Randolph, A. Philip (Asa Philip), 1889-1979

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A. Philip Randolph (1889-1979) was an African-American labor leader and early civil rights spokesman. Influenced by the socialism of Eugene Debs, Randolph began publishing his magazine The Messenger in 1917. He opposed U.S. entry into the first World War. In 1925 he organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. His associations with Bayard Rustin and James Farmer influenced his dedication to nonviolence. Randolph was a founder of the League for Nonviolent Civil Disobedience Against Military Segregation. In 1963, he directed the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. The A. Philip Randolph Institute was founded in his honor in 1964.

From the description of Collection, 1926-1969, 1926-1948. (Swarthmore College, Peace Collection). WorldCat record id: 29301106

A. Philip Randolph (1889-1979) was one of the leading black protest leaders of the twentieth century. He was best known as the editor of the Messenger (a radical Socialist journal), as organizer of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, and as the leader of the 1941 and 1963 Marches on Washington.

From the description of Papers of A. Philip Randolph, 1909-1979. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 165393463

Civil rights leader and labor union official. Died 1979.

From the description of A. Philip Randolph papers, 1909-1979 (bulk 1941-1968). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70982863

Labor leader.

From the description of Reminiscences of Asa Philip Randolph : oral history, 1972. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309723288

Civil rights leader and President of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters.

Randolph died in 1979.

From the description of A. Philip Randolph collection, 1940-1978. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122534088

Biographical Note

  • 1889, Apr. 15: Born, Crescent City, Fla.
  • 1911: Moved to Harlem, New York, N.Y.
  • 1912: Attended the College of the City of New York, New York, N.Y.
  • 1914: Married Lucille E. Campbell (died 1963)
  • 1917 - 1928 : With Chandler Owen helped found, edit, and publish the Messenger
  • 1918: Joined the Socialist Party Arrested for speaking out against American participation in World War I, Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1920: Organized the Friends of Negro Freedom
  • 1925: Organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters Called on President Calvin Coolidge to protest the lynching and plight of African Americans
  • 1925 - 1968 : International president, Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
  • 1935: Won the right to represent the sleeping car porters with the Pullman Co.
  • 1936: Founding president, National Negro Congress
  • 1937: Negotiated the first wage agreement with the Pullman Co.
  • 1941: Organized the March on Washington Movement Helped persuade President Franklin D. Roosevelt to issue Executive Order 8802 establishing the Fair Employment Practices Committee 1943 Helped persuade President Franklin D. Roosevelt to issue Executive Order 9346 establishing a new Fair Employment Practices Committee 1948 Encouraged President Harry S. Truman to issue Executive Orders 9980 and 9981 creating a Fair Employment Board and a President's Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Services
  • 1951: Conference with President Harry S. Truman led to Executive Order 10210 forbidding racial discrimination by government contractors
  • 1953: Consultation between Randolph and other civil rights leaders and President Dwight D. Eisenhower led to Executive Order 10479 reconstituting the contract compliance agency and placing it under the chairmanship of the vice president
  • 1955: Advised President Dwight D. Eisenhower to issue Executive Order 10590 establishing the President's Committee on Government Policy to enforce a nondiscrimination policy in federal employment Persuaded the AFL-CIO to outlaw racial discrimination
  • 1957 - 1968 : Vice president, AFL-CIO
  • 1959: Founded the Negro American Labor Council
  • 1963: National director, March on Washington
  • 1964: Established the A. Philip Randolph Institute Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • 1964 - 1968 : Influenced the passage of legislation establishing the civil rights and the voting rights acts
  • 1966: Chairman, White House Conference "To Fulfill These Rights"
  • 1979, May 16: Died, New York, N.Y.

