Thacher, Thomas D. (Thomas Day), 1881-1950

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From the description of Reminiscences of Thomas Day Thacher : oral history, 1949. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309735215

Lawyer, judge, and in 1930-33 Solicitor General of the United States.

From the description of Thomas Day Thacher Papers, 1917-1950. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 320409409

Thomas Day Thacher (1881-1950): assistant U.S. attorney for the Southern District of N.Y., 1907-1908; judge of the U.S. District Court, 1925-1930; solicitor general of the U.S., 1930-1933; active in New York City politics; chairman, New York City Charter Revision Commission, 1935; private law practice, 1933-1943; corporation counsel of the City of N.Y., 1943; judge in N.Y. State Court of Appeals, 1943-1948.

From the description of Thomas Day Thacher papers, 1779-1984 (inclusive), 1914-1950 (bulk). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702206440

Thomas Day Thacher (1881-1950): assistant U.S. attorney for the Southern District of NY, 1907-1908; judge of the U.S. District Court, 1925-1930; solicitor general of the U.S., 1930-1933; active in New York City politics; chairman, New York City Charter Revision Commission, 1935; private law practice, 1933-1943; corporation counsel of the City of N.Y., 1943; judge in NY State Court of Appeals, 1943-1948.

Thomas Day Thacher, son of Thomas and Sarah McCullogh (Green) Thacher, was born in Tenafly, New Jersey, September 10, 1881. Thacher's father, a prominent member of the New York bar, was the son of Thomas Anthony Thacher, a Yale University Professor of Latin. After attending Taft School, Watertown, Connecticut, and Phillips Academy, Andover, Thacher graduated from Yale in 1904. Upon the completion of two years of study at Yale Law School, he was admitted to the New York bar in 1906 and began practicing law with his father's firm, Simpson, Thacher, and Bartlett.

During 1907 and 1908 Thacher served under Henry L. Stimson as Assistant U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York. From 1909 to 1910 he continued to work for Stimson as a special assistant in the prosecution of customs and fraud cases. Returning to Simpson, Thacher, and Bartlett, Thacher became a partner of the firm in 1914. During World War I (1917-1918), he served as an American Red Cross major in Russia.

By 1925 Thacher's legal expertise had become widely recognized, and in that year President Coolidge appointed him U.S. District Judge for the Southern District of New York. After five years of service on the federal bench, Judge Thacher was appointed Solicitor General by President Hoover in April 1930. While in office Thacher argued a number of important cases before the Supreme Court. These included U.S. v. McIntosh (238 U.S. 605) and U.S. v. Bland (238 U.S. 636), which clarified the obligations of naturalized citizens to bear arms; Cromwell v. Benson (285 U.S. 22), involving the constitutionality of the longshoremen's and harbor worker's compensation act; and U.S. v. Flores (289 U.S. 137), involving entrapment as a defense to a criminal prosecution under a federal statute.

Among Thacher's other important activities as Solicitor General was an investigation of bankruptcy law and practice which resulted in recommendations for amending federal bankruptcy laws and provisions for railroad and corporate reorganization. Congress subsequently enacted these recommendations. Thacher also drafted rules for the Supreme Court which were aimed at expediting proceedings in criminal cases. These rules were adopted with amendments.

After resigning as Solicitor General in May 1933, Thacher returned to Simpson, Thacher, and Bartlett in New York, where he became a leader of the Fusion movement which was instrumental in Fiorello La Guardia's mayoral victory of 1933. In 1935 Mayor La Guardia appointed Thacher chairman of the New York City Charter Revision Commission. Under Thacher's chairmanship the commission drafted a new charter which was adopted in November 1936. In January 1943, La Guardia appointed Thacher as the Corporation Counsel of New York City, and in May of the same year, Governor Thomas E. Dewey appointed him to the New York State Court of Appeals. Elected to a full term on the Court of Appeals in November of 1943, Thacher served on the bench until 1949 when he resumed his association with Simpson, Thacher, and Bartlett.

Among his other activities, Thacher was a Fellow of the Yale Corporation (1931-1949), a trustee of the Taft School and New York Public Library, a member of the Council of the American Law Institute, and a director of the Boyce Thompson Institute and the Commonwealth Fund.

Judge Thacher died on November 12, 1950, in New York City.

