Choate, Joseph Hodges, 1832-1917

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Lawyer, author, and diplomat.

From the description of Joseph Hodges Choate papers, 1745-1929 (bulk 1852-1917). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79700965

Prominent New York lawyer, diplomat, and leader in humanitarian and cultural affairs.

From the description of Letter : New York, N.Y., to John H. Stephens, Chairman, Committee on Indian Affairs, House of Representatives, Washington, D.C., 1916 Apr. 3. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 34241616

Choate, a 1854 graduate of Harvard Law School, practiced law in New York City, gaining recognition for his work in the Tweed Ring prosecution and the Standard Oil antitrust case. He also served as U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain (1899-1905) and as head of the American delegation to the Second Hague Conference of 1907.

From the description of Letters and telegram of Joseph H. Choate, 1882-1896. (Harvard Law School Library). WorldCat record id: 234337956

Biographical Note

  • 1832, Jan. 24: Born, Salem, Mass.
  • 1852: A.B., Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
  • 1854: LL.B., Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
  • 1855 - 1917 : Practiced law with the firm of Butler, Evarts and Southmayd (later Evarts, Choate, Sherman and Leon), New York, N.Y.
  • 1860: A.M., Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass
  • 1861: Married Caroline Dutcher Sterling
  • 1869 - 1917 : Founder and trustee, American Museum of Natural History, New York, N.Y.
  • 1870 - 1917 : Incorporator, trustee, and at times vice president, chairman of the law committee and member of the executive committee, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, N.Y.
  • 1890: Member, commission to revise the judicial system of New York
  • 1894: President, New York Constitutional Convention
  • 1897: Candidate for the United States Senate
  • 1899 - 1905 : United States ambassador to Great Britain
  • 1907: United States ambassador and first delegate, International Peace Conference at the Hague, Netherlands
  • 1917, May 14: Died, New York, N.Y.

From the guide to the Joseph Hodges Choate Papers, 1745-1929, (bulk 1852-1917), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Joseph Hodges Choate (1832-1917), a successful lawyer and diplomat, was born on January 24, 1832, in Salem, Massachusetts. He graduated from Harvard in 1852 followed by Harvard Law School in 1854. He was admitted to the Massachusetts bar in 1855 and then the New York bar in 1856, taking a position at the law office of Scudder and Carter in New York, New York. He then entered the firm of Butler, Evarts and Southmayd and in 1859 was admitted to the firm as a partner with its name changing to the firm of Evarts, Southmayd and Choate. In 1884, the firm changed its name again to Evarts, Choate and Beaman and became one of the leading law practices in New York. In 1871, Choate became a member of the Committee of Seventy, which was instrumental in bringing the reign of the corrupt “Boss” William M. Tweed (1823-1878) to an end. In addition, Choate also served as the president of the American Bar Association, the New York State Bar Association, and the New York City Bar Association.

In January 1899, Choate retired from his successful law career and was appointed United States ambassador to the United Kingdom by President William McKinley (1843-1901). Choate remained in this position until the spring of 1905 and was effective in fostering good relations between the two countries. In 1907, he was one of the United States representatives at the second Hague Peace Conference in the Netherlands. Choate was an ardent supporter of the Allies during World War I (1914-1918) and spoke publicly about the war at various speaking engagements in New York. Joseph Hodges Choate died suddenly at this home on 8 East Sixty-Third Street in New York City on May 14, 1917, after suffering a heart attack.

