Babbage, Charles, 1791-1871

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Mathematician. Trinity College, Cambridge (England), from 1811; graduated Peterhouse, 1914; M.A. 1817. Lucasian professor of mathematics, Cambridge University, 1828-1839. Fellow Royal Society, 1816. Worked with and tried to perfect calculating machines; devised basic principles of modern computers.

From the description of Correspondence, 1830-1849. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155005505

Mathematician. Trinity College, Cambridge (England), from 1811; graduated Peterhouse, 1814; M.A. 1817. Lucasian professor of mathematics, Cambridge University, 1828-1839. Fellow Royal Society, 1816. Worked with and tried to perfect calculating machines; devised basic principles of modern computers.

From the description of Papers. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79909459

Charles Babbage, mathematician and computer pioneer. He ignited a love for mathematics in a young Ada Byron in 1833 with a presentation to her of his first analytical engine, and her Sketch of the analytical engine invented by Charles Babbage was published in Taylor's Scientific Memoirs in 1843. According to Lady Byron's diaries, Ada was touched by the "universality of his ideas."

From the description of Charles Babbage manuscript material : 1 item, 1840 (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 76699325

Ada King, countess of Lovelace, née Augusta Ada Byron, English mathematician and computer pioneer. She was the only legitimate child of George Gordon Byron, Lord Byron, the poet.

From the guide to the Ada King, Countess of Lovelace manuscript material : 16 items, 1840-1851, (The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.)

Charles Babbage, mathematician and computer pioneer. He ignited a love for mathematics in a young Ada Byron in 1833 with a presentation to her of his first analytical engine, and her Sketch of the analytical engine invented by Charles Babbage was published in Taylor's Scientific Memoirs in 1843. According to Lady Byron's diaries, Ada was touched by the "universality of his ideas.".

From the guide to the Charles Babbage manuscript material : 1 item, 1840, (The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.)

English mathematician and inventor.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [London], to Mrs. Crosse, 1864 May 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270133426

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [London], to an unidentified recipient, 1849 Mar. 7. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270133427

Mathematician and philosopher; Fellow of the Royal Society. Babbage pioneered the idea of mechanizing numerical calculations on a large scale, and designed calculating 'engines' which were the forerunners of the computer.

From the description of Papers, ca. 1820-1864. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81949125

Charles Babbage was a British mathematician and inventor. He helped found the Analytical Society, The Royal Astronomical Society, and the Statistical Society, and was a member of the Royal Academy. He invented several mechanical calculating machines, and designed an analytical engine that anticipated the digital computer. He also helped establish the modern English postal system, compiled the first reliable actuarial tables, and invented the locomotive cowcatcher.

From the description of Charles Babbage letter to Mary Shepherd, 1826 July 14. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 58726274

Charles Babbage was a mathematician and inventor.

From the description of Selected correspondence, 1827-1871. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 17270536

From the guide to the Charles Babbage selected correspondence, 1827-1871, 1827-1871, (American Philosophical Society)

Charles Babbage (1792-1871), mathematician and scientist, studied at Trinity College and Peterhouse, Cambridge 1811-1814, and was Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge, 1828-1839. He was the inventor of a mechanical computer.

From the guide to the Charles Babbage: Mathematical and Scientific Notebooks and Papers, 1806-1878, (Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives)

Mathematician. Trinity College, Cambridge (England), from 1811; graduated Peterhouse, 1914; M. A. 1817. Lucasian professor of mathematics, Cambridge University, 1828-1839. Fellow Royal Society, 1816. Worked with and tried to perfect calculating machines; devised basic principles of modern computers.

From the description of Papers, 1808-ca. 1866. (American Institute of Physics). WorldCat record id: 78080354

Alexander Dallas Bache (1806-1867) was an important scientific reformer during the early nineteenth century. From his position as superintendent of the United States Coast Survey, and through leadership roles in the scientific institutions of the time, Bache helped bring American science into alignment with the professional nature of its European counterpart. In addition, Bache fostered the reform of public education in America.

