Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Army officer and explorer.

From the description of Papers of Zebulon Montgomery Pike, 1805-1806. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71070072

Zebulon Montgomery Pike was a soldier and explorer of the Louisiana Purchase.

From the description of Journal of a voyage to the source of the Mississippi in the years 1805 and 1806, 1805 August 9-1806 April 30. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122473970

Explorer and U.S. Army officer.

From the description of Letters of Zebulon Montgomery Pike, 1796-1806. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450077

United States Army officer and explorer, who discovered Pikes Peak in 1806. Pike was the son of Isabel and Major Zebulon Pike and the brother of George and Maria Pike.

From the description of Zebulon Montgomery Pike letters, 1801-1811 [microform]. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 45474134

From the description of Zebulon Montgomery Pike letters, 1801-1811. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 22342046

Zebulon Montgomery Pike was a soldier and explorer.

From the description of Biographical materials, 1780-1956. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122488823

U.S. Army officer and explorer, famed for discovery of Pikes Peak 1806 during an expedition to the Southwest. After crossing into New Mexico, the explorer was met by Spanish troops and taken to Santa Fe, N.M., then Chihuahua, Mexico, and later released 1807.

From the description of Papers, 1806-1813. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 13807117

American soldier and explorer. Known for discovering Pike's Peak in Colorado.

From the description of Letter, 1798-1813. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122605138

Amerian explorer sent to find the sources of the Mississippi and Red Rivers and soldier who achieved the rank of Brigadier General.

From the description of Letter, 1809. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122495231

Zebulon Montgomery Pike led an expedition to explore the Arkansas and Red Rivers in 1806. After crossing into New Mexico, he and his party were taken into custody by the Spanish. Pike was released at Natchitoches, Territory of Orleans, in July, 1807.

From the description of Receipt for money paid by W. Carson, District Paymaster : Red River, [Territory of Orleans?], [1807 Jul?]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83210794

From the description of Receipt for money paid by W. Carson, District Paymaster : Red River, [Territory of Orleans?], [1807 Jul?]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702150326

Explorer sent to find the sources of the Mississippi and Red Rivers and soldier who achieved the rank of Brigadier General.

From the description of Letter, 1813. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122630970

From the description of Letters, 1811-1813. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122630331

Soldier, explorer, and author.

Brig. Gen. Pike was appointed commander of the April, 1813, U.S. attack on York (Toronto) and was killed in a powder magazine explosion during the successful assault.

From the description of Letter : Sacketts Harbor, [N.Y.], to Major General Henry Dearborn, Albany, [N.Y.], 1813 Apr. 8. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 39529220

In the earliest days of the War of 1812, New Jersey Governor, Joseph Bloomfield, resigned his office to accept a commission as Brigadier General in command of the 3rd Military District. Though nearly 60 at the time, Bloomfield organized and trained new troops near New York City, then marched a column of 8,000 to the scene of action at Plattsburg, N.Y. Later in the war, he was instrumental in the defense of Philadelphia.

For Zebulon Pike the war was an opportunity to repair his somewhat tarnished reputation. As a hero for his role in leading an exploring expedition into the West in 1805-1807, Pike had been accused of complicity in Aaron Burr's treasonous scheme for a Southwest empire. Formally exonerated, he was promoted to Brigadier General early in 1813 and assigned to the northern theater. Charged with leading American forces in the assault on York (now Toronto) in April, 1813, Pike organized an effective campaign that resulted in a major victory. During the assault of April 27th, however, he was killed in an explosion of the enemy's powder magazine.

From the guide to the Bloomfield-Pike letterbook, 1812-1813, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Zebulon Montgomery Pike (1779-1813) was an explorer and soldier, most often remembered two exploratory trips to the newly acquired Louisiana territory. The first of these trips was to the source of the Mississippi River in 1805; the second was to explore the headwaters of the Arkansas and Red Rivers in 1806. Because General James Wilkinson was responsible for organizing Pike’s two expeditions, when the conspiracy charges again Aaron Burr implicated Wilkinson, suspicion was, for a short time, also focused on Pike. Pike worked his way up the ranks of the United States Army, becoming a brigadier-general during the War of 1812. He was killed in the Battle of York in Upper Canada (now Toronto) in 1813.

Zebulon Montgomery Pike was born in Lamberton (now part of Trenton), New Jersey in 1779. His father was also named Zebulon Montgomery and his mother was Isabella Brown. His father served in the Revolutionary Army under Washington and remained in the Army after the Revolution, eventually reaching the rank of Major. Pike entered the Army early, joining his father’s company as a cadet. At the age of twenty he was commissioned a first lieutenant.

In 1805 Pike was chosen by General James Wilkinson to head a company of twenty men to explore the source of the Mississippi River. After the onset of winter, Pike reached what he mistakenly declared the source of the river. In 1806 he was chosen to lead a longer expedition to the headwaters of the Arkansas and Red Rivers. Part of his mission was to reconnoiter the Spanish settlements in New Mexico. After Pike crossed the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in 1807, Spanish authorities arrested him for crossing their border. Pike acquiesced freely, welcoming the chance to see the territory of Santa Fe and Chihuahua, where he was questioned by the commandante general.

After his return to the United States, Pike found himself under suspicion by some of being part of the Wilkinson-Burr conspiracy to acquire land in the Southwest. Henry Dearborn, the Secretary of State, cleared Pike of all charges related the conspiracy, and Pike continued military duty. He was commissioned major in 1808 and colonel in 1812. When the second war with Great Britain started in 1812, Pike was made brigadier-general. He led the attack on York (now Toronto), Canada in 1813. While the campaign was successful, Pike was killed when a powder magazine exploded. Pike is best remembered for his expeditions to the Southwest, for which his journals have been published in several additions. Several counties are named for him in various states, and Pikes Peak, a mountain in the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains, is named in his honor.

