Guillén, Nicolás, 1902-1989

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Nicolás Guillén was a poet, journalist, political activist, writer, and first winner of Cuba's National Prize for Literature (1983). He was born Nicolás Guillén Batista in Camagüey, Cuba on 10 July 1902. He studied law at the University of Havana but gave it up, working as a typographer and journalist and beginning to publish poetry in the 1920s. Guillén's work was influenced by the poet Langston Hughes whom he met in 1930 and with whom he formed a lifelong friendship. Guillén drew from his mixed African and Spanish ancestry, blending traditional forms with Afro-Cuban culture. He was jailed for political reasons and joined the Communist Party; after the Cuban revolution in 1959, Guillén was welcomed back to Cuba by President Fidel Castro. He was the founder in 1961 of the Unión de Escritores y Artistas de Cuba and was considered the national poet of Cuba.
Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Papers by and Photographs of Nicolás Guillén, circa 1937-1989 and undated Houghton Library
creatorOf Walsh, Donald Devenish, 1903-1980. Office files : of The American Poetry Review, 1972-1979. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Bianco, José. José Bianco papers, 1928-1985. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Nelson, Jalalu Kalvert. Songs of love life, children / Jalalu-Kalvert Nelson ; text, Nicolas Guillen. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Schomburg, Arthur Alfonso, 1874-1938. Arthur Alfonso Schomburg papers, 1724-1938 (bulk 1904-1938) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Carruthers, Ben F. Benjamin F. Carruthers papers, 1941-1985. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Photographs Collection, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
creatorOf Guillén, Nicolás, 1902-1989. Papers by and photographs of Nicolás Guillén, circa 1937-1989 and undated Houghton Library
referencedIn West, Dorothy, 1909-. Papers, 1914-1985 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Ortiz, Bobbye S. Sound recordings, ca. 1950-1985 [sound recording]. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Koc, Marcelo, 1918-. [Songs, op. 10 / Marcelo Koc]. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Benjamin F. Carruthers papers, 1941-1985 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
creatorOf Cosme, Eusebia. [United States, Illinois, Evanston, Afro-Antilleans, 1940] [sound recording]. Indiana University, Archives of Traditional Music
referencedIn New Directions Publishing Corp. records, 1932-2005 Houghton Library
creatorOf Revueltas, Silvestre, 1899-1940. Sensemayá : canto para matar una culebra = Sensemayá : song to kill a snake / Silvestre Revueltas. Free Library of Philadelphia, Parkway Central Library
referencedIn Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967. Letters of Langston Hughes to H.R. Hays [manuscript], 1942 July 4-25. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Nicolas Guillen scrapbook The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Victoria Ortiz Papers, 1942-1999 and undated (bulk 1960-1990) David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
creatorOf Angulo, Héctor, 1932-. El himno unánime : cantada para soprano, coro masculino y orquesta / Héctor Angulo ; sobre textos de José Martí y Nicolás Guillén. Free Library of Philadelphia, Parkway Central Library
creatorOf Maiztegui, Isidro B., 1905-1996. Nocturno en los Muelles / poesía, Nicolás Guillén ; música, Isidro B. Maiztegui. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Ortiz, Bobbye S. Sound recordings, ca. 1950-1985 [sound recordings]. Howard University
referencedIn Arthur Alfonso Schomburg papers, 1724-1938, 1904-1938 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Angulo, Héctor, 1932- person
correspondedWith Augier, Angel I. 1910- person
associatedWith Bianco, José. person
associatedWith Carruthers, Ben F. person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
conferredHonorsTo Guevara, Che, 1928-1967 person
conferredHonorsTo Ho, Chi Minh person
correspondedWith Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967 person
associatedWith Koc, Marcelo, 1918- person
associatedWith Maiztegui, Isidro B., 1905-1996. person
associatedWith McKay, Claude, 1890-1948 person
associatedWith Nelson, Jalalu Kalvert. person
conferredHonorsTo Neruda, Pablo, 1904-1973 person
associatedWith New Directions Publishing Corp. corporateBody
associatedWith Ortiz, Bobbye S. person
associatedWith Ortiz, Victoria, 1942- person
associatedWith Revueltas, Silvestre, 1899-1940. person
associatedWith Schomburg, Arthur Alfonso, 1874-1938. person
associatedWith Walsh, Donald Devenish, 1903-1980. person
associatedWith West, Dorothy, 1909- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Camagüey 05 CU
Havana 02 CU
Subject
Occupation
Poet
Function

Person

Death 1989-07-16

Birth 1902-07-10

Male

Cubans

Spanish; Castilian,

English

Information

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