National Child Labor Committee (U.S.)

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Founded in 1904 under the leadership of Edgar G. Murphy, Felix Adler, Samuel McCune Lindsay, Owen Lovejoy, and A.J. McKelway. Its aims were legislation, investigation, and publicity to promote the interests of children.

From the description of Records, 1914-1943. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122421727

The National Child Labor Committee was formed after a conference held in New York between Edgar Gardner Murphy's Alabama Child Labor Committee and the New York Child Labor Committee in 1904. The non-profit organization was a leading proponent for the national child labor reform movement and sought ways to remedy the situation that saw 1 in 6 children working in factories at the turn of the 20th century. The NCLC hired New York City based sociology professor Lewis Hine in 1908 to photograph the working and living conditions of young children. Hine's photographs provided the American public with a sobering view of working conditions in factories and mills and living conditions of children. Many of Hine's photographs were published nationally, which attracted attention and initiated reform movements and national legislation.

From the guide to the National Child Labor Committee Photographs, 1908-1923, (Baker Library, Harvard Business School)

Organizational History

  • 1904: National Child Labor Committee organized at a mass meeting at Carnegie Hall, New York, N.Y.
  • 1907: Organization chartered by act of Congress
  • 1908: Hired photographer Lewis Wickes Hine to document child labor conditions
  • 1912: Establishment of a Children's Bureau in U.S. Department of Commerce and the U.S. Department of Labor
  • 1910 - 1920 : Published and disseminated the photographs of Lewis Hine in support of state and federal legislation to ban most forms of child labor and promote compulsory education in all states
  • 1938: Passage by Congress of the Fair Labor Standards Act
  • 1964: Passage by Congress of the Manpower Development and Training Act, the Economic Opportunity Act, and the Vocational Education Act
  • 1975: Published “Rite of Passage: Youth's Transition from School to Work,” relating to youth work issues, and “Promises to Keep,” on the education of migrant children and outreach to their parents and families
  • 1979: Contributed to the founding of the National Youth Employment Coalition
  • 1985: Initiated the Lewis Hine Awards for Service to Children and Youth
  • 1991: Created the KAPOW program partnering elementary schools with businesses to teach young children about work

