Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1835-1914

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Adlai Ewing Stevenson (October 23, 1835 – June 14, 1914) served as the 23rd vice president of the United States from 1893 to 1897. Previously, he served as a representative from Illinois in the late 1870s and early 1880s. After his subsequent appointment as assistant postmaster general of the United States during Grover Cleveland's first administration (1885–89), he fired many Republican postal workers and replaced them with Southern Democrats. This earned him the enmity of the Republican-controlled Congress, but made him a favorite as Grover Cleveland's running mate in 1892, and he duly became vice president of the United States.

In office, he supported the free-silver lobby against the gold-standard men like Cleveland, but was praised for ruling in a dignified, non-partisan manner.

In 1900, he ran for vice president with William Jennings Bryan. In doing so, he became the fourth vice president or former vice president to run for that post with two different presidential candidates (after George Clinton, John C. Calhoun and Thomas A. Hendricks).

After the 1900 election, Stevenson returned again to private practice in Illinois. He made one last attempt at office in a race for governor of Illinois in 1908, at age 73, narrowly losing. In 1909 he was brought in by founder Jesse Grant Chapline to aid distance learning school La Salle Extension University. After that, he retired to Bloomington, where his Republican neighbors described him as "windy but amusing." He died in Chicago, on June 14, 1914, aged 78. His body is interred in a family plot in Evergreen Cemetery, Bloomington, Illinois.

