Rayleigh, John William Strutt, baron, 1842-1919

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John William Strutt, the Third Baron Rayleigh, an English physicist, was born in Terling, Essex, in 1842. He attended Cambridge University and in 1879 became professor of experimental physics there and director of its Cavendish Laboratory until 1884. He later was on the faculty at the Royal Institution of Great Britain, became chancellor of Cambridge University, and was a founder of the National Physics Laboratory in Teddington, England. Strutt, who with Lord William Ramsey, discovered the first rare atmospheric gas, argon, was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 1904. He is also credited with explaining why the sky is blue (Rayleigh scattering) and predicting the existence of surface waves (Rayleigh waves). Lord Rayleigh died in Witham, Essex in 1919.

From the description of John William Strutt Rayleigh collection, 1865-1976. (US Air Force Academy). WorldCat record id: 476882074

Physicist (electricity, kinetic theory, optics). Director of Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge University (1879-1884); on the natural philosophy faculty at Royal Institution of Great Britain (1887); Cambridge University chancellor (1908); and a founder of the National Physics Laboratory, Teddington, England.

From the description of Papers, 1860-1870. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 77716306

From the description of Papers, 1871-1919 (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155003986

From the description of Papers. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84317563

Physicist (electricity, kinetic theory, optics). Director of Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge University, 1879-1884; on the natural philosophy faculty at Royal Institution of Great Britain, 1887; Cambridge University chancellor, 1908; and a founder of the National Physics Laboratory, Teddington, England.

From the description of On the light from the sky, its polarization and colour, 1870. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78638237

Physicists (electricity, kinetic theory, optics). Director of Cavendish Laboroatry, Cambridge University (1879-1884); on the natural philosophy faculty at Royal Institution of Great Birtain (1887); Cambridge University chancellor (1908); and a founder of the National Physics Laboratory, Teddington, England.

From the description of Papers, [microform], 1864-1919. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 154306463

Educated at Trinity College Cambridge and graduated as Senior Wrangler 1865. Smith's Prizeman 1865, Fellow of Trinity. Succeeded as 3rd Baron Rayleigh 1873. Cavendish Professor of Physics at Cambridge, 1879-184. Secretary to Royal Society 1887-1896. Royal medal 1882. Copley Medal 1899. O. M. P. C. Nobel Prize 1904. 38th President of the Royal Society 1905-1908.

From the description of Items in various series of The Royal Society, 1870-1908. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78225755

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Yate, A. C. (Arthur Campbell), b. 1853. Hoch family collection : Arthur Campbell Yate papers, 1833-1926. North Carolina Division of Archives & Hist
referencedIn Morley, Edward Williams, 1838-1923. Edward Williams Morley papers, 1833-1923 (bulk 1863-1899). Library of Congress
referencedIn Sir James Paget correspondence, 1784-1932, 1784-1932 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Rayleigh, Lord (Robert John Strutt), 1875-. Typescript notes found interleaved in his personal copy of the 1924 edition of his biography of his father "Life of Lord Rayleigh," and abstracts of some of RJS's scientific writings, [ca. 1945]. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Rayleigh, John William Strutt, Baron, 1842-1919. Items in various series of The Royal Society, 1870-1908. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIg, 1887-1891 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Rayleigh, John William Strutt, Baron, 1842-1919. Papers, 1860-1870. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Rayleigh, John William Strutt, Baron, 1842-1919. Electrical papers from Lord Rayleigh's Library. Bakken Library & Museum of Electricity In Life, Bakken Library
referencedIn Scientists Collection, 1563-1973 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Ernest, Maurice, 1872-1955. Papers, 1900-1954. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962. Oral history interview with Niels Bohr, 1962 October 31 to 17 November. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Schuster, Arthur, Sir, 1851-1934. Letter to John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh concerning the preparation of students for research in the physics department of Cambridge University, 1880. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Rayleigh, John William Strutt, Baron, 1842-1919. On the light from the sky, its polarization and colour, 1870. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Library. Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection. 1668-1983. American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Niels Bohr Library. The Emilio Segrè visual archives, P-S, [ca. 1870]-9999. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Sir William Rothenstein correspondence and other papers, 1887-1957. Houghton Library
creatorOf Rayleigh, John William Strutt, Baron, 1842-1919. John William Strutt Rayleigh collection, 1865-1976. US Air Force Academy, McDermott Library
referencedIn Rayleigh, Lord (Robert John Strutt), 1875-. Notebooks [microform], 1910-1947. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Severinghaus, Willard L. (Willard Lesly), 1882-1947. Papers, 1895-1947. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Bragg, William Henry, Sir, 1862-1942. Papers. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Edward Williams Morley Papers, 1833-1923, (bulk 1863-1899) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Rayleigh, John William Strutt, Baron, 1842-1919. Correspondence. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Lodge, Oliver, Sir, 1851-1940. Correspondence, 1874-1938. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Buckingham, Edgar, 1867-1940. Handwritten transcripts of correspondence with Lord John William Rayleigh concerning Buckingham's work on physically similar systems and hydro and aerodynamic methods, 1915-1916. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Michelson, Albert A. (Albert Abraham), 1852-1931. Papers, 1803-1989 ; (bulk: 1861-1965). American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Archive for the History of Quantum Physics, 1898-1950 (bulk), 1898-1950 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Shankland, Robert S., 1908-. Oral history interview with Robert S. Shankland, 1974 August 20 and 21. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Rayleigh, John William Strutt, Baron, 1842-1919. Papers. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Whiting, Sarah Frances, 1846-1927. Papers, 1859-1927. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Rayleigh, John William Strutt, Baron, 1842-1919. [Baron John Rayleigh miscellanea]. University of British Columbia Library
creatorOf Rayleigh, John William Strutt, Baron, 1842-1919. Note [1865?] Apr. 17 [London] to Miss Langley [London] University of Michigan
creatorOf Rayleigh, John William Strutt, Baron, 1842-1919. Papers, [microform], 1864-1919. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Rayleigh, John William Strutt, Baron, 1842-1919. Papers, 1871-1919 American Institute of Physics
creatorOf Rayleigh, John William Strutt, 3rd, Baron, 1842-1919. Letter, 1884-1910. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
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Place Name Admin Code Country
England
Great Britain
Subject
Hydrodynamics
Nobel prizes
Atmosphere
Physicists--Biography
Electromagnetism--Research
Radiative transfer
Thermodynamics--Study and teaching
Sound
Waves
Optics
Electromagnetism
Polarization (Light)
Probabilities
Meteorology
Sound--Research
Argon
Physics
Rayleigh scattering
Electricity
Vibration
Magnetism
Light
Mathematics
Rayleigh waves
Discoveries in science
Fluids--Research
Occupation
Physicists
Physicists--England
Function

Person

Birth 1842-11-12

Death 1919-06-30

Britons

English

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