Patrick, Marsena Rudolph, 1811-1888

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Patrick was born in Hounsfield, Jefferson County, New York (near Watertown). He worked on the Erie Canal and briefly taught school. He was appointed to the United States Military Academy in nearby West Point, and graduated in 1835. Initially appointed a brevet second lieutenant in the infantry, he was promoted to first lieutenant in 1839, serving in the Seminole Wars. Patrick served in the Mexican–American War and was again promoted, this time to captain, in 1847. He was appointed brevet major in 1849 for "meritorious conduct while serving in the enemy's country." However, Patrick decided to resign from the Army in 1850 and returned to New York.

For a time, he was president of the Sackett's Harbor and Ellisburgh Railroad, as well as becoming an expert farmer, studying and using the latest scientific advances to prosper. In 1859, Patrick was appointed President of the New York State Agricultural College, serving in that role for two years before the outbreak of the Civil War, when Patrick enlisted in the New York state militia as inspector general in early 1861.

In March 1862, Patrick was appointed as a brigadier general of volunteers. His brigade was assigned to the division of Brig. Gen. Rufus King in the army of Maj. Gen. Irvin McDowell and sent to the Shenandoah Valley in northern Virginia, where Patrick's men occasionally fought against Confederates under Stonewall Jackson. He was subsequently appointed military governor of Fredericksburg, Virginia, in April 1862. Transferred later in the year to the Army of the Potomac under Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan, he commanded the 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, I Corps in the defenses of Washington, D.C. Patrick's brigade (renumbered as the 3rd Brigade) suffered hundreds of casualties in the Maryland Campaign, seeing action at the battles of South Mountain and Antietam.

Patrick tried vainly to stop vengeful Union soldiers from sacking and looting Fredericksburg in November, and had to fend off political officials who placed the blame on him, including numerous inquiries from Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton. Nevertheless, Patrick continued in the role of provost marshal throughout 1863. New army commander Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker had Patrick create the Bureau of Military Information, a network of intelligence agents. At the Battle of Gettysburg, Patrick oversaw the processing of thousands of Confederate prisoners of war. In early 1864, when Ulysses S. Grant arrived in the Eastern Theater and assumed authority over multiple armies, Patrick was elevated to provost marshal for the combined forces operating against Richmond, Virginia.

Following the surrender of Robert E. Lee in April 1865, Patrick remained in northern Virginia as provost of the District of Henrico in the Department of Virginia. Although appointed a brevet major general in the volunteer army, Patrick resigned from the Army a second time on June 12, 1865, preferring to return to civilian life rather than accept a role in the smaller postbellum regular army.

In 1865, he ran on the Democratic ticket for New York State Treasurer but was defeated by Republican Joseph Howland.

Patrick moved to Manlius, NY, and from 1867 through 1868, Patrick served as president of the New York State Agricultural Society, then spent the next two years as a state commissioner, a role he again held from 1879 through 1880. He became a widely known public speaker, particularly on topics related to technological advances in agriculture. Interested in the care of former soldiers, Patrick moved to Ohio and became the governor of the central branch of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers. A large tombstone bearing his name and rank stands in the Manlius Village Cemetery.

