Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918

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Sneden was born in Nova Scotia and later moved to New York City, where, in the summer of 1861, he enlisted in the 40th New York Infantry Regiment, serving with the Army of the Potomac in Virginia during the Peninsula Campaign and the Seven Days' Battles, and in Washington, D.C., as a topographical engineer on the staff of Maj. Gen. Samuel P. Heintzelman. Captured by Mosby's Rangers in November 1863, he spent the next thirteen months as a prisoner of war in various Confederate prisons including Andersonville. Exchanged in December 1864, he was discharged and returned to New York City, where he compiled a diary/memoir and a scrapbook documenting his experiences. He died at the Soldiers Home in Bath, N.Y., in 1918.

From the description of Scrapbook, 1861-1899. (Virginia Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 48994747

Sneden was born in Nova Scotia and later moved to New York City, where, in the summer of 1861, he enlisted in the 40th New York Infantry Regiment. He served in Virginia during the Peninsula Campaign and the Seven Days' Battles and in Washington, D.C., as a topographical engineer on the staff of Maj. Gen. Samuel P. Heintzelman. Captured in November 1863, he spent the next thirteen months as a prisoner of war in various Confederate prisons. After his discharge he returned to New York City where he compiled this diary/memoir and a scrapbook of images documenting his experiences. He died at the Soldiers Home in Bath, N.Y., in 1918.

From the description of Diary, 1861-1865. (Virginia Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 48998992

Samuel Peter Heintzelman, whom Sneden served under, was headquartered at Fort Lyon, southwest of Alexandria. Heintzelman was in charge of the defense of Washington from 27 October 1862-13 October 1863.

From the description of Map of Alexandria, Virginia. (Virginia Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 48998879

Porter's Coprs was the 5th Corps of the U.S. Army of the Potomac.

From the description of Plan of the battle of Gaine's Mill, Virginia fought June 27th, 1862. / Copy of official map by engineers of Porter's Corps. (Virginia Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 48993058

The Mozart Regiment is another name for the 40th New York Regiment, U.S.A.

From the description of Plan of the redoubt and rifle pits ensilading [sic] the Leesburg and Fairfax turnpikes 2 miles from Alexandria, Virginia. : Built by the 38th, 40th N.Y. and 3rd Maine regiments during October and November 1861. / Planned and laid out by R.K. Sneden and Lt. Woodward and others of the 40th Mozart Regiment. (Virginia Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 48993054

