Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927

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Edward Everett Ayer (Nov. 16, 1841 -- May 3, 1927), businessman, bibiliophile and collector. In 1860 he joined an overland expedition to California. He stopped in Nevada, where he worked at a quarz mill in Silver City, but soon moved on to San Francisco. He remained there, working at a planing mill, until the outbread of the Civil War. He enlisted in the 1st Regiment of California Cavalry Volunteers, and was later transferred to the 1st Regiment of New Mexico Infantry. Ayer served in many posts in the Southwest (including near Los Angeles and in Arizona and New Mexico). He was mustered out in the summer of 1864, having reached the rank of lieutenant. He then returned to him in Harvard, Ill to begin his business career. In 1880, he moved to Chicago and in 1893, together with John B. Lord, formed the Ayer & Lord Tie Company. Ayer, who had been fascinated with history ever since he chanced upon a copy of Prescott's Conquest of Mexico while soldier in Arizona, became an avid collector of historical books and manuscripts. In 1911, he gave his collection of books, manuscripts, maps, and drawings to the Newberry Library. Ayer was also one of the founders of the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago and served as its president from 1893 and 1898. Ayer presented to it his extensive collection of Indian artifacts, his collection of book on ornitology, and antiquities. He was a trustee of the Newberry Library, a trustee of the Art Institute, president of the Archeological Society, and a member of numerous historical associations. He also served on the Board of Indian Commissioners, and in 1913 conduced an investigation of the Menomonee Reservation in Wisconsin. He and his wife, Emma August Burbank Ayer, made numerous trips abroad, often by automobile. He spent much time in California where he was known for his effort to save redwood forests. He died in Pasadena, Calif. and was buried in Harvard, Ill.

From the description of Reminiscences of Edward E. Ayer, 1899-1925. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 84649947

Collector, businessman, soldier, and land speculator.

From the description of List of Edward Everett Ayer, undated. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79456079

American antiquarian.

From the description of Reminiscence of 1861-1865, 1918. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 145434997

From the guide to the Reminiscence of 1861-1865, 1918, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

Railway lumberman, bibliophile and collector; founder of Field Museum in Chicago. Ayer was stationed in Arizona as a member of the 1st California Volunteers, Company E during the Civil War.

From the description of Ayer papers, 1860-1918. (Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division). WorldCat record id: 38861991

Edward Everett Ayer was a business man and bibliophile.

From the description of Reminiscences of the Far West, and other trips, 1861-1918, ca. 1916-1918. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 86165408

From the guide to the Reminiscences of the Far West, and other trips, 1861-1918, 1861-1918, (American Philosophical Society)

Ayer was born in Kenosha, Wisconsin (1841); moved to Harvard, Illinois in early life; went overland to California (1860); enlisted in Company E of the First California Cavalry and saw action in California, Arizona, and New Mexico; and returned to Illinois (1864) and began a career furnishing telegraph poles to a number of railroads. He also began collecting historical artifacts, manuscripts, maps, and photographs on Native American cultures, which he donated (1911) to the Newberry Library of Chicago as the Edward E. Ayer Collection on the North American Indian. Ayer was active in a number of historical societies, and died in Pasadena, California (1927). More biographical information is in the reminiscences.

From the guide to the Civil War reminiscences., 1924., (Minnesota Historical Society)

From Nov., 12, 1912, to June 29, 1919, Edward E. Ayer was a member of the U.S. Board of Indian Commissioners, an advisory body established by Congress in 1869 that was authorized to visit and investigate any Indian reservation or branch of the Indian service.

An active commission member, Ayer during 1913-1914 investigated the administration of the Menominee Indian Reservation in Wisconsin and the operation of the sawmill there. On his trips west he frequently visited and reported on the Indians of Arizona and Southern California. He also lobbied for subjecting Indians on reservations to the provisions of state laws and for better pay and working conditions for Indian service employees.

From the description of U.S. Board of Indian Commissioners files, 1912-1922. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 41105570

Railroad lumberman, bibliophile, and collector.