On July 19, 1806 Alexander Dallas Bache was born into one of Philadelphia's elite families. The son of Richard Bache and Sophia Dallas, he was Benjamin Franklin's great-grandson, nephew to George Dallas (vice president under James K. Polk), and grandson to Alexander James Dallas (secretary of the treasury under James Madison). In 1821, Bache was admitted to the United States Military Academy at the age of 15, graduating first in his class four years later. He remained at the Academy for an additional two years to teach mathematics and natural history. While serving as a lieutenant in the Army Corps of Engineers, working on the construction of Fort Adams in Newport, R.I., he met Nancy Clarke Fowler whom he would later marry.

Bache left the Army in 1828 to begin an academic career, accepting an appointment as professor of natural philosophy and chemistry at the University of Pennsylvania. Although his scientific interests were broad, he had a particular interest in geophyscial research. While in Philadelphia, he constructed a magnetic observatory, and made extensive research into terrestrial magnetism, and during the 1830s he began to be recognized as a leading figure in the city's scientific community. Bache was an active member of the American Philosphical Society and the Franklin Institute, seeking to raise the professional standards of both institutions and urging them to place a stronger emphasis on original research. While at the Franklin Institute from 1830-1835, Bache led a Federally-funded investigation into steam-boiler explosions, the government's first use of technical experts to examine a matter involving public policy.

In 1836 Bache became interested in educational reform when he was asked to help organize the curriculum at Girard College, of which he later served as president. Bache spent two years in Europe visiting over 250 educational institutions. The result of his visit was a 600 page study, Report on Education in Europe, to the Trustees of the Girard College for Orphans published in 1839. Although Bache was unable to apply the report at Girard College because of its delayed opening, it proved useful in overhauling the curriculum of Philadelphia's Central High School, where he was superintendent from 1839-1842, and was widely influential among American educational reformers, helping to introduce the Prussian educational model to the United States.

After meeting many of the leading savants during a European tour, including Alexander von Humboldt, Francois Arago, and Karl Friedrich Gauss, Bache became convinced of the need to professionalize American science. His opportunity to make an impact came in 1843 with the death of Ferdinand Hassler, superindendent of the U.S. Coast Survey. In the years before the Civil War, the Coast Survey supported more scientists then any other institution in the country, and Bache and his colleagues saw the Survey as a means of gaining federal patronage for science. After a campaign by his friends and colleagues, Bache was named as Hassler's replacement. Over the next two decades Bache transformed the Coast Survey into one of the nation's leading scientific institutions, becoming an important patron of science himself in the process . Bache was not just an administrator, but remained personally involved in field work.

Bache also led the reform of American science through his leadership of an elite group known as the "Lazzaroni" or scientific beggars. The goal of the Lazzaroni was to ensure that the nation's leading scientists kept control of the nation's scientific institutions, and they were instrumental in reforming the American Association for the Advancement of Science (of which Bache was president of in 1850). In his remarkably busy schedule, Bache was a member of the Lighthouse Board (1844-1845), superintendent of the Office of Weights and Measures (1844), and a prominent regent for the Smithsonian Institution, where he convinced fellow Lazzaroni Joseph Henry to become its first secretary. Bache also played a leading role in the creation of the National Academy of Sciences, serving as its first president. When the Americn Civil War broke out, Bache focused the Coast Survey to support the war effort, was vice president of the Sanitary Commision, a consultant to the army and navy on battle plans, a superintended for Philadelphia's defence plans, and a member of the Permanent Commission of the navy in charge of evaluating new weapons. Bache died in Newport, R.I. on February 17, 1867.