From the guide to the Joseph Hodges Choate letter, Choate (Joseph Hodges) letter, 1915, (Redwood Library and Athenaeum)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Hay, John, 1838-1905. Correspondence, 1854-1914, "Chamberlain" to "Cooke". Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Corelli, Marie, 1855-1924,. Autograph letters signed from Marie Corelli to various recipients [manuscript], 1885-1922. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Evarts family papers, 1753-1960, 1798-1901 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Bryant, John Cullen,. American and English literary and historical papers collected by Atcheson L. Hench [manuscript] 1795-1943. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Asquith of Yarnbury, Helen Violet, Baroness, 1887-1969. Autograph letter signed : "10 Downing St." [London], to J.H. Choate, 1913 Feb. 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Aaron J. Vanderpoel Papers, 1837-1885. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, 1869-1942. Houghton Library.
referencedIn McKinley, William, 1843-1901. William McKinley papers, circa 1847-1935 (bulk 1897-1901). Library of Congress
referencedIn Harvard University Archives Photograph Collection: Portraits, ca. 1852-ca. 2004 Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn Stanford White Papers, 1873-1928 © 2011 New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Choate, Joseph Hodges, 1832-1917,. Typed letter signed and 1 copy unsigned from Joseph Hodges Choate, New York City, to Viola Allen [manuscript], 1916 March 7. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Wendell family papers, ca. 1620-1921. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Ayers, Helen Margaret. The contribution of Joseph Hodges Choate to Anglo-American understanding : by Sister Helen Margaret Ayers, S. N. D. ... dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy in the Department of History at Fordham University : typescript, 1953. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf McCabe, W. Gordon (William Gordon), 1841-1920. Papers of W. Gordon McCabe [manuscript], 1757-1920. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn John Purroy Mitchel Papers, 1835-1932, (bulk 1892-1918) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Class Book, 1852-1908. Harvard University Archives.
creatorOf Choate, Charles F. (Charles Francis), 1828-1911. Correspondence, bills and receipts 1858-1910. Boston Athenaeum
creatorOf Choate, Joseph Hodges, 1832-1917. [Note] 1899 August 11, Hartrigge, Jedburgh, N.B. [to] W.B. Cutting, Jr. / Joseph H. Choate. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn William Gilman Thompson autograph collection, 1771-1924 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Palfrey family papers, 1713-1915. Houghton Library.
referencedIn William McKinley Papers, circa 1847-1935, (bulk 1897-1901) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Henry Adams autograph album, 1833-1939. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Choate, Joseph Hodges, 1832-1917. Signature : New York, to Harold N. Maderhill, 1911 Dec. 20. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Grover Cleveland Papers, 1743-1945, (bulk 1885-1908) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn William Woodville Rockhill papers, 1826-1941. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 1809-1894. Letter, 1882 June 27, Boston, to Mr. Choate [Joseph H. Choate?]. Ohio State University Libraries
referencedIn Vanderpoel, Aaron J., 1825-1887. Papers, 1837-1885. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Letters received by the Norton family, 1830-1920. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Stephen Johnson Field Letters Addressed to Him, 1862-1896 Bancroft Library
referencedIn Elizabeth Gaskell Norton and Sara Norton papers, 1867-1948 (inclusive), 1880-1946 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Henry Moore Bates papers, 1886-1950 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Barrows family papers, 1861-1931. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Thompson, William Gilman, 1856-1927,. William Gilman Thompson autograph collection, 1771-1924 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn John Jay Chapman additional papers, 1841-1940. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Levi P. Morton Correspondence, 1860-1912 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library.
referencedIn William Woodville Rockhill papers, 1826-1941. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Root, Elihu, 1845-1937. Papers of Elihu Root, 1863-1937 (bulk 1899-1937). Library of Congress
referencedIn Evarts, William Maxwell, 1818-1901. William Maxwell Evarts papers, 1667-1918 (bulk 1877-1891). Library of Congress
