Communist International. Negro Commission

Hide Profile

At the Fourth Congress of the Communist International (Comintern) in Moscow in 1922, the Jamaican-born poet Claude McKay called for an "international organization of the Negro" based in the United States, with its own weekly newspaper, defense clubs and cooperative enterprises, to assume the leadership of the anti-colonial struggle worldwide. An international Negro Commission was formed, and a call for a World Negro Congress was put forth. Meanwhile six leading African American civil rights organizations, including the African Blood Brotherhood and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, formed a united front for defense, with a call for an All-Race Conference or Negro Sanhedrin set for February 1924.

Prompted by the Comintern, the U.S. communist party, the Workers Party of America, launched the American Negro Labor Congress in 1925, with a weekly organ, "The Negro Champion," edited by Lovett Fort-Whiteman, to organize the "Negro masses." At the 6th Congress of the Comintern in 1928, the Negro Commission put forward a resolution calling for self-determination for Blacks in the U.S. "Black Belt." Developed by Harry Haywood, an African-American student at the Lenin School in Moscow, and initially opposed by the American delegation, the Black Belt thesis would remain the official communist policy on the "Negro question" in the United States until the late 1950s.

From the description of Documents from the Comintern Archives on African Americans, 1919-1929 (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 144682716

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Communist International. Negro Commission. Documents from the Comintern Archives on African Americans, 1919-1929 New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Pettis Perry papers, 1942-1967 Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. Rare Books, Manuscripts, and Archives Section
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith African Blood Brotherhood. corporateBody
associatedWith American Negro Labor Congress. corporateBody
associatedWith Briggs, Cyril V. 1888-1966. person
associatedWith Communist International. Congress (4th : 1922 : Moscow, Russia) corporateBody
associatedWith Communist International. Congress (6th : 1928 : Moscow, Russia) corporateBody
associatedWith Communist International. Executive Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Ford, James W., 1893-1957. person
associatedWith Fort-Whiteman, Lovett. person
associatedWith Haywood, Harry, 1898-1985. person
associatedWith Huiswood, Otto. person
associatedWith McKay, Claude, 1890-1948. person
associatedWith Moore, Richard B. person
associatedWith National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. corporateBody
associatedWith Negro Sanhedrin (1924 : Chicago, Ill.) corporateBody
associatedWith Padmore, George, 1902-1959. person
associatedWith Perry, Pettis person
associatedWith Workers Party of America. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
African American communists
African Americans
African Americans
Black nationalism

Corporate Body

Active 1919

Active 1929



Ark ID: w6n05336

SNAC ID: 1305774