Wald, Lillian D., 1867-1940

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BIOGHIST REQUIRED Director of Henry Street Settlement in New York City. Miss Wald retired from active directorship in 1932.

From the guide to the Lillian D. Wald Papers, 1895-1936, (Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library, )

Lillian D. Wald (1867-1940), a public health nurse and social worker in New York City on the Lower East Side, was a pioneer in American social work and public health. She founded the Henry Street Settlement and the Visiting Nurse Service of New York in 1893 and was a crusader for liberal, social welfare and philanthropic causes including child welfare, civil liberties, immigration, unemployment and the peace movement during World War I.

From the description of Lillian D. Wald Papers, 1889-1957. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122408341

Director of Henry Street Settlement in New York City.

Miss Wald retired from active directorship in 1932.

From the description of Lillian D. Wald Papers, 1895-1936. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 495526640

Director of Henry Street Settlement in New York City.

Miss Wald retired from active directorship in 1932.

From the description of Papers, 1895-1936 [microform]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 86130977

Lillian D. Wald was born on March 10, 1867, in Cincinnati, Ohio, to German immigrants Max D. Wald, a dealer in optical wares and Minnie Schwarz. The Wald family moved to Rochester, New York where Wald received a private education at Miss Cruttenden's "English-French Boarding and Day School for Young Ladies and Little Girls." At the age of sixteen, she applied to Vassar College but was rejected because of her youth. Growing tired of social life in Rochester, Wald looked to nursing as a profession in which she might be afforded the opportunity for serious work as well as an outlet for her talents and ambition.

In 1889, Wald entered the New York Hospital School of Nursing. One year after her graduation, she enrolled at the Women's Medical College where she was asked to teach home nursing on New York City's Lower East Side. The lack of public heath care for the growing immigrant population of the neighborhood prompted Wald and fellow student, Mary Brewster, to abandon medical studies and work full-time in the service of New York's poorest citizens. Wald officially left medical school in 1893 and organized nursing classes for immigrant families on the Lower East Side at a tenement house on Jefferson Street. This home nursing program was the origin of the Henry Street Settlement. By 1895, Wald had successfully raised enough philanthropic interest in her project to establish a "Nurse's Settlement" in a house at 265 Henry Street. Early benefactors of her work included Mrs. Solomon Loeb and her son-in-law Jacob H. Schiff, as well as Rita Wallach Morganthau, and Irene and Alice Lewisohn among others. As financial support grew, so did the Henry Street Settlement. The 11 resident workers before 1900 expanded to 92 nurses by 1913. At the time of Wald's death there were nearly 300 nurses working from some twenty branches throughout the city.

Wald was also an innovator in the field of public health care. As the Henry Street Nurses' Service gained national attention, it became the model for similar programs in cities throughout the United States. Public health nursing emerged as a profession as a direct result of Wald's work and ideas. In 1902, she arranged to have a Henry Street nurse provide full-time care to children in public schools. This program led the New York City Board of Health to organize the first public school nursing system in the world. In 1909, she worked to convince the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company to provide nursing service to its industrial policyholders. She was also instrumental in the creation of the department of nursing and health at Teachers College of Columbia University. The American Red Cross undertook rural public health nursing in 1912 at her instigation. Wald's appointment as the first president of the National Organization for Public Health Nursing in 1912 positioned her as a respected leader in American public health.

The Henry Street Settlement's mission gradually expanded beyond nursing and the health care needs of the immigrant population. Education, employment and recreation were addressed by Wald's various initiatives to reform community life. She was a pioneer in stressing the importance of play and the need for public playgrounds. A music school was added to the settlement's program along with classes in vocational guidance, home economics and prenatal care. The Neighborhood Playhouse on Grand Street was opened in 1915 with support from Alice and Irene Lewisohn.

As the age of reform progressed, Wald, along with Jane Addams and Florence Kelley shared a commitment to economic and social change. They worked to alleviate poverty, support children's welfare and expand the role of women in society. Kelley started the National Child Labor Committee in 1904 with the continuing support of Wald. This organization was responsible for legislation to ban child labor, and for the creation by president Theodore Roosevelt of the Federal Children's Bureau, under the direction of Julia Lathrop.

