Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865

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Richard Cobden, English textile manufacturer and politician.

From the guide to the Richard Cobden manuscript material : 1 item, ca 1843, (The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.)

Cobden was born in Dunford, Sussex, England on June 3, 1804; became a middle-class manufacturer and MP, advocating free trade, non-intervention in foreign affairs, an end to aristocratic misrule, and a variety of radical political reforms; became interested in the Manchester Anti-Corn Law Assn. in 1838 and helped to transform it into the National Anti-Corn-Law League; the League agitated for the repeal of the Corn and Provision Laws, which was achieved in 1846 due to the famine in Ireland; elected to Parliament in 1841 and again in 1847, working for international arbitration, financial reform and arms reduction; opposed the conduct of the Crimean War; although defeated in 1857, he returned to Parliament in 1859; he negotiated reciprocal tariff reductions with France, 1860; died in London on Apr. 2, 1865.

From the description of Letters, 1833-1865. (University of California, Los Angeles). WorldCat record id: 38285408

British statesman.

From the description of Richard Cobden letters, 1846-1851. (University of California, Berkeley). WorldCat record id: 122453455

English manufacturer and politician.

From the description of Letter to Lord Shaftesbury, 1854 July 20. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 62383127

British statesman and economist; advocate of free trade and the limited action of government in business; supported the Union during the Civil War.

From the description of Letter, 1863 Mar. 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70971090

Industrialist, member of Parliament; from Manchester, England.

From the description of Letters, 1838-1863. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 32410185

British statesman and economist.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Midhurst, to Alexander Ireland, 1859 Jan. 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270899256

From the description of Autograph ticket of admission signed, House of Commons, for Mr. Wm. M. Alden to the Stranger's Gallery : [London], 1852 May 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270899269

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Midhurst, to Frederick Martin, 1864 Jan. 23. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270899257

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [London], to Mr. Oppenheim, 1850 May 31. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270899260

From the description of Autograph ticket of admission, signed, to House of Commons Strangers Gallery : [London], [1843]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270899268

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [London], to the Earl of Shaftesbury, 1853 May 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270899265

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to W. Sandford, 1854 Nov. 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270899263

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Paris, to Thomas Baxley, M.P., 1860 Jan. 29. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270899255

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [London] "Friday", possibly to the Dutchess of Westminster, [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270899266

From the description of Autograph sentiment signed : [n.p.], 1865 Mar. 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270899267

English statesman and economist.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : New York, to H.D. Gilpin, 1859 May 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270870547

In 1857 there was a dispute between the British plenipotentiary and the governor of the Canton provinces, resulting in the English admiral destroying river forts, burning ships, and bombarding the city. Cobden reviewed official documents and brought a motion in Parliament condemning the action. The resulting debate led to the defeat of the Palmerston government and cost Cobden his seat in Parliament.

From the description of Richard Cobden letters : to R. M. Martin, 1849, 1857. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 64074941

Richard Cobden was an influential British manufacturer and liberal politician, perhaps most often associated with the Anti-Corn Law League. Born in a rural family in Sussex, he finished school at fifteen and began working as a clerk and salesman. He was soon able to open his own business, turned it into a great success, and became active in politics, winning election to Parliament. His opposition to the Corn Law gradually gained widespread acceptance, establishing his reputation as a reformer and economic adviser. His career in politics continued, and he promoted peace, reform, and his economic theories.

From the description of Richard Cobden letter to Dear sir, 1859 Aug. 31. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 81274952

Industrialist, member of Parliament, founder of the National Anti-Corn Law League; from Manchester, Engl.

From the description of Papers, 1840-1864. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19347702

Richard Cobden was born in Heyshott, near Midhurst, Sussex, the son of a farmer. Cobden's father was poor and was obliged to send his eleven children to various relatives. He was sent to an uncle in Yorkshire where he was mistreated. Cobden received little formal schooling and in 1819 became a clerk in the textile industry. In 1820 he became a commercial traveller. After developing a knowledge of the cotton trade he became a partner in a London calico factory. The business was a success and in 1831 he also became a partner in a Lancashire calico factory. By 1832 Cobden was living in an affluent part of Manchester. He wrote about the subject of economics in the "Manchester Examiner" and published pamphlets on free-trade (1838-1846). Between 1833 and 1837 Cobden visited France, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, America, Egypt, Greece and Russia. He was a leader of the Anti-Corn Law League 1838-1846. The Corn Laws had been passed during the Napoleonic Wars (1804 and 1818) to impose duties on imported corn, and led to high bread prices. The Anti-Corn Law League succeeded in having the corn laws repealed in 1846. Cobden was MP for Stockport 1841-1847, and for the West Riding of Yorkshire 1847-1857. Cobden campaigned against the Crimean War (1854-1856), despite the public's support for the war, and Cobden subsequently lost his seat on Parliament in the General Election of 1857. In the General Election of 1859 he was elected MP for Rochdale. He was offered the post of President of the Board of Trade (1859) and a baronetcy (1860), but refused both. Cobden died of an acute attack of bronchitis on 2nd April 1865. His publications include: 'Agricultural distress: speech of R. Cobden...in the House of Commons, on Thursday, the 13th of March, 1845, on moving for a select committee to inquire into the extent and causes of the alleged existing agricultural distress, and into the effects of legislative protection upon the interest of landowners, farmers, and farm-labourers' (1845); 'Alarming distress: speech of Richd. Cobden, Esq. in the House of Commons on Friday evening, July 8, 1842' (1842); 'The corn laws: speech of R. Cobden, Esq., MP, in the House of Commons, on Thursday evening, February 24, 1842' (1842); 'England, Ireland, & America' (1835); 'How wars are got up in India: the origin of the Burmese war' (1853).

