Hooker, Joseph, 1814-1879

Alternative names
Birth 1814-11-13
Death 1879-10-31

Biographical notes:

Joseph Hooker (November 13, 1814 – October 31, 1865), known as "Fighting Joe", was a career U.S. Army officer and a major general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Although he served throughout the war, usually with distinction, he is best remembered for his stunning defeat by Confederate General Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Chancellorsville in 1863.

From the guide to the Gen. Joseph Hooker letter, Gen'l, 3rd Army Corps, n.p, 1862 May 10, (John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation)

Army officer.

From the description of Papers of Joseph Hooker, 1861-1877. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79451000

Major general and commander of the Army of the Potomac during the Civil War.

From the description of Letter, Camp Union [to] Major General G.B. McClellan, 1861 Sept. 14. (University of Maryland Libraries). WorldCat record id: 25504545

American army officer.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Hot Springs, Ark., to Z. Chandler, 1876 May 1. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269526740

From the description of Letter signed : Camp near Falmouth, Va., to W. Pitt Fessenden, 1862 Dec. 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269552009

Union Army general in the U.S. Civil War.

From the description of Letter, 1864 December 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122573626

Joseph Hooker: American Union general. In Oct. 1861- Sept. 1862, he was in command of Hooker's Division, 2nd Division of the III Corps, and the III Corps of the Army of Virginia, and then led the I Corps, Army of the Potomac at South Mountain and Antietam. Commissioned Brigadier General on 20 Sept of 1862, he commanded the V Corps and led the Centre Grand Division at Fredericksburg. In Jan. 1863, he was named commander of the Army of the Potomac. Following his defeat at Chancellorsville, he was relieved of the command and replaced by Meade. On Sept. 24, 1863 he was given command of the XX Corps and led them in the Chattanooga and Atlanta campaigns. He resigned his command on July 28, 1864, and served with the Northern Department until the end of the war.

From the description of Military papers of Joseph Hooker, 1861-1864. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 228734082


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  • Antietam, Battle of, Md., 1862--Sources
  • Real property
  • Deeds
  • Williamsburg, Battle of, Williamsburg, Va., 1862
  • Generals--Archives
  • Chancellorsville, Battle of, Chancellorsville, Va., 1863--Sources


  • Army officers


  • Williamsburg (Va.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California--Sonoma County (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Williamsburg (Va.) - History - 19th century (as recorded)
  • Maryland (as recorded)