National Council of Jewish Women

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Organized in 1893 as the Council of Jewish Women; name changed in 1923 to the National Council of Jewish Women. The two primary goals of the organization are social reform and the promotion of Judaism among women.

From the description of Records of the National Council of Jewish Women, 1893-1989 (bulk 1940-1981). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79456414

The National Council members, in their Credo, stated that they "believe in the ideal of Peace." In their philosophy, they stated: "It is not enough to hate war; we must organize for peace and work to perfect a world organization through which we can achieve security and justice."

From the description of Collection, 1929-1959 1929-1940 (bulk). (Swarthmore College, Peace Collection). WorldCat record id: 28571632

The National Council of Jewish Women was founded in 1893 by Hannah Greenebaum Solomon, making it the oldest Jewish women’s volunteer organization in America. The NCJW’s founding document declared its dedication to religious, philanthropic, and educational causes. The organization grew rapidly during the early twentieth century, with sections in cities across the United States and representatives in Europe. The NCJW’s broad interests, active membership and cooperation with Jewish and non-Jewish organizations contributed to its position as a leader among women’s social reform agencies.

From the 1890s, the NCJW took a particular interest in assisting immigrant Jews. The Immigration and Naturalization Office of the Worcester Section, founded in 1904, was one of many local NCJW offices that provided guidance to individuals and families during the application process for permanent residency and citizenship.

From the 1930s through the 1960s the office primarily assisted Jewish refugees and displaced persons from Germany, Russia, and Poland. However, the office also provided assistance to many Jewish residents who had arrived from Eastern Europe in the earlier decades of the century, as well as Jews who left the Soviet Union in the 1970s.The following women served as head of the Worcester Section Immigration and Naturalization Office: Dorice Grace (through 1947); Lillian (Mrs. Eugene) Kretzmer (1947-1977); Lois A. (Mrs. Myles) Lopatin (1977- ?).

