McKay, Claude, 1890-1948

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Author, poet. Born in Jamaica.

From the description of Claude McKay letters and manuscripts 1915-1952. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122682552

From the guide to the Claude McKay letters and manuscripts, 1915-1952, (The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.)

Claude McKay (1890-1948), novelist and poet.

From the description of Claude McKay collection, 1853-1990 (bulk 1922-1948). (Yale University). WorldCat record id: 60366601

From the description of Claude McKay collection, 1853-1990 (bulk 1922-1948). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702135949

Clarence McKay and Carl Zigrosser were friends in the 1930's. McKay's 3 letters invite Zigrosser to parties in Harlem and mention McKay's financial trouble. There is also a newspaper clippin about Earl Lewis Brown from 1965 in the file.

From the description of Correspondence with Carl Zigrosser, 1939-1965. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155902102

Claude McKay was a Jamaican-born writer who spent most of his adult life in the United States, Europe and North Africa. He wrote several collections of poetry, novels, short stories, non-fiction and two autobiographical books. He is best known for an early poem, "If We Must Die" (1919), and his first novel, Home to Harlem (1928). He lived in the United States, primarily in New York, from 1913-1919, and then spent most of the next 15 years in England, Russia, France, Spain and Morocco before returning to New York in 1934. He contributed to many liberal and socialist journals, including Sylvia Pankhurst's Worker's Dreadnaught and Max Eastman's The Liberator, and he is commonly identified among the major writers of the Harlem Renaissance. He converted to Catholicism in 1944 and died in Chicago in 1948. See the standard biographical print resources for additional information.

From the guide to the Claude McKay collection, 1853-1990, 1922-1948, (Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library)

Claude McKay, Jamaica-born poet, novelist, and essayist is acknowledged by literary critics as a leading spokesman of the Harlem Renaissance movement of the 1920s.

From the description of Letters, 1964-1967. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80734600

Festus Claudius McKay, better known as Claude McKay, was a key figure in the Harlem Renaissance, a prominent literary movement of the 1920s. His work ranged from vernacular verse celebrating peasant life in Jamaica to fairly militant poems challenging white authority in America, and from generally straightforward tales of black life in both Jamaica and America to more philosophically ambitious fiction addressing instinctual/intellectual duality, which McKay found central to the black individual's efforts to cope in a racist society.

From the description of Claude McKay letter to Yasuichi Hikida, 1934 April 2. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 48822707

Claude McKay, born in Jamaica, is known as one of the major artists of the Harlem Renaissance, and authored several published and unpublished poems and novels.

From the description of Claude McKay collection : additions, 1912-1953. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 666964817

1874, January 24Born in San Juan, Puerto Rico, to Carlos Federico Schomburg and Mary Joseph. 1891, April 17Arrived in New York City. 1892Became a Mason and joined the El Sol de Cuba Lodge #38, a Spanish-speaking lodge in New York. 1892-1896Helped found and served as secretary to Las Dos Antillas, a political club committed to the goal of Cuban and Puerto Rican independence. 1895Married Elizabeth Hatcher (d.1900) from Staunton, Virginia.They had three children: Maximo Gomez, Arturo Alfonso Jr. and Kingsley Guarionex. 1901-1906Employed as messenger and clerk in the law firm of Pryor, Mellis and Harris, New York City. 1902Married his second wife, Elizabeth Morrow Taylor from Virginia. They had two children: Reginald Stanfield and Nathaniel Jose. 1904Published his first known article, Is Hayti Decadent? in The Unique Advertiser. 1906-1929Employed by the Bankers Trust Company, eventually becoming supervisor of the Caribbean and Latin American Mail Section. 1909Wrote a short pamphlet, Placido, a Cuban Martyr, about the poet and independence fighter, Gabriel de la Concepcion Valdez. 1911Helped organize and served as secretary of the Negro Society for Historical Research. 1914Married for the third and last time to Elizabeth Green. They had three children: Fernando Alfonso, Dolores Maria and Carlos Placido. 1918Elected Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge. 1920-1929Elected President of the American Negro Academy. 1925Wrote The Negro Digs Up His Past. 1926The New York Public Library purchased Schomburg's collection of books, manuscripts, and prints with a $10,000 grant from the Carnegie Foundation. The collection was deposited at the 135th Street Branch of The Library. 1926Traveled to Spain, France, Germany and England with funds from the sale of his collection. 1927Awarded the William E. Harmon Award, consisting of a Bronze Medal and $100, for outstanding work in the field of Education. 1931-1932Served as Curator of the Negro Collection at the library of Fisk University, Nashville, Tennessee. 1932Traveled to Cuba where he met Black Cuban artists and writers, and acquired material for the collection. 1932-1938Served as Curator of the Schomburg Collection of Negro Literature and Art, 135th Street Branch, The New York Public Library. 1938, June 8Died, while serving as Curator of the Collection he both envisioned and spent his life creating.

For fuller biographical treatments of Arthur Schomburg's life, see:

Arthur A. Schomburg: A Biographical Essay by Victoria Ortiz in The Legacy of Arthur A. Schomburg: A Celebration of the Past, A Vision for the Future

Exhibition catalog. (New York: The New York Public Library, 1986).