From the guide to the COBDEN, Richard, 1804- 1865, statesman and businessman, 1850-1864, (British Library of Political and Economic Science)

English parliamentarian.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : to Richard Ward, 1849 Feb. 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270899345

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to Cyrus W. Field, 1864 May 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270899347

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Midhurst, to J.H. Morse, 1864 Nov. 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270899349

Richard Cobden 1804-1865. British parliamentarian best known for his successful fight from 1839-1846 for the repeal of the Corn Laws and also for his defense of free trade. He entered Parliament in 1841. Cobden was one of the acknowledged leaders of the "Manchester School" which expoused free trade and an economic system free of Government interference.

Sir Joshua Jebb, 1793-1863 was Surveyor-General of convict prisons. In 1842 he was made a Commissioner for the government of Pentonville Prison (renewed in 1849). In 1850 Jebb was appointed Chairman of the Directors of Convict Prisons - a board formed to manage the different convict prisons. He received the honorary rank of Colonel in 1854 after quitting the military service since 1850.

From the description of Letters [manuscript]. 1849. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225823512

Biography

Cobden was born in Dunford, Sussex, England on June 3, 1804; became a middle-class manufacturer and Member of Parliament, advocating free trade, non-intervention in foreign affairs, an end to aristocratic misrule, and a variety of radical political reforms; became interested in the Manchester Anti-Corn Law Association in 1838 and helped to transform it into the National Anti-Corn-Law League; the League agitated for the repeal of the Corn and Provision Laws, which was achieved in 1846 due to the famine in Ireland; elected to Parliament in 1841 and again in 1847, working for international arbitration, financial reform and arms reduction; opposed the conduct of the Crimean War; although defeated in 1857, he returned to Parliament in 1859; he negotiated reciprocal tariff reductions with France, 1860; died in London on April 2, 1865.