From the guide to the A. Philip Randolph Papers, 1909-1979, (bulk 1941-1968), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Papers of Gerda Lerner, 1950-1995 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Abrams, Charles, 1902-1970. Charles Abrams papers, 1923-1970. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Haughton, James, 1929-. James Haughton papers, 1924-1984 (bulk 1959-1982) New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Reuther, Roy, 1909-1968. Papers, 1924-1971. Wayne State University
referencedIn The Daily Worker and The Daily World Photographs Collection, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Sheffield, Horace,. Oral history interview with Horace Sheffield, 1968. Wayne State University. Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs
creatorOf Randolph, A. Philip (Asa Philip), 1889-1979. Papers of A. Philip Randolph, 1909-1979. Cornell University Library
referencedIn M. Moran Weston Papers, 1824-1994 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Pullman Company. Labor Relations Dept. Labor union negotiation and agreement files, 1920-1969. Newberry Library
referencedIn Cannon, George Dows, 1902-1986. George D. Cannon papers, 1932-1982. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Hillman, Bessie. Bessie Hillman correspondence, 1930-1970, 1945-1970 (bulk). Cornell University Library
referencedIn Garvey, Amy Jacques. Amy Garvey memorial collection on Marcus Garvey, 1776-1971. John Hope and Aurelia E. Franklin Library. Special Collections & Archives
creatorOf Parrish, Richard F. (Richard Franklin), 1914-1983. Richard Parrish papers (Additions 1), 1959-1976 bulk(1966-1973). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Payne, Ethel L. Ethel L. Payne papers, 1857-1991 (bulk 1973-1991). Library of Congress
referencedIn Bureau of Social Science Research files, 1962-1970 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Rustin, Bayard, 1912-1987. Papers of Bayard Rustin, 1942-1987 (bulk 1963-1980). Library of Congress
referencedIn Davis, Jessica Bell, d. 1991,. Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters collection, 1937-1991. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Clark, Kenneth Bancroft, 1914-2005. Kenneth Bancroft Clark papers, 1897-1994 (bulk 1935-1990). Library of Congress
referencedIn Reunion of Old Timers. Records, 1947-1985. Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Randolph, A. Philip (Asa Philip), 1889-. Collection, 1926-1969, 1926-1948. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Leadership Conference on Civil Rights. Records of the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights, 1943-1991 (bulk 1960-1987). Library of Congress
referencedIn Durham Fact-Finding Conference records, 1929-1930 and 1942-1945 North Carolina Central University, James E. Shepard Memorial Library
referencedIn Terrell, Mary Church, 1863-1954. Mary Church Terrell papers, 1851-1962 (bulk 1886-1954). Library of Congress
referencedIn Gollin, Albert E. Bureau of Social Science Research files, 1962-1970. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Randolph, A. Philip. A. Philip Randolph by Prof. William Harris, University of Indiana, 12/2/1981. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Harris, L. mss., 1931-1977 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees. National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees. Series 6, Subseries 5. Harry Van Arsdale interview, 1977. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Fleischman, Harry. Oral histories [sound recording], 1973-1982. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Weston, M. Moran, 1910-. Papers, 1824-1994. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Bremer, Charles, 1941-. Reminiscences of Charles Bremer : oral history, 1981. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Council for United Civil Rights Leadership. We shall overcome [sound recording], 1963. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf A. Philip Randolph Papers, 1909-1979, (bulk 1941-1968) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Harrison, Hubert H. Hubert H. Harrison papers, 1893-1927. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Randolph, A. Philip (Asa Philip), 1889-1979. Reminiscences of Asa Philip Randolph : oral history, 1972. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Albrier, Frances Mary, 1898-1987,. Oral history interview with Frances Albrier. 1968. Wayne State University. Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs
referencedIn Kenneth Bancroft Clark Papers, 1897-2003, (bulk 1935-1990) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Bayard Rustin Papers, 1942-1987, (bulk 1963-1980) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Committee for Amnesty for All Objectors to War and Conscription. Collection, 1945-1948. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Leadership Conference on Civil Rights Records, 1943-1991, (bulk 1960-1987) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Penn School Papers, 1862-2004 and undated, (bulk 1862-1978) University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Congress of Industrial Organizations (U.S.). Secretary-Treasurer. Congress of Industrial Organizations Secretary-Treasurer records, 1935-1974. Wayne State University. Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs
referencedIn League for Non-Violent Civil Disobedience against Military Segregation. Collection, 1947-1951. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Jones, Robert Elijah, 1872-1960. Papers. 1872-1965, and n.d. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn Lincoln University (Pa.). Honorary degree recipients collection, 1868-1989 (bulk 1940-1989). Lincoln University, Langston Hughes Memorial Library, Langston Hughes Memorial Library
referencedIn Hayden Robert C. Transcripts of oral history interviews with Boston African American railroad workers, 1977-1991 (bulk, 1988-1991). University of Massachusetts at Boston, Healey Library
referencedIn Witman, Arthur, 1902-1991. 35mm negative collection, 1936-1969. University of Missouri - St Louis, University Libraries, Thomas Jefferson, St. Louis Mercantile Library, (former branch Ward E. Barnes)
creatorOf Parrish, Richard F. (Richard Franklin), 1914-1983. Richard Parrish papers, 1950-1975. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Lincoln University (Pa.). Office of the President. Marvin Wachman records, 1958-1970. Lincoln University, Langston Hughes Memorial Library, Langston Hughes Memorial Library
referencedIn Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. Southeastern Division. Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters collection, 1943-1967. John Hope and Aurelia E. Franklin Library. Special Collections & Archives
referencedIn Clark, Kenneth Bancroft, 1914-2005. Papers, 1897-1994 (bulk 1935-1990). Library of Congress
creatorOf Thomas, Norman, 1884-1968. Norman Thomas papers, 1904-1967, bulk (1933-1967). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Pittman, John. Papers, 1905-1987 (bulk 1926-1983). Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Hanna, Hilton E. (Hilton Edward). Papers, 1938-1983. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Sam Reiss Photographs - Part II: Photographic Prints, Bulk, 1950-1975, Circa 1930-1975 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Region I, records, 1942-1986, 1945-1977 Bancroft Library
referencedIn Jewish Theological Seminary of America. Institute for Religious and Social Studies. Records, 1938-1976. Ocean County College Library, OCC Library
creatorOf Randolph, A. Philip (Asa Philip), 1889-. A. Philip Randolph collection, 1940-1978. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Horace Mann Bond Papers, 1830-1979, 1926-1972 Special Collections and University Archives, UMass Amherst Libraries
referencedIn Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters Records, 1920-1968, (bulk 1950-1968) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Lawrence Graham Brooks papers, 1897-1981 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Motley, Constance Baker, 1921-2005. Papers 1948-1988. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Frank, Adelaide Schulkind. Papers, 1925-1972 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn FBI file on A. Philip Randolph, 1922-1970. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Randolph, A. Philip (Asa Philip), 1889-1979. A. Philip Randolph papers, 1909-1979 (bulk 1941-1968). Library of Congress
referencedIn Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters collection, 1937-1991 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
creatorOf Johnson, Louis Arthur, 1891-1966. Papers of Louis Arthur Johnson [manuscript] 1930-64. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn American Committee on Africa. Archives 1948-1988. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn Terrell, Mary Church, 1863-1954. Mary Church Terrell papers, 1851-1962 (inclusive), 1886-1954 (bulk) [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Kornweibel, Theodore. "No crystal stair: Black life and the Messenger, 1917-1928" interviews, 1970-1972. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn International Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. Pullman Porters. Oral histories [sound recording], 1988. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Labor Leaders and Subjects. Photographs, 1900-1999 Cornell University Library
referencedIn Socialist Party (U.S.). Records of the Socialist Party (U.S.), 1897-1976. Library of Congress
referencedIn Citizens' Crusade Against Poverty. Citizens' Crusade Against Poverty records, 1964-1970, (bulk 1965-1968). Wayne State University. Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs
referencedIn Rustin, Bayard, 1912-1987. Reminiscences of Bayard Rustin : oral history, 1987. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Papers, 1942-1981 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Leadership Conference on Civil Rights. Records, 1943-1991 (bulk 1951-ca. 1985). Library of Congress
referencedIn Mary Church Terrell Papers, 1851-1962, (bulk 1886-1954) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees. Series 6, Subseries 4. Bayard Rustin interview, 1977. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Program for progress [motion picture] / [Hearst Metrotone] Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Sam Reiss Photographs - Part III: 1975 Retrospective Exhibit, 1948-1975 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Workers' Defense League. Workers Defense League records, 1935-1971. Wayne State University. Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs
referencedIn Record, Wilson, 1916-1998. Wilson Record papers, 1946-1990. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn International Union, United Automobile, Aircraft, and Agricultural Implement Workers of America. Fair Practices and Anti-Discrimination Dept. UAW Fair Practices and Anti-Discrimination Dept. records. 1940- 1980. Wayne State University. Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs
referencedIn Swanberg, W. A., 1907-. W. A. Swanberg Papers, ca.1927-1992. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Kemp, Maida Springer, 1910-. Oral history interview with Maida Springer Kemp, 1977. Wayne State University. Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs
referencedIn Bloomstein, Charles. Collection, 1938-2002. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
creatorOf Frank, Walter, 1882-1969. Papers of Walter Frank [manuscript], 1866-1970 (bulk 1925-1970). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Billups, Joseph, 1893-. Oral history interview with Joseph Billups, 1967. Wayne State University. Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs
referencedIn Kemp, Maida Springer, 1910-. Papers, 1942-1981 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Dellums, C. L. (Cottrell Laurence). Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters collection, 1939-1987. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Ethel L. Payne Papers, 1857-1991, (bulk 1973-1991) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Battle, Robert, 1917-. Oral history interview with Robert Battle, 1969. Wayne State University. Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs
referencedIn National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees. Series 1, Subseries 1, Sub-subseries 9. Ted Mitchell interviews, 1975-1976. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Callis, Myra Colson, 1892-1979. Myra C. Callis papers, 1830-1978. Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center
referencedIn John Pittman Papers, Bulk, 1926-1983, 1905-1987, (Bulk 1926-1983) Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abrams, Charles, 1902-1970. person
associatedWith Albrier, Frances Mary, 1898-1987, person
correspondedWith Alves, Hazel person
associatedWith American Committee on Africa. corporateBody
associatedWith A. Philip Randolph Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith A. Philip Randolph Institute. A freedom budget for all Americans; budgeting our resources, 1966-1975, to achieve freedom from want. corporateBody
associatedWith Battle, Robert, 1917- person
associatedWith Billups, Joseph, 1893- person
associatedWith Bloomstein, Charles. person
associatedWith Bond, Horace Mann, 1904-1972 person
associatedWith Bremer, Charles, 1941- person
associatedWith Brooks, Lawrence Graham, 1881-1981 person
associatedWith Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. corporateBody
correspondedWith Brown, Theodore E. person
correspondedWith Burton, Charles Wesley, 1897- person
correspondedWith Callis, Myra Colson, 1892-1979. person
associatedWith Cannon, George Dows, 1902-1986. person
correspondedWith Church, Roberta person
correspondedWith Citizens' Crusade Against Poverty. corporateBody
correspondedWith Clark, Kenneth Bancroft, 1914-2005. person
associatedWith Committee for Amnesty for All Objectors to War and Conscription. corporateBody
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
correspondedWith Congress of Industrial Organizations (U.S.). Secretary-Treasurer. corporateBody
associatedWith Council for United Civil Rights Leadership. corporateBody
associatedWith Davis, Jessica Bell, d. 1991, person
correspondedWith Dodson, Thurman L. person
associatedWith Durham Fact-Finding Conference. corporateBody
correspondedWith Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969 person
associatedWith Fleischman, Harry. person
associatedWith Frank, Adelaide Schulkind. person
associatedWith Frank, Walter, 1882-1969. person
correspondedWith Garvey, Amy Jacques. person
associatedWith Gollin, Albert E person
associatedWith Gollin, Albert E. person
correspondedWith Granger, Lester B. (Lester Blackwell), 1896-1976 person
correspondedWith Green, William, 1872-1952 person
associatedWith Hanna, Hilton E. (Hilton Edward) person
associatedWith Harris, Leon A. person
associatedWith Harrison, Hubert H. person
associatedWith Harris, William. person
associatedWith Haughton, James, 1929- person
associatedWith Hayden Robert C. person
correspondedWith Hedgeman, Anna Arnold, 1899-1990 person
associatedWith Hillman, Bessie. person
correspondedWith Hoffman, Anna Rosenberg, 1902-1983 person
correspondedWith Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978 person
associatedWith International Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. Pullman Porters. corporateBody
correspondedWith International Union, United Automobile, Aircraft, and Agricultural Implement Workers of America. Fair Practices and Anti-Discrimination Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Jewish Theological Seminary of America. Institute for Religious and Social Studies. corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, Louis Arthur, 1891-1966. person
correspondedWith Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973 person
associatedWith Jones, Robert Elijah, 1872-1960. person
