Chaplin, Ralph, 1887-1961

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Poet, writer, labor editor.

From the description of Correspondence, with Agnes Inglis, 1936-1951. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34367755

Labor leader, poet, and songwriter; joined I.W.W. in 1913 and became chief publicist and agitator; divided his time between commercial art and editing labor papers, working in various cities in the U.S., Canada, and Latin America; spent time in Leavenworth Prison (Kan.) for his anti-World War I activities; spent last years in Tacoma, Wash., where worked with Washington State Historical Society to gather I.W.W. literature and history; strong Socialist; b. Ralph Hosea Chaplin in Ames County, Kan.

From the description of Papers, [191-]-[194-]. (Washington State Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 70974205

Labor activist, poet, artist, and editor of various publications, including the I.W.W.'s Solidarity (1917), Industrial Worker (1932-36), Voice of the Federation (1937), and Labor Advocate (1941-45).

From the description of Papers, 1909-1948. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34363792

From the description of Ralph Chaplin papers, 1909-1948. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 66895319

Ralph Chaplin (1887-1961) was a labor activist and agitator in the Industrial Workers of the World (the I.W.W. or "Wobblies"), becoming editor of its eastern U.S. publication Solidarity . Chaplin was jailed in 1917, with a number of other Wobblies, under the Espionage Act for conspiring to hinder the draft and encourage desertion, serving four years of a 20-year sentence. His works include: Bars and Shadows: the Prison Poems of Ralph Chaplin (1923) and Wobbly: The Rough-and-Tumble Story of an American Radical . His strongly Socialist views later moderated and he began advocating instead for good labor and management relations. Chaplin wrote about this change in a two part article "Confessions of a Radical," published in the Empire Magazine of The Denver Post (Feb. 17, 1957): 12-13; (Feb. 24, 1957): 10-11. He was also an internationally recognized poet and essayist, corresponding with Carl Sandburg, Witter Bynner, and others in the literary world.

Henry Pettit was Professor of English at the University of Colorado, Boulder. He was named Honorary Curator of Rare Books in Norlin Library in the early 1950's, managing the collections and encouraging the acquisition of such materials as eighteenth-century English literature and examples of early printing. Pettit was a scholar of the English poet Edward Young (1683-1765), compiling A Bibliography of Young's Night Thoughts (1954) and editing The Correspondence of Edward Young (1971).

