Owen, Robert, 1771-1858

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Robert Owen was a socialist and philanthropist.

From the description of Correspondence, 1821-1858. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122440388

Epithet: Reverend; author

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000566.0x00009b

Epithet: Dean of Jesus College, Oxford

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000566.0x000096

Epithet: of Add MS 37188

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000566.0x000099

Robert Owen was born in Newtown, Wales in 1771. He was apprenticed to a draper in Stamford, Northamptonshire at the age of 10, and continued his working education in London from the ages of 13 to 16. In 1787 Owen moved to Manchester, where he set up a small cotton-spinning establishment, and also produced spinning mules for the textile industry. Following this success, he became a manager for several large mills and factories in Manchester. In 1794 he formed the Chorlton Twist Company with several partners, and in the course of business met the Scots businessman David Dale. In 1799, Owen and his partners purchased Dale's mills in New Lanark, and Owen married Dale's daughter. At New Lanark, Owen began to act out his belief that individuals were formed by the effects of their environment by drastically improving the working conditions of the mill employees. This included preventing the employment of children and building schools and educational establishments. Owen set out his ideas for model communities in speeches and pamphlets, and attempted to spread his message by converting prominent members of British society. His detailed proposals were considered by Parliament in the framing of the Factories Act of 1819. Disillusioned with Britain, Owen purchased a settlement in Indiana in 1825, naming it New Harmony and attempting to create a society based upon his socialist ideas. Though several members of his family remained in America, the community had failed by 1828. Owen returned to England, and spent the remainder of his life and fortune helping various reform groups, most notably those attempting to form trade unions. He played a role in the establishment of the Grand National Consolidated Trade Union, 1834, and the Association of All Classes and All Nations, 1835. Owen died in 1858.

From the guide to the Manuscript draft of parts II and III of Robert Owen's report to the county of Lanark of a plan for relieving public distress, c1818-c1820, (Senate House Library, University of London)

Robert Owen was a key British industrialist and social theorist. He applied innovative management techniques to his New Lanark mills and achieved unprecedented results, rising from obscurity to make a fortune, earning the respect of his colleagues, the loyalty of his workers, and envy of his competitors. He became a key figure in Britain's industrial revolution, and his theories were admired throughout Europe and the United States. His belief in the importance of the environment on character led to his career as social theorist, as he argued for charity, justice, and tolerance. His unconventional religious stances and the failure of the New Harmony community in southern Indiana tarnished his reputation, but he remains a landmark figure as both an industrialist and socialist.

From the description of Robert Owen letters, 1822-1854. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 62171662

English socialist and reformer.

From the description of Autograph letter signed, [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270610577