In 1914, Wald, Kelley, Addams, and others founded the American Union Against Militarism, the forerunner of the American Civil Liberties Union. As president of this organization, Wald met with president Woodrow Wilson and lobbied congress and advisors in the White House to allow neutral nations to end World War I through mediation. However, Wald was critical of the confrontational tactics used by some suffrage and peace activists fearing that they would interfere with her work with the Henry Street nurses. She served as chairman of the Nurses Emergency Council during the influenza epidemic of 1918 and lectured widely on the history of nursing, and the importance of health care. Her memoir House on Henry Street was published in 1915, and a second volume, Windows on Henry Street was released in 1934.

Wald's health declined throughout the 1920s, but she still managed to travel to Russia on invitation of the Commissioner of Health in 1924. That same year she served as vice-president to Bellevue-Yorkville Health Demonstration and as the American delegate to the Women's International Conference on Peace and Freedom in Zurich, Switzerland. She was the first woman recipient of the Rotary Club's gold medal in honor of her life-long service as sociologist and organizer. Wald maintained a close relationship with three-time British prime minister and architect of the British Labour Party, James Ramsay MacDonald and his family. In 1928, she publicly supported the presidential campaign of Alfred E. Smith. Her involvement in daily affairs at Henry Street gradually decreased by 1933, when she retired to her house in Westport, Connecticut. While in retirement she continued to contribute to magazines, including the Survey, Forum and Atlantic Monthly . After a long illness, Lillian Wald died of a cerebral hemorrhage in 1940.

Sources:

"Lillian D. Wald." Dictionary of American Biography, Supplements 1-2: To 1940. American Council of Learned Societies, 1944-1958. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Thomson Gale. 2006.

"Lillian D. Wald." Historic World Leaders . Gale Research, 1994. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Thomson Gale. 2006.

Smith, Helena Huntington, "Rampant but Respectable" The New Yorker, December 14, 1929.

Wald, Lillian D. The House on Henry Street . Henry Holt, 1915.

