Barney, Hiram

Alternative names

Hide Profile

American engineer.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keokuk, to W.W. Belknap, 1869 Nov. 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270622429

Hiram Barney (1811-1895) acquired the land in the Half-Breed Tract that would become the White Elk Vineyard in the 1840s. The vineyard was established in 1869 when Barney sent his son, Lewis Tappan Barney, a Civil War veteran, to develop and manage the vineyard. Within years, the White Elk vineyard was producing from 15,000 to 30,000 gallons of Concord, Ives, Norton, and Clinton wines a year; the wines were sold as far south as New Orleans and as far west as Denver. In 1880, the White Elk vineyard was incorporated, with John H. Craig as the president, Lewis T. Barney, the vice-president, and Hiram Barney as a director. In 1903, the vineyard was purchased by Chester P. Cory, a teetotaler who switched to producing grape juice. It was closed down in 1914.

From the description of Business ledgers of the White Elk vineyard, 1872, 1873, 1875, 1877, and 1878. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 754969526

Hiram Barney (1811-1895), lawyer and collector of the port of New York, began practicing law in 1836 in New York City, specializing in debt collection. In 1848 he formed a partnership with Benjamin F. and William A. Butler, which lasted until 1874. A militant anti-slavery Democrat, Barney joined the Republicans in 1854 and earned a reputation for political acumen. In 1857 he won the confidence of Abraham Lincoln, who as President appointed him collector of the port of New York. Barney held the office until resigning in 1864. The remainder of his life was devoted to private business and family affairs

From the description of Letterbooks of Hiram Barney, 1861-1877. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 310982683

Hiram Barney (1811-1895), lawyer and collector of the port of New York, began practicing law in 1836 in New York City, specializing in debt collection. In 1848 he formed a partnership with Benjamin F. and William A. Butler, which lasted until 1874. A militant anti-slavery Democrat, Barney joined the Republicans in 1854 and earned a reputation for political acumen. In 1857 he won the confidence of Abraham Lincoln, who as President appointed him collector of the port of New York. Barney held the office until resigning in 1864. The remainder of his life was devoted to private business and family affairs.

From the description of Papers of Hiram Barney, 1772-1924 (bulk 1836-1894). (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 122499679

Biography

Hiram Barney, lawyer and collector for the Port of New York, was born in Henderson, New York, on May 30, 1811. After graduating from Union College in 1833, he held a law clerkship and was admitted to the New York bar in 1836. Barney's legal career began with the firm of William Mulligan in 1836. In 1838, he entered into a partnership with William D. Waterman and in 1841, with William Mitchell. During the early years of his career, Barney, largely engaged as a "collections" lawyer, did much of his business in the West, especially Iowa. In 1849, Barney formed yet another partnership with Benjamin F. Butler and his son, William Allen Butler. After the retirement of the elder Butler and the arrival and departure of James Humphrey, the firm became known as Barney, Butler, and Parsons. Barney remained with his firm until 1874, when he was retained as special counsel. Barney's final legal partnership began in 1878 with Edward D. Cowman.

In addition to carrying out his legal obligations, Barney became active in the anti-slavery movement and related political parties. Possibly he was influenced by his marriage to Susan Aspinwall Tappan, the daughter of Lewis Tappan, a prominent abolitionist. In 1840, Barney was nominated for Congress by the Anti-Slavery Party, but received only 350 votes. Barney attended the Free Soil Party Convention in 1848, and in 1852, he headed the electoral ticket on behalf of Hale and Julian. Following the organization of the Republican Party in 1856, Barney served as a delegate to the Philadelphia Convention, but voted for Sumner instead of Fremont. In 1860, he attended the convention in Chicago which nominated Abraham Lincoln for president. Barney was said to have collected $35,000 in New York to further Lincoln's candidacy. His association with Lincoln was close and constant.

Lincoln's appointment of Barney to the post of Collector of the Port of New York in 1861 proved anything but rewarding. Barney inherited a collector-ship bogged down with political patronage and graft. As Collector, he was overwhelmed with applications, testimonials, and office seekers. The Civil War intensified his responsibilities. In addition Barney attempted to continue with his professional business, much of which demanded his absence from the state. Duped by those he trusted, Barney proved unequal to the demands of the office. Following investigations by the Treasury Department, Barney resigned. His personal integrity seems never to have been questioned and he retained the respect and affection of his friends and business associates. However, his health broke under the strain.

Having overextended his business interests, hard times in the 1870's dogged Barney year after year. The death of his first wife, Susan (Tappan) Barney, added to his burden. On August 26, 1880, Barney married Harriet E. Kilbourne, the daughter of one of his Iowa business associates, by whom he had several children. He seems never to have fully recuperated, either in business or health. When he died on May 18, 1895, he was attempting to dispose of the family estate, Cedar Knolls, at Kingsbridge, New York.