correspondedWith Kemp, Maida Springer person
correspondedWith Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963 person
correspondedWith Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963 person
correspondedWith King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968 person
associatedWith Kornweibel, Theodore. person
associatedWith Leadership Conference on Civil Rights person
associatedWith Leadership Conference on Civil Rights. corporateBody
associatedWith League for Non-Violent Civil Disobedience against Military Segregation. corporateBody
associatedWith Lerner, Gerda, 1920- person
associatedWith Lincoln University (Pa.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Lincoln University (Pa.). Office of the President. corporateBody
correspondedWith Logan, Rayford Whittingham, 1897-1982 person
associatedWith MAIDA (STEWART) SPRINGER KEMP, 1910- person
associatedWith March on Washington Movement. corporateBody
correspondedWith Motley, Constance Baker, 1921-2005. person
correspondedWith Muravchik, Emanuel person
correspondedWith Murray, Philip, 1886-1952 person
associatedWith National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. corporateBody
correspondedWith National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Region I Office corporateBody
associatedWith National Educational Committee for a New Party. corporateBody
associatedWith National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees. corporateBody
associatedWith Negro American Labor Council. corporateBody
correspondedWith Owen, Chandler, 1889-1967 person
associatedWith Parrish, Richard F. (Richard Franklin), 1914-1983. person
correspondedWith Payne, Ethel L. person
associatedWith Penn School (Saint Helena Island, S.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Pittman, John. person
associatedWith Pittman, John. person
associatedWith Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom (1957 : Washington, D.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Pullman Company. Labor Relations Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Randolph family. family
associatedWith Randolph family. family
associatedWith Record, Wilson, 1916-1998. person
correspondedWith Reeves, Cleveland H. person
associatedWith Reiss, Sam. person
associatedWith Reiss, Sam. person
associatedWith Reunion of Old Timers. corporateBody
correspondedWith Reuther, Roy, 1909-1968. person
correspondedWith Reuther, Walter, 1907-1970 person
correspondedWith Reynolds, Grant person
correspondedWith Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962 person
correspondedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945 person
associatedWith Rustin, Bayard, 1912-1987. person
associatedWith Sheffield, Horace, person
associatedWith Socialist Party (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Swanberg, W. A., 1907- person
associatedWith Swarthmore College. Peace Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Terrell, Mary Church, 1863-1954. person
correspondedWith Thomas, Norman, 1884-1968 person
correspondedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972 person
associatedWith United States. Committee on Fair Employment Practice. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Fair Employment Practices Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Fair Employment Practices Committee. corporateBody
correspondedWith Walker, Wyatt Tee person
associatedWith Werning, David H., 1963- person
associatedWith Weston, M. Moran, 1910- person
associatedWith White House Conference: "To Fulfill These Rights" (1966 : Washington, D.C.) corporateBody
correspondedWith White, Walter Francis, 1893-1955 person
correspondedWith Wilkins, Roy, 1901-1981 person
correspondedWith Williams, Aubrey Willis, 1890-1965 person
associatedWith Witman, Arthur, 1902-1991. person
correspondedWith Workers' Defense League. corporateBody
associatedWith Wray, Wendell, person
associatedWith Youth March for Integrated Schools (1958 : Washington, D.C.) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
Subject
African Americans--Civil rights--History--Sources
Race discrimination--United States
Labor unions--Porters
African Americans--Politics and government
Civil rights demonstrations
African Americans--Economic conditions
Labor unions--Officials and employees
Labor and laboring classes
Civil rights workers
Labor unions--African American membership
Economic assistance, Domestic--United States
Civil rights movement--History--20th century--Sources
Labor unions--Railroads
Civil rights demonstrations--United States
Discrimination in employment--United States
Labor laws and legislation
African Americans--Civil rights
Civil rights--History--Sources
African Americans--Civil rights--History--20th century--Sources
Civil rights
African Americans--History--1877-1964--Sources
Railroads--Employees--Labor unions
Discrimination in employment
Socialism
Race discrimination
African Americans--Social conditions
African American labor union members
Civil rights--United States
Socialism--History--Sources
Pan--Africanism
Labor and peace--History--Sources
Economic assistance, Domestic
War resistance movements--History--Sources
Occupation
Civil rights leaders
Labor leaders
Function

Person

Birth 1889

Death 1979

Information

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Ark ID: w66h4mfn

SNAC ID: 7263740