From the guide to the Lillian D. Wald Papers, 1889-1957, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Wald, Lillian D., 1867-1940. Letter, 1936, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Elmhirst, Dorothy Whitney Straight, 1887-1968. Dorothy Whitney Straight Elmhirst papers, 1887-1978, 1887-1926 (bulk). Cornell University Library
referencedIn Stokes, James Graham Phelps, 1872-1960. James Graham Phelps Stokes papers, 1779-1960, (bulk 1884-1960). Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Helen Hall papers, 1898-1982 University of Minnesota Libraries. Social Welfare History Archives. [swha]
referencedIn Alger, George William, 1872-. The reminiscences of George W. Alger, 1951-1952 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Moore, Dorothea May, 1894-. Papers, 1864-1982 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1898-1975 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Matthews, William Henry, 1873-1946. William Henry Matthews papers, 1907-1944. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Papers, (inclusive), (bulk), 1805-1938, 1900-1938 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Papers, 1894-1960 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Jacob Riis papers, 1871-1916, 1900-1910 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Abbott, Edith and Grace. Papers, 1870-1967 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
referencedIn Oswald Garrison Villard papers, 1872-1949. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Hyman G. Enelow Papers., 1897-1933. The Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives
creatorOf Wald, Lillian D., 1867-1940. Lillian D. Wald Papers, 1889-1957. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Hall, Helen, 1892-1982. Helen Hall Papers, 1898-1982. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Dreier, Mary E. (Mary Elisabeth), 1875-1963. Papers, 1797-1963 (inclusive), 1897-1963 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Wald, Lillian D., 1867-1940. Papers, 1895-1936 [microform]. Twentieth Century Legal Treatises
referencedIn Eastman, Max, 1883-1969. Letter, 1968. Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Baruch Charney Vladeck Papers, Bulk, 1920-1938, 1906-1958 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Angela Morgan Papers, 1893-1957 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Stewart, Isabel Maitland. Papers, 1912-1964. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Gleason, Arthur, 1878-1923. Arthur Gleason papers, 1863-1931 (bulk 1900-1923). Library of Congress
creatorOf Kelley, Nicholas, 1885-1965. Nicholas Kelley papers, 1823-1967, bulk (1862-1967). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Mabel Vernon Papers, 1933-1947 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Rose Pastor Stokes papers, 1900-1993 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Fannia M. Cohn papers, 1914-1962 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Visiting Nurse Service of New York. Historical files, [ca. 1900-1975]. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Henry Morgenthau, Jr. Papers. 1866 - 1960. Elinor Morgenthau's Papers
referencedIn Hall, Helen, 1892-1982. Papers, 1898-1982. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn William Henry Matthews papers, 1907-1944 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Duffus, R. L. (Robert Luther), 1888-1972. R. L. Duffus papers, 1903-1971. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Lillian D. Wald Papers, 1895-1936 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Baker, Adelaide Nichols. Papers, 1935-1971 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Bureau of Vocational Information (New York, N.Y.). Records, 1908-1932 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn New York (State). Commission of Immigration. Typescript of report to the governor, 1909. New York State Archives
referencedIn American Association for Labor Legislation. Series 1, Subseries 2, part c. Correspondence (N-W), 1910-1915. [microform] Cornell University Library
referencedIn Van Kleeck, Mary, 1883-. Mary van Kleeck Papers, 1849-1998. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Papers, 1874-1945 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Warburg, Felix M. (Felix Moritz), 1871-1937. Papers, 1895-1937. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Papers, 1851-1958 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn International Ladies Garment Workers Union. Benjamin Schlesinger, President. Records, 1914-1923. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
creatorOf Wald, Lillian D., 1867-1940. Lillian D. Wald Papers, 1895-1936. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Community Service Society. Archives, 1842-1995. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Brubaker, Howard, 1882-. Papers, 1914-1957. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Vladeck, B. (Baruch), 1886-1938. Papers, 1907-1983. Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Mezes, Sidney Edward, 1863-1931. Sidney Edward Mezes papers, 1918-1931 (inclusive), 1918-1919 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Arthur Gleason Papers, 1863-1931, (bulk 1900-1923) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Walling, Anna Strunsky, 1879-1964. Anna Strunsky Walling papers, 1880-1968 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Tilton, Elizabeth, 1869-1950. Papers, 1914-1949 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Brubaker, Howard, b. 1882. Papers, 1914-1957 (inclusive). 1914-1950 (bulk). Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Charles-Edward Amory Winslow papers, 1874-1977, 1915-1945 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Barrows family papers, 1861-1931. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Gotthard Deutsch Papers, 1859-1922, 1900-1920 The Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Hamilton-Madison House Records, 1898-1965 University of Minnesota Libraries. Social Welfare History Archives. [swha]