Raised in Harvard, Illinois, Ayer went West to California in 1861 and served in the military in Arizona. Ayer's western experiences stimulated lifelong collecting interests which culminated in an extensive accumulation of books, manuscripts, maps, and artifacts about the exploration and settlement of the Americas, the American West, American Indians, the Hawaiian Islands, and the Philippines. From 1892 to 1911, Ayer served as a Trustee of the Newberry Library, and in 1911 he donated his collection to the Newberry and endowed it. Ayer was also a Field Museum of Natural History founder, trustee, and donor, and a member of the U.S. Board of Indian Commissioners.

From the description of Papers, 1842-1934 (bulk 1880-1934). (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 26382014

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Brooks, Alden Finney, 1840-1932. Grand trip across the plains : diary, 1859 May 19-Aug. 23. Newberry Library
creatorOf Sahagún, Bernardino de, d. 1590. Siguense veynte y seis addiciones desta postilla : las quales hizo el auctor della despues de muchos años que la avía hecho, ante que se imprimiese / oquimochi huilli yn fray Bernardino de Sahagun. Newberry Library
referencedIn McDowell, Malcolm. Report on an Indian Field Service project to provide Indians in Arizona with jobs : Washington, D.C., to George Vaux, Jr. : typescript, 1923 Nov. 6. Newberry Library
referencedIn Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935. Papers, 1867-1937. University of Arizona Libraries
creatorOf Waldeck, Frédéric de, 1766-1875,. [Map of the Temascaltepec region in Mexico]. Newberry Library
creatorOf Bermen de la Martinière, Claude, 1636-1719. Papers concerning titles of nobility of the Bermen family : Québec, 1717-1753. Newberry Library
referencedIn Brown, Alexander, 1843-1906. Letter : Norwood, Nelson County, Va., to Ed[ward] E. Ayer, 1891 Jan. 5. Newberry Library
creatorOf Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919. Letter : Washington, [D.C.], to Edward E. Ayer, Chicago, Ill., 1901 Dec. 7. Newberry Library
creatorOf Choate, Joseph Hodges, 1832-1917. Letter : New York, N.Y., to John H. Stephens, Chairman, Committee on Indian Affairs, House of Representatives, Washington, D.C., 1916 Apr. 3. Newberry Library
creatorOf Forbes, W. Cameron (William Cameron), 1870-1959. Letter : S.S. "Lapland" en route to Liverpool, to Edward E. Ayer, Chicago, Ill., 1914 Nov. 17. Newberry Library
creatorOf Tree, Lambert, 1832-1910. Letter and certificate, [ca. 1894]-1903. Newberry Library
creatorOf Bello, Alonso, fl. 1548-1549. Carta executoria a pedimiento de Alonso Bello vecino del lugar de Tres Juncos, 1549 Dec. 30. Newberry Library
creatorOf Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956. Letter : Smithsonian Institution, Washington, to [Edward E.] Ayer, [Chicago, Ill.], 1901 Sept. 30. Newberry Library
creatorOf Robertson, James Alexander, 1873-1939. Transcripts of selected Philippine documents collected by J.A. Robertson, with related notes and letters, [between 1898 and 1908]. Newberry Library
creatorOf Seymour, Ralph Fletcher, b. 1876. [Electrotype printing plates for Ayer Collection bookplate of the Newberry Library] [realia] / Ralph Fletcher Seymour. Newberry Library
creatorOf Menard, Pierre, 1766-1844. Letter : Kaskaskia [Ill.] to Mr. P[ierre] Chouteau, St. Louis, 1840 Mar. 19. Newberry Library
creatorOf Burbank, E. A. (Elbridge Ayer), 1858-1949. E.A. Burbank Papers, 1897-1949. Newberry Library
creatorOf Gordon, Eleanor Lytle Kinzie, 1835-1917. Letters, 1912 Mar. 6-May 30. Newberry Library
creatorOf Doherty, David J. (David Jessup), 1850-1908. Letter : Chicago, [Ill.], to [Edward E. Ayer, Chicago, Ill.], 1904 Jan. 23. Newberry Library
creatorOf Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927. Civil War reminiscences, 1924. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Naveda, García de, fl. 1539-1543. Sentencia y carta ejecutoria de hidalguía de García de Naveda y sus hermanos vecinos de la villa de Belorado, 1539 Aug. 2. Newberry Library
referencedIn United States. Board of Indian Commissioners. Records, 1869-1919. Newberry Library
