harvard Art Museum Archives, Harvard University
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Letter signed : W. R. Martin : to Belle Greene, 1910 May 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Letter signed : to Belle Greene, 1910 Feb. 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Archer M. Huntington Art Gallery. Archer M. Huntington Art Gallery exhibition files, 1948-1981. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Arthur Twining Hadley, president of Yale University, records, 1899-1921 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Autograph letter signed : to Pierpont Morgan, 1909 Jan. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Family papers, 1853-1954. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Bailey, Charles F. Talk before the Woman's Club, Hampton VA. 8:00 p.m., January 8, 1932 and Foremen's lecture, Shipyard, Newport News, VA., 7:30 p.m., January 14, 1932 on the Mariners Museum / by Charles F. Bailey. The Mariners' Museum Library
referencedIn Brenda Putnam Papers, 1915-1965 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Papers, 1907-1979 Harvard Art Museum Archives, Harvard University
referencedIn Bingham, Hiram, 1875-1956. Hiram Bingham papers, 1907-1957 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Autograph letter signed : to Pierpont Morgan, 1909 Jan. 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Edwin Howland Blashfield Papers, 1870-1956 (bulk 1889-1936) © 2011 New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Letter signed : to Belle Greene, 1908 Mar. 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1847-1933. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Letter signed : to Belle Greene, 1908 Mar. 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. Letter, 1911 May 11, New York, to Albert S. Bickmore [New York]. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Letter signed : to Belle Greene, 1908 Mar. 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Brookgreen Garden photographs. College of Charleston, Marlene and Nathan Addlestone Library
creatorOf Codman, Ogden. House for A.M. Huntington, Esq. No. 1083 Fifth Ave. New York City [graphic] : job no. 110 / Ogden Codman, Arch't, 340 Madison Ave., New York. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Archer M. Huntington Survey Expedition of the Southwest (1923). Arizona physical anthropological museum studio photographs, 1923. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Brookgreen Gardens. Brookgreen Gardens photographs, 1936-1937. Clemson University Libraries, Robert Muldrow Cooper Library
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Autograph letter signed : to Pierpont Morgan, 1907 Dec. 20. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Nichols, Hobart, 1869-1962. Hobart Nichols papers, [ca. 1895]-1958. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn CHRONICLE OF THE CID: Crónica Rimada. Reproduced in facsimile, from the Manuscript in the Bibliothèque Nationale, by Archer M. Huntington. Collotype reproduction (28 pages) of the 15th cent. copy of this chronicle of early Spanish history written on ... British Library
creatorOf Vonnoh, Bessie Potter, 1872-1955. Bessie Potter Vonnoh papers, circa 1860-1987 (bulk 1890-1955.). Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Edward Luther Stevenson papers, 1859-1944 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Aldrich, Thomas Bailey, 1836-1907. Thomas Bailey Aldrich papers, 1837-1926. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Forbes, Edward Waldo, 1873-1969. Papers, 1867-2005. Harvard University Art Museum
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Letter signed : W.R. Martin, librarian, to Pierpont Morgan, 1909 Nov. 9. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn George Sarton additional papers, 1901-1956. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Huntington, Anna Hyatt, 1876-1973. Anna Hyatt-Huntington interview, [ca. 1964] [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Huntington Estate Papers, 1955-1976 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Bailey, C. F.,. Photographs of the Mariners Museum, 1930-1932. The Mariners' Museum Library
referencedIn Pedro Salinas papers, ca. 1912-1975 (inclusive), 1936-1951 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Autograph letter signed : to Belle Greene, n.d. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Letter signed : Martin to Belle Greene, 1910 July 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Winn, William Watkin, 1874-1959. Axe found near old Presidio at Santa Cruz in Sonora, Mexico : and related papers, [1909-1951]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Letter signed : Martin to Belle Greene, 1910 Dec. 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Archer M. Huntington letter to John O'Hara Cosgrave [manuscript], 1910 August 31. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Autograph letter signed Archer Huntington to: "Chere Poete" April 30, [19]37. Wellesley College
referencedIn Lounsbury, Thomas Raynesford, 1838-1915. Thomas Raynesford Lounsbury papers, 1829-1915 (inclusive), 1856-1915 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Vonnoh, Bessie Potter, 1872-1955. Bessie Potter Vonnoh papers, circa 1860-1991, bulk 1890-1955. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Fogg Art Museum. Archives of the Fogg Art Museum, 1895-1985 (inclusive). Harvard University Art Museum
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Correspondence, 1911 Nov. 11, 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Huntington, Anna Hyatt, 1876-1973. Oral history interview with Anna Hyatt-Huntington, [ca. 1964] [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Thomas Bailey Aldrich papers, 1837-1926. Houghton Library.
referencedIn MAGI: Libro de los Tres Reyes de Oriente. Published in Facsimile from the Manuscript K. III. 4 in the Library of the Escurial. By Archer M. Huntington. Reproduction of 7 pages of a Spanish MS. in a l4th cent. hand, with drawing at head of first page.... British Library
referencedIn Bessie Potter Vonnoh papers, circa 1860-1991, bulk 1890-1955 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Audella Beebe Hyatt Papers, 1858-1957 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Erwin Frederick Springweiler Papers, 1923-1967 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Papers, 1897-1930. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Sachs, Paul J. (Paul Joseph), 1878-1965. Papers, 1903-2005. Harvard University Art Museum