Stevenson's son, Lewis G. Stevenson, was Illinois secretary of state (1914–1917). Stevenson's grandson Adlai Ewing Stevenson II was the Democratic candidate for President of the United States in 1952 and 1956 and Governor of Illinois. His great-grandson, Adlai Ewing Stevenson III, was a U.S. senator from Illinois from 1970 to 1981 and an unsuccessful candidate for Governor of Illinois in 1982 and 1986.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Burnham, John H. (John Howard), 1834-1917. Collection of recollections about Abraham Lincoln, 1856-1973 and undated. Mclean County Historical Society Library
creatorOf Parsons, Lewis B. (Lewis Baldwin), 1818-1907. Papers, 1799-1908 (bulk 1836-1908). Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Glenn M. Anderson Papers, 1870s-2000, 1940-1994 California State University, Dominguez Hills Archives and Special Collections
referencedIn James Bruce papers, 1734-2002, 1910-1960 State of Maryland and Historical Collections
creatorOf Tydings, Millard E. (Millard Evelyn), 1890-1961. Papers of Millard E. Tydings, 1881-1962. University of Maryland Libraries
referencedIn Rubin, Vera D. Records of the Jamaica Peace Corps Training Program 1962 1961-1982 (bulk 1962-1962). New York University. Archives
referencedIn Harvard University. Harvard University Archives Photograph Collection: Portraits. ca.1852-ca.2004. Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn Melville, George W. (George Wallace), 1841-1912. Papers of George W. Melville, 1880-1911. Library of Congress
referencedIn Ives, Elizabeth Stevenson, 1897-1994. Family history papers, 1797-1996. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1835-1914. Letter, December 14, 1907. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1835-1914. Lectures [microform], 1883. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Autograph File, S, 1556-1996. Houghton Library
referencedIn Watterson Club (Louisville, Ky.). Watterson Club Minutes, 1892-1897. University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn Thomas LeRoy Collins Papers, 1909-1991, 1961-1991
creatorOf Shorb, James De Barth. Papers of James De Barth Shorb, 1794-1957 (bulk) 1870-1910. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Stevenson, Adlai Ewing, 1930-. Personal and Family Files, 1890-1991. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Stevenson family papers, 1902-1909. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Vol. XXVII (ff. 207). 1898.includes:f. 1 Herbert Jenner-Fust, cricketer: Letters to Lord Avebury,: 1898-1900.f. 3 James Bell, Town Clerk of Leicester: Letter to Sir J. Lubbock: 1898: Signed.ff. 5, 8 Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, Viscount..., 1898 British Library
creatorOf Schlup, Leonard C., 1943-. Papers, ca. 1890-2004. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1835-1914. Adlai E. Stevenson letter 1908. Montana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Records of the National Park Service, 1785 - 2006. National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmarks Program Records, 2013 - 2017 National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
creatorOf Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1835-1914. Adlai E. Stevenson : miscellaneous papers, 1891-1894. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Horace Mann Bond Papers, 1830-1979, 1926-1972 Special Collections and University Archives, UMass Amherst Libraries
referencedIn Papers, 1919-2001. Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
creatorOf Weadock, Thomas Addis Emmet, 1850-. Thomas Addis Emmet Weadock papers, 1873-1924 (scattered dates). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Helen Paull Kirkpatrick Papers MS 103., 1930 - 1998 Sophia Smith Collection
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referencedIn National Veterans League (N.Y.). Circulars, 1892. Clarke Historical Library
referencedIn Gore Vidal papers, 1850-2020 (inclusive), 1936-2008 (bulk) Houghton Library
referencedIn Asher, Louis Eller, 1877-1948. Lewis Eller Asher autograph collection, 1757-1925. Library of Congress
creatorOf Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1835-1914. Lectures, 1883. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Autograph File, S, 1556-1996. Houghton Library
referencedIn United States Political Campaign Materials Collection, and undated, 1840-2009 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
creatorOf Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1835-1914. Adlai E. Stevenson correspondence, 1892 July 21. Library of Congress
creatorOf Vol. XXVI (ff. 151). 1897.includes:ff. 1, 111 Montagu Lubbock, FRCP: Letters to his brother, Lord Avebury: 1871-1904.ff. 2, 4, 85 Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington; 8th Duke of Devonshire: Correspondence with Lord Avebury,: 1887-1..., 1897 British Library
referencedIn Enfield, Gertrude Dixon, d. 1969. Gertrude Dixon Enfield papers, 1744-1964 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Nordhoff, Charles, 1887-1947. Papers of Charles Nordhoff, 1907-1953 1909-1947. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Haurowitz mss., 1920-1985 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly
referencedIn Robinson, Elmer E., 1894-1982,. Americana, 1765-1969. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Stevenson family. Stevenson family papers, 1902-1909. Cornell University Library
referencedIn American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions archives, 1810-1961. Houghton Library
referencedIn Paul Goodman papers, 1925-1983. Houghton Library
referencedIn Freund, Paul A. Paul A. Freund papers. 1918-1993. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1835-1914. [Address by Vice-president Stevenson to the 1896 graduating class with a description of the events] University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Frederick Lieder political button collection, 1856-1918. Houghton Library
referencedIn Walter C. Hornaday Papers 72-6; 74-5., 1919-1970 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1835-1914. Letter, 1888. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Breckinridge Family Papers, 1752-1965 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Scott Millross Buchanan papers, 1911-1972. Houghton Library
referencedIn Rolfe, James. James Rolfe collection of Adlai E. Stevenson correspondence, 1820-1910. Library of Congress
creatorOf Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1835-1914. Family papers, 1830-1966. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Papers, 1917-1995 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Hammarskjöld, Dag, 1905-1961. Phonorecord of speeches by Dag Hammarskjöld, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, and Adlai Ewing Stevenson issued by Idun-Vecho Journalen, Stockholm Sweden [manuscript], n.d. and 1953-1962. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Morrison, William R. (William Ralls), 1825-1909. Papers, 1855-1909. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869. Papers, 1820-1968. New Hampshire Historical Society Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library
referencedIn Anderson, Glenn M., 1913-1994. The Glenn M. Anderson Papers, 1870s-2000, 1940-1994 California State University, Dominguez Hills, CSUDH
referencedIn New York Times Company records. Arthur Hays Sulzberger papers, 1823-1999 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn McLean County Coal Co. McLean County Coal Company, 1869-2007. Mclean County Historical Society Library
referencedIn Records of the Jamaica Peace Corps Training Program, Bulk, 1962, Bulk, 1962 1961-1982 New York University. Archives
referencedIn Breckinridge, Clifton Rodes, 1846-1932. Breckinridge family papers, 1752-1965. Library of Congress
creatorOf Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1835-1914. Letter, January 21, 1888. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Millard E. Tydings papers, 1881-1962, 1918-1956 State of Maryland and Historical Collections
referencedIn Barbara B. Kennelly Papers., undated, 1977-1998. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center.
referencedIn Lindsay-Wakefield family papers, 1879-1982. Houghton Library
referencedIn Richardson, Robert Dale. Papers, 1920-1969. Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. corporateBody
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associatedWith Duke University. David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Duncan, Lee. person
associatedWith Enfield, Gertrude Dixon, d. 1969. person
associatedWith Gilder, Richard Watson, 1844-1909. person
correspondedWith Goodman, Paul, 1911-1972 person
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associatedWith Hardin, Adlai S. (Adlai Stevenson), 1901-1989. person
associatedWith Hardin, Julia Stevenson, 1874-1966. person
correspondedWith Haurowitz, Felix, 1896-1987 person
correspondedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878 person
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correspondedWith Kirkpatrick, Helen Paull person
associatedWith Lieder, Frederick W. C. (Frederick William Charles), 1881-1953 person
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correspondedWith Marietta Tree person
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associatedWith McLean County Coal Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Melville, George W. (George Wallace), 1841-1912. person
associatedWith Morrison, William R. (William Ralls), 1825-1909. person
associatedWith National Veterans League (N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith New York Times Company corporateBody
correspondedWith Nordhoff, Charles, 1887-1947. person
associatedWith Oglesby, Richard J. (Richard James), 1824-1899. person
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correspondedWith Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869. person
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associatedWith Shackleford, Charles, b. 1840. person
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associatedWith Stephenson family. family
associatedWith Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1900-1965. person
associatedWith Stevenson, Adlai Ewing, 1930- person
associatedWith Stevenson family. person
associatedWith Stevenson, Letitia E. (Letitia Ewing), 1876-1970 person
associatedWith Stevenson, Letitia Green, 1843-1913. person
associatedWith Stevenson, Lewis G. person
associatedWith Stevenson, Lewis G. (Lewis Green), 1868-1929. person
associatedWith Tydings, Millard E. (Millard Evelyn), 1890-1961. person
associatedWith United States. Congress. House corporateBody
memberOf United States. Congress. House of Representatives corporateBody
associatedWith Vidal, Gore, 1925- person
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associatedWith Watterson, Henry, 1840-1921. person
associatedWith Weadock, Thomas Addis Emmet, 1850- person
associatedWith Weber, Jessie Palmer, 1863-1925. person
associatedWith Weldon, Lawrence, 1829-1905. person
correspondedWith Wheatly, Robert. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
District of Columbia DC US
Christian County KY US
Chicago IL US
Bloomington IL US
Metamora IL US
Subject
Pensions--Cost-of-living adjustments
Voyages and travels
Vice presidents
Smithsonian Publications
Recipes
Vice presidents' spouses
Travelers--Diaries
Constitutional history
Art, Greek
Occupation
Lawyers
Representatives, U.S. Congress--Illinois
Businessmen
Vice Presidents--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1835-10-23

Death 1914-06-14

Male

Americans

English

Information

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