From the guide to the Richard Cobden Letters, 1833-1865, (University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Helen Maud Cam collection of English autographs, 1867-1927 and undated. Houghton Library
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Autograph ticket of admission signed, House of Commons, for Mr. Wm. M. Alden to the Stranger's Gallery : [London], 1852 May 12. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn William Tallack Correspondence, 1830-1907 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
creatorOf Astor, John Jacob, 1763-1848. Miscellaneous Manuscripts, 1300-1970. University at Albany, University Libraries
referencedIn St. George L. Sioussat Papers, 1831-1959 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Note of correction of title page : manuscript, 1836. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Molesworth, William Nassau, 1816-1890. Correspondence, 1860-1885. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Montague, Gilbert Holland, 1880-1961,. Montague collection of historical autographs, ca. 1600-1900. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865,. Autograph letter signed from Richard Cobden, Tunbridge Wells, to William Charles Macready [manuscript], [1843?]. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Autograph letter signed : [London], to the Earl of Shaftesbury, 1853 May 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn James Thomas Fields autograph album, 1750-1941. Houghton Library
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Autograph letter signed : Midhurst, to Frederick Martin, 1864 Jan. 23. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Place, Francis, 1771-1854. Papers of Francis Place in the British Library, 1791-1854 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Autograph letter signed : to Richard Ward, 1849 Feb. 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf COBDEN, Richard, 1804- 1865, statesman and businessman, 1850-1864 British Library of Political and Economic Science
referencedIn Samuel Gray Ward and Anna Hazard Barker Ward papers, 1823-1934 (inclusive) 1837-1900 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Note of correction of title page : manuscript, 1836. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Field, Cyrus W. (Cyrus West), 1819-1892. Collection of letters and documents related to Cyrus W. Field and the Atlantic cable, [1855 Feb. 25-1886 Nov. 29]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Papers of Jane Cobden Unwin, 1880-1939 University of Bristol Special Collections
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Letter to Lord Shaftesbury, 1854 July 20. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Autograph letter signed : Midhurst, to Alexander Ireland, 1859 Jan. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Letters, 1838-1863. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Autograph letter signed : London, to W. Sandford, 1854 Nov. 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Richard Cobden letter to Dear sir, 1859 Aug. 31. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Letters, 1833-1865. University of California, Los Angeles
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Autograph letter signed : [London] "Friday", possibly to the Dutchess of Westminster, [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Autograph letter signed : London, to Cyrus W. Field, 1864 May 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Balch, Edwin Swift, 1856-1927,. Papers of the Balch family, 1760-1955. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Norton, Caroline Sheridan, 1808-1877. Letters, 1835-1876. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Autograph letter signed : Midhurst, to J.H. Morse, 1864 Nov. 21. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Interview with Henry John Temple, 3rd viscount Palmerston (1784-1865), [1859]. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Cobden, Richard. Letter, dated 17 August 1864, from Richard Cobden to Robert Leech, on the American Civil War. University of Leeds, Brotherton Library, Leeds University Library
referencedIn William Gilman Thompson autograph collection, 1771-1924 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Easthope, John Easthope, Sir, 1784-1865. Papers, 1809-1880; (bulk 1834-1849). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Autograph ticket of admission, signed, to House of Commons Strangers Gallery : [London], [1843]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Duff Green Papers, 1716-1883, (bulk 1827-1845) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Henry Adams autograph album, 1833-1939. Houghton Library
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Autograph letter signed : Paris, to Thomas Baxley, M.P., 1860 Jan. 29. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Reminiscences of the Spanish American War. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn John F. Glaser collection of historical autograph letters and manuscripts, 1739-1933. Houghton Library
referencedIn Healey, James E. Victorian politicians : photograph album, c. 1860. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Hodgskin, Thomas, 1787-1869. Thomas Hodgskin papers, 1802-1903 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Letter to [The editor of the Globe.] Leamington, Eng. 1841 Oct. 22. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Evarts family papers, 1753-1960 (bulk 1798-1901) Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Thomas Hodgskin papers, 1802-1903 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Portrait file: Guide. Houghton Library
referencedIn Mann, E. A. Papers [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Richard Cobden collection, 1854 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Documents relating to Charles Sumner, 1828-1912. Houghton Library
referencedIn Rogers, James E. Thorold (James Edwin Thorold), 1823-1890. Letters [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn French, Fitz Stephen. British autograph miscellany, 1825-1920 and undated. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Papers, 1808-1888. Houghton Library
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. [Richard Cobden letter]. University of British Columbia Library
referencedIn Sioussat, St. George L. (St. George Leakin), 1878-1960. Papers of St. George L. Sioussat, 1831-1959. Library of Congress
referencedIn Montague collection of historical autographs, ca. 1600-1900 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Autograph File, C, 1554-2002. Houghton Library
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Letter : London, to M. Wakeman, 1851 Feb. 10. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Robert Owen Collection, 1805-1858 National Co-operative Archive
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Autograph letter signed : New York, to H.D. Gilpin, 1859 May 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Letters [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Richard Cobden manuscript material : 1 item, ca 1843 The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Letter, 1863 Mar. 25. Navarro College
