United States Mint

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Indian head pennies or cents were minted from 1859 to 1909. They were designed by James Barton Longacre. Buffalo nickels were minted from 1913 through 1938, they were designed by James Earle Fraser. The nickels were different from previous coins that pictured an Indian in that the Indian portrayed was more than a European looking individual adorned with a headdress and instead had more accurate facial characteristics.

From the description of Indian head penny and buffalo nickel, 1905,1935. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 67615559

The United States Mint's San Francisco branch, authorized by Congress in July 1852, began operation in April 1854 in a three-story brick structure situated on Commercial Street between Montgomery and Kearny Streets. The mint was capable of coining $30 million annually, and it moved to a new building on 5th Street in 1874.

From the description of Records of San Francisco branch of the United States Mint, 1856-1899. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 122383202

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Nevada Mining Companies collection, 1862-1901. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Keeler, Dorothy V. [Dorothy V. Keeler Collection]. University of Nevada, Las Vegas Libraries
referencedIn John Fries Frazer papers, 1834-1871, 1834-1871 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn DuBois, Henry C. (Henry Cowell), b. 1880. Henry C. Dubois collection, 1776-1927. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Patterson-Lord papers, [ca. 1809]-1876, Circa 1809-1876 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Robert M. (Robert Maskell) Patterson papers, 1775-1853, 1775-1853 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Frazer, John Fries, 1812-1872. Papers, 1834-1871. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Titian Ramsay Peale correspondence, 1820-1868, 1820-1868 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Slaughter, D. French (Daniel French), 1925-1998. Bicentennial Congressional silver dollar coin [manuscript], 1989. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf United States Mint. Account book, 1798-1837. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Reich, John. Letter, 1803 January 3, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to [Thomas Jefferson], [Washington, D.C.]. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Peale, Titian Ramsay, 1799-1885. Correspondence, 1820-1868. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Baldwin, H. C. Lt. H. C. Baldwin letterbook, 1866-1897. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Ross, Nellie Tayloe, 1876-1977. Nellie Tayloe Ross papers, 1885-1998, (bulk 1924-1977). University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
referencedIn Warmoth, Henry Clay, 1842-1931. Henry Clay Warmoth papers, 1798-1953. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1803 January 23, Washington, [D.C.], to [John] Reich, [Philadelphia, PA]. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Patterson, Robert M. (Robert Maskell), 1787-1854. Notes and problems for Professor Patterson's classes in natural philosophy at the University of Virginia [manuscript], 1830-1837. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf United States Mint. Commemorative coins [manuscript], 1986-1993. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Weil, Irving H.,. Irving Weil collection, 1844-1985. Broward County Libraries, Broward County, Library Division
creatorOf United States Mint. Indian head penny and buffalo nickel, 1905,1935. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Brown, Charles E. Charles E. Brown Memorandum Book, 1857-1865. Peabody Essex Museum
referencedIn Ross, George Tayloe. George Tayloe Ross papers, 1929-1970. University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
referencedIn Keystone View Company. Industrial lantern slide collection. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary. Correspondence, 1863-1879 Smithsonian Institution Archives
referencedIn Voight family. Papers, 1788-1839. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf United States. Dept. of the Treasury. World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago 1893 / Treasury Dept., United States Mint Exhibit. University of Utah, J. Willard Marriott Library
referencedIn Brenda Putnam Papers, 1915-1965 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn United States. Dept. of the Treasury. Correspondence on the United States Mint in San Francisco, 1854-1864. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Harris, John Thomas, 1823-1899. Hodgson papers, 1805-1874. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf United States Mint. Records of San Francisco branch of the United States Mint, 1856-1899. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Regan, Donald T. Papers of Donald T. Regan, 1919-1993 (bulk 1981-1987). Library of Congress
