Dousman, Hercules L. (Hercules Louis), 1800-1868

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Wealthy Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, fur trader and regional investor.

Born on Mackinac Island in 1800 and educated in New Jersey, Dousman worked at a New York mercantile house as a clerk and with his father at Mackinac before coming in 1826 to Prairie du Chien. There Dousman worked as an agent of the American Fur Company in partnership with Joseph Rolette (whose widow, Jane Fisher Rolette, Dousman married in 1844). In 1834, Dousman, Rolette, and H.H. Sibley became stockholders in Ramsay Crooks' reorganized American Fur Company and contracted to run the Western Outfit for Crooks. With the assignment of that company to creditors in 1842, the trio transferred their trade, becoming the Upper Mississippi Outfit of Pierre Chouteau Jr. & Co. of St. Louis.

From the description of Hercules L. Dousman papers, 1808-1857, bulk 1840-1857. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 35997390

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Dousman, Hercules L. (Hercules Louis), 1800-1868. Hercules L. Dousman papers, 1848-1853 [microform]. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Dousman, Hercules L. (Hercules Louis), 1800-1868. Hercules L. Dousman papers, 1808-1857, bulk 1840-1857. Newberry Library
referencedIn Bond for loan of Joseph Daniels, 1850 November 4. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Grace Lee Nute papers., 1924-1945, 1957. Minnesota Historical Society.
creatorOf Brisbois, Charles, d. 1847. Green Bay and Prairie du Chien papers, 1774-1895. Wisconsin Historical Society Archives
referencedIn Nute, Grace Lee, 1895-. Grace Lee Nute papers, 1924-1945, 1957. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Ahl, John A. The territorial papers of the United States: The Territory of Minnesota (a microfilm supplement), 1849-1858 [microform]. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Coryer, Albert E., 1877-1968. Interview, broadcast, and anecdotes, ca. 1829-1890, 1951, and 1958. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn American Fur Company papers., 1831-1849. Minnesota Historical Society.
creatorOf Sibley, Henry Hastings, 1811-1891. Henry H. Sibley papers, 1815-1932. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Henry H. Sibley Papers., 1815-1932. Minnesota Historical Society.
creatorOf State Historical Society of Wisconsin,. Correspondence relating to the Minnesota fur trade and the Minnesota-Wisconsin boundary dispute, 1838-1850. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Dousman, Hercules L. (Hercules Louis), 1800-1868. Family papers, 1830-1911. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Lyon, Lucius, 1800-1851. Papers, 1822-1846. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Correspondence relating to the Minnesota fur trade and the Minnesota-Wisconsin boundary dispute, 1838-1850. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Pierre Chouteau and family papers., 1799-1850. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Courtenay, David. Letter, 1861. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Hults, Frederick, Mrs. Dousman family genealogical chart, ca. 1977. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Chouteau, Pierre, 1789-1865. Pierre Chouteau and family papers, 1799-1850. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880 [microform]. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Grant County (Wis.). Clerk. Assessment roll, 1843. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Beaumont, William, 1785-1853. Papers, 1814-1853, 1915-1935. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Fisher, Henry. Correspondence, 1826-1867 [microform]. University of North Dakota, Chester Fritz Library
referencedIn Rolette, Joseph, 1781-1842. Letters and agreement : Prairie du Chien, Wis., 1813-1842. Newberry Library
referencedIn United States. War Dept. [Deed, July 20, 1863, to the west half of the west half and south east quarter of the south west quarter of section eighteen (18) town seven (7) north of range four (4) west Crawford County, Wisconsin sold to Hercules L. Dousman / signed by Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War]. University of Wisconsin - La Crosse, Murphy Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous legal documents relating to Crawford County, Wisconsin., 1816-1857. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Siepp, George A.,. Miscellaneous legal documents relating to Crawford County, Wisconsin, 1816-1857. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs [microform]., 1824-1880 Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Doty, James Duane, 1799-1865. Letter : Astor, [Wisc.], to J[a]q[ues] Porlier Jr., 1836 Feb. 26. Newberry Library