referencedIn Paul Joseph Revere photographs, 1852-1870. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Catalog of private library and china belonging to Joseph Hodges Choate, 1911 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Letters sent to Walter Hines Page from various correspondents, English period, 1876-1937. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Chaloner, John Armstrong, 1862-1935. Papers, 1862-1935. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Rogers Memorial Collection: Henry Munroe Rogers papers, 1812-1937 (inclusive), 1862-1937 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1847-1933. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Joseph H. Choate letters, 1894-1915 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Richard Aldrich papers, 1842-1956 (inclusive), 1883-1938 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925. Correspondence, 1886-1921. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn White, Henry, 1850-1927. Henry White papers, 1876-1925. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Fuller, Melville Weston, 1833-1910. Melville Weston Fuller papers, 1794-1949 (bulk 1849-1910). Library of Congress
referencedIn Letters sent to Walter Hines Page from various correspondents, English period, 1876-1937. Houghton Library.
referencedIn William Roscoe Thayer papers, 1762-1927 (inclusive), 1872-1921 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Luce, Stephen Bleecker, 1827-1917. Certificate, April 19, 1917. Naval War College, Henry E. Eccles Library
referencedIn Elihu Root Papers, 1863-1937, (bulk 1899-1937) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Andrew Lang papers, 1811-1971. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Joseph Hodges Choate Papers, 1745-1929, (bulk 1852-1917) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Allen, James Lane, 1849-1925. Papers of James Lane Allen [manuscript] 1890-1919. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Andrew Carnegie Papers, 1803-1935, (bulk 1890-1919) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Conner, Charles Chambers. Papers, 1869-1939. Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
creatorOf Choate, Joseph Hodges, 1832-1917. Letter, 1859, to Nathan Hale (?). University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Scrapbook, 1876-1881. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Choate, Joseph Hodges, 1832-1917. Choate Family Documents, 1791-1878. Peabody Essex Museum
referencedIn Evarts family. Evarts family papers, 1753-1960 (inclusive), 1798-1901 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn George Sarton additional papers, 1901-1956. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Choate, Joseph Hodges, 1832-1917. Signature : New York, to Harold N. Maderhill, 1911 Dec. 20. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Mitchel, John Purroy, 1879-1918. Papers of John Purroy Mitchel, 1874-1932. Library of Congress
creatorOf Choate, Joseph Hodges, 1832-1917. Letter : Albany, N.Y., to William Crosswell Doane, [Bar Harbor, Me.], [18]94 Sept. 15. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Gibbons, Abby Hopper, 1801-1893. Papers, 1824-1992, 1850-1892. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn William Maxwell Evarts Papers, 1667-1918, (bulk 1877-1891) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Oswald Garrison Villard papers, 1872-1949. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, American period, 1876-1937. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Joseph Hodges Choate letter, Choate (Joseph Hodges) letter, 1915 Redwood Library and Athenaeum
referencedIn Letters to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1761-1904 (inclusive) 1820-1888 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Jennings, Frederic Beach, 1853-1920. Frederick B. Jennings papers, 1882-1916 Bennington Museum, Incorporated
referencedIn Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908. Grover Cleveland papers, 1743-1945 (bulk 1885-1908). Library of Congress
creatorOf Choate, Joseph Hodges, 1832-1917. Letter : New York, N.Y., to John H. Stephens, Chairman, Committee on Indian Affairs, House of Representatives, Washington, D.C., 1916 Apr. 3. Newberry Library
referencedIn Samuel Gray Ward and Anna Hazard Barker Ward papers, 1823-1934 (inclusive) 1837-1900 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Choate, Joseph Hodges, 1832-1917. Letter : New York, to D[aniel?] Huntington, [New York], 1864 Apr. 20. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Choate, Joseph Hodges, 1832-1917. Letters and telegram of Joseph H. Choate, 1882-1896. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn Papers, 1879-1938 (inclusive), 1897-1903 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Melville Weston Fuller Papers, 1794-1949, (bulk 1849-1910) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Papers, 1832-1892. Houghton Library.
