Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889

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Simon Cameron was born in Maytown, Pennsylvania in 1799, to Charles Cameron (d. January 16, 1814) and his wife Martha McLaughlin (d. abt. November 10, 1830).

Cameron was the third of five sons; and had three younger sisters. One story claimed that Cameron was orphaned at nine, and later apprenticed to a printer, Andrew Kennedy, editor of the Northumberland Gazette before entering the field of journalism. If Cameron were apprenticed to Kennedy at age nine (~1808) for a then-standard period of seven years, he would have become a journeyman printer at age 16 (~1815). On October 17, 1822 in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, Cameron married Margaret Brua (1794-1875).

Cameron was editor of the Bucks County Messenger in 1821. A year later, he moved to Washington, D.C., and studied political movements while working for the printing firm of Gales and Seaton. Cameron purchased and ran the Harrisburg Republican in 1824.

Cameron became the state printer of Pennsylvania from 1825 until 1827, and was state adjutant general in 1826. He constructed several rail lines and merged them into the Northern Central Railway, of which his son became Vice-President. Cameron founded the Bank of Middletown in 1832 and engaged in other business enterprises. In 1838, he was appointed as commissioner to settle claims of the Winnebago Indians. This role would later haunt him politically, as he acquired the derisive nickname "Winnebago Chief" after allegedly cheating the tribe in a supply contract.

Cameron began his political career as a Democrat, supporting the campaigns of Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren. He was elected to replace James Buchanan in the United States Senate in 1845, serving until 1849. A persistent opponent of slavery, Cameron switched to the Know Nothing Party, before joining the Republican Party in 1856. In 1857, Cameron was again elected to the US Senate.

At the 1860 Republican National Convention, Cameron controlled the votes of the Pennsylvania delegation. He delivered those votes to Abraham Lincoln for the nomination for President, which proved decisive. In return, Lincoln's managers promised a Cabinet post for Cameron.

When Lincoln became President, he reluctantly appointed Cameron Secretary of War, and Cameron arranged that Pennsylvania Railroad vice-President Thomas A. Scott would be made assistant secretary of war (the Pennsylvania railroad delivered its long haul freight destined for Baltimore to the North Central at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania). Cameron's tenure as Secretary of War was marked by allegations of corruption and lax management. On April 18, 1861, the day after Virginia seceded from the Union, Virginia militia seized the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, which was also an important work station on the rival Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's main westward line. Soon B&O president John Work Garrett received letters from Virginia's Governor John Letcher both telling the B&O to pass no troops destined for any place in Virginia over the railroad, and threatening the line's confiscation. Charles Town's mayor threatened to cut the B&O's main line by destroying the long bridge over the Potomac River at Harpers Ferry, and Garrett also received anonymous threats. Thus he and others asked Cameron to protect the B&O as the national capitol's main westward link. Cameron instead warned Garrett that passage of any rebel troops over his line would be treason. The Secretary of War agreed to station troops to protect the North Central, the Pennsylvania Railroad and even the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad, but flatly refused to help the B&O.

The B&O had to repair damaged line at its own expense, and often received late or no payment for services rendered to the federal government. On June 20, 1861, Confederates seized Martinsburg, a major B&O work center. Within weeks, CSA General Stonewall Jackson (who had blown up the Harpers Ferry bridge on June 14), went from allowing trains to pass through Martinsburg between 11a.m. and 1p.m. to confiscating dozens of locomotives and train cars and ripping up double track in order to ship rails for Confederate use in Virginia (14 locomotives and 83 rail cars were dismantled and sent south, and another 42 locomotives and 386 cars damaged or destroyed at Martinsburg, with the B&O water station and machine shops also destroyed and 102 miles of telegraph wire removed by the time federal control was restored in March 1862).

