Murray, Philip, 1886-1952

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Philip Murray was one of the most important American labor leaders of the twentieth century. As president of the Steelworkers Organizing Committee (SWOC), the United Steelworkers of America (USWA), and the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), he played a pivotal role in the creation of industrial unions as well as the utilization of federal government support in the growth of unions in the United States. Philip Murray (May 25, 1886-November 9, 1952) was born in Blantyre, Scotland, on May 25, 1886. His father, a devout Catholic, immigrated from Ireland to Scotland prior to Phil's birth. The eldest of thirteen children, Phil began working in the mines at age 10 and immigrated to the United States with his father, also a miner, in 1902. Murray's long career as a union official began soon after entering the mines in the United States. Murray enlisted the support of the federal government, through the Wage Stabilization Board and the personal involvement of President Truman, during the trying steel industry negotiations. Although the USWA gained a satisfactory contract, it came with significant costs. Soon after Democratic Party candidate Adlai Stevenson lost to Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower. More than any other national CIO labor leader, Murray had encouraged and relied on government involvement in labor relations. But when Eisenhower was elected president in 1952, giving Republicans control of the presidency for the first time in twenty years, Murray knew that federal government support of collective bargaining had ended. Murray, however, did not live to see the Eisenhower presidency. On November 9, 1952, within a week of the presidential election, Philip Murray died. He was 66 years old.

From the description of The Philip Murray papers. 1936-1952 (Catholic University of America). WorldCat record id: 78825198