referencedIn Letters sent to Walter Hines Page from various correspondents, English period, 1876-1937. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Garrison family papers, 1801-1948 (inclusive), 1840-1907 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Records, 1908-1932 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Stokes, Rose Pastor, 1879-1933. Rose Pastor Stokes papers, 1900-1993 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Adler, Felix, 1851-1933. Felix Adler papers, 1830-1933. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Bondfield, Margaret, 1873-1953. Margaret Grace Bondfield papers, 1854-1951, 1898-1951 (bulk). Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Sidney Edward Mezes papers, 1918-1931, 1918-1919 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn New York Times Company records. Arthur Hays Sulzberger papers, 1823-1999 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Community Service Society Archives, 1842-1995. The Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Laidlaw, H. B. (Harriet Burton), b. 1874. Papers: Series I-IV, 1851-1958 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Evans, Elizabeth Glendower, 1856-1937. Papers, 1859-1944 (inclusive), 1882-1944 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1852-1960 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf American Union Against Militarism. Collected records, 1915-1922 [microform]. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Kent, William, 1864-1928. William Kent family papers, 1768-1961 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Simkhovitch, Mary K. (Mary Kingsbury), 1867-1951. Papers, 1852-1960 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf American Union Against Militarism. Collected records, 1915-1922. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Petitions and Memorials, Resolutions of State Legislatures, and Related Documents Which Were Referred to the Committee on the District of Columbia during the 62nd Congress United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Jewish women's archive. Women of valor : booklet and posters, 1998. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Lillian D. Wald Papers, 1889-1957 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Perkins, Frances, 1880-1965. Papers, ca.1895-1965. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Eliot, Martha M. (Martha May), b. 1891. Papers, 1870-1978 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Hall, Helen, 1892-1982. Helen Hall, Settlement records, [ca. 1840]-1961. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Nutting, M. Adelaide (Mary Adelaide), 1858-1948. Papers, 1868-1948. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Henry Street Settlement records, 1892-2005 University of Minnesota Libraries. Social Welfare History Archives. [swha]
referencedIn George Moses Price files and scrapbook, 1883-1952 [bulk 1912-1942]. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
referencedIn Anna Strunsky Walling papers, 1880-1968 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Rand School of Social Science, Dept. of Labor Research records, 1916-1923 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Brooks, John Graham, 1846-1938. Papers, 1845-1938 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Kelley, Florence, 1859-1932. Florence Kelley papers, 1836-1932 (bulk 1881-1932). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Stokes, Rose Pastor, 1879-1933. Rose Pastor Stokes papers, 1900-1993 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Wald, Lillian D., 1867-1940. Correspondence to Charles Van Wyck Brooks, 1933-1935. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Walling, Anna Strunsky, 1879-1964. Anna Strunsky Walling papers, 1880-1968 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Gardner, Mary Sewall, 1871-1961. Papers, 1902-1954 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Totenberg, Amy, 1950-. Women reformers from the settlement movement, 1889-1925. Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Office of the Messrs Rockefeller. General files. 1890-1961. Rockefeller Archive Center, Rockefeller University, Pocantico Hills
referencedIn Weinberger, Harry, 1888-. Harry Weinberger papers, 1915-1944 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Abbott, Edith, 1876-1957. Edith and Grace Abbott papers, 1870-1967 (inclusive). University of Chicago Library
referencedIn International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. President's Office. ILGWU. Benjamin Schlesinger papers, 1914-1923. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Papers, 1859 (1882-1944) Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Mary van Kleeck Papers MS 165., 1883-1972 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn American Association for Labor Legislation. Series 1, Subseries 1, part b. Correspondence (I-W), 1905-1910. [microform] Cornell University Library
