Arendt, Hannah, 1906-1975

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Hannah Arendt was born in Linden in 1906. At the age of three her family moved to Königsberg. Arendt was raised in a politically progressive, secular family. She studied at the University of Marburg and obtained her doctorate in philosophy writing on Love and Saint Augustine at the University of Heidelberg in 1929.

Hannah Arendt encountered increasing anti-Jewish discrimination in 1930s Nazi Germany. In 1933 Arendt was arrested and briefly imprisoned by the Gestapo for performing illegal research into antisemitism in Nazi Germany. On release, she fled Germany, living in Czechoslovakia and Switzerland before settling in Paris. When Germany invaded France in 1940 she was detained by the French as an alien, despite having been stripped of her German citizenship in 1937. She escaped and made her way to the United States in 1941. She taught at many American universities, while declining tenure-track appointments. She died suddenly of a heart attack in 1975, at the age of 69.

Her works cover a broad range of topics, but she is best known for those dealing with the nature of power and evil, as well as politics, direct democracy, authority, and totalitarianism. In the popular mind she is best remembered for the controversy surrounding the trial of Adolf Eichmann, her attempt to explain how ordinary people become actors in totalitarian systems, which was considered by some an apologia, and for the phrase "the banality of evil". She is commemorated by institutions and journals devoted to her thinking, the Hannah Arendt Prize for political thinking, and on stamps, street names and schools, amongst other things.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Papers of the Institute of Jewish Affairs, 1913-1991 University of Southampton Libaries Special Collections
referencedIn Dan Jacobson Papers TXRC93-A3., 1941-92 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Chiaromonte, Nicola. Nicola Chiaromonte papers, 1921-1982. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn General Records of the Department of Justice, 1790 - 2002. Subject Files of the Attorney General, 1974 - 1993 National Archives at College Park
creatorOf International Conference on Alternative Perspectives on Vietnam (1965 : University of Michigan). International Conference on Alternative Perspectives on Vietnam papers, 1965-1966. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Arendt, Hannah. Office files of The American Poetry Review, 1972-1973. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Mitgang, Herbert. Herbert Mitgang collection of papers, 1967-1975. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Hannah Arendt Papers, 1898-1977, (bulk 1948-1977) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Arendt, Hannah. Hannah Arendt papers concerning Hermann Broch, 1942-1975. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Lerner, Max, 1902-2001. Max Lerner papers, 1927-1992 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Strong, Lester Q. Lester Q. Strong papers, 1941-1996. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Gurian, Waldemar, 1902-1954. Waldemar Gurian papers, 1916-1968 (bulk 1937-1954). Library of Congress
referencedIn Herbert Mitgang collection of papers, 1950-1986 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
referencedIn Hans J. Morgenthau Papers, 1858-1981, (bulk 1925-1981) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Arendt, Hannah. [Miscellaneous libretto collection, Jewish opera], bulk 1981-1986. Jewish Theological Seminary of America
referencedIn Hannah Arendt Papers, 1898-1977, (bulk 1948-1977) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Arendt, Hannah, 1906-1975. Yvette Théraulaz lit Hannah Arendt [Multimédia multisupport] / Hannah Arendt, aut. ; Yvette Théraulaz, voix. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Leo Raditsa Papers, 1947-2001 Houghton Library
referencedIn Princeton University. Graduate School. The Gauss Seminars In Criticism records, 1949-1981. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Robert Pick papers, 1915-1977. Houghton Library
referencedIn American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters. Deceased members files, [ca. 1884-1985] Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Gerhard Nellhaus papers on Bertolt Brecht, ca. 1920-2000. Houghton Library