creatorOf Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935. Letter : to E.E. Ayer Esq., Railway Exchange, Chicago, 1915 Dec. 14. Newberry Library
creatorOf Waldeck, Frédéric de, 1766-1875. Carte du voyage de Mr. de Waldeck en 1832 : de la barre de Tabasco ou Grijalva, par rivières et par terre jusqu'aux ruines de Palenqué. Newberry Library
referencedIn Alice Corbin Henderson Collection TXRC92-A24., 1861-1987 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927. Edward Everett Ayer diary, 1860-1864. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Edward Everett Ayer diary, 1860-1864 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927. Treaty betwe[e]n the United States of America and the sachems, chiefs and warriors of the Wyandot, Ottawa, Chippawa, Munsee and Delaware, Shawanee and Pottawatima Nations : holden at Fort Industry on the Miami of the lake, 1805 July 4. Newberry Library
creatorOf Remembrances of a trip made in 1881 through California [Edward Everett Ayer diary], 1881 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927. Remembrances of a trip made in 1881 through California [Edward Everett Ayer diary], 1881. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Hutchinson, Charles Lawrence, 1854-1924. Charles L. Hutchinson papers, 1868-1934. Newberry Library
referencedIn Skiuhushu, Red Fox. Letters, 1917-1918. Newberry Library
creatorOf Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927. U.S. Board of Indian Commissioners files, 1912-1922. Newberry Library
creatorOf Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927,. [Book of Esther]. Newberry Library
creatorOf James, George Wharton, 1858-1923. Letter : San Diego, Calif., to [Edward E.] Ayer, 1916 June 24. Newberry Library
creatorOf Bancroft, Hubert Howe, 1832-1918. Letter : The Bancroft Library, to My dear Mr. Ayer, 1890 Dec. 21. Newberry Library
creatorOf Waldeck, Frédéric de, 1766-1875. [Nahuatl glyph map of Aztec migration from Aztlan to Tenochtitlán]. Newberry Library
creatorOf Henderson, Alice Corbin, 1881-1949. Papers, 1861-1987 (bulk 1920-1949). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Boturini Benaducci, Lorenzo, 1702-1751,. [Codex Tepotzotlán]. Newberry Library
referencedIn Ayer, Edward Everett, 1842-1927. Ayer papers, 1860-1918. Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
creatorOf Dixon, Joseph Kossuth. Letter : Philadelphia, Pa., to Edward E. Ayer, Chicago, Ill., 1914 Feb. 11. Newberry Library
creatorOf Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928. Lummis correspondence series papers, 1880-1928 / Chas. F. Lummis. Southwest Museum, Braun Research Library
creatorOf Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927. Papers, 1842-1934 (bulk 1880-1934). Newberry Library
creatorOf Verwyst, Chrysostom, 1841-1925. Letters : Bayfield, Wisc., to Hon. Edward E. Ayer, Chicago, Ill., 1917. Newberry Library
creatorOf Heckman, Wallace, 1851-1927. Letter : Chicago, Ill., to Edward E. Ayer, Chicago, Ill., 1915 Dec. 7. Newberry Library
creatorOf Ayer, Edward E. (Edward Everett), 1841-1927. Early reminiscences : of Edward E. Ayer's first trip from home in 1860, journey across the Plains, 1924. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Sahagún, Bernardino de, d. 1590. Siguense unos sermones de dominicas y de santos en lengua mexicana : no traduzidos de un sermonario alguno, sino co[m]puestos nuevamente a la medida de la capacidad de los indios. Newberry Library
creatorOf Civil War reminiscences., 1924. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Otis, Joseph Edward, 1867-1959. Report on Indian affairs, 1923. Newberry Library
referencedIn Howard, Dresden W. H., b. 1817. Letter : Wauseon, O[hio], to A.P. Edgerton, Washington, D.C., [ca. 1920]. Newberry Library
creatorOf Antelope, Faustinus W. Faustinus Antelope letters and petition, 1918. Newberry Library
creatorOf Millet, Francis Davis, 1846-1912. Letter : Washington, D.C., to [Edward E.] Ayer, 1910 Dec. 3. Newberry Library
creatorOf Reminiscence of 1861-1865, 1918 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
creatorOf Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927. List of Edward Everett Ayer, undated. Library of Congress