From the guide to the Ralph Chaplin Letter to Henry Pettit (MS 186), 1950, (University of Colorado at Boulder Libraries. Special Collections Dept.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Pattullo, Elizabeth Titus. Correspondence, with Agnes Inglis, 1948. University of Michigan
creatorOf Leach, Henry Goddard, 1880-1970. Letter, 1929 Sep. 30, New York, to Ralph Chaplin, Lombard, Ill. University of Michigan
creatorOf Hennacy, Ammon, 1893-1970. Letter, 1948 Sep. 17, Phoenix, Ariz., to Ralph Chaplain [i.e. Ralph Chaplin, n.p.] University of Michigan
creatorOf Sinclair, Upton, 1878-1968. Papers, 1813-1968 (inclusive), 1909-1968 (bulk). Indiana Newspaper Project
referencedIn Beffel, John Nicholas. Papers, 1909-1970. Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Sterling, George, 1869-1926. Letter, 1919 Feb. 15, San Francisco, to [Ralph] Chaplin [Leavenworth Prison, Kansas] University of Michigan
creatorOf Chaplin, Ralph, 1887-1961. Letter, 1959 Sep. 28, Tacoma, Wash., to John M. McClelland, Jr., Longview, Wash. University of Michigan
creatorOf Debs, Eugene V. (Eugene Victor), 1855-1926. Letter, 1925 Jan. 27, Terre Haute, Ind., to Ralph Chaplin [Lombard, Ill.] University of Michigan
creatorOf Chaplin, Ralph, 1887-1961,. Autograph album, Cook county jail, 1917. University of Michigan
referencedIn Industrial Workers of the World Collected Documents, 1905-1971 [bulk 1919-1927]. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
creatorOf Holbrook, Stewart Hall, 1893-1964. Papers, 1904-1965. Fort Vancouver Regional Library District, FVRL District Headquarters
creatorOf Chaplin, Ralph, 1887-1961. The great Chicago I.W.W. trial: notes, 1918. University of Michigan
creatorOf Sinclair, Upton, 1878-1968. Letter, 1919 Jan. 10, Pasadena, Calif., to Ralph Chaplin, Leavenworth, Kans. University of Michigan
creatorOf Industrial Workers of the World. General Defense Committee. An open letter to President Harding from 52 members of the I.W.W. in Leavenworth Penitentiary who refuse to apply for individual clemency. Original draft [1922]. University of Michigan
creatorOf Chaplin, Ralph, 1887-1961. Mourn not the dead: typescript poem signed, undated. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Donald M. Barnes Collection, 1911-1965 Eastern Washington University Archives & Special Collections
referencedIn Records of the Bureau of Prisons. 1870 - 2009. quot;New Eraquot; Inmate Newspaper
creatorOf Sterling, George, 1869-1926. Letter, 1924 Feb. 2, San Francisco, to Ralph [Chaplin, Chicago?] University of Michigan
referencedIn John Nicholas Beffel Papers, 1909-1970 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Witter Bynner papers, 1829-1965. Houghton Library
referencedIn Jameson, Storm, 1891-1986. Letter, 1922 Dec. 9, Ryedale [Eng.] to Mrs. [Ralph] Chaplin [Chicago] University of Michigan
creatorOf Dos Passos, John, 1896-1970. Letter, 1935 Feb. 28, Key West, Fla., to Ralph Chaplin, Chicago. University of Michigan
creatorOf Chaplin, Ralph, 1887-1961. Ralph Chaplin papers, 1909-1948. University of Michigan
creatorOf Morris, James Oliver, 1923-. Joe Hill papers, 1949-1950. University of Michigan
creatorOf Chaplin, Ralph, 1887-1961. I.W.W. prison song, 1917. University of Michigan
referencedIn Green, Archie. Archie Green papers, 1944-2009. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Sam Schaefler historical and literary letters and documents, 1674-1970s Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Jack London collection of papers, 1900-1948 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
creatorOf Debs, Theodore, 1864-1945. Letter, 1926 Feb. 9, Terre Haute, Ind., to [Ralph] Chaplin [n.p.] University of Michigan
creatorOf Chaplin, Ralph, 1887-1961. Papers, 1909-1948. University of Michigan
creatorOf London, Jack, 1876-1916. Jack London collection of papers, 1900-1948. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Braithwaite, William Stanley, 1878-1962. Papers, 1897-1930 Houghton Library
creatorOf Flores Magón, Enrique, 1887-1954. Letter, 1933 Jan. 26, Veracruz, Mexico, to Ralph Chaplin, Chicago. University of Michigan
creatorOf Chaplin, Ralph, 1887-1961. [Letter from Ralph Chaplin to Junia Todd Hallen], 1948 Oct. 22. Washington State Library, Office of Secretary of State
referencedIn Barnes, Donald M. Papers, 1911-1965, bulk 1916-1922. Eastern Washington University, JFK Library
referencedIn Rosemont, Franklin. Franklin and Penelope Rosemont collection of IWW publications and ephemera, 1905-2005, bulk 1905-1935 . Newberry Library
creatorOf Haywood, Big Bill, 1869-1928. Letters, to Ralph and Edith Chaplin, 1920-1924. University of Michigan
creatorOf Ralph Chaplin Letter to Henry Pettit (MS 186), 1950 University of Colorado at Boulder Libraries. Special Collections Dept.
referencedIn Inglis, Agnes, 1870-1952. Letter, 1936 Jul. 27, Ann Arbor, to Nate Welsh [n.p.] University of Michigan
creatorOf Chaplin, Ralph, 1887-1961. Collection, 1946-1955 (inclusive) 1947-1948 (bulk). Texas Christian University
creatorOf Chaplin, Ralph, 1887-1961. Poems, written while in Leavenworth Penitentiary ... 1917-1923. University of Michigan
creatorOf Debs, Eugene V. (Eugene Victor), 1855-1926. Letters, to Ralph and Edith Chaplin, 1922-1926. University of Michigan
creatorOf Debs, Eugene V. (Eugene Victor), 1855-1926. Review of Ralph Chaplin's Bars and shadows [1923] University of Michigan