referencedIn John Hay Papers, 1783-1999, (bulk 1897-1905) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Choate, Joseph Hodges, 1832-1917. Catalog of private library and china belonging to Joseph Hodges Choate, 1911. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, 1861-1914. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Autograph File, C, 1554-2002. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Miscellany, ca. 1680-1900. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Choate, Joseph Hodges, 1832-1917. Joseph Hodges Choate papers, 1745-1929 (bulk 1852-1917). Library of Congress
creatorOf Bates, Henry Moore, 1869-1949. Henry Moore Bates papers, 1886-1950. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Letters to Charles Eliot Norton and other papers, 1702-1952. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Gibson, Florence W?. Letter, 1914, March 15, New York City? [to] Mr. Edwin Markham, [Staten Island, New York] / Florence W? Gibson. Wagner College, Horrmann Library
referencedIn Carnegie, Andrew, 1835-1919. Papers of Andrew Carnegie, 1803-1935 (bulk 1890-1919). Library of Congress
creatorOf Choate, Joseph Hodges, 1832-1917. Letter : Albany, N.Y., to William Crosswell Doane, [Bar Harbor, Me.], [18]94 Sept. 15. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Charles Eliot Norton papers, ca.1845-1908. Houghton Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
correspondedWith Adams, Charles Francis, 1835-1915 person
associatedWith Adams, Henry, 1838-1918 person
associatedWith Aldrich, Richard, 1863-1937 person
associatedWith Algeciras Conference (1906 : Algeciras, Spain) corporateBody
associatedWith Allen, James Lane, 1849-1925. person
correspondedWith Allen, Viola, 1867-1948 person
associatedWith American Bar Association. corporateBody
associatedWith American Museum of Natural History. corporateBody
associatedWith Asquith of Yarnbury, Helen Violet, Baroness, 1887-1969. person
associatedWith Ayer, Edward Everett, 1841-1927. person
associatedWith Ayers, Helen Margaret. person
associatedWith Balfour, Arthur James Balfour, Earl of, 1848-1930. person
correspondedWith Barrows family. family
associatedWith Bates, Henry Moore, 1869-1949. person
correspondedWith Beck, James M. (James Montgomery), 1861-1936 person
associatedWith Bell, Charles Henry, 1823-1893, person
correspondedWith Brooks, Phillips, 1835-1893 person
correspondedWith Bryce, James Bryce, Viscount, 1838-1922 person
associatedWith Butler-Gunsaulus Collection (University of Chicago. Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Carnegie, Andrew, 1835-1919. person
associatedWith Carter, James C. (James Coolidge), 1827-1905 person
correspondedWith Carter, John R. (John Ridgely), 1862-1944 person
associatedWith Chaloner, John Armstrong, 1862-1935. person
correspondedWith Chapman, John Jay, 1862-1933 person
correspondedWith Choate, Caroline, 1834-1889 person
correspondedWith Choate, Caroline Sterling person
associatedWith Choate, Charles F. (Charles Francis), 1828-1911. person
associatedWith Choate, David, 1757-1808. person
associatedWith Choate family. family
associatedWith Choate family. family
correspondedWith Choate, George F. (George Francis), 1822-1888 person
correspondedWith Choate, Mabel, 1870-1958 person
correspondedWith Choate, Margaret Manning person
associatedWith Choate, Rufus, b. 1834. person
correspondedWith Choate, William Gardner, 1830-1920 person
correspondedWith Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908 person
associatedWith Conner, Charles Chambers. person
correspondedWith Corelli, Marie, 1855-1924, person
associatedWith Curzon of Kedleston, George Nathaniel Curzon, Marquess, 1859-1925. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Doane, William Croswell, 1832-1913. person
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
correspondedWith Eliot, Charles William, 1834-1926 person
associatedWith Evarts family family
associatedWith Evarts family. family
correspondedWith Evarts, William Maxwell, 1818-1901 person
correspondedWith Field, Stephen Johnson, 1816-1899 person
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associatedWith Forbes, W. Cameron (William Cameron), 1870-1959 person
correspondedWith Foster, John Watson, 1836-1917 person
correspondedWith Fuller, Melville Weston, 1833-1910. person
associatedWith Gibbons, Abby Hopper, 1801-1893. person
associatedWith Gibson, Florence W? person
associatedWith Great Britain. 1900 Feb. 5. corporateBody
associatedWith Great Britain. 1901 Nov. 18. corporateBody
associatedWith Great Britain. Treaties, etc. United States, 1900 February 5. corporateBody
associatedWith Great Britain. Treaties, etc. United States, 1901 November 18. corporateBody
correspondedWith Greene, F. V. (Francis Vinton), 1850-1921 person
associatedWith Hale, Nathan, 1784-1863. person
associatedWith Harvard College (1780- ). Class of 1852. corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University corporateBody