referencedIn Guide to the American Committee for Cultural Freedom Records, 1939-1957 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Nicola Chiaromonte papers, 1921-1982 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Pantheon Books. Records, 1944-1968. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Andreĭ Sakharov papers, 1852-2002 (inclusive), 1960-1990 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf O'Malley, Francis J., 1911-1974. Papers, 1932-1974. University of Notre Dame, Hesburgh Library
referencedIn Jewish Cultural Reconstruction Inc: records (microfilm), 1943-1950 Wiener Library
referencedIn Brauer, Jerald C. Jerald Brauer papers, 1925-1999 (inclusive) University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars. Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars records. 1927-1949. New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn McCarthy, Mary, 1912-1989. Mary McCarthy papers 1925-1990 (bulk 1960-1989). Vassar College
referencedIn Paetel, Karl O. (Karl Otto), 1906-. Karl M. Otto Paetel papers, 1907-1984. University at Albany, University Libraries
referencedIn Joseph Barnes Papers, 1923-1970 Columbia University. Rare Book an Manuscript Library
referencedIn W. H. Auden collection of papers, 1809-1979, 1927-1973 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
referencedIn Yaddo records, 1870-1980 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn New Directions Publishing Corp. records, 1932-2005 Houghton Library
referencedIn Dwight Macdonald papers, 1865-1984 (bulk 1920-1978) Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Spitz, David, 1916-1979. David Spitz papers, 1935-1982. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Arendt, Hannah. Alternative perspectives on Vietnam papers, 1965-1966. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Arendt, Hannah, 1906-1975. Yvette Théraulaz lit Hannah Arendt [Multimédia multisupport] / Hannah Arendt, aut. ; Yvette Théraulaz, voix. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn John Hollander Papers, circa 1950-2007 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Baron, Salo W. Papers, 1900-1980 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Lester Q. Strong papers, 1941-1996 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Broch, Hermann, 1886-1951. Hermann Broch archive, 1872-1990 (inclusive) 1930-1951 (bulk). Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf McCarthy, Mary, 1912-1989. Office files of The American Poetry Review, 1979-1994. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Robert Lowell papers, 1861-1976 (inclusive) 1935-1970 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Max Lerner papers, 1927-1998 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Wolff, Helen, 1906-1994. Helen and Kurt Wolff papers, 1888-1994. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Arendt, Hannah. Letter, 1965, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Morgenthau, Hans J. (Hans Joachim), 1904-1980. Hans J. Morgenthau papers, 1858-1981 (bulk 1925-1981). Library of Congress
referencedIn World Jewish Congress Records, 1918-1982 (bulk 1940-1980) The Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives
creatorOf Arendt, Hannah. Hannah Arendt papers concerning Hermann Broch, 1942-1975. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Carnegie Council on Ethics & International Affairs. Carnegie Council on Ethics & International Affairs records, 1914-1996. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn News and Information Services (University of Michigan) photograph series D (faculty and staff portraits), 1946-2006, 1950-1990 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn H. F. Broch de Rothermann papers, 1916-circa 2001, 1953-1986 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Helen and Kurt Wolff papers, 1888-1994 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Yeshiva University. Records, 1840-[ca. 1979], 1895-[ca. 1979] (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Alfred Kazin collection of papers, 1933-1990, 1933-1978 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
referencedIn Hermann Broch archive, 1872-1990s, 1930-1951 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Ettinger, Elżbieta. Papers of Elżbieta Ettinger, 1922-2001 (inclusive), 1967-2000 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Macdonald, Dwight. Dwight Macdonald papers, 1865-1984 (bulk 1920-1978) Yale University Library