Since Jackson cut the B&O main line into Washington for more than six months, the North Central and Pennsylvania Railroads profited from overflow traffic, even as many B&O trains stood idle in Baltimore. Garret tried to use his contacts to secure the needed protection, from Maryland Delegate Reverdy Johnson to General George McClellan and Treasury Secretary Salmon P. Chase. As winter began, coal prices soared in Washington, even though the B&O in September arranged for free coal transport from its Cumberland, Maryland terminal down the C&O Canal (which reduced prices somewhat, although Confederates also damaged the C&O canal that winter). Furthermore, western farmers could not get their produce to markets because of the B&O shutdown, only partially alleviated by the summer 1861 Union army victories at the Battle of Philippi (West Virginia) and Rich Mountain, and vigorous army and company work crews which reduced the main line gap to 25 miles between Harpers Ferry and Back Creek.

Finally, Samuel M. Felton, the President of the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad notified newspapers of the War Department's discrimination against his competing and cooperating railroad line. President Lincoln (familiar with railroad law since his days as an Illinois lawyer) in January 1862 replaced Cameron with Pennsylvania lawyer Edwin M. Stanton, who had been serving as Cameron's legal advisor. Furthermore, on January 31, 1862 Congress passed the Railways and Telegraph Act of January 31, 1862, creating the United States Military Railroad and allowing it to seize and operate any railroad or telegraph company's equipment, although Stanton and USMRR Superintendent Daniel McCallum would take a "team of rivals" approach to railroad management and allow civilian operations to continue. In February 1862, Union forces recaptured Martinsburg and Harpers Ferry, and work crews continued replacing wrecked bridges and equipment, although bushwhacker raids continued.

Cameron's brother, James Cameron, colonel of the 79th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, was killed in action at the First Battle of Bull Run on July 21, 1861.

Nonetheless, Cameron's corruption became so notorious that U.S. Representative Thaddeus Stevens (also from Pennsylvania), when asked whether Cameron would steal, said: "I don't think that he would steal a red hot stove." (Cameron demanded Stevens retract this insult. Stevens said to Lincoln "I believe I told you he would not steal a red-hot stove. I will now take that back.") After Stanton's promotion, Cameron became Minister to Russia.

Cameron made a political comeback after the Civil War, building a powerful state party machine that would dominate Pennsylvania politics for the next seventy years. In 1866, Cameron was again elected to the Senate.

Cameron convinced his close friend Ulysses S. Grant to appoint his son, James Donald Cameron, as Secretary of War in 1876. Later that year, Cameron helped Rutherford B. Hayes win the Republican nomination in 1876. Cameron resigned from the Senate in 1877 after assuring that his son would succeed him. Though Cameron also had intended for his son to succeed him as head of the state machine, Matthew Quay ultimately succeeded Cameron as the party boss.

Cameron retired to his farm at Donegal Springs Cameron Estate near Maytown, Pennsylvania where he died on June 26, 1889. He is buried in the Harrisburg Cemetery in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Cameron County, Pennsylvania, and Cameron Parish, Louisiana, are named in his honor.

According to historian Hans L. Trefousse, Cameron ranks as one of the most successful political bosses in American history. It was shrewd, wealthy, and devoted his talents in money to the goal of building a powerful Republican organization. He achieved recognition as the undisputed arbiter of Pennsylvania politics. His assets included business acumen, sincere devotion to the interests and needs of Pennsylvania, expertise on the tariff issue and the need for protection for Pennsylvania industry, and a skill at managing and organizing politicians and their organizations. He cleverly rewarded his friends, punished his enemies, and maintain good relations with his Democratic counterparts. His reputation as an unscrupulous grafter was exaggerated by his enemies; he was in politics for power, not profit.