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Owen, Robert, 1771-1858. Letter : Bristol, to "The Owen Family," New Harmony, Ind., 1841 Jan. 11. Bryn Mawr College, Mariam Coffin Canaday Library
referencedIn Owen, Robert Dale, 1801-1877. Robert Dale Owen letters [manuscript], 1844-1846. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Owen, Anne. Letter : Braxfield, Scotland, to Robert Owen, London, 1814 Apr. 21. Bryn Mawr College, Mariam Coffin Canaday Library
creatorOf Equitable Labour Exchange (London, England). Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1832, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Papers of George Jacob Holyoake (1817-1906), 1830-1906 National Co-operative Archive
creatorOf Owen, Robert, 1771-1858. [Robert Owen letter, 1845]. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Autograph File, O, 1706-1966. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Vol. CCXCIV (ff. 297). 26 Mar.-17 Apr. 1854.includes:ff. 1, 10 James Bowling Mozley, Regius Professor of Divinity at Oxford University: Correspondence with W. E. Gladstone: 1847-1872. f. 2 Sir David Salomons, 1st Baronet; Lord Mayor of London: Lette... British Library
referencedIn Kashnor, Leon. Manuscripts [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, 1819-1850. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Wright, Frances, 1795-1852. Autograph letter signed : Memphis, to [Caroline Dale] Owen, n.p., 1828 Feb. 9. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Andreĭ Sakharov papers, 1852-2002 (inclusive), 1960-1990 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Maclure, William, 1763-1840. Letters ; papers, 1796-1848. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Papers of T W Mercer, 1833-1961 National Co-operative Archive
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, L-Q. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Macdonald, A. J., (d.1854). A. J. MacDonald collection of utopian materials, ca. 1840-1865. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Vol. CCXCVI (ff. 274). 12 May-July 1854.includes:ff. 1, 181 Bank of England: Correspondence of the Governors and Deputy Governors with W. E. Gladstone: 1853-1870.f. 2 Robert Owen, Dean of Jesus College, Oxford: Letters to W. E. Gladstone: 1853-1... British Library
referencedIn Owen, Robert Dale, 1801-1877. Autograph letter signed : Branfield, England, to Frances Wright, London, 1827 Sept. 21 and 22. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Owen family. Owen family collection, 1826-1967 (bulk 1830-1890). Indiana University
referencedIn Records of the Women's Cooperative Guild (Cooperative Women's Guild), 1886-1970 Hull University, Brynmor Jones Library
referencedIn Vol. CCLXXXVIII (ff. 344). Oct. 1852-Jan.1853.includes:ff. 1, 30 Frederick Spencer, 4th Earl Spencer: Letters to W. E. Gladstone.: 1852.f. 3 Ernest Hawkins, Canon of Westminster: Correspondence with W. E. Gladstone: 1842-1865.ff. 5, 155 Edward ... British Library
referencedIn Lancaster, Joseph, 1778-1838. Papers, 1796-1840. American Antiquarian Society
referencedIn New Harmony Manuscripts, 1812-1871 Working Men's Institute of New Harmony, Indianahttp://www.workingmensinstitute.org/
creatorOf Owen, Robert, 1771-1858. Autograph letter signed, [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850. Autograph letter signed : Washington, to Thomas Jefferson, 1825 Feb. 25. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Owen, Robert Dale, 1801-1877. Autograph letter signed : Branfield, England, to Frances Wright, London, 1827 Sept. 21 and 22. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Papers of Dorothy Greaves (Museum Warden at the Rochdale Pioneers Museum), 1838-2008 National Co-operative Archive
referencedIn J. T. (John Townsend) Trowbridge papers, 1855-1939. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Indiana History mss., 1725-1973 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Owen, Robert Dale, 1801-1877. Autograph letter signed : London, to Frances Wright, Paris, 1827 Aug. 25 and 27. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Magee, James Dysart, 1881-. Lecture notes, [1891-1906?]. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Anonymous. Lectures, 1855. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Roger D. Branigin-Kenneth Dale Owen Collection, 1825-1896, (bulk 1825-1859) Working Men's Institute of New Harmony, Indianahttp://www.workingmensinstitute.org/
referencedIn William Maclure letters; 1796-1848, 1796-1848 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Pare, William, 1819-1855 Senate House Library, University of London
referencedIn Posey County (Ind.). Court records, 1823-1845. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Inglis, Agnes, 1870-1952. Chapters on Josiah Warren, 1943-1948. University of Michigan
creatorOf Cushman, Charlotte Sanders, 1816-1862. Collection of autographs, [ca. 1797 to ca. 1915]. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Perkins, Joseph, 1788-1842. Letters, 1819-1841, to Amos Perkins, Unity, N.H. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Gresham, Dr. Alexander Campbell - Robert Owen debaate of 1829. Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
referencedIn Brodeur, Harold Hills. The Shaker and Owenite communistic societies : a thesis in Social Ethics 1, May 15, 1915 / by Harold N. Brodeur. Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Adams, James Truslow, 1878-1949. Barrett assorted authors collection [manuscript] 1814-1947. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Vol. CCXCIII (ff. 308). 1-25 Mar. 1854.includes:f. 1 Benjamin Wilson, Curate of Fordham: Correspondence with W. E. Gladstone: 1851-1874.f. 5 Sir William George Anderson, KCB; Assistant Paymaster-General: Correspondence with W. E. Gladstone: 1852-... British Library
creatorOf Blanc, Lois, 1811-1882. 880-01 Blanc Lois (1811-1882). Fond 229, 1836-1882. Rosarchiv, Federal Archive SVS of Russia
creatorOf Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848. Indiana History mss, 1725-1973. Indiana University
referencedIn Vol. CCCXVI (ff. 294). July-Dec. 1863.includes:ff. 1, 67 Alexander Munro, sculptor: Correspondence with W. E. Gladstone: 1852-1863.f. 3 John Mason Neale, hymnologist and translator: Letters to W. E. Gladstone: 1855-1865.f. 5 Sir Richard Madox ... British Library
