Lawrence, George N. (George Newbold), 1806-1895

Alternative names
Birth 1806-10-20
Death 1895-01-17
French, English, German

Biographical notes:


From the description of George N. Lawrence collection of ornithological correspondence, 1865-1894. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155485273

George Newbold Lawrence was an ornithologist and wholesale druggist. He was one of the founders of the American Ornithologists' Union and of the College of Pharmacy of the City of New York.

From the description of Papers, ca. 1860s-1870s. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122316346

From the guide to the Lawrence, George N. (George Newbold) Papers, ca. 1860s-1870s, Circa 1860s-1870s, (American Philosophical Society)

19th century ornithologist and co-author with Spencer Fullerton Baird of Birds of North America.

From the description of Description of a new species of bird of the genus Engyptila, with notes on two Yucatan birds. 1885. (State Historical Society of Iowa, Library). WorldCat record id: 494365390

George Newbold Lawrence was an amateur ornithologist and author. He donated his collection of over 8000 bird skins to the American Museum of Natural History.

Lawrence, the son of a wholesale druggist, went into partnership with his father and became head of the firm in 1834. After being introduced to Spencer F. Baird of the Smithsonian Institution in 1841, Lawrence devoted his full time and energy to the study and classification of birds. Lawrence used his wealth and business background to outfit and finance several Smithsonian expeditions, and began to publish papers based on his study of the U.S. National Museum's collections. For approximately ten years ending in 1858, Lawrence worked with Baird and John Cassin on the ninth volume of the Pacific Railway reports, the government study on the explorations and surveys searching for the best route for the trans-continental railroad. This volume, on the birds of the U.S., was revised and expanded to become The Birds of North America, published in 1860. From then on, Lawrence turned his attention to the birds of Central and South America, publishing 120 papers and describing 323 species.

From the description of Correspondence, 1847-1894 (bulk 1865-1894). (American Museum of Natural History). WorldCat record id: 56483958


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  • Surveys And Explorations, General
  • Natural history
  • Birds--Classification--History
  • Scientific publications
  • Birds--Classification
  • Paleontology
  • Geology
  • Birds
  • Science In Europe
  • Chaetura gaumeri
  • Medicine
  • Photography
  • Congress
  • Smithsonian Exchange
  • Ornithology--Research
  • Chemistry
  • Life science publishing
  • National Museum
  • Ornithology--History--Sources
  • Zoological illustration
  • Engyptila vinaceifulva
  • Ornithology
  • Ornithologists--Correspondence
  • Engyptila fulviventris
  • Smithsonian Institution
  • Zoology
  • Smithsonian Publications


  • Ornithologists


  • America (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Mexico--Yucatán (State) (as recorded)