referencedIn David Spitz papers, 1935-1982 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Józef Wittlin correspondence and compositions, 1940-1976. Houghton Library
referencedIn Billings, David. Natality or advent : Arendt and Moltmann on hope and politics / David Billings. Pitts Theology Library, Candler School of Theology
referencedIn Jacques Barzun Papers, ca.1900-1999. Columbia University. Rare Book an Manuscript Library
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Jacobson, Dan. Papers, 1941-1994. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Baron, Salo W. Papers, 1900-1980 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Arendt, Hannah, 1906-1975. Hannah Arendt papers, 1898-1977 (bulk 1948-1977). Library of Congress
referencedIn Meyer Greenberg Papers, undated, 1936-1978 American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn Alternative Perspectives on Vietnam records and sound recordings, 1965-1966 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Stanford University Press archival book copies, 1900-2012 Cecil H. Green Library. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Auden, W. H. (Wystan Hugh), 1907-1973. W.H. Auden collection of papers, 1809-1979 bulk (1927-1973). New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Arendt, Hannah, 1906-1975. The Papers of Richard & Clara Winston, 196?-198? Brooklyn College
referencedIn New Yorker records, ca.1924-1984 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Gropius, Walter, 1883-1969. Papers, 1925-1969 (bulk: 1937-1969) Houghton Library
referencedIn Brauer, Jerald. Papers, 1925-1999 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
referencedIn Broch de Rothermann, Hermann Friedrich, 1910-. H. F. Broch de Rothermann papers, 1916-1990 (inclusive) 1953-1986 (bulk). Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Barzun, Jacques, 1907-. Jacques Barzun papers, ca.1900-1999. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Tucci, Niccolò, 1908-. Niccolò Tucci collection, 1930-1979. Boston University. School of Medicine
referencedIn Joseph Barnes Papers, 1923-1970 Columbia University. Rare Book an Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adolf Eichmann person
associatedWith Alternative Perspectives on Vietnam (1965 : Ann Arbor, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters. corporateBody
associatedWith American Committee for Cultural Freedom. corporateBody
associatedWith Arendt, Hannah, 1906-1975 person
correspondedWith Auden, W. H. (Wystan Hugh), 1907-1973 person
associatedWith Auden, W. H. (Wystan Hugh), 1907-1973. person
correspondedWith Ayalti, Hanan J., 1910- person
associatedWith Barnes, Joseph, 1907-1970. person
associatedWith Baron, Salo W. person
associatedWith Baron, Salo W. (Salo Wittmayer), 1895-1989. person
associatedWith Barzun, Jacques, 1907- person
correspondedWith Bellow, Saul person
correspondedWith Bellow, Saul person
correspondedWith Benjamin, Walter, 1892-1940 person
associatedWith Billings, David. person
associatedWith Blücher, Heinrich, 1899-1970. person
associatedWith Brauer, Jerald C. person
associatedWith Brauer, Jerald C. person
associatedWith Broch, Annemarie Meier-Graefe. person
associatedWith Broch de Rothermann, Hermann Friedrich, 1910- person
associatedWith Broch de Rothermann, H. F. person
associatedWith Broch, Hermann, 1886-1951 person
associatedWith Broch, Hermann, 1886-1951. person
associatedWith Brody, Daniel. person
associatedWith Canby, Henry Seidel, 1878-1961. person
associatedWith Carnegie Council on Ethics & International Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith Chiaromonte, Nicola. person
associatedWith Chiaromonte, Nicola. person
correspondedWith Colie, Rosalie Littell person
associatedWith Eichmann, Adolf, 1906-1962 person
associatedWith Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars corporateBody
associatedWith Ettinger, Elżbieta. person
correspondedWith Fest, Joachim C., 1926-2006 person
correspondedWith Friedrich, Carl J. (Carl Joachim), 1901-1984 person
correspondedWith Gilbert, Elke person
correspondedWith Gilbert, Robert, 1899-1978 person
correspondedWith Gray, J. Glenn (Jesse Glenn), 1913-1977 person
correspondedWith Gropius, Walter, 1883-1969 person
correspondedWith Gurian, Waldemar, 1902-1954. person