From the guide to the Barney (Hiram) Collection, 1772-1924, bulk 1836-1894, (The Huntington Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Barney, Hiram. Business ledgers of the White Elk vineyard, 1872, 1873, 1875, 1877, and 1878. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn SIA RU000026, Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary, Correspondence, 1863-1879 Smithsonian Institution Archives
referencedIn Allmand family. Papers, 1796-1891. Section 23. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Barney, Hiram. Autograph letter signed : Keokuk, to W.W. Belknap, 1869 Nov. 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Martin, M. L. (Morgan Lewis), 1805-1887. Morgan Martin papers, 1645-1931. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Stevens, John Austin, 1795-1874. Papers, 1811-1885. Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873. Letter press book of the Secretary of the Treasury. 1863, June 1 -- Dec. 31. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Barney, Hiram. Letter to David W. Kilbourn[e], New York, 1844, September 3. [holograph]. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Smithsonian Institution Annual Report. 1862.0.
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, A-D. Houghton Library
referencedIn Eugene A. Kozlay Papers, 1860-1878 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Barney, Hiram. Papers of Hiram Barney, 1772-1924 (bulk 1836-1894). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Barney (Hiram) Collection, 1772-1924, bulk 1836-1894 The Huntington Library
referencedIn New York (State). Courts: Supreme Court. Daniel Gardner, agt. Willism B. Ogden and Henry Smith. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Schuckers, J. W. (Jacob William), 1831-1901. Papers of Jacob William Schuckers, 1862-1899. Library of Congress
referencedIn Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873. Collection, 1824-1881. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Hale, John P. (John Parker), 1806-1873. John P. Hale letter to H. Barney, 1853 Aug. 20. Litchfield Historical Society
creatorOf Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873. Salmon P. Chase letters, 1861-1872. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Barney, Hiram. Letterbooks of Hiram Barney, 1861-1877. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alexander Hamilton United States Custom House (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Allmand family. family
associatedWith Athenaeum Association (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Barker, James H., fl. 1861-1871, person
associatedWith Barney, Elijah G, fl. 1861-1871, person
associatedWith Barney, Lewis T. (Lewis Tappan), 1844-1904. person
associatedWith Barney, Maginel Wright, 1877-1966 person
associatedWith Belknap, William W. (William Worth), 1829-1890, person
correspondedWith Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878 person
correspondedWith Butler, William Allen, 1825-1902 person
correspondedWith Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873 person
correspondedWith Clinch, Charles Powel, 1797-1880 person
correspondedWith Corning, Erastus, 1794-1872 person
correspondedWith Delavan, Edward C. (Edward Cornelius), 1793-1871 person
correspondedWith Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869 person
associatedWith George B. Smyth & Co. (Firm) corporateBody
correspondedWith Hale, John P. (John Parker), 1806-1873. person
associatedWith Harrington, George, d. 1892, person
correspondedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878 person
associatedWith Houghton Library. corporateBody
correspondedWith Jay, John, 1817-1894 person
associatedWith Key, Francis Scott, 1779-1843 person
correspondedWith Kilbourne, David Wells, 1803-1876, person
associatedWith Kilbourne, D.W., fl. 1861-1877, person
associatedWith Kozlay, Eugene A. person
associatedWith Kozlay, Eugene A. 1779-1843. person
correspondedWith Kozlay, Eugene A., ca. 1828-1883 person
associatedWith Lawrence, George N. person
correspondedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 person
associatedWith Martin, M. L. (Morgan Lewis), 1805-1887. person
associatedWith New York (State). Courts: Supreme Court. corporateBody
correspondedWith Oelrichs And Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Pierce, Edward Lillie, 1829-1897. person
associatedWith Reid, H.J., fl. 1861-1871, person
associatedWith Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ) corporateBody
correspondedWith Romero, Matías, 1837-1898 person
associatedWith Schuckers, J. W. (Jacob William), 1831-1901. person
correspondedWith Seymour, Horatio, 1810-1886 person
correspondedWith Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891 person
associatedWith Smyth, George B. 1828-1909. person
correspondedWith Stanton, Edwin Mcmasters person
correspondedWith Stevens, Breese Jacob person
associatedWith Stevens, John Austin, 1795-1874. person
correspondedWith Tappan, Lewis, 1788-1873 person
associatedWith United States. Customs Service. corporateBody
associatedWith White Elk Vineyard. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Keokuk (Iowa)
Iowa--Keokuk
Iowa
Keokuk (Iowa)
New York (State)
United States
Iowa--Keokuk
Iowa
Mexico
New York (State)
United States
United States
Subject
Businessmen--19th century--Archives
Real property--History--19th century--Sources
Lawyers--19th century--Archives
Customs administration--19th century
Telegraph--19th century
Transportation--19th century
Railroad--19th century
Viticulture--History--19th century--Sources
Customs administration--History--19th century--Sources
Antislavery movements
Vineyards
Meat industry and trade
Real property
Canals
Fraud investigation--19th century
Politicians--19th century--Archives
Smithsonian Exchange
Businessmen--Correspondence
Businessmen--Archives
Occupation
Function

Person

Active 1772

Active 1924

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h14546

Ark ID: w6h14546

SNAC ID: 22956227