As a young man his prudent investments in publishing, banking, manufacturing and railroads provided both a financial bankroll, and wide insights into key industries that boosters across Pennsylvania wanted to support. Originally an anti-abolitionist Democrat, Cameron moved to the Whig party by the mid-1840s. When the Democrats factionalized in 1845, he joined with insurgent Democrats and mainline Whigs to win election to the Senate. Again in 1857 he put together a coalition of Republicans, Know Nothings, and Democratic insurgents to win the legislatures vote for Senator. He waged a bitter dispute with governor-elect Andrew Curtin, but nevertheless it 1860 made himself the state's favorite son at the Republican national convention. He was not a serious contender for the presidency, but his control of the Pennsylvania delegation gave him a lock on a high position Lincoln's cabinet. Cameron was a poor secretary of war, unable to deal with the small-mindedness, the inefficiencies, and the fraud that pervaded contracts. He had little sense of national politics or military strategy. Biographer Paul Kahan says he was very good as a “back-slapping, glad-handing politician,” who could manipulate congressmen. But he was too disorganized, and inattentive to the extremely complex duties of the largest and most important federal department. He paid too much attention to patronage and then not enough to strategy. He broke with Lincoln and openly advocated emancipating the slaves and arming them for the army at a time Lincoln was not ready to publicly take that position. Lincoln sent him to Russia but continued to consult him. After the war, Cameron became the state party boss, returning to the Senate in 1867 and perfecting his machine. He used highly able lieutenants including Matthew Quay. Robert W. Mackey and his son Donald Cameron. In national politics he was a Radical Republican who opposed President Andrew Johnson and became a key advisor to President Ulysses Grant. President Rutherford Hayes dislike Cameron, but was outmaneuvered.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Haldeman, Margaret Cameron, 1836-1915. Maggie Cameron diaries, 1857-1862. Millersville University Library, McNairy Library
creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. Autograph letter signed : [Middletown, Pa.?], to Mr. [Daniel?] Sturgeon, n.p., [185-] June 22. Texas Christian University
referencedIn George Brinton McClellan Papers, 1783-1898, (bulk 1850-1885) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Henry Augustus Philip papers, 1805-1847, 1805-1847 American Philosophical Society
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W638 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Potter, John Fox, 1817-1899. Papers, 1767, 1810-1925. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Letter from Major General George McClellan to Secretary of War Simon Cameron Explaining the Actions of the Union Army at the Battle of Ball's Bluff United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Davis, David, 1815-1886. David Davis papers, 1815-1964 (bulk 1815-1886). Chicago History Museum
referencedIn Lewis Cass papers, Cass, Lewis, papers, 1774-1924 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W566 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. C1239 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Simon Cameron Papers, 1738-1919, (bulk 1860-1880) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn General Historical Manuscripts and Ephemera collection, 1790-1928, undated. University of Southern California, USC Libraries
contributorOf Cameron, Simon - State: Pennsylvania - Year: 1867 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Du Pont, Henry, 1812-1889. Papers, 1822-1899. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Gratz, Simon. Pennsylvania politics and legal affairs, 1800-1879. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W891 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. Letter : Harrisburg, Pa., to John Snyder, Selinsgrove, Pa., 1826 Mar. 21. Texas Christian University
creatorOf General Historical Manuscripts and Ephemera collection, 1790-1928, undated USC Libraries Special Collections
creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. Autograph letter signed : [Washington, D.C.], to W[illiam] G. Moore, [Washington, D.C.], 1863 Apr. 28. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. Autograph letter signed : [Washington, D.C.], to the Secretary of War [Simon Cameron], 1861 Nov. 13. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945,. Historical manuscripts, 1636-1935. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. Letter : Harrisburg, Pa., to Benjamin Mifflin, Philadelphia, 1823 Mar. 23. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Meigs, Montgomery C. (Montgomery Cunningham), 1816-1892. Montgomery C. Meigs papers, 1799-1971 (bulk 1849-1892). Library of Congress
referencedIn Beale, Edward Fitzgerald, 1822-1893. Beale family papers from the Decatur House, 1794-1957. Library of Congress