creatorOf Newcomb, Silas, b. 1822. Journal, 1850 April 1-1851 March 31. Newberry Library
creatorOf Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927. Reminiscences of the Far West and other trips, 1861-1918 : typescript, 1920. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Waldeck, Frédéric de, 1766-1875,. [Map of unidentified place, probably in central Mexico]. Newberry Library
creatorOf Pratte, Bernard, 1803-1886. Letter : Boonville, Mo., to Peter [i.e. Pierre] Chouteau Jr., St. Louis, [Mo.], 1836 Apr. 28. Newberry Library
creatorOf Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927. Reminiscences of the Far West, and other trips, 1861-1918, ca. 1916-1918. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927,. [Book of Esther]. Newberry Library
creatorOf Perez Barahona, Juan, fl. 1560-1562. [Petition for nobility status by Juan Perez Barahona] : Granada, 1561 Dec. 23-1562 Sept. 27. Newberry Library
creatorOf Chouteau, Pierre, 1789-1865. Letter : New York, to Charles P. Chouteau, Esq. in St. Louis, Mo., 1852 May 4. Newberry Library
creatorOf Huggins, E. L. (Eli Lundy), 1842-1929. Letter : Chicago, Ill., to Edward E. Ayer, 1899 Dec. 27. Newberry Library
creatorOf Rújula, Juan Félix de, 1744-1806. [Certification of the arms of Juan Ramón de Torres Bermúdez of Cádiz], 1788 Sept. 25. Newberry Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. [Gradual]. Newberry Library
creatorOf Ayer, Edward Everett, 1842-1927. Ayer papers, 1860-1918. Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
creatorOf Reminiscences of the Far West, and other trips, 1861-1918, 1861-1918 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Stephen, Alexander MacGregor, d. 1894. Letter and catalog, [1884]-1893. Newberry Library
creatorOf Pierce, John. Letter : Albany, N.Y., to [Edward E. Ayer, Chicago, Ill.], 1915 Oct. 18. Newberry Library
creatorOf Dunn, Jacob Piatt, 1855-1924. Letters : Indianapolis, Ind., to Edward Everett Ayer, [Chicago, Ill.], 1913 Feb. 7-12. Newberry Library
creatorOf Duncan, William, 1832-1918. Letters : on board steamer Ancon and Metlakahtla [i.e. Metlakatla], Alaska, to Mr. [Edward E.] Ayer, 1889-1890. Newberry Library
creatorOf Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927. Papers, 1861-1918. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927. Reminiscences of Edward E. Ayer, 1899-1925. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Catholic Church. Officium S.P.N.S. Francisci, 1773. Newberry Library
creatorOf Meeker, Ezra, 1830-1928. Ox team days : speech, 1923 July. Newberry Library
creatorOf Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927. City of Toledo. Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee County Federated Library System
referencedIn Haupt, Herman. Herman Haupt papers, 1897-1921. Newberry Library
creatorOf Newberry Library. Board of Trustees. Trustee general correspondence, 1886-1953. Newberry Library
creatorOf Newberry Library. Financial Agent. Correspondence - general, 1892-1946. Newberry Library
creatorOf Fiske, John, 1842-1901. Letter : Edward E. Ayer, Esq., Old Colony Building, Chicago, 1900 Mar. 20. Newberry Library
creatorOf Morales, Miguel de, fl. 1683-1685. [Petition for nobility status initiated by Miguel de Morales and Andrés de Morales of Mexico City]. Newberry Library
creatorOf Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928. Lummis correspondence series papers, 1880-1928 / Chas. F. Lummis. Gene Autry Western Heritage Museum
creatorOf Sahagún, Bernardino de, d. 1590. Comienc̨a un exercicio en lengua mexicana sacado del Sancto Evango. y distribuido por todos los días de la semana : contiene meditaciones devotas muy provechosas para qualquier [christ]iano. que se quiere llegar a Dios. Newberry Library
creatorOf Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927. Reminiscence of 1861-1865, 1918. American Primers
creatorOf Ortiz Campoy, Juan, fl. 1600-1620. Carta executoria de hidalguía a pedimiento de Juan Hortiz Canpoy vecino de la villa del Haraal, 1620 July 10. Newberry Library
creatorOf Starr, Frederick, 1858-1933. Letters and photograph, 1902 May 1-1908 Nov. 29. Newberry Library