From the guide to the National Council of Jewish Women Collection, 1936-1982, (Leo Baeck Institute Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Golding, Elizabeth Bass. Papers, 1937-1969. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Max James Kohler Papers, 1765-1963 (bulk 1888-1935) American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn Reyher, Rebecca Hourwich, 1897-1987. Papers, 1877-1988 (bulk: 1915-1970) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf National Council of Jewish Women. [Minor publications, constitution, program of work, etc.]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Indiana Jewish Historical Society. Indiana Jewish Historical Society collection addition, 1985-2009. Indiana Historical Society Library
creatorOf National Council of Jewish Women. Minneapolis Section. Records, 1917-1970. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Georgia Farm School and Resettlement Bureau. Georgia Farm School and Resettlement Bureau records, 1936-1948 (bulk 1939-1941). Ida Pearle and Joseph Cuba Community Archives and Genealogy Center
referencedIn Virginia Levitt Snitow Papers, undated, 1909-2001 American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn Robin, Eva. Papers, 1887-1959. University of California, Los Angeles
referencedIn National Council of Jewish Women, New York Section Records, undated, 1895-2004 American Jewish Historical Society
creatorOf National Council of Jewish Women. Baltimore Section. Records, 1896-2003 and [undated]. Jewish Historical Society of Maryland Library
referencedIn Eva Robin Papers, 1887-1959 University of California, Los Angeles. Library Special Collections.
referencedIn Baron de Hirsch Fund Records, undated, 1819-1991 (bulk 1882-1935) American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn Papers of Caroline K. (Caroline Klein) Simon, (inclusive), (bulk), 1917-1993, 1950-1980 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Chase Going Woodhouse Papers., undated, 1900-1984. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Center.
creatorOf Blumenthal family. Dorothy Hast Blumenthal family photographs MFQ 298 Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
referencedIn Hadassah, the Women's Zionist Organization of America. Madison Chapter (Wis.). Records, 1919-1970. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Peterson, Esther, 1906-1997. Papers: Series I-IV, 1884-1998 (inclusive), 1929-1998 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn National Jewish Welfare Board, Records, undated, 1889-1995 (bulk 1917-1990) American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn Solomon, Hannah G. (Hannah Greenebaum), 1858-1942. Hannah G. Solomon papers, 1817-1986 (bulk 1892-1942). Library of Congress
referencedIn Solomon, Hannah G. (Hannah Greenebaum), 1858-1942. Newsclippings, 1894-1939 [microform]. Brandeis University Library
creatorOf Blumenthal family. Blumenthal family papers 1907-1988. Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
referencedIn Katharine Asher Engel Papers MS 55., 1916-1957 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Women's Joint Congressional Committee Records, 1920-1970, (bulk 1920-1953) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Gore Vidal papers, 1850-2020 (inclusive), 1936-2008 (bulk) Houghton Library
referencedIn Papers, 1950-1976 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Louis Broido papers, undated, 1922-1976 American Jewish Historical Society Archives
referencedIn Brin, Arthur, 1880-1947. Arthur Brin and family papers, 1891-1988. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Brin, Fanny Fligelman, 1884-1961. Fanny F. Brin papers, 1896-1958. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Papers, (1959-1976), 1980 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Western Jewish History Center. 184. Goodman and Levy family papers and scrapbooks, 1850-2003. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Papers of Cecilia Razovsky, undated, 1913-1971 American Jewish Historical Society at the Center for Jewish History
referencedIn Records of the Industrial Removal Office, undated, 1899-1922 American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn Grete Simon, M.D. Collection, 1871-1977, bulk 1871-1900, bulk 1940-1971 Leo Baeck Institute.
referencedIn National Council of Jewish Women, New Bedford (Mass.) Section. National Council of Jewish Women, New Bedford (Mass.) Section, Records, 1925-1993. University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, Claire T. Carney Library
referencedIn Shirley T. Joseph Papers, 1972-1998 American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn Hannah G. Solomon Papers, 1817-1986, (bulk 1892-1942) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Guggenheimer, Elinor Coleman, 1912-. Papers, 1959-1980 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers of Robison Family, undated, 1904-1995 American Jewish Historical Society
creatorOf National Council of Jewish Women. Records of the National Council of Jewish Women, 1893-1989 (bulk 1940-1981). Library of Congress
referencedIn National Committee on Atomic Information Records, 1945-1948 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Kretzmer, Lilli Cohen. Papers, 1950-1976 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Goldman, Robert Philip, 1890-1976. Papers, 1917-1976. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Brown, Ronald, 1900-2003. Ronald and Isabelle Brown papers, series II, 1911-2003. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Jeannette Rankin Brigade. Jeannette Rankin Brigade records, 1967-1968. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf National Council of Jewish Women Collection, 1936-1982 Leo Baeck Institute Archives
referencedIn Engel, Katharine Asher, 1898-1957. Papers, 1916-1957. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Frankel, Lester, 1923-. Papers, [ca.1945-1948], 1975. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Max Katz family. Katz family correspondence letters photographs. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
referencedIn National Council of Jewish Women. Chicago Section. National Council of Jewish Women, Chicago Section records, 1899-1973 (bulk 1920-1970). Chicago History Museum
referencedIn Ruth Fischer papers, 1925-1961 (inclusive) 1940-1961 (bulk) Houghton Library
referencedIn Papers, 1884-1998 (inclusive), 1929-1988 (bulk) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Shinedling Family Papers, 1970-1971 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
referencedIn Cahn, Gladys Dena Freeman, 1901-1964. Gladys Freeman Cahn papers, 1940-1984. Tulane University, Howard-Tilton Memorial Library
referencedIn Gold, Doris B. Papers, 1962-1983 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Goodman and Levy family papers and scrapbooks, 1850-2003 Bancroft Library