creatorOf Wald, Lillian D., 1867-1940. Correspondence to Van Wyck Brooks, 1920-1937. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Papers, 1864-1982 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Hamilton-Madison House (New York, N.Y.). Hamilton-Madison House records, 1898-1965. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Papers, 1902-1954 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn William Kent family papers, 1768-1961 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Beyer, Clara M. (Clara Mortenson). Papers, 1911-1974 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Visiting Nurse Service of New York. Scrapbooks, [ca. 1920-1975], [ca. 1920-1949] (bulk). Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Winslow, C.-E. A. (Charles-Edward Amory), 1877-1957. Charles-Edward Amory Winslow papers, 1874-1977 (inclusive), 1915-1945 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Thacher, Thomas D. (Thomas Day), 1881-1950. Thomas Day Thacher Papers, 1917-1950. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Rand School of Social Science. Dept. of Labor Research. Rand School of Social Science, Dept. of Labor Research records, 1916-1923. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Papers, 1797(1897-1963) Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Florence Kelley papers, 1836-1932, 1881-1932 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Dorothy Whitney Straight Elmhirst papers, 1887-1978, 1887-1926 (bulk) Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Price, George Moses, 1864-1942. George Moses Price files and scrapbook, 1883-1952, bulk 1912-1942. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Bondfield, Margaret Grace, 1873-1953. Papers, 1854-1951, 1898-1951 (bulk). Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Felix Adler Papers, 1830-1933. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Henry Street Settlement (New York, N.Y.). Henry Street Settlement records, 1892-1982. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Kent, William, 1864-1928. William Kent family papers, 1768-1961 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. Papers: Series V, 1913-1945 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Coss, Clare. Lillian Wald: at home on Henry Street: a one character play: typescript, 1986. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Papers, 1914-1949 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Max James Kohler Papers, 1765-1963 (bulk 1888-1935) American Jewish Historical Society
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abbott, Edith, 1876-1957. person
associatedWith Abbott, Grace, 1878-1939. person
associatedWith Addams, Jane, 1860-1935. person
associatedWith Adler, Felix, 1851-1933. person
associatedWith Alger, George person
associatedWith Alger, George. person
associatedWith Alger, George William, 1872- person
associatedWith Alsberg, Henry G. (Henry Garfield), 1881-1970, person
associatedWith American Association for Labor Legislation. corporateBody
memberOf American Civil Liberties Union corporateBody
memberOf American Union Against Militarism corporateBody
associatedWith American Union Against Militarism. corporateBody
associatedWith Arthur, Helen. person
associatedWith Baker, Adelaide Nichols. person
associatedWith Baldwin, Roger N. (Roger Nash), 1884-1981. person
correspondedWith Barrows family. family
associatedWith Benjamin Schlesinger. person
associatedWith Beyer, Clara M. (Clara Mortenson) person
associatedWith Bondfield, Margaret. person
associatedWith Bondfield, Margaret Grace, 1873-1953. person
associatedWith Brewster, Mary. person
associatedWith Brooks, Charles Van Wyck, person
associatedWith Brooks, John Graham, 1846-1938. person
associatedWith Brooks, Van Wyck, 1886-1963. person
associatedWith Brubaker, Howard, 1882- person
associatedWith Bureau of Vocational Information corporateBody
associatedWith Bureau of Vocational Information (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
associatedWith Cohn, Fannia M. (Fannia Mary), 1885- person
founderOf Columbia University. School of Nursing corporateBody
associatedWith Community Service Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Coss, Clare. person
associatedWith Crowley, Alice person
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
associatedWith Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. person
correspondedWith Deutsch, Gotthard, 1859-1921 person
associatedWith Dock, Lavinia L., 1858-1956. person
associatedWith Dorothea May Moore, 1894- person
associatedWith Dreier, Mary E. (Mary Elisabeth), 1875-1963. person
associatedWith Dublin, Louis I. (Louis Israel), 1882-1969. person
associatedWith Duffus, R. L. (Robert Luther), 1888-1972. person
associatedWith Eastman, Max, 1883-1969. person
associatedWith Eliot, Martha M. (Martha May), b. 1891. person
associatedWith ELIZABETH GLENDOWER (GARDINER) EVANS, 1856-1937 person
associatedWith Elizabeth (Hewes) Tilton, 1869-1950 person
associatedWith Elmhirst, Dorothy Payne Whitney Straight. person
associatedWith Elmhirst, Dorothy Whitney Straight, 1887-1968. person
associatedWith Emerson, Haven, 1874-1957. person
correspondedWith Enelow, Hyman Gerson person
associatedWith Evans, Elizabeth Glendower, 1856-1937. person
associatedWith Folks, Homer, 1867-1963. person
associatedWith Frankel, Lee K. (Lee Kaufer), 1867-1931. person
associatedWith Galsworthy, John, 1867-1933. person
associatedWith Gardner, Mary Sewall, 1871-1961. person
correspondedWith Garrison family. family
correspondedWith Gleason, Arthur, 1878-1923. person
associatedWith Goldmark, Josephine, 1877-1950. person
associatedWith Gompers, Samuel, 1850-1924. person
associatedWith Hall, Helen. person
associatedWith Hall, Helen, 1892-1982. person
associatedWith Hamilton, Alice, 1869-1970. person
associatedWith Hamilton-Madison House person
associatedWith Hamilton-Madison House (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Harriet Wright (Burton) Laidlaw, 1873-1949 person