associatedWith Hay, John, 1838-1905. person
associatedWith Holls, Frederick William, 1857-1903 person
associatedWith Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 1809-1894. person
associatedWith Huntington, Daniel, 1816-1906. person
associatedWith International Peace Conference. corporateBody
associatedWith International Peace Conference ( 1899 : The Hague, Netherlands) corporateBody
associatedWith International Peace Conference ( 1907 : The Hague, Netherlands) corporateBody
correspondedWith Jennings, Frederic Beach, 1853-1920. person
associatedWith Joffre, Joseph Jacques Césaire, 1852-1931. person
correspondedWith Lang, Andrew, 1844-1912 person
correspondedWith Lansdowne, Henry Charles Keith Petty-FitzMaurice, Marquess of, 1845-1927 person
correspondedWith Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882 person
associatedWith Luce, Stephen Bleecker, 1827-1917. person
associatedWith Maderhill, Harold N. person
associatedWith McCabe, W. Gordon (William Gordon), 1841-1920. person
correspondedWith McKinley, William, 1843-1901. person
associatedWith Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925. person
associatedWith Mitchel, John Purroy, 1879-1918. person
correspondedWith Morgan, Edwin T. person
associatedWith Morton, Levi P. (Levi Parsons), 1824-1920 person
associatedWith Newberry Library. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Constitutional Convention (1894) corporateBody
associatedWith Norton, Charles Eliot, 1827-1908 person
correspondedWith Norton, Elizabeth Gaskell, 1866- person
correspondedWith Norton family, recipient. family
correspondedWith Oliver, Henry K. (Henry Kemble), 1800-1885 person
associatedWith Page, Walter Hines, 1855-1918 person
associatedWith Palfrey family. family
correspondedWith Parker, Arthur Caswell, 1881-1955 person
associatedWith Pauncefote, Julian, Baron, 1828-1902. person
associatedWith Perry, Bliss, 1860-1954 person
correspondedWith Phillips, William, 1878-1968 person
correspondedWith Rantoul, Robert S. (Robert Samuel), 1832-1922 person
correspondedWith Reid, Whitelaw, 1837-1912 person
correspondedWith Robinson, Corinne Roosevelt, 1861-1933 person
associatedWith Robinson, E. Randolph, person
correspondedWith Rockhill, William Woodville, 1854-1914 person
associatedWith Rogers, Henry Munroe, 1839-1937 person
correspondedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919 person
correspondedWith Root, Elihu, 1845-1937 person
correspondedWith Rowe, William V. person
associatedWith Sanderson, Lord. person
correspondedWith Sanderson, Thomas Henry Sanderson, Baron, 1841-1923 person
correspondedWith Sarton, George, 1884-1956 person
associatedWith Stephens, John Hall, 1847-1924. person
correspondedWith Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930 person
correspondedWith Thayer, William Roscoe, 1859-1923 person
associatedWith Thompson, William Gilman, 1856-1927, person
correspondedWith Trevelyan, George Otta, Sir, 1838-1928 person
associatedWith Union League of America. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. Committee on Indian Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith Vanderpoel, Aaron, 1799-1870 person
associatedWith Vanderpoel, Aaron J., 1825-1887. person
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
associatedWith Viviani, René, 1863-1925. person
associatedWith Ward, Samuel Gray. person
correspondedWith Wendell family. family
associatedWith White, Henry, 1850-1927. person
correspondedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924 person
correspondedWith Withington, Lothrop, 1856-1915 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Morocco
Great Britain
New York (State)--New York
Salem (Mass.)
France
China
United States
China
Great Britain
New York (State)--New York
Alaska
United States
New York (State)
United States
Canada
France
Morocco
New York (State)
Canada
New York (State)
New York (State)
Alaska
United States
Central America
Subject
Collectors and collecting--New York (State)--New York
Correspondence
Canals--Central America
Charities--New York (State)
Eastern question (Far East)
Porcelain--Collectors and collecting--United States
Practice of law
Private libraries--Catalogs
Indians of North America--Government relations--1869-1934--Sources
Canals
Charities
Indians, Treatment of--History--Sources
Private libraries--New York (State)--New York--Catalogs
Art objects--Collectors and collecting--United States
Collectors and collecting
World War, 1914-1918
Diplomatic and consular service, American--Great Britain
Indians of North America--Land tenure--History--Sources
Porcelain--Collectors and collecting
Art objects--Collectors and collecting
Canals, Interoceanic
Practice of law--New York (State)--New York
Diplomatic and consular service, American
Occupation
Authors
Diplomats
Lawyers
Function

Person

Birth 1832-01-24

Death 1917-05-14

English

Information

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