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Plan of attack on Marie's Heights, Fredericksburg, Va. or 2nd Battle of Fredericksburg. : By Maj. Genl. John Sedgwick with 6th Army Corps, Sunday, May 3rd, 1863. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Position of 3rd Army Corps at Harrison's Landing, Va., July 9th 1862. : From actual survey made for Genl. Heintzelman / by R.K. Sneden, Topog. Engr., 3rd Corps. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Plan of the Battle of Chantilly, Va., September 1st, 1862, 5 to 10 p.m. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Battle at Dranesville, Va. Decr. 20th, 1861. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Plan of the battle of Gaine's Mill, Virginia fought June 27th, 1862. / Copy of official map by engineers of Porter's Corps. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Plan of the redoubt and rifle pits ensilading [sic] the Leesburg and Fairfax turnpikes 2 miles from Alexandria, Virginia. : Built by the 38th, 40th N.Y. and 3rd Maine regiments during October and November 1861. / Planned and laid out by R.K. Sneden and Lt. Woodward and others of the 40th Mozart Regiment. Virginia Historical Society Library
referencedIn Sneden, Private Robert Knox : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Plan of the tunnel and vicinity [of Libby Prison, Richmond, Va.]. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Plan of the battle of Glendale and White Oak Swamp, Virginia : also known as Frazier's Farm and Charles City Crossroads, fought June 30th, 1862, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. The Battlefield of Williamsburg, Va. : fought 5th May 1862. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Map of Warrenton Junction : Orange and Alexandria R.R., Virginia shewing destruction of R.R. by enemy, October 1863. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. The Rebel defences [sic] of Savannah, Georgia, Nov. 1864. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Map of Alexandria, Virginia. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Plan of Andersonville Prison or "Camp Sumter," April, 1864. / Drawn by R.K. Sneden, while a prisoner there, April, 1864. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Scrapbook, 1861-1899. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Map of country between Yorktown and Williamsbu[rg] in Virginia. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Siege of Yorktown [Virginia]. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Map showing route taken by U.S. prisoners of war, Feby. 1864, when sent from Richmond, Va., to Andersonville, Georgia. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Plan of the Union and Rebel position at Yorktown, Va., April 7th, 1862. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Georgia. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Plan of the battle of Chancellorsville. : Virginia position, 5 p.m., 2nd May 1863. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Map of Popes [sic] campaign in northern Virginia, August 1862. Virginia Historical Society Library
referencedIn Compiled Military Service Record of Private Robert K. Sneden, Companies D and E, 40th New York Infantry Regiment United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Map shewing [sic] country opposite Harrison's Landing, Va., and position of [U.S.] Army. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. The March from Hampton to before Yorktown, Va., April 1862. : Map showing route of 3rd Army Corps. A.P. from Howard's Bridge to the sawmill, April 5 and 6th, 1862. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Plan of the battle of Mill Spring or Logan's Cross Roads : fought January 19th, 1862. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Plan of the Second Battle of Bull Run, Va. : Showing position of both armies at 6 p.m. 29th august 1862. Virginia Historical Society Library
referencedIn Approved Pension File for Private Robert K. Sneden, Companies D and E, 40th New York Infantry Regiment (SC-437454) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Map of Harrison's Landing, James River, Virginia. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Diary, 1861-1865. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Plan of Andersonville Prison, Sumter Co., Georgia. / Drawn by R.K. Sneden, 40th N.Y. Vols. while a prisoner of war, March to Sept. 1864. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Map of Mount Vernon, Virginia and vicinity : shewing [sic] Union picket lines, March 186[1]. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. The 2nd Battle of Bull Run, Va., August 1862. : Map showing position of the Union and Rebel forces, August 26th, 1862 at 7 p.m. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Plan of the battle of Salem Church or Salem Heights, Va. : Attack and repulse of the 6th Army Corps, Maj. Genl. John Sedgwick, U.S.A., afternoon of 3rd May 1863. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Plan of part of Richmond, Virginia : showing locations of Rebel prisons [in] winter of 1863. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Plan of the battle of Savage's Station, Virginia, fought Sunday, 29th June 1862 / From engineer's official map, staff of Maj. Genl. Franklin, 6th Corps, additions by R.K. Sneden, Topgr., 3rd Corps. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Map showing the Chicahominy [sic] and James rivers and from Richmond to Harrison's Landing, Va. / From the official map made for Genl. Heintzelman by R.K. Sneden, Topgr. Virginia Historical Society Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Anderson, Richard Heron, 1821-1879. person