referencedIn Buchanan, James, 1791-1868. [Letters / James Buchanan. Smith College, Neilson Library
creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. Letter and telegram, 1853, 1861. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
contributorOf Cameron, Simon - Indiana - 1863 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Riddle, A. G. (Albert Gallatin), 1816-1902. Papers, 1835-1902 / [Albert Gallatin Riddle]. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Read family. Papers, 1568-1906 (bulk 1775-1906). Library of Congress
referencedIn John G. Nicolay Papers, 1811-1943, (bulk 1860-1901) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W1291 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Forney, John W. (John Wien), 1817-1881. John W. Forney papers, 1841-1881. Library of Congress
creatorOf Delano, Columbus, 1809-1896. Papers. Library of Congress
contributorOf Cameron, Simon - 1846 - File No. C276 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Beale Family Papers from the Decatur House, 1794-1957 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Stuart, Edwin Sydney, 1853-1920. Papers, 1886-1905. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Joseph Holt Papers, 1817-1895, (bulk 1859-1889) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Levering, John, 1826-. Recollections of the Civil War, 1861-66, 1884-1891. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Winston-Jones family : papers, 1787-1889. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Johnson, Andrew, 1808-1875. Andrew Johnson papers, 1783-1947 (bulk 1865-1869). Library of Congress
creatorOf Cotting family. Papers, 1849-1922. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Document #121: Letter from President Abraham Lincoln to Secretary of War Simon Cameron, December 13, 1861 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Levi P. Morton Correspondence, 1860-1912 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Letter from Robert E. Lee to Simon Cameron, Secretary of War, in which Lee Resigned from the U.S. Army United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. Autograph letter signed : Washington, to Col. Seymour, 1850 Apr. 29. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. Papers of Simon Cameron, 1861-1892. Library of Congress
referencedIn Lincoln Room collection of miscellaneous papers, 1837-1924. Houghton Library
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W1206 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W592 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1863 - Cameron, Simon - File No. C617 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
1864 - Cameron, Simon - File No. S667 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W1214 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Harris, John. Collection, 1687-1915. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. ALS, 1862 Mar. 13, Lockiel, to A.T. Goodman. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. Letter signed : Senate Chamber, to the President, 1871 Dec. 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Petition from West Point Class to Secretary of War Simon Cameron Asking to Graduate Early United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf Cameron, Simon - State: Pennsylvania - Year: 1867 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Philip Case Lockwood memorial collection of Civil War portraits and autographs, 1862-ca. 1886. Houghton Library
referencedIn Thompson, Ambrose W. Papers of Ambrose W. Thompson, 1847-1960 (bulk 1860-1882). Library of Congress
referencedIn Stevens, Isaac Ingalls, 1818-1862. Letters, 1855-1861. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Zachariah Chandler Papers, 1854-1899, (bulk 1854-1879) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Letter(s) received from Cameron, Simon United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W733 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Du Pont, H. A. (Henry Algernon), 1838-1926. Papers, 1843-1926. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Charles Sumner correspondence, 1829-1874. Houghton Library
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referencedIn Edwards Pierrepont papers, 1813-1902 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
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creatorOf Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890. ALS, 1861 August 20, St. Louis, on Headquarters, Western Dept. letterhead, to General Cameron, Secretary of War, Washington, (D.C.). Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Wilson, John L., ca. 1814-fl. 1879. Letter, April 1, 1860. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. Autograph letter signed : Harrisburg, to William W. Belknap, 1874 July 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Slifer, Eli, 1818-1888. Papers, 1850-1891. Dickinson College Library, Waidner-Spahr Library