From the guide to the A. D. Bache Collection, 1833-1873, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
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referencedIn Sir John F. W.(John Frederick William) Herschel correspondence, [n.d.], n.d. American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Babbage, Charles, 1791-1871. Correspondence, 1830-1849. American Institute of Physics
referencedIn Sir Charles Lyell papers, 1806-1874, 1806-1874 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Sir James Paget correspondence, 1784-1932, 1784-1932 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Ada King, Countess of Lovelace manuscript material : 16 items, 1840-1851 The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.
referencedIn Adolphe Quetelet correspondence, 1822-1872, 1822-1872 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn General information about the Babbage calculator. Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Scientists Collection, 1563-1973 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Babbage, Charles, 1792-1871. Portion of an autograph letter signed : Dorset, to an unidentified recipient, 1847 Nov. 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Alexander, Stephen, 1806-1883. Stephen Alexander collection, 1827-1882. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Parker, Theodore, 1810-1860. Theodore Parker papers, 1837-1930s and undated (bulk 1837-1860). Lexington Historical Society
referencedIn Album materials, 1777-1925 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Paget, James, Sir, 1814-1899. Correspondence, 1784-1932. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Babbage, Charles, 1791-1871. Charles Babbage manuscript material : 1 item, 1840 New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Herschel, John F. W. (John Frederick William), Sir, 1792-1871. Correspondence with Charles Babbage, 1819-1870. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Papers, 1835-1864. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Quetelet, Adolphe, 1796-1874. Correspondence, 1822-1872. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
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creatorOf Kenyon, John, 1784-1856. John Kenyon Autograph Album 1806-1903. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Babbage, Charles, 1791-1871. Selected correspondence, 1827-1871. American Philosophical Society Library
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creatorOf Babbage, Charles, 1791-1871. Papers. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn James Marshall Osborn collection of Lady Sydney Morgan, 1805-1833 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Babbage, Charles, 1791-1871. Autograph letter signed : [London], to an unidentified recipient, 1849 Mar. 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Richard Mackenzie Bacon: Correspondence and Papers, 1752-1874 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn Autograph File, B, ca.1500-1976. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Hopper, Grace Murray. Oral history interview with Grace Murray Hopper, ca. 1976. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Charles Babbage: Mathematical and Scientific Notebooks and Papers, 1806-1878 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn Somerville, Mary, 1780-1872. Papers, [ca. 1781-ca. 1877]. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Monographs and serials, in-process University of Minnesota Libraries. Charles Babbage Institute. [cbi]
creatorOf Lovelace, Ada King, Countess of, 1815-1852. Ada King, Countess of Lovelace manuscript material : 16 items, 1840-1851 New York Public Library System, NYPL
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referencedIn Alexander, Stephen, 1806-1883. Stephen Alexander letter, 1837, Jun. 9, Princeton, to "My dear Sir." Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
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referencedIn Papers of Dorothy Greaves (Museum Warden at the Rochdale Pioneers Museum), 1838-2008 National Co-operative Archive
referencedIn Humboldt, Alexander von, 1769-1859. Miscellaneous correspondence, 1789-1859. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Sir James Paget correspondence, 1784-1932, 1784-1932 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Murchison, Roderick Impey, Sir, 1792-1871. Correspondence, 1829-1871. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Charles Babbage Institute. Charles Babbage collection, 1815-1981 (bulk 1815-1863). University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
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creatorOf Babbage, Charles, 1791-1871. Papers, 1808-ca. 1866. American Institute of Physics
referencedIn Daniell, J. Frederic (John Frederic), 1790-1845. Papers, 1821-1890. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Papers, 1693-1917 (inclusive), 1762-1917 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Babbage, Charles, 1791-1871,. Autograph letter signed from Charles Babbage to James Spedding [manuscript], 1856 December 5. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Alexander, Stephen, 1806-1883. Stephen Alexander Papers 1827-1882 Princeton University Library