creatorOf Waldeck, Frédéric de, 1766-1875. [Nahuatl glyph map of Tetlama region in Mexico]. Newberry Library
creatorOf Waldeck, Frédéric de, 1766-1875. [Map of the Miacatlán region in Mexico]. Newberry Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Abbott, Frederick H., 1872-1932. person
correspondedWith Antelope, Faustinus W. person
associatedWith Ayer, Edward E., Mrs. person
associatedWith Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927. person
associatedWith Ballou, Howard M. (Howard Malcomb), 1866-1925. person
associatedWith Bancroft, Hubert Howe, 1832-1918. person
associatedWith Bello, Alonso, fl. 1548-1549. person
associatedWith Bermen de la Martinière, Claude, 1636-1719. person
correspondedWith Brooks, Alden Finney, 1840-1932. person
correspondedWith Brown, Alexander, 1843-1906. person
associatedWith Burbank, E. A. (Elbridge Ayer), 1858-1949. person
associatedWith Butler, Ruth Lapham, b. 1896. person
associatedWith Catholic Church. corporateBody
associatedWith Choate, Joseph Hodges, 1832-1917. person
associatedWith Chouteau, Pierre, 1789-1865. person
associatedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935. person
associatedWith Dixon, Joseph Kossuth. person
correspondedWith Doherty, David J. (David Jessup), 1850-1908. person
correspondedWith Duncan, William, 1832-1918. person
correspondedWith Dunn, Jacob Piatt, 1855-1924. person
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Engelhardt, Zephyrin, 1851-1934. person
associatedWith Field Columbian Museum. corporateBody
associatedWith Field Museum of Natural History. corporateBody
associatedWith Fiske, John, 1842-1901. person
correspondedWith Forbes, W. Cameron (William Cameron), 1870-1959. person
associatedWith Gordon, Eleanor Lytle Kinzie, 1835-1917. person
correspondedWith Haupt, Herman. person
correspondedWith Heckman, Wallace, 1851-1927. person
associatedWith Henderson, Alice Corbin, 1881-1949 person
associatedWith Henry Stevens Son & Stiles. corporateBody
correspondedWith Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956. person
associatedWith Howard, Dresden W. H., b. 1817. person
correspondedWith Huggins, E. L. (Eli Lundy), 1842-1929. person
associatedWith Hutchinson, Charles Lawrence, 1854-1924. person
correspondedWith James, George Wharton, 1858-1923. person
associatedWith Ketchum, William Henry, 1868-1921. person
associatedWith La Follette, Robert M. (Robert Marion), 1855-1925. person
associatedWith Lane, Franklin K. person
associatedWith Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928. person
associatedWith McDowell, Malcolm. person
associatedWith Meeker, Ezra, 1830-1928. person
associatedWith Menard, Pierre, 1766-1844. person
correspondedWith Millet, Francis Davis, 1846-1912. person
associatedWith Morales, Miguel de, fl. 1683-1685. person
associatedWith Naveda, García de, fl. 1539-1543. person
associatedWith Newberry Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Newberry Library. Board of Trustees. corporateBody
associatedWith Newberry Library. Financial Agent. corporateBody
associatedWith Newcomb, Silas, b. 1822. person
associatedWith Nicholson, Augustus S., 1830-1911. person
associatedWith Nute, Grace Lee, 1895- person
associatedWith Ortiz Campoy, Juan, fl. 1600-1620. person
associatedWith Otis, Joseph Edward, 1867-1959. person
associatedWith Perez Barahona, Juan, fl. 1560-1562. person
associatedWith Phillips, Harry Clinton, b. 1880. person
correspondedWith Pierce, John. person
associatedWith Pratte, Bernard, 1803-1886. person
associatedWith Prescott, William Hickling, 1796-1859. person
associatedWith Robertson, James Alexander, 1873-1939. person
correspondedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919. person
associatedWith Rosenwald, Julius, 1862-1932. person
associatedWith Rosenwald, Lessing J., (Lessing Julius), 1891-1979 person
associatedWith Rújula, Juan Félix de, 1744-1806. person
associatedWith Sahagún, Bernardino de, d. 1590. person
associatedWith Sells, Cato, 1859-1948. person
associatedWith Seymour, Ralph Fletcher, b. 1876. person
correspondedWith Skiuhushu, Red Fox. person
associatedWith Smith, Clara A. person
associatedWith Starr, Frederick, 1858-1933. person
