Friedrich, Carl J. (Carl Joachim), 1901-1984

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German-American political scientist.

From the description of Carl Joachim Friedrich miscellaneous papers, 1940-1957. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754871670

Carl J. Friedrich (1901-1984) was a political scientist, political advisor, and educator. He was Eaton Professor of the Science of Government at Harvard University.

From the description of Papers of Carl J. Friedrich, 1919-1975. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 76973338

Biographical/Historical Note

German-American political scientist.

From the guide to the Carl Joachim Friedrich miscellaneous papers, 1940-1957, (Hoover Institution Archives)

Carl Joachim Friedrich (1901-1984) was a poltical scientist, political advisor, and educator. He was Eaton Professor of the Science of Government at Harvard from 1955 to 1971.

He first came to the United States in 1922 with a group of European students on a lecture tour to discuss the problems facing post-war European youth.

His Harvard career began in 1926 when he became a lecturer in the Government Department. He became an Associate Professor of Government in 1927 and a full professor in 1936. He became a member of the faculty of the Graduate School of Public Administration in 1938. During World War II he helped to found the School of Overseas Administration at Harvard to train officers for work in military government abroad, and he was its Director from 1943-1946. He became professor emeritus at Harvard upon his retirement in 1971.

His academic and research career ranged beyond Harvard. He was educated at the Universities of Marburg, Frankfurt and Vienna. He studied philosophy and natural sciences and eventually took a Ph.D. in history and economics from the University of Heidelberg in 1925. He was Professor of Political Science at the University of Heidelberg from 1956 to 1966, where he founded and helped to develop the Institut für Politische Wissenschaft. He served as President of the American Political Science Association in 1962, the International Political Science Association from 1967-1970, and the Institut international de philosophie politique in 1969; he belonged to numerous professional organizations. He was made Emeritus in 1966 at the University of Heidelberg. Friedrich received honorary degrees from six institutions, and he was awarded the Knight Commander's Cross of the German Order of Merit by the President of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1967 for his continuing efforts and assistance in the development of the West German Republic and its relations with the U.S.

His main areas of interest before World War II were the history of modern political thought, the problems of leadership and bureaucracy in government, public administration, comparative political institutions, and American foreign policy. Early works include Responsible Bureaucracy (1932), the introduction to a reprint of the Politica methodice digesta of Johannes Althusius (1932), Constitutional Government and Politics (1937) and Foreign Policy In the Making: The Search for a New Balance of Power (1938).

He also was interested in public opinion and propaganda. He was vice-president of the Radio Council of Greater Boston and the director of the Radio Broadcasting Project. He served on the Executive Committee of the Council For Democracy during World War II, whose aim was to convince the American people of the importance of fighting totalitarianism to preserve democratic institutions. In this capacity he directed the Committee of Correspondence which published pamphlets on aspects of democracy and was head of the New England Branch of the Council. In 1942 he published The New Belief In The Common Man.

After the war, he was involved in the reconstruction of Germany. From 1947 to 1948 he served as Constitutional and Governmental Affairs Advisor to the Military Governor of Germany, Lucius D. Clay. He participated in the work leading to the drafting of the German constitution of the Federal Republic.

His international poliltical advising went beyond Germany. He he applied his knowledge of constitutional theory and practice and his belief in the virtues of federalism as constitutional advisor to Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and the European Ad Hoc Assembly, which was set up to draft a constitution for the European Political Community in the early 1950s.

His interests were diverse. In 1952 he published The Age of Baroque, a work which reflected his fascination with this period of history. In 1953 he published Philosophy of Kant and in 1954 Philosophy of Hegel.

He was born June 5, 1901 in Leipzig, Saxony, Germany and died September 19, 1984, in Massachusetts.