From the guide to the Thomas Day Thacher papers, 1779-1984, 1914-1950, (Manuscripts and Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Stimson, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1867-1950. Henry Lewis Stimson papers, 1846-1966. Yale University Library
referencedIn Hand, Learned, 1872-1961. Papers, 1840-1961 Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Mary Hyde Eccles papers Houghton Library
referencedIn Stokes, Harold Phelps, 1887-1970. Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Kaufman, Andrew L. Andrew L. Kaufman Research Notes and Materials for the Biography of Benjamin Cardozo. 1898-1998. Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Stokes, Harold Phelps, 1887-1970. Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Gumberg, Alexander, 1887-1939. Papers, 1904-1939. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Dean Gooderham Acheson papers, 1898-1989 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Garrison, Lloyd K. (Lloyd Kirkham), b. 1897. Papers, 1893-1990. Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Thomas Day Thacher papers, 1779-1984, 1914-1950 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Lloyd K. (Lloyd Kirkham) Garrison papers, 1893-1990 Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
Lloyd K. (Lloyd Kirkham) Garrison papers, 1893-1990 Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
creatorOf Thacher, Thomas D. (Thomas Day), 1881-1950. Thomas Day Thacher papers, 1779-1984 (inclusive), 1914-1950 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Thacher, Thomas D. (Thomas Day), 1881-1950. Reminiscences of Thomas Day Thacher : oral history, 1949. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Thacher, Thomas D. (Thomas Day), 1881-1950. Thomas Day Thacher Papers, 1917-1950. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Acheson, Dean, 1893-1971. person
associatedWith Albertson, Dean, 1920-, person
associatedWith American Law Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith American Law Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith American Red Cross. corporateBody
associatedWith Angell, James Rowland, 1869-1949. person
associatedWith Association of the Bar of the City of New York. corporateBody
associatedWith Barnes, Clarence Alfred, 1882-1970. person
associatedWith Bogue, Morton Griswold, 1880-1955. person
associatedWith Brandeis, Louis Dembitz, 1856-1941. person
associatedWith Bright, Frank S. person
associatedWith Bright, Frank S. person
associatedWith Burlingham, Charles Culp, 1859- person
associatedWith Chadbourne, William Merriam, 1879-1964. person
associatedWith Clark, Charles Edward, 1889- person
associatedWith Coffin, Henry Sloan, 1877-1954. person
associatedWith Commonwealth Fund. corporateBody
associatedWith Dewey, Thomas E. (Thomas Edmund), 1902-1971. person
associatedWith Eccles, Mary Hyde. person
associatedWith Frankfurter, Felix, 1882-1965. person
associatedWith Garrison, Lloyd Kirkham, 1897- person
associatedWith Griswold, Alfred Whitney, 1906-1963. person
associatedWith Gumberg, Alexander, 1887-1939. person
associatedWith Hand, Augustus Noble, 1869-1954. person
associatedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961. person
associatedWith Kaufman, Andrew L. person
associatedWith Knox, John C. (John Clark), 1881-1966. person
associatedWith La Guardia, Fiorello H. (Fiorello Henry), 1882-1947. person
associatedWith Moses, Robert, 1888-1981. person
associatedWith Nevins, Allan, 1890-1971, person
associatedWith Newton, Walter Hughes, 1880- person
associatedWith New York Academy of Medicine. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Public Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Robins, Elizabeth, 1862-1952. person
associatedWith Robins, Raymond, 1873-1955. person
associatedWith Rogers, J. D. person
associatedWith Seymour, Charles, 1885-1963. person
associatedWith Sheffield, James Rockwell, 1864-1938. person
associatedWith Stimson, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1867-1950. person
associatedWith Stokes, Harold Phelps, 1887-1970. person
associatedWith Sturges, Wesley Alba, 1893- person
associatedWith Taft School. corporateBody
associatedWith Taft School (Watertown, Conn.) corporateBody
associatedWith Thompson, W.B. person
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Justice. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Solicitor General. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Supreme Court. corporateBody
associatedWith Vandenberg, Arthur Hendrick, 1884-1951 person
associatedWith Vandenburg, Arthur Hendrick, 1884-1951. person
associatedWith Wald, Lillian D., 1867-1940. person
associatedWith Wiggin, Frederick Holme, 1882-1963. person
associatedWith Winter, Keyes. person
associatedWith Winter, Keyes. person
associatedWith Yale College (1887- ). Class of 1904. corporateBody
associatedWith Yale Law School. corporateBody
associatedWith Yale University. Class of 1904. corporateBody
associatedWith Yale University. Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Yale University. Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Young Republicans Club (New York) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Massachusetts
United States
New York (State)
United States
New York (State)
Colorado
New York (State)
Massachusetts
New York (N.Y.)
Colorado
Minnesota
Soviet Union
California
Soviet Union
Minnesota
United States
New York (N.Y.)
California
Subject
Practice of law
Railroads--Management
Municipal government--New York (N.Y.)
Law
Municipal government
World War, 1914-1918
World War, 1939-1945--Civilian relief
Bankruptcy
American
Judges--Interviews
Occupation
Politicians
Lawyers
Activity

Person

Birth 1881

Death 1950

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