associatedWith Andersonville Prison. corporateBody
associatedWith Birney, David Bell, 1825-1864. person
associatedWith Castle Thunder Prison (Richmond, Va.) corporateBody
associatedWith Confederate States of America. Army corporateBody
associatedWith Confederate States of America. Army. Florida Artillery Battery, 1st. corporateBody
associatedWith Franklin, William Buel, 1823-1903. person
associatedWith French, Wm. H. (William Henry), 1815-1881. person
associatedWith Grover, Cuvier, 1828-1885. person
associatedWith Hancock, Winfield Scott, 1824-1886. person
associatedWith Heintzelman, Samuel Peter, 1805-1880. person
associatedWith Hill, D. H. (Daniel Harvey), 1821-1889. person
associatedWith Hooker, Joseph, 1814-1879. person
associatedWith Howard, O. O. (Oliver Otis), 1830-1909. person
associatedWith Kearny, Philip, 1815-1862. person
associatedWith Libby Prison. corporateBody
associatedWith McLaws, Lafayette, 1821-1897. person
associatedWith Meade, George Gordon, 1815-1872. person
associatedWith Mosby, John Singleton, 1833-1916 person
associatedWith Orange and Alexandria Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Pope, John, 1822-1892. person
associatedWith Porter, Fitz-John, 1822-1901. person
associatedWith Richardson, Israel Bush, 1815-1862. person
associatedWith Sedgwick, John, 1813-1864. person
associatedWith Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891. person
associatedWith Sickles, Daniel Edgar, 1825-1914. person
associatedWith Slocum, Henry Warner, 1827-1894. person
associatedWith Sykes, George, 1822-1880. person
associatedWith United States. Army. Maine Infantry Regiment, 3rd (1861-1864) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. New York Infantry Regiment, 38th (1861-1863) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. New York Infantry Regiment, 40th (1861-1865) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army of the Potomac. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army of the Potomac. Corps, 11th. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army of the Potomac. Corps, 12th. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army of the Potomac. Corps, 2nd. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army of the Potomac. Corps, 3rd. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army of the Potomac. Corps, 5th. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army of the Potomac. Corps, 5th. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army of the Potomac. Corps, 6th. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army of the Potomac. Corps, 6th. corporateBody
associatedWith Walker, James A. (James Alexander), 1832-1901. person
associatedWith Wirz, Henry, 1823?-1865. person
associatedWith Woodward, George, b. 1831? person
Place Name Admin Code Country
James River (Va.)
Chickahominy River (Va.)
Yorktown (Va.)
Hanover County (Va.)
Mississippi
Georgia
York County (Va.)
Fredericksburg (Va.)
Harrison's Landing (Charles City County, Va.)
Alexandria (Va.)
Faifax County (Va.)
Fairfax County (Va.)
Washington (D.C.)
Charles City County (Va.)
Orange County (Va.)
Chancellorsville (Va.)
Chancellorsville (Va.)
Tennessee
United States
Yorktown (Va.)
Confederate States of America
Atlanta (Ga.)
Andersonville (Ga.)
Andersonville (Ga.)
United States
Williamsburg (Va.)
United States
Yorktown (Va.)
Savannah River (Ga. and S.C.)
Mount Vernon (Va. : Estate)
Richmond (Va.)
Maryland
Westover (Charles City County, Va.)
Mill Springs (Ky.)
United States
Wayne County (Ky.)
Charles City County (Va.)
Harrison's Landing (Charles City County, Va.)
Prince William County (Va.)
Savannah (Ga.)
Confederate States of America
Columbus (Ga.)
Macon (Ga.)
United States
Georgia
Williamsburg (Va.)
Virginia--Richmond
Henrico County (Va.)
Virginia
Fauquier County (Va.)
United States
Georgia
Isle of Wight County (Va.)
Chantilly (Va.)
Fairfax County (Va.)
Richmond (Va.)
Georgia
Philippines
Richmond (Va.)
Charles City County (Va.)
Georgia
Harrison's Landing (Charles City County, Va.)
Berkeley Hundred (Va.)
Fort Pulaski (Ga.)
Andersonville (Ga.)
Germantown (Va.)
Warrenton (Va.)
Washington (D.C.)
Harrison's Landing (Charles City County, Va.)
Fort Lyon (Va.)
Henrico County (Va.)
Virginia
United States
Culpeper County (Va.)
Virginia--Richmond
James River (Va.)
Andersonville (Ga.)
Fairfax County (Va.)
Pennsylvania
Fauquier County (Va.)
Fairfax County (Va.)
Confederate States of America
Virginia
Subject
Military prisons--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Maps
Railroads--Maps
Seven Days' Battles, Va., 1862--Maps
Chancellorsville, Battle of, Chancellorsville, Va., 1863
Chantilly, Battle of, Va., 1862--Maps
Mill Springs, Battle of, Ky., 1862
Peninsular Campaign, 1862--Maps
Bull Run, 2nd Battle of, Va., 1862--Maps
Railroads
Military hospitals--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Maps
Sherman's March to the Sea
Spanish--American War, 1898--Pictorial works
Salem Church, Battle of, Va., 1863
Gaines Mill (Va.), Battle of, 1862--Maps
Fortification--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Maps
Spanish--American War, 1898--Maps
Savage's Station (Va.), Battle of, 1862--Maps
White Oak Swamp, Battle of, Va., 1862--Maps
Williamsburg, Battle of, Williamsburg, Va., 1862--Maps
Dranesville (Fairfax County, Va.), Battle of, 1861--Maps
Bristoe Campaign (Va.), 1863
Bull Run Campaign, 2nd, 1862--Maps
Occupation
Draftsman
Topographical engineers
Soldiers--19 century.--United States
Writer
Function

Person

Birth 1832-06-03

Death 1918-09-18

Americans

Information

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SNAC ID: 16100350