creatorOf McNair, Thomas, 1790-1847. Papers of Thomas McNair, 1760-1849 (bulk 1830-1842). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Palfrey Family of New England. Palfrey family papers. 1713-1915. Houghton Library
creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. Simon Cameron papers, 1824-1892 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Seized Correspondence of Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Miscellaneous Letters Addressed to Mrs. Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Letter Concerning Recommendation of Appointment for A. B. Stockwell
creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. Letters, 1861-1862. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. Papers of Simon Cameron, 1738-1919 (bulk 1860-1880). Library of Congress
contributorOf Cameron, Simon - 1846 - File No. C309 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Document #140: Letter to Simon Cameron from Abraham Lincoln, Nov. 10, 1863 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Nicolay, John G. (John George), 1832-1901. John G. Nicolay papers, 1811-1943 (bulk 1860-1901). Library of Congress
referencedIn Shepherd, Alexander Robey, 1835-1902. Papers of Alexander Robey Shepherd, 1776-1945 (bulk 1868-1900). Library of Congress
creatorOf Cuyler, John Meck, 1810-1884. Letter, 1861 Sept. 24, Ft. Monroe, Va. [to] Secretary of War, Simon Cameron. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf Delano, Columbus, 1809-1896. Letterbooks, 1871-1874. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W1226 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1871 - File No. 4161 (Cameron, Simon - Washington) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Hillyer, William Silliman, 1831-1874. Papers of William Silliman Hillyer, 1822 (1861-1874) 1931, [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W632 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn 259 F CB 1863: Letter to Simon Cameron from Abraham Lincoln at the Executive Mansion Requesting that Colonels J. W. Fisher and L. B. Pierce Both be Promoted to Brigadier General United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, 1861-1872. Houghton Library
referencedIn Felton papers, 1839-1920 (inclusive), 1839-1889, 1916-1920 (bulk). Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn James Watson Webb papers, 1819-1967, 1819-1890 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W843 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf Cameron, Simon - 1845 - File No. C271 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Bradley, Joseph P., 1813-1892. Papers, 1836-1937. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Dorothea Lynde Dix papers, 1798-1893 (inclusive), 1827-1887 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Doolittle, James R. (James Rood), 1815-1897. Papers, 1856-1892. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
contributorOf Cameron, Simon - State: [Blank] - Year: 1868 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1863 - Cameron, Simon - File No. C365 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn John Sherman Papers, 1836-1900, (bulk 1857-1894) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Prince, Israel N., ca. 1826-1863. Letters to Elizabeth E. Hodsdon, 1850-1863. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Union Defence Committee of the City of New York. Records, 1861-1885 (bulk 1861-1865). Churchill County Museum
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W440 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Autograph File, C, 1554-2002. Houghton Library
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referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library
contributorOf Cameron, Simon - State: Pennsylvania - Year: 1867 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W1129 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Sherman, John, 1823-1900. Papers of John Sherman, 1836-1900. Library of Congress
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contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W11 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
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referencedIn Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893. James Gillespie Blaine family papers, 1777-1945 (bulk 1870-1892). Library of Congress
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W361 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Letter from James Veech to Secretary of War Simon Cameron United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Reno, Jesse Lee, 1823-1862. Jesse Lee Reno papers, 1846-1862. Nevada State Historical Society
creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. Simon Cameron Papers, 1738-1889 1860-1880. Michigan State University Libraries, Main Library
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contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W441 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