associatedWith Hannah Arendt person
correspondedWith Hochhuth, Rolf person
associatedWith Hollander, John. person
associatedWith International Conference on Alternative Perspectives on Vietnam (1965 : University of Michigan) corporateBody
associatedWith Jacobson, Dan person
associatedWith Jacobson, Dan. person
correspondedWith Jarrell, Randall, 1914-1965 person
associatedWith Jewish Cultural Reconstruction Inc. corporateBody
correspondedWith Jonas, Hans, 1903-1993 person
correspondedWith Jovanovich, William person
correspondedWith Jovanovich, William person
correspondedWith Kazin, Alfred, 1915-1998 person
correspondedWith Köhler, Lotte person
correspondedWith Köhler, Lotte person
associatedWith Lerner, Max, 1902- person
associatedWith Lerner, Max, 1902-2001. person
associatedWith Lowell, Robert, 1917-1977 person
correspondedWith Lowell, Robert, 1917-1977 person
correspondedWith Lowell, Robert, 1917-1977 person
correspondedWith MacDonald, Dwight person
correspondedWith MacDonald, Dwight person
correspondedWith Magnes, Judah Leon, 1877-1948 person
correspondedWith McCarthy, Mary, 1912-1989 person
associatedWith McCarthy, Mary, 1912-1989. person
associatedWith Meyer Greenberg corporateBody
associatedWith Mitgang, Herbert person
associatedWith Mitgang, Herbert. person
correspondedWith Morgenthau, Hans J. (Hans Joachim), 1904-1980 person
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith Nellhaus, Gerhard. person
correspondedWith New Directions Publishing Corp. corporateBody
associatedWith New School for Social Research (New York, N.Y. : 1919-1997) corporateBody
associatedWith New Yorker Magazine, Inc corporateBody
associatedWith O'Malley, Francis J., 1911-1974. person
associatedWith Paetel, Karl O. (Karl Otto), 1906- person
associatedWith Pantheon Books. corporateBody
correspondedWith Pick, Robert, 1898- person
associatedWith Princeton University. Graduate School. corporateBody
associatedWith Raditsa, Leo. person
correspondedWith Riesman, David, 1909-2002 person
correspondedWith Rosenau, Ruth H. person
associatedWith Rothe, Wolfgang, 1929- person
associatedWith Sakharov, Andreĭ, 1921-1989 person
correspondedWith Scholem, Gershom Gerhard, 1897-1982 person
correspondedWith Shawn, William person
correspondedWith Shawn, William person
correspondedWith Silvers, Robert B. person
correspondedWith Spender, Stephen, 1909-1995 person
associatedWith Spitz, David, 1916- person
associatedWith Spitz, David, 1916-1979. person
associatedWith Stanford University. Press. corporateBody
associatedWith Steegmuller, Francis, 1906- person
associatedWith Strong, Lester Q person
associatedWith Strong, Lester Q. person
associatedWith The Institute of Jewish Affairs corporateBody
correspondedWith Tillich, Paul, 1886-1965 person
correspondedWith Tucci, Niccolò, 1908- person
associatedWith Universität Freiburg im Breisgau corporateBody
associatedWith Universität Heidelberg. corporateBody
correspondedWith University of Chicago corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. News and Information Services corporateBody
associatedWith Van Doren, Mark, 1894-1972 person
correspondedWith Voegelin, Eric, 1901-1985 person
correspondedWith Vollrath, Ernst person
correspondedWith Weil, Anne person
correspondedWith Weil, Anne person
associatedWith Wilson, Edmund, 1895-1972 person
correspondedWith Wittlin, Józef, 1896- person
correspondedWith Wolff, Helen, 1906-1994 person
associatedWith Wolff, Helen, 1906-1994 person
associatedWith Wolff, Helen, 1906-1994. person
correspondedWith Wolff, Kurt, 1887-1963 person
associatedWith World Jewish Congress corporateBody
associatedWith Yaddo (Artist's colony) corporateBody
associatedWith Yeshiva University. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Heidelberg 01 DE
Baden-Württemberg Region 01 DE
Berlin 16 DE
Marburg an der Lahn 05 DE
Chicago IL US
Hannover 06 DE
New York City NY US
Kaliningradskaya Oblast’ 23 RU
Subject
Totalitarianism
War crime trials
War crime trials
Zionism
Austrian literature
Authors, Austrian
Education, Higher
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
Jews
National socialism
Philosophy
Political science
Political scientists
Occupation
Authors
College teachers
Educators
Philosophers
Activity

Person

Birth 1906-10-14

Death 1975-12-04

Female

Americans

French,

English,

German

Information

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Ark ID: w69h6dkn

SNAC ID: 87639739