From the guide to the National Child Labor Committee (U.S.) Records, 1904-1953, (bulk 1904-1934), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf National Child Labor Committee (U.S.) Records, 1904-1953, (bulk 1904-1934) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Kenneth Bancroft Clark Papers, 1897-2003, (bulk 1935-1990) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf National Child Labor Committee (U.S.). Records of the National Child Labor Committee, U.S., 1904-1953. Library of Congress
referencedIn Constance D'Arcy MacKay papers, 1915-1939 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn Lindsay, Samuel McCune, 1869-1960. Samuel McCune Lindsay papers, 1877-1957. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Gertrude Zimand papers, 1915-1966 University of Minnesota Libraries. Social Welfare History Archives. [swha]
referencedIn Zimand, Gertrude Folks, 1894-1966. Gertrude Zimand papers, 1915-1966. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Papers, 1840-1961. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn MacKay, Constance D'Arcy. Constance D'Arcy MacKay papers, 1915-1939. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Papers, 1916-1972 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Mitchell, Harold W. Papers, 1917-1921. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Consumers' League of Massachusetts. Records, 1891-1955 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Pierre S. (Pierre Samuel), 1870-1954. Papers, 1880-1954. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf National Child Labor Committee (U.S.). Rare pamphlet project (Rare pamphlets, AUF pamphlets and AALL pamphlets selected for filming). Cornell University Library
referencedIn Records, 1890-1950. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1876-1960 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn McKelway, Alexander Jeffrey, 1866-1918. Papers of Alexander Jeffrey McKelway, 1860-1932. Library of Congress
referencedIn Association records, [microform]., 1894-1923. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Abelson, Paul, 1878-1953. Paul Abelson. Series 2. Subject files, 1903-1953. Cornell University Library
creatorOf National Child Labor Committee (U.S.). Letter, 1913, October 11, New York City [to] Mr. [Edwin] Markham, Staten Island, New York / Owen R. Lovejoy. Wagner College, Horrmann Library
referencedIn Herman, Henry B., 1914-1971. Papers, 1946-1971. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945. [Letter] 1934 January 27, Washington [to] Courtenay Dinwiddie, New York, N.Y. / Franklin D. Roosevelt. Presbyterian Historical Society, PHS
referencedIn Mitchell, John, 1870-1919. Papers, 1885-1919. [microfilm]. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Bowyer, Helen. [Child care and hygiene collection]. Stanford University Lane Medical Library
creatorOf National Child Labor Committee (U.S.). Colorado Tale . . . pamphlet 1951. Boulder Public Library
creatorOf National Child Labor Committee (U.S.). National Child Labor Committee, Publications, 1906-1956. Cornell University Library
referencedIn American Association for Labor Legislation. Series 1, Subseries 1, part b. Correspondence (I-W), 1905-1910. [microform] Cornell University Library
referencedIn Blaine, Anita McCormick. Correspondence and papers, 1828-1958. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Boston Women's Trade Union League. Records, 1923-1933 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf National Child Labor Committee Photographs, 1908-1923 Baker Library, Harvard Business School
referencedIn Clark, Kenneth Bancroft, 1914-2005. Papers, 1897-1994 (bulk 1935-1990). Library of Congress
referencedIn American Association for Labor Legislation. Series 1, Subseries 1, part a. Correspondence (A-H), 1905-1910. [microform] Cornell University Library
referencedIn Clark, Kenneth Bancroft, 1914-2005. Kenneth Bancroft Clark papers, 1897-1994 (bulk 1935-1990). Library of Congress
creatorOf National Child Labor Committee (U.S.). Letter, 1913, October 2, New York City [to] Mr. [Edwin] Markham, Staten Island, New York / Owen R. Lovejoy. Wagner College, Horrmann Library
referencedIn Minnesota Child Labor Committee. Child Labor Committee records, 1908-1923. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Zimand, Gertrude Folks, 1894-1966. Papers, 1917-[ca. 1966] Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Rabinovitz, Samuel. Papers, 1966-1979. Wayne State University
referencedIn Alexander Jeffrey McKelway Papers, 1814-1942, (bulk 1900-1918) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf National Child Labor Committee (U.S.). Records, 1914-1943. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Minnesota Woman Suffrage Association. Minnesota Woman Suffrage Association records, 1894-1923 [microform]. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Zimand, Gertrude Folks, 1894-1966. Gertrude Folks Zimand and Savel Zimand papers, 1911-1958. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn National Child Labor Committee Publications, 1907-1967. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
referencedIn Kohn, Esther Loeb. Esther Loeb Kohn papers, 1896-1965. University of Illinois at Chicago Library, UIC
referencedIn American Association for Labor Legislation. Series 1, Subseries 2, part c. Correspondence (N-W), 1910-1915. [microform] Cornell University Library
creatorOf National Child Labor Committee (U.S.). Correspondence with Theodore Dreiser, 1931. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Photograph collection. Cornell University Library
creatorOf National Child Labor Committee (U.S.). [Minor publications]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Harry Burns Hutchins Papers, 1879-1930 Bentley Historical Library University if Michigan
referencedIn Berglund, Abraham, 1875-1942. Abraham Berglund papers 1917-1931. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Records, 1891-1955 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abelson, Paul, 1878-1953. person
associatedWith Adler, Felix, 1851-1933. person
associatedWith American Association for Labor Legislation. corporateBody
associatedWith Berglund, Abraham, 1875-1942. person
associatedWith Blaine, Anita McCormick. person
associatedWith Boston Women's Trade Union League. corporateBody
correspondedWith Burlingham, Charles Culp, 1858-1959 person
associatedWith Clark, Kenneth Bancroft, 1914-2005. person
associatedWith Consumers' League of Massachusetts. corporateBody
associatedWith Dinwiddie, Courtenay. person
associatedWith Du Pont, Pierre S. (Pierre Samuel), 1870-1954. person
associatedWith Glueck, Sheldon, 1896- person
associatedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
associatedWith Herman, Henry B., 1914-1971. person
associatedWith Hutchins, Harry B. (Harry Burns), 1847-1930 person
associatedWith Kohn, Esther Loeb. person
associatedWith Lindsay, Samuel McCune, 1869-1960. person
associatedWith Lovejoy, Owen. person
associatedWith Lovejoy, Owen, 1866-1961. person
associatedWith MacKay, Constance D'Arcy. person
associatedWith Markham, Edwin, 1852-1940, person
associatedWith Markoff, Sol. person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
associatedWith McKelway, A. J. person
associatedWith McKelway, Alexander Jeffrey, 1866-1918. person
associatedWith Minnesota Child Labor Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Minnesota Woman Suffrage Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Mitchell, Harold W. person
associatedWith Mitchell, John, 1870-1919. person
associatedWith Murphy, Edgar Gardner, 1869-1913. person
associatedWith National Committee on Federal Aid to Education. corporateBody
associatedWith National Committee on Federal Aid to Education. National Committee on Federal Aid to Education records. corporateBody
associatedWith Rabinovitz, Samuel. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. 1882-1945. person
associatedWith South End House (Boston, Mass.). corporateBody
associatedWith Zimand, Gertrude Folks, 1894-1966. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (State)
Colorado
United States
United States
Subject
Child labor--Southern States
Education--United States--Finance
Child labor--Law and legislation
Migrant agricultural laborers--1951
Child labor
Federal aid to education--United States
Migrant labor--1951
Child labor--United States
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1914

Active 1943

Americans

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 19275099