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contributorOf 1864 - Cameron, Simon - File No. S667 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. Letter : Harrisburg, Penn., to H. B. Clafflin & Co., 1867 Oct. 30. Texas Christian University
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creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. Autograph letter signed : Washington, D.C., to [G.F.?] Edmonds, n.p., 1870 May 2. University of Chicago Library
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contributorOf 1865 - Cameron, Simon - File No. C674 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
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contributorOf Cameron, Simon - 1846 - File No. C309 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
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contributorOf Petitions and Memorials, Resolutions of State Legislatures, and Related Documents Which Were Referred to the Committee on the Judiciary during the 34th Congress United States. National Archives and Records Administration
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contributorOf Cameron, Simon - Pennsylvania - 1863 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
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contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. G220 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
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creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. Letter : Harrisburg, Pa., to H.B. Clafflin [sic] & Co., 1867 Oct. 30. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Stanton, Edwin McMasters, 1814-1869. Edwin McMasters Stanton papers, 1818-1921 (bulk 1862-1870). Library of Congress
referencedIn Sawyer, Philetus, 1816-1900. Miscellany, 1840-1918. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf United States. War Dept. Letter : [Washington, D.C.], to Thomas J. McKean, Mari[o]n, Iowa, 1861 June 7. Texas Christian University
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W1232 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Andrew Johnson Papers, 1783-1947, (bulk 1865-1869) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. Letter signed : Washington, D.C., 1861 Aug. 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W1258 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W362 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Millard, David J. David J. Millard papers, [ca. 1819]-1874. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Amy Hemenway collection of autographs, 1791-1873. Houghton Library
referencedIn Kane family papers, 1690-1982 L. Tom Perry Special Collections19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn MacVeagh family. MacVeagh family papers, 1831-1950, bulk 1851-1917. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Consolidated Military Officer's File of Simon Cameron, Pennsylvania, 1865 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W1312 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. A551 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. Letter to Henry Bowen Anthony. Washington, DC. 1861 Sept. 30. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Crawford, Samuel Wylie, 1829-1892. Papers, 1883. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Holt, Joseph, 1807-1894. Papers of Joseph Holt, 1817-1895 (bulk 1859-1889). Library of Congress
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W1293 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W1220 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Adams, Dan Weiseger, 1820-1872,. Autographs of Civil War officers and U.S. Statesmen. University of Virginia. Library
contributorOf 1862 - Cameron, Simon - File No. C381 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn New York State Library. Manuscripts and Special Collections Unit. Autographs of American authors and statesmen collection, ca.1770-1865. American Periodical Series I
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W1217 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf Cameron, Simon - 1846 - File No. C276 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1867 - Cameron, Simon - File No. C726 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Childs, George William, 1829-1894. George William Childs papers [manuscript], 1882-1892. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. ALS : to Dear Sir [Mr. Austin Blair], 1861 Apr. 10. Concord Free Public Library, Special Collection
referencedIn McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885. George Brinton McClellan papers, 1783-1898 (bulk 1850-1885). Library of Congress