Marsena Patrick died in Dayton, Ohio, and was buried in the Dayton National Cemetery. His diary, frequently critical of the Army's commanders, was published in 1964.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Babcock, John C., b. 1836. John C. Babcock papers, 1855-1913. Library of Congress
creatorOf Adams, Charles Francis, 1835-1915. ALS, 1864 Sept. 4, City Point, Va., to the Provost Marshal General's Dept., City Point. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary. Correspondence, 1863-1879 Smithsonian Institution Archives
creatorOf Canby, Edward Richard Sprigg, 1817-1873. Autograph letter signed : Newport, Kentucky, to Lieut. M.R. Patrick, 1846 Aug. 22. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Bounty Land Application File of Captain Marsena R. Patrick, 2nd U.S. Infantry Regiment (50-160-22322) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn S. Griswold Flagg collection, 1825-1938 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Palmer, Gideon Stinson, 1813-1891. Military officer correspondence, 1856-1907. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Hammond, Isaac, 1841-1915. Isaac Hammond Collection, 1839-1875 Library of Virginia
creatorOf Patrick, Marsena Rudolph, 1811-1888. Marsena Rudolph Patrick journals, 1862-1865. Library of Congress
referencedIn Franklin, William Buel, 1823-1903. Letter : Hartford, Conn., to [Marsena Rudolph] Patrick, 1884 Nov. 15. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Bostwick Brothers. Photographs of Army of the Potomac camps [manuscript]; 1863-1864. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Hillyer, William Silliman, 1831-1874. Papers of William Silliman Hillyer, 1822 (1861-1874) 1931, [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Garnett, Robert Selden, 1819-1861. Military officer correspondence, 1847-1900. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part II: The Civil War and the Confederacy, 1832-1915. Houghton Library
referencedIn Herndon, Brodie Strachan, 1810-1888. Diary of Dr. Brodie Strachan Herndon [manuscript], 1853-1862, 1878. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Argyll, George Douglas Campbell, Duke of, 1823-1900. Papers of the Grinnan and related Bryan and Tucker families of Virginia [manuscript], 1734-1935. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Campbell, Jacob Miller, 1821-1888. Military officer correspondence, 1866-1904. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Morgan, Edwin D. (Edwin Denison), 1811-1883. Letter : Washington, D.C., to [Marsena Rudolph] Patrick, n.p., 1861 July 21. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Canby, Edward Richard Sprigg, 1819-1873. Edward Richard Sprigg Canby : miscellaneous papers, 1844-1862. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Approved Pension File for Brigadier General Marsena R. Patrick, U.S. Army (SC-178850) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part III: The Civil War: The Union, 1804-1915. Houghton Library
referencedIn Brewer, William Henry, 1828-1910. William Henry Brewer papers, 1852-1909. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Patrick, Marsena Rudolph, 1811-1888. [Journal, 1862-1865] [microform]. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Newman, Ralph Geoffrey, 1911-. The Ralph G. Newman collection, 1841-1888. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Wilder, John Thomas, 1830-1917. Military officer correspondence, 1879-1903. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part III: The Civil War: The Union, 1804-1915. Houghton Library
referencedIn Philip Case Lockwood memorial collection of Civil War portraits and autographs, 1862-ca. 1886. Houghton Library
referencedIn Morgan, Edwin D. (Edwin Denison), 1811-1883. Letter : Washington, D.C., to [Marsena Rudolph] Patrick, n.p., 1861 July 21. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Brady, Mathew B., ca. 1823-1896. Grant, seated, surrounded by 14 standing staff members, in front of wooden building, City Point, Va., [1865 Apr. 12] [graphic]. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883. Letter : Head Quarters Department of Virginia and North Carolina, Army of the James, to M[arsena] R[udolph] Patrick, Provost Marshal General, City Point, Va., 1865 Jan. 18. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Grinnan, Andrew Glassell,. Papers of the Grinnan family, including letters to and from Andrew Glassell Grinnan, "Brampton," Madison County, Va. [manuscript] 1763-1907. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Martensen, Carl Friedrich Augustus von, 1822-1863?. Papers, [1822-1923]. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Flagg, S. Griswold. S. Griswold Flagg collection, 1825-1938 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Patrick, Marsena Rudolph, 1811-1888. Correspondence, 1849 Sept. 22. California State Library
referencedIn Yale University Library, Manuscripts & Archives). Joseph Bradley Murray Collection.
referencedIn McCook, George W. (George Wythe), 1822-1877. Military officer correspondence, 1841-1887. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part III: The Civil War: The Union, 1804-1915. Houghton Library
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Patrick, Marsena Rudolph, 1811-1888. Correspondence with Henry Charles Lea, 1865. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Bowen, Sayles Jenks, 1813-1896. Letter, 1861 Dec. 13. Historical Society of Washington, Dc
creatorOf Virginia. Governor (1865-1868: Pierpont). Memorandum of licenses granted, 1865. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883. Letter : Head Quarters Department of Virginia and North Carolina, Army of the James, to M[arsena] R[udolph] Patrick, Provost Marshal General, City Point, Va., 1865 Jan. 18. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Franklin, William Buel, 1823-1903. Letter : Hartford, Conn., to [Marsena Rudolph] Patrick, 1884 Nov. 15. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Patrick, Marsena Rudolph, 1811-1888. Letter, 1831 July 9, Camp Carrol, Plain of West Point [to] Oliver Baker. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Dana, James J. (James Jackson), 1821-1898. Military officer correspondence, 1841-1910. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Augustus Martensen Papers, Martensen (Augustus) Papers, 1822-1923 John Hay Library, Special Collections
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Charles Francis, 1835-1915. person
correspondedWith Babcock, John C., b. 1836. person
associatedWith Baker, Oliver, fl. 1831. person
associatedWith Bostwick Brothers. corporateBody
associatedWith Bowen, Sayles Jenks, 1813-1896. person
associatedWith Brady, Mathew B., ca. 1823-1896. person
associatedWith Brewer, William Henry, 1828-1910. person
associatedWith Burnside, Ambrose Everett, 1824-1881. person
correspondedWith Canby, Edward Richard Sprigg, 1819-1873. person
correspondedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Flagg, S. Griswold. person
associatedWith Flagg, S. Griswold. person
associatedWith Franklin, William Buel, 1823-1903. person
associatedWith Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. person
associatedWith Hammond, Isaac, person
correspondedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878 person
associatedWith Herndon, Brodie Strachan, 1810-1888. person
associatedWith Hillyer, William Silliman, 1831-1874. person
associatedWith Hooker, Joseph, 1814-1879. person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. person
associatedWith Lockwood, Philip Case, 1844-1897 person
associatedWith Martensen, Carl Friedrich Augustus von, 1822-1863 person
associatedWith Martensen, Carl Friedrich Augustus von, 1822-1863? person
associatedWith McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885. person
associatedWith Meade, George Gordon, 1815-1872. person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Morgan, Edwin D. (Edwin Denison), 1811-1883. person
memberOf National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers corporateBody
associatedWith Newman, Ralph Geoffrey, 1911- person
associatedWith New York State Agricultural College corporateBody
associatedWith Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883. person
associatedWith Stanton, Edwin McMasters, 1814-1869. person
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
memberOf United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 2nd corporateBody
memberOf United States. Army of the Potomac. corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf United States Military Academy corporateBody
associatedWith Virginia. Governor (1865-1868: Pierpont). corporateBody
correspondedWith Woodruff, J. C. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Mexico 00 MX
Dayton OH US
Florida FL US
New York NY US
Richmond VA US
West Point NY US
Fredericksburg VA US
Subject
Cold Harbor, Battle of, Va., 1864
Civil War, 1861-1865
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Seminole War, 1st, 1835-1842
Civil War veterans
Maryland Campaign, 1862
Gettysburg, Battle of, Gettysburg, Pa., 1863
Railroad--19th century
Military intelligence
Democratic Party
Bull Run, 2nd Battle of, Va., 1862
Scientific publications
Soldiers--Correspondence
Occupation
Agriculturists
Soldiers--19 century.--United States
Railroad executive
Army officers
Politicans
Teacher educators
President, Educational Institution
Function

Person

Birth 1811-03-15

Death 1888-07-27

Male

Americans

English

Information

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