creatorOf Chaplin, Ralph, 1887-1961. Correspondence, with Agnes Inglis, 1936-1951. University of Michigan
creatorOf Industrial Workers of the World. General Defense Committee. An open letter to President Harding from 52 members of the I.W.W. in Leavenworth Penitentiary who refuse to apply for individual clemency [1922]. University of Michigan
creatorOf McKay, Claude, 1890-1948. Note, 1922 Mar. 30, New York, to Ralph Chaplin, Leavenworth Prison, Kans. University of Michigan
creatorOf Baldwin, Roger Nash, 1884-. Letter, 1922 May 18, New York, to Ralph Chaplin, Leavenworth, Kans. University of Michigan
referencedIn Industrial Workers of the World. Collected documents, 1905-1971, bulk 1919-1927. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Salter, John R., Jr. Reflections on Ralph Chaplin, the Wobblies, and organizing in the Save the world business--then and now / by John R. Salter. Millsaps College, Millsaps-Wilson Library
creatorOf Chaplin, Ralph, 1887-1961. Papers, [191-]-[194-]. Washington State Historical Society
creatorOf Stevens, James, 1892-1971. Papers, 1924-1966. University of Washington Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Ault, Harry E. B. (Harry Erwin Bratton), 1883-1961. person
associatedWith Baldwin, Roger Nash, 1884- person
associatedWith Ball, D. T. J. person
associatedWith Barnes, Donald M. person
associatedWith Barnes, Donald M. person
associatedWith Beffel, John Nicholas. person
correspondedWith Braithwaite, William Stanley, 1878-1962 person
correspondedWith Bynner, Witter, 1881-1968 person
associatedWith Centralia (Wash.) corporateBody
associatedWith Centralia (Wash.). corporateBody
associatedWith Chaplin, Edith (Medlin) person
associatedWith Chaplin, E. L. person
associatedWith Chaplin, Ivan R., d. 1950. person
associatedWith Clyne, Charles F., 1877-1965. person
associatedWith Curtis, A. W. person
associatedWith Debs, Eugene V. (Eugene Victor), 1855-1926. person
associatedWith Debs, Theodore, 1864-1945. person
correspondedWith Dos Passos, John, 1879-1915 person
associatedWith Dos Passos, John, 1896-1970. person
associatedWith Eastman, Crystal, 1881-1928. person
associatedWith Everett, Will. person
associatedWith Flores Magón, Enrique, 1887-1954. person
associatedWith Fontana, P. person
associatedWith Green, Archie. person
correspondedWith Hallen, Junia Todd person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923. person
associatedWith Haywood, Big Bill, 1869-1928. person
associatedWith Hennacy, Ammon, 1893-1970. person
associatedWith Hill, Joe, 1879-1915. person
correspondedWith Holbrook, Stewart Hall, 1893-1964 person
associatedWith Hubbert, M. King (Marion King), 1903-1989. person
associatedWith Industrial Workers of the World. corporateBody
associatedWith Industrial Workers of the World. General Defense Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Inglis, Agnes, 1870-1952. person
correspondedWith Jameson, Storm, 1891-1986 person
associatedWith Kerr, Charles H., b. 1860. person
associatedWith Knight, William. person
correspondedWith Langdon-Davies, John, 1897-1971 person
associatedWith Leach, Henry Goddard, 1880-1970. person
associatedWith London, Jack, 1876-1916. person
associatedWith Mahler, Herbert. person
associatedWith Marks, Jeannette Augustus, 1875-1964. person
associatedWith McClelland, John M. (John Morris), 1915- person
associatedWith McKay, Claude, 1890-1948. person
associatedWith Metzen, John L. person
associatedWith Moody, Harriet Converse (Tilden), 1857-1932. person
associatedWith Moore, Fred H. person
associatedWith Morris, James Oliver, 1923- person
associatedWith Older, Fremont, 1856-1935. person
associatedWith Pattullo, Elizabeth Titus. person
associatedWith Pettit, Henry, 1906- person
associatedWith Purdy, Lawson, 1863-1959. person
associatedWith Robbins, Matilda. person
associatedWith Rosemont, Franklin. person
associatedWith Salter, John R., Jr. person
correspondedWith Sandburg, Carl, 1878-1967 person
associatedWith Schaefler, Sam, 1920-, person
associatedWith Scott, Howard, b. 1893. person
correspondedWith Sinclair Upton, 1878-1968 person
associatedWith Steele, Eleanor. person
correspondedWith Stegner, Wallace, 1909-1993 person
associatedWith Sterling, George, 1869-1926. person
associatedWith Stevens, James, 1892-1971. person
associatedWith Strong, Anna Louise, 1885-1970. person
associatedWith Technocracy, inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Thoegersen, Hans. person
associatedWith United States Penitentiary in Leavenworth, Kan. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Library. Labadie Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Usher, Leila, 1858- person
associatedWith Washington State Historical Society. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Tacoma (Wash.)
Kansas--Leavenworth
United States
United States
California
United States
United States
Chelan County (Wash.)
California
Subject
American literature--20th century
World War, 1914-1918--Protest movements
Strikes and lockouts--Railroads
Communism
Industrial relations
Pullman Strike, 1894
Political prisoners
Labor unions
Socialism
Labor and laboring classes
Working class--Songs and music
Technocracy
Prisons
Criminal syndicalism
Industrial Workers of the World
Labor movement
Occupation
Labor leaders--United States
Collector
Function

Person

Birth 1887

Death 1961

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6v123d9

SNAC ID: 24081050