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W655 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf Cameron, Simon - State: [Blank] - Year: 1848 - File Number: R392 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Committee Reports and Paper of the Committee on the Judiciary for the 34th Congress United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Ward, Marcus L. (Marcus Lawrence), 1812-1884. Marcus L. Ward papers, 1683-[ca. 1900]. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Webb, J. Watson (James Watson), 1802-1884. James Watson Webb papers, 1819-1967 (inclusive), 1819-1890 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn King, Rufus, 1814-1876. Letters and photograph, 1861. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Morgan, Edwin D. (Edwin Denison), 1811-1883. Papers, 1830-1872. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Papers, 1882-1951 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Hamilton Fish Papers, 1732-1914, (bulk 1840-1890) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W948 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Swank, James Moore, 1836-1914. Papers, 1785-1898 (inclusive), 1785, 1871-1898 (bulk). Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. Letters, 1848-1875. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn President and cabinet : carte-de-visite, ca. 1861. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
contributorOf 1861 - Cameron, Simon - File No. W567 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Letter from Lieutenant General Winfield Scott to Secretary of War Simon Cameron Requesting Retirement from the Army United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn The Cameron family papers, 1854-1894. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Ambrose W. Thompson Papers, 1847-1960, (bulk 1860-1882) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Gillingham, R. P. Autograph album, [1863-1878]. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Dousman, Hercules L. (Hercules Louis), 1800-1868. Hercules L. Dousman papers, 1808-1811, 1822-1903. Minnesota Historical Society Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Anthony, Henry B. (Henry Bowen), 1815-1884, person
associatedWith Barton, William Eleazar, 1861-1930, person
correspondedWith Beale family family
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associatedWith Biddle family. family
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correspondedWith Blaine, James G., Mrs., 1828-1903 person
associatedWith Blair, Austin, 1818-1894. person
associatedWith Blair, Montgomery, 1813-1883 person
associatedWith Boyd, John C., d. 1849. person
associatedWith Bradford, Edward Green, 1819-1884. person
correspondedWith Bradley, Joseph P., 1813-1892. person
associatedWith Bridgeman, Frank, person
associatedWith Brown, Joseph E. (Joseph Emerson), 1821-1894. person
associatedWith Buchanan, James, 1791-1868. person
associatedWith Butler, Benjamin F. (Benjamin Franklin), 1818-1893 person
associatedWith Butler-Gunsaulus Collection (University of Chicago. Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Calvin, Samuel, 1811-1890. person
associatedWith Cameron, James D. person
correspondedWith Cameron, J. D. (James Donald), 1833-1918 person
associatedWith Carrillo, Jose Antonio, 1796-1862 person
correspondedWith Chandler, Zachariah, 1813-1879. person
associatedWith Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873. person
associatedWith Childs, George William, 1829-1894. person
associatedWith Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908 person
associatedWith Coryell, Lewis S., 1788-1865. person
associatedWith Cotting family. family
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associatedWith Cuyler, John Meck, 1810-1884. person
associatedWith Dana, Charles A. person
correspondedWith Dana, Charles A. (Charles Anderson), 1819-1897 person
associatedWith Davis, David, 1815-1886. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Debs, Eugene V., ((Eugene Victor)), 1855-1926 person
correspondedWith Delano, Columbus, 1809-1896. person
associatedWith Dennison, William, 1815-1882 person
associatedWith Diven family. family
correspondedWith Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887 person
associatedWith Dodge, Jane Gay, 1881-1963. person
associatedWith Doolittle, James R. (James Rood), 1815-1897. person
associatedWith Dougherty, Daniel, person
associatedWith Dousman, Hercules L. (Hercules Louis), 1800-1868. person
associatedWith Du Pont, H. A. (Henry Algernon), 1838-1926. person
associatedWith Du Pont, Henry, 1812-1889. person
associatedWith Edmonds, G. F. person
associatedWith Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869 person
correspondedWith Fish, Hamilton, 1808-1893. person
associatedWith Forney, John W. (John Wien), 1817-1881. person
associatedWith Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890. person
associatedWith Frost, Westley. person
associatedWith Fuller, B. A. G. (Benjamin Apthorp Gould), 1879-1956 person
associatedWith Goodman, A. T., person
associatedWith Grant, Ulysses S. person
associatedWith Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885, person
associatedWith Gratz, Simon. person
correspondedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872. person
associatedWith Haldeman, Margaret Cameron, 1836-1915. person
correspondedWith Hamilton, Park, 1808-1893 person
associatedWith Hamlin, Hannibal, 1809-1891. person
associatedWith Harris, John. person