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referencedIn Alexander von Humboldt miscellaneous correspondence, 1789-1859, 1789-1859 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Quetelet, Adolphe, 1796-1874. Correspondence, 1822-1872. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Mary Somerville papers, [ca. 1781-ca. 1877], Circa 1781-1877 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Charles Babbage selected correspondence, 1827-1871, 1827-1871 American Philosophical Society
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creatorOf Lovelace, Augusta Ada (Byron) King-Noel, Countess of, 1815-1852. Autograph letter signed with initials : Ashley-Combe, Somerset, to [Charles] Babbage, [no year], Nov. 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Osborn, James Marshall,. James Marshall Osborn collection of Lady Sydney Morgan, 1805-1833. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
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referencedIn Rawlins, Ray E. D., 1917-1979,. Collection of autographs of scientists, 1772-1973. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Sir Roderick Impey Murchison correspondence, 1829-1871, 1829-1871 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Babbage, Charles, 1791-1871. Papers, ca. 1820-1864. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf A. D. Bache Collection, 1833-1873 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Kane, Gerald John, 1901-1957. Collection of Gerald John Kane - Literary, 1571-1951. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
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referencedIn Lyell, Charles, Sir, 1797-1875. Papers, 1806-1874. American Philosophical Society Library
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creatorOf Irvine, Alexander, 1863-1941. Autograph Collection of Alexander Irvine. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn An Annotated Calendar of the Letters of Charles Darwin in the Library of the American Philosophical Society, 1799-1882 American Philosophical Society
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referencedIn Collection of autographs of scientists, 1772-1973, 1772-1973 American Philosophical Society
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referencedIn Albert Stephens Borgman autograph collection, 1600-1950. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Charles Babbage letters, 1842-1853 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
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referencedIn Sir George Gabriel Stokes: Miscellaneous Papers, c.1830s-1902 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
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Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Alexander, John H., 1812-1867. person
correspondedWith Alexander, Stephen, 1806-1883. person
associatedWith Babbage, Charles person
associatedWith Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. person
associatedWith Bache, Albert Dabadie, 1832-1895 person
associatedWith Barnes, H. B. (Henry Broughton) person
associatedWith Berg, Herman. person
associatedWith Biddle, Clement C. (Clement Cornell), 1784-1855. person
associatedWith Bond, W. C. (William Cranch), 1789-1859 person
associatedWith Borgman, Albert Stephens, 1890-1954 person
associatedWith Bowditch, Henry I. (Henry Ingersoll), 1808-1892. person
associatedWith Bowditch, Nathaniel, 1773-1838. person
associatedWith Brewster, David, Sir, 1781-1868 person
associatedWith Brewster, Sir David person
associatedWith Bush, Vannevar, 1890-1974. person
associatedWith Buxton, H. W. (Harry Wilmot) person
associatedWith Byron, Anne Isabella Milbanke Byron, Baroness, 1792-1860. person
associatedWith Byron, George Gordon Byron, Baron, 1788-1824 person
associatedWith Cambridge University corporateBody
associatedWith Chambers, Robert, 1802-1871 person
associatedWith Channing, William Ellery, 1780-1842. person
associatedWith Charles Babbage Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Cheney, T. Apoleon (Theseus Apoleon), 1830-1878 person
associatedWith Clifford William Kingdon 1845-1879 person
associatedWith Combe, George, 1788-1858 person
associatedWith Cooper, Peter, 1791-1883 person
associatedWith Crosse, Mrs., fl. 1864, person
associatedWith Daniell, J. Frederic (John Frederic), 1790-1845. person
associatedWith Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882 person
associatedWith Dibner, Bern, person
associatedWith Dickins, Asbury, 1780-1861 person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865. person
associatedWith Featherstonhaugh, George William, 1780-1866. person
associatedWith Fessenden, W. P. (William Pitt), 1806-1869 person
associatedWith Fonblanque, Albany, 1793-1872 person
associatedWith Ford, Richard, 1796-1858 person
associatedWith Gould, Benjamin Apthorp, 1824-1896. person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888. person