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Autograph letter signed : [London], to Mr. Oppenheim, 1850 May 31. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Hodgskin, Thomas, 1787-1869. Thomas Hodgskin papers, 1802-1903 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Thompson, William Gilman, 1856-1927,. William Gilman Thompson autograph collection, 1771-1924 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Papers, 1840-1864. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Richard Cobden letters, 1846-1851. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874. Correspondence, 1829-1874 Houghton Library
Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874. Correspondence, 1829-1874 Houghton Library
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Irvine, Alexander, 1863-1941. Autograph Collection of Alexander Irvine. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. [Lettre 186-?], París [a] monsr. Emilie Chevalier / Rich. Colbden. Dibam Biblioteca Nacional de Chile
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Autograph sentiment signed : [n.p.], 1865 Mar. 20. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Green, Duff, 1791-1875. Duff Green papers, 1716-1883 (bulk 1827-1845). Library of Congress
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Letter, 1851 October 12 [n.p.], to Jno. Wood [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Richard Cobden Letters, 1833-1865 University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.
referencedIn Correspondence of James Wilson and family, 1840-1924 University of Oxford, Bodleian Library
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Correspondence with Henry Catt, 1861 Dec. 14, 16, 18. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Richard Cobden letters : to R. M. Martin, 1849, 1857. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Bancroft, George, 1800-1891. Miscellany Collection of John A. Schutz, 1693-1959. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. Letter : London, to M. Wakeman, 1851 Feb. 10. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Cobden, Richard, 1804-1865. The Richard Cobden papers from W. Sussex Record Office, [18--], [microform]. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Henry, 1838-1918 person
associatedWith Alden, William M., person
associatedWith Anti-Corn-Law League. corporateBody
associatedWith Baxley, Thomas, person
associatedWith Cam, Helen Maud, 1885-1968 person
associatedWith Catt, Henry. person
associatedWith Chevalier, Emilie. person
associatedWith Cobden, Richard person
associatedWith Corning, Erastus, 1794-1872, person
associatedWith Easthope, John Easthope, Sir, 1784-1865. person
associatedWith Evarts family family
associatedWith Evarts family. family
associatedWith Field, Cyrus W. (Cyrus West), 1819-1892, person
associatedWith Fields, James Thomas, 1817-1881 person
associatedWith Gill, Patricia. person
associatedWith Gilpin, H. D., person
associatedWith Gladstone, W. E. (William Ewart), 1809-1898. person
associatedWith Glaser, John F., collector. person
associatedWith Great Britain. Board of Trade. corporateBody
correspondedWith Green, Duff, 1791-1875. person
associatedWith Greg, Robert Hyde, 1795-1875. person
associatedWith Haydon, Benjamin Robert, 1786-1846 person
associatedWith Hodgskin, Thomas, 1787-1869. person
associatedWith Ireland, Alexander, 1810-1894, person
associatedWith Irvine, Alexander, 1863-1941. person
associatedWith Jane Cobden Unwin person
associatedWith Jebb, Joshua. person
associatedWith Jebb, Joshua Sir, 1793-1863 person
associatedWith Leech, Robert. person
correspondedWith Macready, William Charles, 1793-1873 person
associatedWith Mann, E. A. person
associatedWith Martin, Frederick, 1830-1883, person
associatedWith Martin, R. M. person
associatedWith Mason, J. M. (James Murray), 1798-1871. person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Molesworth, William Nassau, 1816-1890. person
associatedWith Montague, Gilbert Holland, 1880-1961, person
associatedWith Morse, J. H., person
associatedWith Norton, Caroline Sheridan, 1808-1877. person
associatedWith Novello, J.A. person
associatedWith Ogden, C. K. (Charles Kay), 1889-1957. person
associatedWith Oppenheim, Mr, person
associatedWith Owen, Robert., 1777-1858 person
associatedWith Palmerston, Henry John Temple, Viscount, 1784-1865. person
associatedWith Peel, Robert, 1788-1850, person
associatedWith Pentonville Prison. corporateBody
associatedWith Place, Francis, 1771-1854. person
associatedWith Rathbone, William, 1819-1902. person
associatedWith Rogers, James E. Thorold (James Edwin Thorold), 1823-1890. person
correspondedWith Russell, John Russell, Earl, 1792-1878 person
associatedWith Salis-Schwabe, Julie, 1819-1897. person
associatedWith Sandford, W., person
associatedWith Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley Cooper, Earl of, 1801-1885, person
associatedWith Sioussat, St. George L. (St. George Leakin), 1878-1960. person
associatedWith Slidell, John, 1793-1871. person
associatedWith Steer, Francis W. person
associatedWith Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 1811-1896. person
correspondedWith Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874 person
associatedWith Tait, William, 1793-1864. person
associatedWith Tallack, William, 1831-1908 person
associatedWith Thomasson Thomas 1808-1876 person
associatedWith Thompson, William Gilman, 1856-1927, person
associatedWith Tory Party (Great Britain) corporateBody
associatedWith Ward, Richard, person
associatedWith Ward, Samuel Gray. person
associatedWith Westminster, Dutchess of, person
associatedWith West Sussex Record Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Willoughby De Eresby, Lord. person
associatedWith Wilson, James person
associatedWith Wood, Jonathan. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Great Britain
United States
Guangzhou (China)
Great Britain
United States
Great Britain
Great Britain
Great Britain
England
China
France
United States
Soviet Union
England
Great Britain
England
Great Britain
Subject
INVITACIONES
Politics
Education
Charitism
Social reformers--Archival resources
Patronage, Political--History--19th century
Suffrage
Legislators--Archival resources
Internal politics
Legislators--England--Archival resources
Political parties--19th century
Ex-prime ministers--Correspondence
Political leadership
Social reformers--England--Archival resources
Trent Affair, 1861
Statesmen--Correspondence
Patronage, Political
Letters--19th century
Social reform
Education--History--Education--History--19th century
Political prisoners
Convicts
Political science
Politicians--Great Britain--19th century--Correspondence
Politicians--Correspondence
Corn laws (Great Britain)
Social policy
Politicians
Occupation
Statesmen--Great Britain
Function

Person

Birth 1804-06-03

Death 1865-04-02

Britons

English

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