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
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creatorOf Smith, John A., 1880-. Papers of John A. Smith, 1933-1958, bulk 1933-1942. University of Pittsburgh
referencedIn Albert Joseph Engel Papers, 1885-1960 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Schnapper, M. B. (Morris Bartel), 1912-1999. Philip Murray collection, 1943-1946. Wayne State University
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creatorOf Ruttenberg, Harold J. Harold J. Ruttenberg papers, 1933-1967 (bulk 1933-1963). Pennsylvania State University Libraries
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referencedIn United Steelworkers of America. District 9. United Steelworkers of America, District 9 records, 1940-1987. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
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creatorOf Lorditch, Anthony H. Anthony H. Lorditch papers, 1941-1949. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Williams, Albert Kempton, 1907-1980. Papers, 1932-1959. Wayne State University
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creatorOf Murray, Philip, 1886-1952. [Letter] 1947 January 27, Washington, D.C.[to] Mrs. Gerda Schairer, New York / Philip Murray. Presbyterian Historical Society, PHS
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creatorOf Lever, E. J. (Emil John), 1894-1975. E.J. Lever papers, 1920-1974. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Murray, Philip, 1886-1952. The Philip Murray papers. Catholic University of America
creatorOf Murray, Philip, 1886-1952. Philip Murray papers. [manuscript]. 1832-1969. (bulk 1936-1952). Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf United Steelworkers of America. United Steelworkers of America proceedings of international staff meetings, 1949-1960. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Germer, Adolph. Papers, 1898-1966. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Ruttenberg, Harold J. Harold J. Ruttenberg photographs 1940-1998 [photographs] Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
creatorOf Golden, Clinton S. (Clinton Strong), 1888-1961. Clinton S. Golden papers, 1858-1961 (bulk 1933-1961). Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS {NOV 18}
referencedIn Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters records, 1920-1968 (bulk 1950-1968). Library of Congress
referencedIn Edward K. Welsh Papers, Bulk, 1960-1969, circa 1930-1974 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
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referencedIn Shirley Quill Transport Workers Union of America Photographs, Bulk, 1941-1966, 1913-1997 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Eby, Kermit. Papers, 1933-1963 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
referencedIn American Labor Conference on International Affairs Records, 1939-1950 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [NOV. 10)
referencedIn Breslin, Tom,. Oral history interview with Tom Breslin [manuscript]. 1968. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn United Steelworkers of America. District 36. United Steelworkers of America, District 36 records, 1931-1948. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Lewis, John L. (John Llewellyn), 1880-1969. Papers, 1879-1969. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Congress of Industrial Organizations (U.S.). Executive Board. Congress of Industrial Organizations Executive Board minutes, 1938-1955. Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban Affairs
referencedIn Fagan, Patrick M. Patrick M. Fagan labor photographs and poster, 1860-1978. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Feeney, William P. Papers of William P. Feeney, 1912-1980, (bulk 1912-1939). University of Pittsburgh
referencedIn United Electrical, Radio, and Machine Workers of America. UE News photograph collection, 1933-1998. University of Pittsburgh
referencedIn Thomas, R. J. (Rolland Jay), 1900-1967,. Oral history interview with R.J. THomas, 1963. Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban Affairs
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS {NOV. 21]}
referencedIn United Steelworkers of America. Education Dept. United Steelworkers of America, Education Department records, 1924-1995. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Photograph collection. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Frank, Nelson, 1906-. Papers, 1908-1961. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Martin, Warren Homer, 1902-1968,. Oral history interview with Homer Martin, 1959. Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban Affairs
referencedIn National Maritime Union. William Standard. General counsel's files, 1937-1949. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
referencedIn J. B. S. (Jacob Benjamin Salutsky) Hardman Papers, 1908-1970 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [JUNE 12]
referencedIn Dynes, Harry B., 1884-1968. [Collection], 1873-1945. Indiana State Library - ISL
referencedIn Tamiment/Wagner Moving Images Collection, Bulk, 1950-1969, 1920-1967, (Bulk 1950-1969) Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
creatorOf Engel, Albert J. (Albert Joseph), 1888-1959. Albert Joseph Engel papers, 1885-1960. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Frank Murphy papers, 1908-1949 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn National Broadcasting Company, Inc. Selected radio broadcasts, 1935-1950. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
referencedIn Transport Workers Union of America Records, Bulk, 1937-1966, 1911-1990 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [DEC. 19]
referencedIn Melvin Seidenberg photographs, c. 1828-1988 [photographs] Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
referencedIn Davis, William Hammatt, 1879- . Papers, 1905-1963. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Records of the Office of War Information. 1926 - 1951. Motion Picture Films from "United News" Newsreels. 1942 - 1945. PIERRE LAVAL EXECUTED FOR TREASON [ETC.]
referencedIn Standard, William L. National Maritime Union, general counsel's files, 1937-1949. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Inter-University Labor Education Committee. Series 2, Subseries 8. Correspondence with labor organizations, 1951-1957. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. MOVIETONE NEWS
referencedIn Harry S. Truman Post-Presidential Papers. 1953 - 1973. Subject Files. 1953 - 1972. Telegram from Eleanor Roosevelt to Harry S. Truman
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [APR. 30]
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Labor Conference on International Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith Bell, Daniel, 1919- person
associatedWith Breslin, Tom, person
correspondedWith Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. corporateBody
associatedWith Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Congress of Industrial Organizations (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Congress of Industrial Organizations (U.S.). Executive Board. corporateBody
correspondedWith Congress of Industrial Organizations (U.S.). Political Action Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Curran, Philip M., 1915- , person
associatedWith Davis, William Hammatt, 1879- . person
correspondedWith DeShetler, Irwin L., 1906- person
associatedWith Duluth CIO Industrial Union Council (Duluth, Minn.). corporateBody
associatedWith Dynes, Harry B., 1884-1968. person
associatedWith Eby, Kermit person
associatedWith Eby, Kermit. person
associatedWith Engel, Albert J. (Albert Joseph), 1888-1959. person
associatedWith Fagan, Patrick M. person
associatedWith Feeney, William P. person
associatedWith Frank, Nelson, 1906- person
associatedWith Germer, Adolph. person
associatedWith Golden, Clinton S. (Clinton Strong), 1888-1961. person
associatedWith Hardman, J. B. S. (Jacob Benjamin Salutsky), 1882-1968 person
associatedWith Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978. person
associatedWith International Union of Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers. corporateBody
correspondedWith International Union, United Automobile, Aircraft, and Agricultural Implement Workers of America. Local 57 (Fort Wayne, Ind.) corporateBody
associatedWith International Union, United Automobile Workers of America (CIO) corporateBody
associatedWith Inter-University Labor Education Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Jensen, Martin, person
associatedWith Jensen, Vernon H., person
associatedWith Lever, E. J. (Emil John), 1894-1975. person
associatedWith Lewis, John L. (John Llewellyn), 1880-1969. person
associatedWith Lorditch, Anthony H. person
correspondedWith Mahoney, Hugh T., 1910-1987. person
associatedWith Martin, Warren Homer, 1902-1968, person
associatedWith McDonald, David J. (David John), 1902-1979. person
associatedWith Merrill, Russell J., person
associatedWith Michigan State University. corporateBody
associatedWith Moody, Blair, 1902-1954 person
associatedWith Mortimer, Wyndham, 1884-1966, person
associatedWith Murphy, Frank, 1890-1949 person
associatedWith Murray, Elizabeth Lavery. person
associatedWith National Broadcasting Company, inc. corporateBody
associatedWith National Maritime Union of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith Quill, Mike. person
associatedWith Ramsay, John, 1902- person
correspondedWith Randolph, A. Philip (Asa Philip), 1889-1979. person
associatedWith Ruttenberg, Harold J. person
associatedWith Schairer, Gerda. person
associatedWith Schnapper, M. B. (Morris Bartel), 1912-1999. person
associatedWith Smith, John A., 1880- person
associatedWith Standard, William L. person
associatedWith Standard, William L. person
associatedWith Tamiment Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Thomas, R. J. (Rolland Jay), 1900-1967, person
associatedWith Transport Workers Union of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972. person
associatedWith United Electrical, Radio, and Machine Workers of America. corporateBody
associatedWith United Mine Workers of America. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Labor Relations Board. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National War Labor Board (1918-1919) corporateBody
associatedWith United States Steel Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Wage Stabilization Board. corporateBody
associatedWith United Steelworkers of America. corporateBody
correspondedWith United Steelworkers of America. District 27 (Canton, Ohio) corporateBody
associatedWith United Steelworkers of America. District 28 (Ohio) corporateBody
correspondedWith United Steelworkers of America. District 36. corporateBody
correspondedWith United Steelworkers of America. District 9. corporateBody
correspondedWith United Steelworkers of America. Education Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith United Steelworkers of America. President's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Welsh, Edward K., 1902-1979 person
correspondedWith Williams, Albert Kempton, 1907-1980. person
associatedWith World Federation of Trade Unions. corporateBody
correspondedWith Zaremba, John, 1894-1963. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
Subject
World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects
Collective bargaining--Steel industry
Political action committees
Education
Collective bargaining
Labor unions
Labor supply--Effect of education on
Labor unions--History--Sources
World War, 1939-1945--Manpower
Strikes and lockouts--Steel industry
Industrial relations--History--20th century
Steel industry and trade
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1886-05-25

Death 1952-11-09

English

Information

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Ark ID: w66h4j3b

SNAC ID: 60285129