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Copy of Belle Greene's reply, 1910 Feb. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Stevenson, Edward Luther, 1858-1944. Edward Luther Stevenson papers, 1859-1944 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Copy of letter of Belle Greene, 1908 Mar. 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Autograph letter signed : to Pierpont Morgan, 1909 July 29. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Blashfield, Edwin Howland, 1848-1936. Papers, 1867-1936. Churchill County Museum
creatorOf James, Henry, 1843-1916. Impressions of a cousin : New York : autograph manuscript signed, 1883 Apr. 3. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Harriet Randolph Hyatt Mayor Papers, 1881-1962 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Archer Milton Huntington Papers, 1919-1957 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Thomas Raynesford Lounsbury papers, 1829-1915 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Autograph letter signed : to Pierpont Morgan, 1911 June 3. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Greene, Belle da Costa. Copy of letter : from Belle Greene to W.R. Martin, 1910 July 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Letter signed : to Pierpont Morgan, 1908 Feb. 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Chandler, Harry, 1864-1944. Robinson-Farrand papers, 1903-1958. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Correspondence, 1910 Dec. 9. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton), 1870-1955. Autograph letter signed : to Belle Greene, 1910 Dec. 9. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Anna Hyatt Huntington Papers, 1887-1973 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Gardner, Isabella Stewart, 1840-1924. Isabella Stewart Gardner papers, 1760-1956. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Bowman, Isaiah, 1878-1950. Isaiah Bowman papers, 1904-1951. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Gleb Derujinsky Papers, 1919-1964 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn John Jay Chapman additional papers, 1841-1940. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Huntington, Archer Milton, 1870-1955. Autograph letter signed : New York, to [George] Kunz, President of the American Scenic and Historical Preservation Society (and expert on gems), 1915 May 21. Pierpont Morgan Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Portrait photograph of Archer M. Huntington American Numismatic Society
referencedIn Portrait photograph of Archer M. Huntington American Numismatic Society
Relation Name
associatedWith Academy of American Poets corporateBody
associatedWith Aldrich, Thomas Bailey, 1836-1907. person
associatedWith American Academy of Arts and Letters corporateBody
associatedWith American Geographical Society of New York corporateBody
associatedWith American Museum of Natural History. corporateBody
associatedWith American Numismatic Society corporateBody
associatedWith Archer M. Huntington Art Gallery. corporateBody
associatedWith Archer M. Huntington Survey Expedition of the Southwest (1923) corporateBody
associatedWith Bailey, C. F., person
associatedWith Bailey, Charles F. person
associatedWith Bickmore, Albert S. (Albert Smith), 1839-1914. person
associatedWith Bingham, Hiram, 1875-1956. person
associatedWith Blashfield, Edwin Howland, 1848-1936. person
associatedWith Bowman, Isaiah, 1878-1950. person
correspondedWith Braithwaite, William Stanley, 1878-1962 person
associatedWith Brookgreen Gardens. corporateBody
associatedWith California Palace of the Legion of Honor corporateBody
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
correspondedWith Chapman, John Jay, 1862-1933 person
associatedWith Codman, Ogden. person
correspondedWith Cole, Corinne Robinson Alsop, 1886-1971 person
associatedWith Cosgrave, John O'Hara, 1908-1968, person
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
associatedWith Derujinsky, Gleb W., 1888- person
associatedWith Federal Art Project corporateBody
associatedWith Fogg Art Museum. corporateBody
associatedWith Forbes, Edward Waldo, 1873-1969. person
associatedWith Gardner, Isabella Stewart, 1840-1924. person
associatedWith Greene, Belle da Costa, person
associatedWith Hispanic Society of America corporateBody
associatedWith Huntington, Anna Hyatt, 1876-1973. person
associatedWith Huntington family family
associatedWith Hyatt, Audella Beebe, 1840-1932 person
associatedWith James, Henry, 1843-1916. person
associatedWith Johnson, Robert Underwood, 1853-1937. person
associatedWith Kunz, George Frederick, 1856-1932, person
associatedWith Lounsbury, Thomas Raynesford, 1838-1915. person
associatedWith Mariners' Museum (Newport News, Va.) corporateBody
associatedWith Mayor, Harriet H. (Harriet Hyatt), 1868-1960 person
associatedWith Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Morgan, J. Pierpont (John Pierpont), 1837-1913, person
associatedWith Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation corporateBody
associatedWith National Academy of Design (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Arts Club (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Sculpture Society (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith New-York Historical Society corporateBody
associatedWith New York Zoological Society corporateBody
associatedWith Nichols, Hobart, 1869-1962. person
correspondedWith Pope, Arthur, 1880-1974 person
associatedWith Putnam, Brenda, 1890-1975 person
correspondedWith Robinson, Corinne Roosevelt, 1861-1933 person
associatedWith Sachs, Paul J. (Paul Joseph), 1878-1965. person
correspondedWith Salinas, Pedro, 1892-1951 person
correspondedWith Sarton, George, 1884-1956 person
associatedWith Springweiler, Erwin Frederick, 1896-1968 person
associatedWith Stevenson, Edward Luther, 1858-1944. person
associatedWith Vonnoh, Bessie Potter, 1872-1955. person
associatedWith Winn, William Watkin, 1874-1959. person
associatedWith Yale University. President's Office. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States, Social life and customs, 20th century
Spain, Europe
Subject
Animal sculptors--United States
Art--Collectors and collecting
Endowments
Philanthropists--United States
Public sculpture
Art museums
Public art
Sculpture gardens
Bronze sculpture, American
Art, American--20th century
Art, American
Hispanists, United States
Art patronage
Sculpture, American
Literature--American Poetry
Upper class--United States
Animals in art
Monuments
Art--Sculpture
Sculpture, American--20th century
Sculptors--United States
Occupation
Poets
Function

Person

Birth 1870-03-10

Death 1955-12-11

Americans

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 43500997