Sinnette, Elinor Des Verney. Arthur Alfonso Schomburg: Black Bibliophile & Collector (The New York Public Library & Wayne State University Press, 1989).

From the guide to the Arthur Alfonso Schomburg papers, 1724-1938, 1904-1938, (The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938. James Weldon Johnson and Grace Nail Johnson papers, circa 1850-2005 (bulk 1900-1976). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Schomburg, Arthur Alfonso, 1874-1938. Arthur Alfonso Schomburg papers, 1724-1938 (bulk 1904-1938) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Jean Wagner papers, 1945-1983 (inclusive), 1957-1963 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf McLeod, Alan L.,. Claude Mckay research collection, 1971-1992. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Bryant, Louise, 1885-1936. Louise Bryant papers, 1908-1938 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Wright, Richard, 1908-1960. Untitled speech, on African-American literature [manuscript] / by Richard Wright, undated. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Federal Writers' Project (N.Y.). Federal Writers' Project Negro Group papers, 1927-1940. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Spencer, Anne, 1882-1975. Papers of Anne Spencer and the Spencer family [manuscript], 1829, 1864-2007. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Bowlby, Timothy J. Africa we knew, the : (1994) : song cycle/suite/serenade in ten movements ... / on texts by Claude MacKay & William Plomer ; with music composed by Timothy J. Bowlby. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
creatorOf Claude McKay collection (additions) The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Communist International. Negro Commission. Documents from the Comintern Archives on African Americans, 1919-1929 New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Williams-Stewart, Doreen P. Claude McKay and the Harlem Renaissance : the enigma of diasporic healing / Doreen P. Williams-Stewart. University of Houston, Clear Lake, Alfred R. Neumann Library
referencedIn Gumby, L. S. Alexander, 1885-1961,. Alexander Gumby collection of Negroiana, [ca. 1800]-1981. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Claude McKay collection, 1853-1990, 1922-1948 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Julius Rosenwald Fund. Julius Rosenwald Fund records, 1917-1948. Lincoln Memorial University Library, Carnegie-Vincent Library
creatorOf Arthur Alfonso Schomburg papers, 1724-1938, 1904-1938 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf McKay, Claude, 1890-1948. Letters, 1964-1967. Temple University, Blockson Afro-American History Collection
referencedIn Edward K. Welsh Papers, Bulk, 1960-1969, circa 1930-1974 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Lewis Gannett papers, 1681-1966 (inclusive) 1900-1960 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Watson, James S., 1882-1952. James S. Watson papers, 1913-1991 (bulk 1913-1952). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Alexander Gumby Collection of Negroiana, [ca. 1800]-1981 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Watson, Barbara Mae, 1918-1983. Barbara Mae Watson papers, 1929-1984. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn West, Dorothy, 1909-. Papers, 1914-1985 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1897-1930. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Gumby, L. S. Alexander, 1885-1961,. Collection of Negroiana, [ca. 1800]-1981, [microform]. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Harrison, Hubert H. Hubert H. Harrison papers, 1893-1927. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf McKay, Claude, 1890-1948. Note, 1922 Mar. 30, New York, to Ralph Chaplin, Leavenworth Prison, Kans. University of Michigan
referencedIn Barbara Mae Watson papers, 1929-1984 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
creatorOf Virtue, Vivian, 1911-1998. Vivian Virtue papers, 1932-2000. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf McKay, Claude, 1890-1948. Correspondence with Carl Zigrosser, 1939-1965. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf McKay, Claude, 1890-1948. Claude McKay letters and manuscripts 1915-1952. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf McKay, Claude, 1890-1948. Correspondence with Wanda Gág. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf McKay, Claude, 1890-1948. Claude McKay collection, 1853-1990 (bulk 1922-1948). Yale University Library
creatorOf McKay, Claude, 1890-1948. Claude McKay letter to Yasuichi Hikida, 1934 April 2. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Chaplin, Ralph, 1887-1961. Papers, 1909-1948. University of Michigan
referencedIn Ovington, Mary White, 1865-1951. Mary White Ovington papers, 1854-1948. Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban Affairs
creatorOf McKay, Claude, 1890-1948. Claude McKay collection, 1853-1990 (bulk 1922-1948). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Flodin, Jack. Be patient, weary body : the tired worker / [words by] Claude McKay ; [music by] Jack Flodin. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Claude McKay estate records The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
creatorOf Chaplin, Ralph, 1887-1961. Ralph Chaplin papers, 1909-1948. University of Michigan
