Morgenthau, Hans J. (Hans Joachim), 1904-1980Alternative names
Political scientist, educator, and author. Born in Germany, emigrated to the United States in 1937.
From the description of Hans J. Morgenthau papers, 1858-1981 (bulk 1925-1981). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70983006
1904, Feb. 17:
Born, Coburg, Germany
1923- 1927: Student, University of Berlin, University of Frankfurt, and University of Munich, Germany
Passed first law examination, University of Munich, Munich, Germany, and admitted to the bar
1927- 1930: Practiced law
1928- 1930: Assistant to Hugo Sinzheimer, University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany
Awarded Juris Utriusque Doctor, University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany Published Die internationale Rechtspflege, ihr Wesen und ihre Grenzen. Leipzig: Universitätsverlag von Robert Noske
1931- 1933: Acting president, labor law court, Frankfurt, Germany
Postgraduate study, Graduate Institute for International Studies, Geneva, Switzerland
1932- 1935: Instructor in German public law, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
Published La notion du "politique" et la théorie des différends internationaux. Paris: Librairie du Recueil
Published La réalité des normes, en particulier des normes du droit international. Paris: Librarie Félix Allcan
Married Irma Thormann
1935- 1936: Taught international law at the Institute of International and Economic Studies, Madrid, Spain
Immigrated to the United States
1937- 1939: Instructor, Brooklyn College, Brooklyn, N.Y.
1939- 1943: Assistant professor, law, history, and political science, University of Kansas City, Kansas City, Mo.
Naturalized as U.S. citizen Admitted to the Missouri bar
1943- 1971: Professor of political science and modern history, University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.
Published Scientific Man vs. Power Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Published Politics Among Nations. New York, Knopf
1949- 1951: Consultant, State Department
Published with Kenneth W. Thompson, Principles and Problems of International Politics. New York: Alfred A. Knopf
1950- 1968: Director, Center for the Study of American Foreign Policy, University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.
Published In Defense of the National Interest. New York, Knopf
Published Dilemmas of Politics. Chicago, University of Chicago Press
Published The Purpose of American Politics. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
1961- 1965: Consultant, Defense Department
Published Politics in the Twentieth Century. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 3 vols.
1968- 1974: Leonard Davis Distinguished Professor, City College, City University of New York, New York, N.Y.
Published A New Foreign Policy for the United States. New York: F. A. Praeger.
Published Truth and Power. New York: F. A. Praeger
Appointed University Professor, New School for Social Research, New York, N.Y.
1980, July 19:
Died, New York, N.Y.
From the guide to the Hans J. Morgenthau Papers, 1858-1981, (bulk 1925-1981), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)
German-born American political scientist, historian, and a leading analyst of the role of power in international politics. Born February 17, 1904, in Coburg (Germany), died July 19, 1980, New York, NY (USA)
Educated at the universities of Berlin, Frankfurt, and Munich, Morgenthau trained as a passed to bar and practiced in Munich from 1927 to 1930, when he became a teaching assistant at the University of Frankfurt. From 1931 to 1933 he served as acting president of the Frankfurt labor court. In 1932, he went also to Geneva to teach public law for a year, but because of Adolf Hitler's rise to power in Germany in 1933, he stayed on until 1935. In 1935/36, he taught in Madrid, where he was professor of international law at the Madrid Institute of International and Economic Studies. Morgenthau immigrated to the United States in 1937 (naturalized 1943).
He served on the faculties of Brooklyn College (1937-39), the University of Kansas City (1939-43), and from 1943 to 1971 taught international politics at the University of Chicago. In 1950 he became the director of the Center for Study of American Foreign and Military Policy. From 1968 to 1974 he was professor of political science at the City College of New York. Furthermore Morgenthau taught at the New School for Social Research from 1974 to 1980 and also served as consultant to the U.S. Department of State and Defense, as well as commentator on U.S. current affairs.
Morgenthau was a predominant figure in the post-World War II effort to refocus the study of international relations on the observed regularities of human conduct, rather than the idealistic pursuit of abstract norms. This political realism gained wide influence with the publication of his Scientific Man vs. Power Politics (1947) and especially Politics among Nations (1949), a highly regarded study that presented a modern realist approach to international politics, which became the leading text in field. Central to Morgenthau's theory was the concept of power as the dominant goal in international politics and the definition of national interest in terms of power. He called for recognition of the nature and limits of power and for the use of traditional methods of diplomacy, including compromise.
A contributor to numerous scholarly periodicals and journals of opinion, Morgenthau was also the author of In Defense of the National Interest (1951), Dilemmas of Politics (1958), The Purpose of American Politics (1960), Politics in the Twentieth Century, 3 vol. (1962), and Truth and Power (1970). Many of Morgenthau’s writings were translated into foreign languages.
Hans Morgenthau was married to Irma Morgenthau (neé Thormann). Their son Matthew was born in 1942, when Hans Morgenthau was 38 years old. In 1944, a daughter Susanna was born.
From the guide to the Hans Morgenthau Collection, 1904-1980, (Leo Baeck Institute Archives)
|Place Name||Admin Code||Country|
|Professions and occupations; historians|
|Emigration and immigration--1933-1945--USA|
|Vietnam War, 1961-1975|
|Morgenthau, Frieda (nee Bachmann)|
|Professions and occupations; political scientists|
|United States Army|
|Power (Social sciences)|