From the guide to the Papers of Carl J. Friedrich, 1919-1975., (Harvard University Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Friedrich, Carl J. (Carl Joachim), 1901-. Correspondence, 1940-1961, from Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Papers of Carl J. Friedrich, 1919-1975. Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn John F. Kennedy School of Government. Records of the John F. Kennedy School of Government, 1939-1980 (inclusive). Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn American Committee for the Guidance of Professional Personnel records, 1938-1945 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Friedrich, Carl J. (Carl Joachim), 1901-1984. Notes for Government 1b, October 1957-January 1958. Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn Rogers, James Harvey, 1886-1939. James Harvey Rogers papers, 1904-1963 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf American Committee for the Guidance of Professional Personnel. American Committee for the Guidance of Professional Personnel records, 1938-1945. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Records of the Department of Government Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn Encyclopaedia of Social Sciences, Inc. Records MG2., 1927-1934 Hampshire College Archives
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn William Ernest Hocking papers Houghton Library
creatorOf Friedrich, Carl J. (Carl Joachim), 1901-1984. Carl Joachim Friedrich miscellaneous papers, 1940-1957. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Harry Levin papers Houghton Library
creatorOf Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars. Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars records, 1927-1949 (bulk 1933-1945). New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Friedrich, Carl J. (Carl Joachim), 1901-. Letters, 1961, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Encyclopaedia of Social Sciences, Inc. Records, bulk 1927-1934. Hampshire College, Harold F. Johnson Library
referencedIn Arendt, Hannah, 1906-1975. Hannah Arendt papers, 1898-1977 (bulk 1948-1977). Library of Congress
referencedIn Harvard University. School for Overseas Administration. Correspondence and other records of Director Carl J. Friedrich, 1942-1947 (inclusive). Harvard University Archives.
creatorOf Carl Joachim Friedrich miscellaneous papers, 1940-1957 Hoover Institution Archives
creatorOf Friedrich, Carl J. (Carl Joachim), 1901-1984. Notes for Government 1b, spring 1956. Harvard University Archives.
creatorOf Council for Democracy. Letters, 1941-1951, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Central and Eastern European Planning Board. Central and Eastern European Planning Board records, 1942-1945. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Central and Eastern European Planning Board records, 1942-1945 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn James Harvey Rogers papers, 1904-1963 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Harvard University. School for Overseas Administration. Correspondence of the administrators, 1943-1945 (inclusive). Harvard University Archives.
creatorOf Lectures notes for Government 106a, fall 1961 / taken by various students. Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn George Sarton additional papers, 1901-1956 Houghton Library
referencedIn Reports of class discussion in Government 205b, 1968-1969. Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn Hannah Arendt Papers, 1898-1977, (bulk 1948-1977) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Friedrich, Carl J. (Carl Joachim), 1901-1984. Notes for Government 1a and 1b, November 1958-May 1959. Harvard University Archives.
creatorOf Friedrich, Carl J. (Carl Joachim), 1901-1984. Notes for Government 1b and 1a, October 1956-May 1957. Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars. Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars records. 1927-1949. New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Friedrich, Carl J. (Carl Joachim), 1901-1984. Papers of Carl J. Friedrich, 1919-1975. Harvard University Archives.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Committee for the Guidance of Professional Personnel. corporateBody
associatedWith American Committee on United Europe. corporateBody
associatedWith American Institute of Public Opinion. corporateBody
associatedWith American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy. corporateBody
correspondedWith Arendt, Hannah, 1906-1975. person
associatedWith Brzezinski, Zbigniew, 1928- person
associatedWith Central and Eastern European Planning Board. corporateBody
associatedWith Cherington, Charles Richards, 1913- person
associatedWith Civil Administration Division corporateBody
associatedWith Civil Administration Division within the Military Government corporateBody
associatedWith Claude, Inis L. person
associatedWith Council for Democracy. corporateBody
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associatedWith Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars. corporateBody
associatedWith Encyclopaedia of Social Sciences, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith German Constitutional Assembly corporateBody
associatedWith German Provisional Government corporateBody
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associatedWith Harvard University. Dept. of Government. corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University. Dept. of Government. corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University. Graduate School of Public Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University. School for Overseas Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University. School for Overseas Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University. School for Overseas Administration. corporateBody
correspondedWith H. Kissinger person
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
associatedWith Hulley person
associatedWith International Balzan Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith International Political Science Association corporateBody
associatedWith International Youth Congress corporateBody
associatedWith John F. Kennedy School of Government. corporateBody
associatedWith Johnston, Stafford Gorman Whittle. person
correspondedWith Kissinger, Henry letter to Kissenger from Friedrich person
associatedWith Levin, Harry, 1912-1994 person
associatedWith McCloskey, Robert G. (Robert Green) person
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correspondedWith Sarton, George, 1884-1956 person
associatedWith School for Overseas Administration, Harvard University corporateBody
associatedWith Social Democratic Party corporateBody
associatedWith Spiro, Herbert J. person
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associatedWith Westerfield, H. Bradford, 1928-2008. person
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Place Name Admin Code Country
Puerto Rico Politics and government.
Europe
Puerto Rico
Germany
Puerto Rico
Subject
City planning
European federation
International organization
Law
Political planning
Political science
Political sciences
Refugees
Totalitarianism
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1901-06-05

Death 1984-09-19

Americans

English,

German

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