referencedIn Vol. CCCCXXVIII (ff. 314). 3 July-Dec. 1891.includes:f. 1 Andrew Carnegie, philanthropist: Correspondence with W. E. Gladstone: 1885-1897.f. 5 Charles Waldstein, afterwards Walston; Hellenist; Knight 1912: Letters to W. E. Gladstone: 1891-1895.f.... British Library
referencedIn New Harmony Manuscripts, 1812-1871 Working Men's Institute of New Harmony, Indianahttp://www.workingmensinstitute.org/
creatorOf New Harmony (Ind.). Collection, 1814-1884. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Arthur H. and Mary Marden Dean Lafayette Collection, 1245-1931 Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Manuscript draft of parts II and III of Robert Owen's report to the county of Lanark of a plan for relieving public distress, c1818-c1820 Senate House Library, University of London
referencedIn Bate, Frederick. The student : a play / by F. Bate ; correctly given as it was performed, by amateur ladies and gentlemen, at the Burton Street Rooms. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn D. G. Notes during a journey to Edinbro' in July & August 1822, 1822-1824. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn United States Sanitary Commission records. Army and Navy Claim Agency archives, 1861-1870 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Wright, Frances, 1795-1852. Autograph letter signed : Memphis, to [Caroline Dale] Owen, n.p., 1828 Feb. 9. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Owen, Robert, 1771-1858. Correspondence, 1821-1858. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf O'Conor, Charles, 1804-1884. Autograph file, O, 1706-1966. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Clary, William W. (William Webb), b. 1888. Gospel of the Owenites, [193-?]. The Claremont Colleges, Claremont University Consortium
referencedIn Vol. CCXCV (ff. 280). 18 Apr.-11 May 1854.includes:ff. 1, 36, 263 Henry Hayman, canon of Carlisle and headmaster of Rugby: Correspondence with W. E. Gladstone: 1851-1892.ff. 5, 50 Thomas Henry Haddan, barrister: Letters to W. E. Gladstone: 1854.... British Library
referencedIn Vol. CCCLXXVII (ff. 309). Jan-Mar. 1880.includes:f. 1 Madame Juliette Adam, French writer: Letter to W. E. Gladstone: 1880.: Fr.ff. 2, 15, 184, 276 Margaret De Lisle, daughter of Ambrose Lisle March Phillipps De Lisle: Correspondence with W. E. G... British Library
referencedIn Oswald Garrison Villard papers, 1872-1949. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Owen, Robert, 1771-1858. Robert Owen letters, 1822-1854. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Richard Owen papers, 1827-1889, 1827-1889 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Southey, Robert, 1774-1843. Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to [John Wilson Croker], 1820 Jan. 9. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Fourier, Charles, 1772-1837. Letter, 1829 Mar. 21, to Baron de Férussac. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Owen, Robert Dale, 1801-1877. Autograph letter signed : London, to Frances Wright, Paris, 1827 Aug. 25 and 27. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn A. J. MacDonald collection of utopian materials, ca. 1840-1865 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834. Arthur H. and Mary Marden Dean Lafayette Collection, 1520-1849. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Fourier, Charles, 1772-1837. Letter, 1831 Dec. 3, to Mme.Dupouy. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Owen, Robert, 1771-1858. Owen's works / [Robert Owen]. CUNY Graduate Center, Mina Rees Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Anonymous. person
associatedWith Bate, Frederick. person
associatedWith Blanc, Lois, 1811-1882. person
associatedWith Brodeur, Harold Hills. person
associatedWith Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850. person
associatedWith Clary, William W. (William Webb), b. 1888. person
associatedWith D. G. person
associatedWith Equitable Labour Exchange (London, England) corporateBody
associatedWith Fourier, Charles, 1772-1837. person
associatedWith George Jacob Holyoake person
associatedWith Greaves, Dorothy., 1931-2010 person
associatedWith Gresham, Dr. person
associatedWith Houghton Library. person
associatedWith Inglis, Agnes, 1870-1952. person
associatedWith Kashnor, Leon. person
associatedWith Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834. person
associatedWith Lancaster, Joseph, 1778-1838. person
associatedWith Macdonald, A. J., (d.1854) person
associatedWith Maclure, William, 1763-1840. person
associatedWith Magee, James Dysart, 1881- person
associatedWith Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de Lafayette, 1757-1834. person
associatedWith New Harmony (Ind.) corporateBody
associatedWith New Harmony (Ind.). corporateBody
correspondedWith New Harmony (Ind.) Working Men's Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith New Lanark Establishment. corporateBody
associatedWith Owen, Anne. person
correspondedWith Owen family family
correspondedWith Owen family. family
associatedWith Owen family. person
associatedWith Owen, Richard, 1804-1892 person
associatedWith Owen, Robert Dale, 1801-1877. person
associatedWith Pare, William, 1805-1873 person
associatedWith Perkins, Joseph, 1788-1842. person
associatedWith Posey County (Ind.) corporateBody
associatedWith Rowcroft, Thomas, recipient. person
correspondedWith Sakharov, Andreĭ, 1921-1989 person
associatedWith Southey, Robert, 1774-1843. person
correspondedWith Trowbridge, J. T. (John Townsend), 1827-1916 person
associatedWith United States. Congress 1844-1845). Senate, corporateBody
associatedWith United States Sanitary Commission corporateBody
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
associatedWith Whitwell, Stedman. person
associatedWith Women's Cooperative Guild, Hull Branch corporateBody
associatedWith Wright, Frances, 1795-1852. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
London England
Oregon
Cyprus, Asia Minor
Texas
New Harmony (Ind.)
Perthshire, Scotland
United States
Lanarkshire Scotland
Great Britain
London, England
Subject
Collective settlements--History--19th century
Spiritualism
Industrialists--Correspondence
Communism
Social welfare
Utopias
Socialism
Utopian socialism--History--19th century
Christian socialism
Collective settlements
Socialists--Correspondence
Collective settlements--Designs and plans
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1771-05-14

Death 1858-11-17

Britons

English

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