employeeOf Hebrew Technical School for Girls. corporateBody
founderOf Henry Street Settlement person
founderOf Henry Street Settlement (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Hillman, Sidney, 1887-1946. person
associatedWith Howells, William Dean, 1837-1920. person
correspondedWith Hudson, Manley Ottmer, 1886- person
associatedWith Hughes, Charles Evans, 1862-1948. person
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. President's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Jenkins, Helen Hartley person
associatedWith Jenkins, Helen Hartley. person
associatedWith Jewish women's archive. corporateBody
associatedWith John Graham Brooks, 1846-1938 person
associatedWith Keller, Helen, 1880-1968. person
associatedWith Kelley, Florence, 1859-1932. person
associatedWith Kelley, Nicholas, 1885-1965. person
associatedWith Kellogg, Paul Underwood, 1879-1958. person
associatedWith Kent, William, 1864-1928. person
associatedWith Kittredge, Mabel Hyde, 1867-1955. person
associatedWith Kohler, Max J. (Max James), 1871-1934 person
associatedWith Laflin, Mary Brewster person
associatedWith La Guardia, Fiorello H. (Fiorello Henry), 1882-1947. person
associatedWith Laidlaw, H. B. (Harriet Burton), b. 1874. person
associatedWith Lathrop, Julia Clifford, 1858-1932. person
associatedWith League of Red Cross Societies. corporateBody
associatedWith Lehman, Herbert H. (Herbert Henry), 1878-1963. person
associatedWith Lenroot, Katharine F. (Katharine Fredrica), 1891-1982. person
associatedWith Lewisohn, Alice. person
associatedWith Lewisohn, Irene person
associatedWith Lewisohn, Irene. person
associatedWith MARTHA MAY ELIOT, 1891-1978 person
associatedWith MARY ELISABETH DREIER, 1875-1963 person
associatedWith Mary Melinda (Kingsbury) Simkhovitch, 1867-1951 person
associatedWith Mary Sewall Gardner person
associatedWith MARY (WARE) DENNETT person
associatedWith Matthews, William Henry, 1873-1946. person
associatedWith McDonald, James Ramsay, 1866-1937. person
associatedWith Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Mezes, Sidney Edward, 1863-1931. person
associatedWith Moore, Dorothea May, 1894- person
associatedWith Morgan, Angela, 1874-1957 person
associatedWith Morgenthau, Henry, 1856-1946. person
founderOf National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. corporateBody
associatedWith National Child Labor Committee (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National League for Nursing. corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf New York Hospital. School of Nursing corporateBody
employeeOf New York Juvenile Asylum corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Commission of Immigration. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Times Company corporateBody
associatedWith Nutting, M. Adelaide (Mary Adelaide), 1858-1948. person
associatedWith Office of the Messrs Rockefeller. corporateBody
associatedWith Page, Walter Hines, 1855-1918 person
associatedWith Perkins, Frances, 1882-1965. person
associatedWith Price, George Moses, 1864-1942. person
associatedWith Rand School of Social Science. Dept. of Labor Research. corporateBody
associatedWith Riis, Jacob A. (Jacob August), 1849-1914. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919. person
associatedWith Sanger, Margaret, 1879-1966. person
associatedWith Schiff, Jacob H. (Jacob Henry), 1847-1920. person
associatedWith Simkhovitch, Mary K. (Mary Kingsbury), 1867-1951. person
associatedWith Smith, Alfred Emanuel, 1873-1944. person
associatedWith Stewart, Isabel Maitland. person
associatedWith Stokes, James Graham Phelps, 1872-1960. person
associatedWith Stokes, Rose Pastor, 1879-1933. person
associatedWith Tarbell, Ida M. (Ida Minerva), 1857-1944. person
associatedWith Thacher, Thomas D. (Thomas Day), 1881-1950. person
associatedWith Thomas, Norman, 1884-1968. person
associatedWith Thompson, Dorothy, 1893-1961. person
associatedWith Tilton, Elizabeth, 1869-1950. person
associatedWith Totenberg, Amy, 1950- person
associatedWith United States. Children's Bureau. corporateBody
correspondedWith van Kleeck, Mary person
associatedWith Vernon, Mabel. person
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
associatedWith Visiting Nurse Service of New York. corporateBody
associatedWith Vladeck, B. (Baruch), 1886-1938. person
associatedWith Walling, Anna Strunsky, 1879-1964. person
associatedWith Warburg, Felix M. (Felix Moritz), 1871-1937. person
associatedWith Weinberger, Harry, 1888- person
associatedWith White House Conference on Child Health and Protection. corporateBody
associatedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. person
associatedWith Winslow, C.-E. A. (Charles-Edward Amory), 1877-1957. person
memberOf Woman's Peace Party corporateBody
founderOf Women's International League for Peace and Freedom corporateBody
founderOf Women's Trade Union League corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Cincinnati OH US
Westport CT US
New York City NY US
Subject
Prohibition
Housing
World War, 1914-1918--Peace
Unemployment
Social service--New York (State)--New York
Public health
Social settlements
Children--Employment
Civil rights
Social service
Emigration and immigration--Social aspects
Public health nursing
Child labor
Recreation
World War, 1914-1918
Charities--New York (State)--New York
Peace
Sanitation
Child welfare
Women--Suffrage
Nursing
Charities
Emigration and immigration
Social settlements--New York (State)--New York
Occupation
Social workers
Public health nurses
Women social workers
Function

Person

Birth 1867-03-10

Death 1940-09-01

Americans

English

Information

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