creatorOf National Council of Jewish Women. Collection, 1929-1959 1929-1940 (bulk). Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Committee on the Cause and Cure of War. Records, 1923-1948 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Gruenberg, Bertha Sanford. Papers, 1898-1985 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Kretzmer, Lilli Cohen. Papers, 1950-1976 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Hand, Learned, 1872-1961. Papers, 1840-1961 Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Union of American Hebrew Congregations. Records, 1873-1985. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Beatrice Feingold Papers Wyner Family Jewish Heritage Center at New England Historic Genealogical Society
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Additional papers of Mary Steichen Calderone, (inclusive), (bulk), 1914-1989, 1960-1989 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Schonfield, Miriam. Jewish Religious Schools, Southwestern District of Pennsylvania paper 1996. Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
referencedIn Cotton, Sylvia, 1912-. Sylvia Cotton papers, 1958-1974. University of Illinois at Chicago Library, UIC
referencedIn Shinedling family. Papers, 1942-1973. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
referencedIn Christian Archibald Herter papers, 1929-1967 (inclusive), 1943-1966 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Prescott S. Bush Papers., undated, 1952-1962. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Center.
referencedIn Jeannette Rankin Brigade records, 1967-1968 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Jewish Family and Children's Service (Milwaukee, Wis.). Jewish Family and Children's Service records, 1867-2006. Milwaukee Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn Esther Landa photograph collection, 1930s-1990s J. Willard Marriott Library, University of UtahPhotograph Archives
referencedIn Women's Joint Congressional Committee. Records of the Women's Joint Congressional Committee, 1920-1970 (bulk 1920-1953). Library of Congress
referencedIn Records, 1923-1948 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers, 1962-1983 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Baron de Hirsch Fund (1891 - Present) person
associatedWith Blumenthal family. family
associatedWith Blumenthal family. family
associatedWith Brin, Arthur, 1880-1947. person
associatedWith Brin, Fanny Fligelman, 1884-1961. person
associatedWith Broido, Louis person
associatedWith Brown, Ronald, 1900-2003. person
associatedWith Bush, Prescott Sheldon. person
associatedWith Cahn, Gladys Dena Freeman, 1901-1964. person
associatedWith Calderone, Mary Steichen, 1904-1998 person
correspondedWith Caroline K. (Caroline Klein) Simon person
associatedWith Cecilia Razovsky person
associatedWith Committee on the Cause and Cure of War corporateBody
associatedWith Committee on the Cause and Cure of War. corporateBody
associatedWith Cotton, Sylvia, 1912- person
associatedWith Doris (Bauman) Gold, 1919- person
associatedWith Elinor C. Guggenheimer, 1912-2008 person
associatedWith Engel, Katharine Asher, 1898-1957 person
associatedWith ESTHER (EGGERTSEN) PETERSON, 1906-1997 person
associatedWith Feingold, Beatrice person
correspondedWith Fischer, Ruth, 1895- person
associatedWith Frankel, Lester, 1923- person
associatedWith Georgia Farm School and Resettlement Bureau. corporateBody
associatedWith Gold, Doris B. person
associatedWith Golding, Elizabeth Bass. person
associatedWith Goldman, Robert Philip, 1890-1976. person
associatedWith Goodman family family
associatedWith Gruenberg, Bertha Sanford. person
associatedWith Guggenheimer, Elinor Coleman, 1912- person
associatedWith Hadassah, the Women's Zionist Organization of America. Madison Chapter (Wis.) corporateBody
associatedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
correspondedWith Herter, Christian Archibald, 1895-1966 person
associatedWith Indiana Jewish Historical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Industrial Removal Office corporateBody
associatedWith Jeannette Rankin Brigade. corporateBody
associatedWith Jewish Family and Children's Service (Milwaukee, Wis.) corporateBody
associatedWith Kohler, Max J. (Max James), 1871-1934 person
associatedWith Kretzmer, Lilli Cohen. person
associatedWith Levy family family
associatedWith Lilli (Cohen) Kretzmer person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
associatedWith Max Katz family. person
associatedWith McCarthy, Joseph, 1908-1957. person
associatedWith National Committee on Atomic Information corporateBody
associatedWith National Council of Jewish Women. Baltimore Section. corporateBody
associatedWith National Council of Jewish Women. Chicago Section. corporateBody
associatedWith National Council of Jewish Women. Minneapolis Section. corporateBody
associatedWith National Council of Jewish Women, New Bedford (Mass.) Section. corporateBody
associatedWith National Council of Jewish Women, New York Section, 1894- corporateBody
associatedWith National Jewish Welfare Board corporateBody
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith Peterson, Esther, 1906-1997. person
correspondedWith Rebecca Hourwich Reyher person
associatedWith Robin, Eva. person
correspondedWith Robison Family family
associatedWith Shinedling, Abraham I. (Abraham Isaac)c 1897- person
associatedWith Shinedling family. family
associatedWith Shirley T. Joseph person
associatedWith Simon, Grete person
associatedWith Snitow, Virginia Levitt person
associatedWith Solomon, Hannah G. (Hannah Greenebaum), 1858-1942. person
associatedWith Swarthmore College. Peace Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Union of American Hebrew Congregations. corporateBody
associatedWith United Nations. corporateBody
correspondedWith Vidal, Gore, 1925- person
associatedWith Women's Joint Congressional Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Woodhouse, Chase Going. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Israel
United States
Soviet Union
Subject
Equal rights amendments
Emigration and immigration
Abortion
Kretzmer, Lilli
Women--Societies and clubs--History--Sources
Juvenile delinquency
Nutrition
Human rights
Economic assistance
United Restitution Organization (1948- )
Social service
Older people
Housing
World War, 1939-1945--Refugees
Peace
National health insurance
Restitution and indemnification claims (1933- )
Women and peace--History--Sources
Labor laws and legislation
Women--Employment
Refugees, Jewish
Food
United Service for New Americans, Inc
International relations
Social problems
Civil rights
Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society, New York (1885- )
Anti-communist movements
Sex discrimination
Jews
Consumers
Nuclear warfare
Women's rights
Education
Child care
Jews--Social life and customs
Jewish women--History--Sources
Commerce
Occupation
Activity

Corporate Body

Active 1893

Active 1989

Information

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SNAC ID: 49862359