associatedWith Stephen, Alexander MacGregor, d. 1894. person
associatedWith Thwaites, Reuben Gold, 1853-1913. person
associatedWith Tree, Lambert, 1832-1910. person
associatedWith United States. Army. California Cavalry Regiment, 1st. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. California Cavalry Regiment, 1st (1861-1866) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. California Cavalry Regiment, 1st. Company B. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. California Column. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Cavalry. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. New Mexico Infantry Regiment, 1st (1863-1866) corporateBody
correspondedWith United States. Board of Indian Commissioners corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of Indian Affairs corporateBody
associatedWith Vaux, George, 1863-1927. person
correspondedWith Verwyst, Chrysostom, 1841-1925. person
associatedWith Victor, Frances Fuller, 1826-1902. person
associatedWith Wagner, Henry Raup, 1862-1957. person
associatedWith Waldeck, Frédéric de, 1766-1875. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Arizona
California
Great Plains
Illinois
New York (State)
Mexico
United States - Description and travel
Arizona
Menominee Indian Reservation (Wis.)
United States
New York
Arizona
Mexico
Arizona
Illinois--Chicago
Mexico
West (U.S.)
West (U.S.)
Asia
Europe
United States
Pima Indian Reservation (Sacatoon)
Wisconsin--Menominee Indian Reservation
West (U.S.)
New Mexico
Mexican-American Border Region
California
California
California
Arizona
Mexico
Nevada
West (U.S.)
West (U.S.)
New Mexico
Pima Indian Reservation (Sacatoon)
Sonora (Mexico : State)
Simpson Trail
Mexico
California
Arizona
Great Plains
United States
California
West (U.S.)
New Mexico
Nevada
Western States
United States
Arizona
West (U.S.)
Mexico
Grand Canyon (Ariz.)
New Mexico
United States
United States
Mexico
West (U.S.)
California
San Diego (Calif.)
Santa Fe National Historic Trail
Mexican-American Border Region.
New Mexico
Ohio
Great Salt Lake (Utah)
United States
Mexico - Description and travel
California
Harvard (Ill.)
United States
California
California
West (U.S.)
California
New Mexico
Europe
Europe
Arizona
Ohio
California
United States
Subject
Cavalry--West (U.S.)
Automobile travel--History--Sources
Indians of North America--Antiquities
Indians of North America--Economic conditions--Sources
Indians of North America--Ohio--Antiquities
Apache Indians
Menominee Indians--Government relations--Sources
Politics, Government, and Law
Artifacts
Overland journeys to the Pacific--History--Sources
Federal aid to Indians--History--20th century--Sources
Libraries--Gifts, legacies
Book collectors--Archives
Pawnee Indians
Indian reservations--History--20th century--Sources
Navajo Indians
Material Types
Fortification
Silver mines and mining
Manuscripts, American
Fortification--West (U.S.)
Military camps
Mines and Mineral Resources
Military camps--West (U.S.)
Mines and mineral resources--Nevada
Voyages around the world
Silver mines and mining--Arizona
Menominee Indians--Economic conditions--Sources
Automobile travel--History--Pictorial works
Indians of North America--Government relations--sources
Indians of North America
Sawmills--History--20th century--Sources
Soldiers--Reminiscences
Military
Soldiers--Western States
Soldiers
Military service, Voluntary
Businessmen--Archives
Travelers' writings, American--20th century
Travel
Frontier and pioneer life--History--Sources
Indians of North America--Wars, 1861-1865
Taos Indians
Soldiers--Diaries
Indians of Mexico
Indians of North America--Government relations--1789-1869
Indians of North America--Education
Frontier and pioneer life
Overland journeys to the Pacific
Indians of North America--Missions
Cavalry
Collectors and collecting
Indians of North America--West (U.S.)
Military service, Voluntary--United States
Indians of North America--Education--California
Soldiers--United States--Diaries
Occupation
Land speculators
Businessmen
Collector
Soldiers
Indians of North America
Function

Person

Birth 1841-11-16

Death 1927-05-03

Information

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