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Papers of Thomas Jefferson [manuscript], 1779-1821. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Reich, Jean. Letter, 1801 May 4, Philad[elphi]a, [Pennsylvania], to [Thomas Jefferson], [Washington, D.C.]. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Patterson, Robert Maskell, 1787-1854. Papers, 1775-1853. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Nellie Tayloe Ross Papers, 1880s-1998 University of Wyoming. American Heritage Center.
creatorOf United States Mint. Correspondence with Marian Anderson, 1977-1982. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn George Tayloe Ross papers, 1929-1970 University of Wyoming. American Heritage Center.
referencedIn Voight family papers 1788-1839, 1788-1839 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Donald T. Regan Papers, 1919-1993, (bulk 1981-1987) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn George Escol Sellers papers, 1829-1898, 1829-1898 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Shackelford, George Green,. Papers collected by George Green Shackelford, 1714-1835. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Sellers, George Escol, 1808-1899. Papers, 1829-1898. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Patterson family. Patterson-Lord papers, [ca. 1809]-1876. American Philosophical Society Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Adkins, William person
associatedWith Baldwin, H. C. person
associatedWith Blazek, Scott R. person
associatedWith Boutwell, George S. 1818-1905. person
associatedWith Bristow, Benjamin Helm, 1832-1896. person
associatedWith Brown, Charles E. person
associatedWith Chandler, William E. 1835-1917. person
associatedWith Cobb, Howell, 1815-1868. person
associatedWith Colfax, Schuyler, 1823-1885. person
associatedWith Dolph, Joseph N. 1835-1897. person
associatedWith DuBois, Henry C. (Henry Cowell), b. 1880 person
associatedWith Eckfeldt, Adam. person
associatedWith Ferrell, T. James. person
associatedWith Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. person
associatedWith Frazer, John Fries, 1812-1872. person
associatedWith Gage, Lyman J. 1836-1927. person
associatedWith Gasparro, Frank. person
associatedWith Guthrie, James, 1792-1869. person
associatedWith Huntington Free Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith Jones, Elizabeth. person
associatedWith Jovine, Marcel. person
associatedWith Keeler, Dorothy V. person
associatedWith Keystone View Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Krawczewicz, William J. person
associatedWith McCulloch, Hugh, 1808-1895. person
associatedWith McMullen,Dean. person
associatedWith Medill, William, 1802-1865. person
associatedWith Mercanti, John. person
associatedWith Patterson family. family
associatedWith Patterson family. family
associatedWith Patterson, Robert, 1743-1824 person
associatedWith Patterson, Robert M. (Robert Maskell), 1787-1854. person
associatedWith Peale, Titian Ramsay, 1799-1885. person
associatedWith Peloso, Matthew. person
associatedWith Peña, Joseph D. person
associatedWith Platt, Thomas Collier, 1833-1910. person
associatedWith Prude, Walter. person
associatedWith Putnam, Brenda, 1890-1975 person
associatedWith Regan, Donald T. person
associatedWith Reich, Jean. person
associatedWith Reich, John person
associatedWith Richardson, William A. 1821-1896. person
associatedWith Roberts, Ellis H. 1827-1918. person
associatedWith Ross, George Tayloe person
associatedWith Ross, George Tayloe. person
associatedWith Ross, Nellie Tayloe, 1876-1977. person
associatedWith Sellers, George Escol, 1808-1899. person
associatedWith Shackelford, George Green, person
associatedWith Steever, Edgar Z., IV. person
associatedWith United States. Bureau of the Mint corporateBody
correspondedWith United States. Dept. of the Treasury corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of the Treasury. person
associatedWith Verani, Patricia L. person
associatedWith Voight family. family
associatedWith Voight family. family
associatedWith Voight, Henry, 1743-1814. person
associatedWith Warmoth, Henry Clay, 1842-1931. person
associatedWith Weil, Irving H., person
associatedWith Whiting, Billington Crum, 1812-1881. person
associatedWith Whittlesey, Elisha, 1783-1863. person
associatedWith Winter, Sherl J. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
San Francisco (Calif.)
California--San Francisco
Subject
Chemistry
Steam-engines--18th century
Penny (Coin)
Coins
Mint
American Bison
Nickel (Coin)
Indians of North America
Mints--Archives
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1977

Active 1982

Americans

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 13870426