associatedWith Heaton, Jacob, 1809-1888, person
associatedWith Hemenway, Amy, collector. person
associatedWith Hillyer, William Silliman, 1831-1874. person
associatedWith Holt, Joseph, 1807-1894. person
associatedWith Hoyt, J. B., person
associatedWith Hunter, R. M. T. (Robert Mercer Taliaferro), 1809-1887. person
associatedWith JANE GAY DODGE, 1881-1963 person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826 person
correspondedWith Johnson, Andrew, 1808-1875. person
correspondedWith Kane (Family : Kane, Thomas L. (Thomas Leiper), 1822-1883) family
associatedWith Kennedy, Samuel A., 1835-1900. person
associatedWith King, Rufus, 1814-1876. person
associatedWith Lander, F. W. (Frederick West), 1821-1862. person
associatedWith Le Prade, Ruth person
associatedWith Levering, John, 1826- person
associatedWith Lewis, William Berkeley, 1784-1866, person
correspondedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. person
associatedWith Lindbergh, Charles A., (Charles Augustus), 1902-1974 person
associatedWith Lockwood, Philip Case, 1844-1897 person
correspondedWith Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882 person
associatedWith Lovejoy, Owen, 1811-1864, person
associatedWith Lowell, Charles Russell. person
associatedWith MacVeagh family. family
associatedWith Marcy, William L. (William Learned), 1786-1857, person
correspondedWith McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885. person
associatedWith McClure, Alexander K. (Alexander Kelly), 1828-1909. person
correspondedWith McNair, Thomas, 1790-1847. person
correspondedWith Meigs, Montgomery C. (Montgomery Cunningham), 1816-1892. person
associatedWith Mifflin, Benjamin, fl. 1823. person
correspondedWith Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925 person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Millard, David J. person
associatedWith Moore, William G. (William George), 1829-1898. person
associatedWith Morgan, Edwin D. (Edwin Denison), 1811-1883. person
associatedWith Morton, Levi P. (Levi Parsons), 1824-1920 person
associatedWith Muhlenberg, Henry A., (Henry Augustus), 1823-1854 person
associatedWith Muhlenberg, Henry Augustus Philip, 1782-1844. person
associatedWith Mussey, R. D. (Reuben Delevan), 1833-1892. person
associatedWith New York State Library. Manuscripts and Special Collections Unit. corporateBody
correspondedWith Nicolay, John G. (John George), 1832-1901. person
correspondedWith Palfrey family. family
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associatedWith Pope, John, 1822-1892. person
associatedWith Potter, John Fox, 1817-1899. person
associatedWith Prince, Israel N., ca. 1826-1863. person
associatedWith Raymond, Henry J., (Henry Jarvis), 1820-1869 person
correspondedWith Read family. family
correspondedWith Read Family family
correspondedWith Reno, Jesse Lee, 1823-1862. person
associatedWith Republican Party corporateBody
associatedWith Republican Party (Pa.) corporateBody
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correspondedWith Sherman, John, 1796-1841 person
associatedWith Sherman, John, 1823-1900. person
associatedWith Slifer, Eli, 1818-1888. person
associatedWith Smith, William Stephens, 1755-1816 person
associatedWith Snyder, John, fl. 1826. person
associatedWith Southard, Samuel L. (Samuel Lewis), 1787-1842. person
correspondedWith Stanton, Edwin McMasters, 1814-1869. person
associatedWith Stevens, Isaac Ingalls, 1818-1862. person
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associatedWith Sturgeon, Daniel, 1789-1878. person
correspondedWith Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874 person
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memberOf United States. Congress (29th, 2nd session : 1846-1847) corporateBody
memberOf United States. Congress. Senate. corporateBody
memberOf United States. Department of State corporateBody
leaderOf United States. War Dept. corporateBody
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associatedWith Webb, J. Watson (James Watson), 1802-1884. person
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Place Name Admin Code Country
Russian Federation 00 RU
Lancaster County PA US
Harrisburg PA US
Lancaster County PA US
District of Columbia DC US
Subject
Financial statements--1738-1889
Diplomatic and consular service, American
Newspapers
Slavery
Public lands
Legislators--Autographs
Civil War, 1861-1865
Legislators--United States--Autographs
State universities and colleges
Letters
Railroads
Democratic Party
Politics--Politics and government--1856-1889
Elections--California--Los Angeles--19th century--Archival resources
Business enterprises
Business enterprises--Pennsylvania
American Party see Know--Nothing Party
Republican Party
Occupation
Cabinet officers
Printer
Diplomats
Financiers
Senators, U.S. Congress--Pennsylvania
Capitalists and financiers
Public officers
Editors--19th century.--United States
Politicians
Function

Person

Birth 1799-03-08

Death 1889-06-26

Male

Americans

English

Information

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