creatorOf Dousman, Hercules L. (Hercules Louis), 1800-1868. Hercules L. Dousman papers, 1808-1811, 1822-1903. Minnesota Historical Society Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Fur Company. corporateBody
correspondedWith American Fur Company. Western Outfit corporateBody
associatedWith Ariel (Steamboat) corporateBody
associatedWith Artesian Stock Farm. corporateBody
associatedWith Astor, William B. (William Backhouse), 1792-1875. person
associatedWith Bailly, Alexis, 1798-1861. person
associatedWith Baird, Henry S. (Henry Samuel), 1800-1875. person
associatedWith Beaumont, William, 1785-1853. person
associatedWith Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889. person
associatedWith Chippewa Falls Lumbering Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Chouteau, Pierre, 1789-1865. person
associatedWith Coryer, Albert E., 1877-1968. person
associatedWith Courtenay, David. person
associatedWith Crooks, Ramsay, 1787-1859. person
associatedWith Dewey, Nelson, 1813-1889. person
associatedWith Doty, James Duane, 1799-1865. person
associatedWith Dousman, Hercules L. (Hercules Louis), 1848-1886. person
associatedWith Dousman, Nina Sturgis, ca. 1856-1930. person
associatedWith Drake, Elias Franklin, 1813-1892. person
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
correspondedWith Fisher, Henry. person
associatedWith Grant County (Wis.). Clerk. corporateBody
associatedWith Hults, Frederick, Mrs. person
associatedWith Kinzie, John Harris, 1803-1865. person
associatedWith Kinzie, John H., Mrs., 1806-1870. person
associatedWith Lyon, Lucius, 1800-1851. person
associatedWith Martin, M. L. (Morgan Lewis), 1805-1887. person
associatedWith Milwaukee and Mississippi Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Milwaukee and Prairie du Chien Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Milwaukee and Prairie du Chien Railway Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Minnesota Valley Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Minnesota Valley Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Newberry Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Noonan, Josiah A. person
associatedWith Northwestern Packet Company. corporateBody
associatedWith North Western Union Packet Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Nute, Grace Lee, 1895- person
associatedWith Pierre Chouteau Jr. & Company. corporateBody
correspondedWith Pierre Chouteau Jr. & Company. Upper Mississippi Outfit corporateBody
associatedWith Prairie du Chien, Hudson and St. Paul Packet Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Prairie du Chien, Hudson, and St. Paul Packet Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Ramsey, Alexander, 1815-1903. person
associatedWith Rice, Henry M. (Henry Mower), 1816-1894. person
associatedWith Rolette, Joseph, 1781-1842. person
associatedWith Sibley, Henry Hastings, 1811-1891. person
associatedWith Siepp, George A., person
associatedWith Siepp, George A., collector. person
associatedWith State Historical Society of Wisconsin, corporateBody
associatedWith State Historical Society of Wisconsin, compiler. corporateBody
associatedWith Stillwater Convention, (1848). corporateBody
associatedWith St. Paul Gas Light Company. corporateBody
associatedWith St. Paul Gas Light Company. corporateBody
associatedWith St. Paul & Sioux City Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of Indian Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. War Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Washburn, C. C. (Cadwallader Colden), 1818-1882. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Fort Snelling (Minn.)
Saint Paul (Minn.)
Prairie du Chien (Wis.)
Wisconsin
Prairie du Chien (Wis.)
Minnesota
Wisconsin
Wisconsin--Chippewa Falls
Crow Wing (Minn.)
Prairie du Chien (Wis.)
Wisconsin--Prairie du Chien
Northwestern States
Minnesota
Minnesota
Mississippi River
United States
Villa Louis (Prairie du Chien, Wis.)
Saint Louis (Mo.)
Saint Paul (Minn.)
Mississippi River
Subject
Fur traders--History--19th century--Sources
Winnebago Indians
Municipal lighting
Dakota Indians--Treaties--1851
Art objects--Private collections
Dakota language--Glossaries, vocabularies, etc
Horses--Breeding
Gas-lighting
Steamboat lines
Capitalists and financiers
Railroads
Art--Private collections
Administration of estates
Dakota language
Art--Collectors and collecting
Fur trade--History--19th century--Sources
Fur trade
Manuscripts, American
Steam-navigation
Horse farms
Lumber trade
Investments
Real property
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1800-08-04

Death 1868-09-12

Information

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Ark ID: w69896xc

SNAC ID: 65497498