associatedWith Greaves, Dorothy., 1931-2010 person
associatedWith Hale, Charles person
associatedWith Hale, Charles, 1831-1882 person
associatedWith Harwood family. family
associatedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878. person
associatedWith Herapath, John, 1798-1868. person
associatedWith Herschel Family. family
associatedWith Herschel, John F. W. (John Frederick William), Sir, 1792-1871. person
associatedWith Hilgard, Julius Erasmus, 1825-1891 person
associatedWith Hopper, Grace Murray person
associatedWith Howgate, Henry W. person
associatedWith Hughes, George Wurtz, 1806-1870. person
associatedWith Humboldt, Alexander von, 1769-1859. person
associatedWith Irvine, Alexander, 1863-1941. person
associatedWith Kane, Gerald John, 1901-1957 person
associatedWith Kenyon, John, 1784-1856 person
associatedWith King, Horatio, 1811-1897 person
associatedWith Lee, Samuel Phillips, 1812-1897 person
associatedWith Loomis, Elias, 1811-1889. person
associatedWith Lovelace, Ada King, Countess of, 1815-1852. person
associatedWith Lovelace, Augusta Ada (Byron) King-Noel, Countess of, 1815-1852. person
associatedWith Lyell, Charles, Sir, 1797-1875. person
associatedWith Marryat, Horace, 1818-1887 person
associatedWith Maury, Matthew Fontaine, 1806-1873. person
associatedWith Mitchell, Maria, 1818-1889 person
associatedWith Moffatt, George, 1806-1878 person
associatedWith Molesworth, Andalusia, d. 1888 person
associatedWith Murchison, Roderick Impey, Sir, 1792-1871. person
associatedWith Osborn, James Marshall, person
associatedWith Osborn, James Marshall, collector. person
associatedWith Paget, James, Sir, 1814-1899. person
associatedWith Paine, Robert Treat, 1803-1885 person
associatedWith Paine, R. T. person
associatedWith Parker, Theodore, 1810-1860. person
associatedWith Pickering, John, 1777-1846. person
associatedWith Potter, Alonzo, 1800-1865 person
associatedWith Prandi, Fortunato person
associatedWith Quetelet, Adolphe, 1796-1874. person
associatedWith Rawlins, Ray, 1917- person
associatedWith Rawlins, Ray E. D., 1917-1979, person
associatedWith Ray, Gordon Norton, 1915- person
associatedWith Redfield, W. C. (William C.), 1789-1857 person
associatedWith Richard Mackenzie Bacon person
associatedWith Ruggles, Samuel B., (Samuel Bulkley), 1800-1881 person
associatedWith Schofield, John McAllister, 1831-1906 person
associatedWith Schumacher, Heinrich Christian, 1780-1850 person
associatedWith Sedgwick, Theodore, 1811-1859. person
associatedWith Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872 person
associatedWith Shepherd, Mary, Lady, 1777-1847, person
associatedWith Sheridan family. family
associatedWith Silliman, Benjamin, Jr., 1816-1885 person
associatedWith Silliman, Benjamin, Sr., 1779-1864 person
associatedWith Sir George Gabriel Stokes person
associatedWith Smith, David Eugene, 1860-1944, person
associatedWith Somerset, Edward Adolphus Seymour, Duke of, 1775-1855. person
associatedWith Somerville, Mary, 1780-1872. person
associatedWith Sparkes, Jared person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
correspondedWith Spedding, James, 1808-1881 person
associatedWith Spencer, Charles Achilles, 1813-1881 person
associatedWith Stevenson, Alan, 1807-1865 person
associatedWith Stevenson, David person
associatedWith Stevenson, David, 1815-1886 person
associatedWith Stevenson, Robert, 1772-1850 person
associatedWith Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874. person
associatedWith Talfourd, Thomas Noon, Sir, 1795-1854 person
associatedWith Ticknor, George, 1791-1871. person
associatedWith Tilghman, Tench, 1810-1874 person
associatedWith Toucey, Isaac, 1792-1869 person
associatedWith Upsher, Able Percey person
associatedWith Van Sinderen, Alfred White, 1924-1998, person
associatedWith Vaughan, Daniel, 1821-1879. person
associatedWith Vaughan, Petty. person
associatedWith Vaughan, William, 1752-1850. person
associatedWith Vroom, Peter Dumont, 1791-1873 person
associatedWith Westmorland, John Fane, Earl of, 1784-1859 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
England
England
England
Great Britain
England
Great Britain
Subject
Calculators
Girard College
Physics
Mathematicians--Great Britain--19th century--Correspondence
Trees--Growth
National Academy of Sciences
Machinery
Astronomy
Science--Experiments
Geology
Scientists--Great Britain--19th century--Correspondence
Geological Survey of the State of New Jersey
Seismology--Research
Science
Calculators--Technological innovations--19th century
Electricity
Mathematical notation
Science and technology
Cooper Union
Experiments
Science--19th century
Natural history
Education
Early National Politics
Lighthouse
Mathematics
United States Coast Survey
Antebellum Politics
Mathematicians--Correspondence
Examination
Scientists--Great Britain
Occupation
Mathematicians
Mathematicians--Biograpy--England
Mathematicians--19th century--England
Scientists--Great Britain
Function

Person

Birth 1791-12-26

Death 1871-10-18

Britons

English

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