creatorOf McKay, Claude, 1890-1948. Claude McKay collection : additions, 1912-1953. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf McKay, Claude, 1890-1948. Letter, 1921 June 9, to Harold G. Rugg, Hanover, N.H. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation. Freedom of Information Act files, 1921-1959. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Claude McKay letters and manuscripts, 1915-1952 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn James Weldon Johnson and Grace Nail Johnson papers, circa 1850-2005, 1900-1976 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Barber, John. person
associatedWith Becker, Maurice. person
associatedWith Bontemps, Arna, 1902-1973. person
associatedWith Bowlby, Timothy J. person
associatedWith Bradley, William Aspenwall, 1878-1939. person
correspondedWith Braithwaite, William Stanley, 1878-1962 person
associatedWith Briggs, Cyril V., 1888- person
associatedWith Brown, Earl Lewis. person
associatedWith Brown, Sterling Allen, 1901-1989. person
associatedWith Bruce, John Edward person
associatedWith Bryant, Louise, 1885-1936. person
associatedWith Buckmaster, Henrietta person
associatedWith Cartier-Bresson, Henri, 1908-2004. person
associatedWith Chaplin, Ralph, 1887-1961. person
associatedWith Communist International. Negro Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Cooper, Wayne F. person
associatedWith Cowl, Carl. person
associatedWith Cullen, Countee, 1903-1946. person
associatedWith Cunard, Nancy, 1896-1965. person
associatedWith Dartmouth College corporateBody
associatedWith Davis, Stuart, 1894-1964. person
associatedWith Dehn, Adolf, 1895-1968. person
associatedWith Dewey, John, 1859-1952. person
associatedWith Dover, Cedric. person
associatedWith Dover, Cedric. person
associatedWith Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963. person
associatedWith Eastman, Max, 1883-1969. person
associatedWith Federal Writers' Project (N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Fitzgerald, F. Scott (Francis Scott), 1896-1940. person
associatedWith Flodin, Jack. person
associatedWith Ford, Charles Henri. person
associatedWith Ford, Charles Henri. person
correspondedWith Gannett, Lewis, 1891-1966 person
associatedWith Greenberg, Robert M., person
associatedWith Gropper, William, 1897-1977. person
associatedWith Guillén, Nicolás, 1902-1989 person
associatedWith Gumby, L. S. Alexander, 1885-1961, person
associatedWith Handy, W. C. (William Christopher), 1873-1958 person
associatedWith Harrison, Hubert H. person
associatedWith Hikida, Yasuichi, person
associatedWith Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967. person
associatedWith Jackman, Harold, 1901-1961. person
associatedWith Johnson, Charles Spurgeon, 1893-1956 person
associatedWith Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938. person
associatedWith Julius Rosenwald Fund. corporateBody
associatedWith Locke, Alain LeRoy, 1886-1954. person
associatedWith McKay, Clayde, 1890-1948. person
associatedWith McLeod, Alan L., person
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith New York Public Library corporateBody
correspondedWith Ovington, Mary White, 1865-1951. person
associatedWith Powell, Adam Clayton, 1908-1972. person
associatedWith Raphael, Ruth. person
associatedWith Rogers, J. A. (Joel Augustus), 1880-1966 person
associatedWith Rugg, Harold Goddard, 1883-1957. person
associatedWith Schomburg, Arthur Alfonso, 1874-1938. person
associatedWith Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture corporateBody
associatedWith Smith, Albert A. (Albert Alexander), 1896-1940 person
associatedWith Spencer, Anne, 1882-1975. person
associatedWith United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation. corporateBody
associatedWith Urban League of Greater New York corporateBody
associatedWith Van Vechten, Carl, 1880-1964. person
associatedWith Vechtan, Carl Van, 1880-1964. person
associatedWith Vincent, Sténio, 1874-1959 person
associatedWith Virtue, Vivian, 1911-1998. person
associatedWith Wagner, Jean, 1919- person
associatedWith Watson, Barbara Mae, 1918-1983. person
associatedWith Watson, James S., 1882-1952. person
associatedWith Welsh, Edward K., 1902-1979 person
associatedWith West, Dorothy, 1909- person
associatedWith White, Walter Francis, 1893-1955 person
associatedWith Williamson, Simon. person
associatedWith Williams-Stewart, Doreen P. person
associatedWith Wilson, Edmund, 1895-1972. person
associatedWith Woodson, Carter Godwin, 1875-1950 person
associatedWith Wright, Richard, 1908-1960. person
associatedWith YMCA of the USA corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Jamaica
Jamaica
Harlem (New York, N.Y.)
Jamaica
Jamaica
New York (State)--New York
Subject
African American Catholics
African American arts
Authors, Caribbean--20th century
American literature--African American authors
Authors, Jamaican
Authors, American--20th century--Archives
African American authors
Harlem Renaissance--Archives
Jamaican poetry--20th century
Black author
African American authors--20th century--Archives
Authors, Jamaican--20th century
Harlem Renaissance
African American librarians
American literature--20th century
Jamaican Americans
African Americans--Societies, etc
African Americans--History
American poetry--African American authors
Book collectors
African Americans and libraries--New York (State)--New York
Authors, Black--20th century
Young Men's Christian associations--United States
Conversion
African Americans--Religion
Public libraries--New York (State)--New York
Associations, institutions, etc--African American membership
Occupation
African American authors
African American civil rights workers
Authors
Poets
Function

Person

Birth 1890-09-15

Death 1948-05-22

Americans

English

Information

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Ark ID: w61837fr

SNAC ID: 35951287