From the guide to the Zebulon Montgomery Pike biographical materials, 1780-1956, 1780-1956, (American Philosophical Society)

William Dunbar A merchant and cotton planter and one of the great scientific observers of the Old Southwest, William Dunbar led the 1804-1805 expedition to explore the southwestern boundaries of the Louisiana Purchase. With his second in command George Hunter, the Dunbar expedition provided some of the earliest records of the flora and fauna of the Ouachita Mountains as well as the first detailed chemical analyses of the Hot Springs of Arkansas.

Born into a noble family near Elgin, Morayshire, Scotland, in 1749, Dunbar had gained a sound education at Glasgow in science and mathematics before emigrating to North America in 1771. From the moment of his arrival, he threw himself into the mercantile community in Philadelphia, transporting a load of goods he had brought with him from London to Fort Pitt as his first effort at entering the Indian trade. He formed a partnership with the well established Philadelphia merchant John Ross (also a Scot) in 1773 and soon removed to a plantation in West Florida near modern day Baton Rouge to carry their enterprise down the Mississippi and into the Caribbean.

Despite the vicissitudes of war, Dunbar and Ross prospered, and in 1792, they established another plantation, the Forest, southeast of the important port city of Natchez in Spanish West Florida. Using the profits from his cultivation and sale of indigo and cotton, Dunbar was able to buy out his partner by the late 1790s.

Despite all his frenetic activity as a merchant and planter, Dunbar became known for his scientific talents. His agricultural activities in particular were viewed as progressive, involving innovations in the form of plows and harrows, the cotton gin, and other aspects of cotton production, and this reputation, combine with his great wealth, earned him a succession of important positions in the Spanish colonial administration. As Surveyor General for West Florida and a member of the boundary commission in 1798, Dunbar was introduced to the surveyor Andrew Ellicott, and through him, to Thomas Jefferson and much of the rest of the small American scientific establishment. During the later 1790s and early 1800s, Dunbar developed an increasing interest in scientific matters, building a remarkably well equipped astronomical observatory at the Forest, conducting investigations into natural history, Indian languages, and paleontology, among an eclectic range of topics. After gaining election to the American Philosophical Society in 1800, Dunbar contributed a dozen articles to the Transactions over the course of a decade.

Following the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, Jefferson conceived of organizing not only the expedition of Lewis and Clark, but a parallel expedition to the southern Mississippi Valley to help delineate the still murky southwestern boundaries of the Purchase. As the most prominent scientist in the Old Southwest, and despite being over 50, Dunbar was the logical choice to lead the expedition, and George Hunter, a Scottish chemist and druggist from Philadelphia, was selected as second in command. Although the Dunbar expedition was originally slated to survey the entire region subtended by the Arkansas and Red River watersheds, friction with the Osage Indians and Spanish colonial officials led Jefferson and Dunbar to curtail the scope to a more manageable foray up the Red River to the Ouachita as far as the Hot Springs.

On October 16, 1804, Dunbar, Hunter, and a party of 15 left St. Catharine's Landing for an expedition that lasted just under three months. Although the scale of the enterprise was less dramatic than that of Lewis and Clark, and the results somewhat more modest, Dunbar and Hunter provided some of the earliest natural historical observations on the region and performed the first detailed chemical analyses of the hot springs.

Scientific pursuits occupied much of the last half decade of Dunbar's life. He remained a minor political and cultural force in the Mississippi Territory as a member of the territorial legislature and in other offices until his death on the twelfth anniversary of the Red River expedition, Oct. 16, 1806.

Zebulon Pike In a relatively brief military career, Zebulon Montgomery Pike rose to the rank of Brigadier General, led two expeditions into the heart of the western wilderness, was a prisoner of war, a spy, the center of an international incident, and a suspected traitor, all before dying an heroic death at the age of 34 during the War of 1812.

Born in Lamberton, New Jersey, during the American Revolution, Pike enjoyed only a scant education before following his father, Maj. Zebulon Pike, into the military. Enlisting as a cadet at the age of 15 while his father was stationed in Cincinnati, Pike served in a succession of forts on the Ohio frontier, Kentucky, and Illinois, rising through the ranks of the Provisional Army on the strength of a record that was distinguished more by ambition than actual achievement. Although lacking the refinement and erudition of a Meriwether Lewis, he was a considered a zealous officer and hard-nosed and disciplined leader.

While serving at St. Louis in 1805, Pike gained the attention of Gen. James Wilkinson and through him, received the opportunity for advancement he was seeking. Spurred in part by the expedition of Lewis and Clark, but without the backing (or knowledge) of the President, the perpetually self-interested Wilkinson selected Lt. Pike to lead a reconnaissance northward to locate the source of the Mississippi River and to collect geographic information about the region. In many ways, the expedition could not have been more poorly planned. Bereft of any semblance of appropriate training for conducting a scientific expedition, Pike set off without even an interpreter or surgeon in his party and with only a limited idea of what he was to accomplish. On August 9, 1805, Pike led 20 soldiers out of St. Louis, ascending the Mississippi as far as the Little Falls in present day Minnesota, where they set in for the winter. Taking a small contingent with him, Pike then headed overland by sled to present day Lake Leech, which he decided (in error) was the source of the Mississippi. After negotiating with the Dakota to purchase 155,000 acres for a military reservation and drawing up a minor treaty with them, he returned to St. Louis, arriving at the end of April 1806.

Not surprisingly, the expedition returned little useful information. None of the Indians with whom Pike parlayed could be convinced to visit St. Louis and the treaty he signed was never actually ratified by Congress. Perhaps the most useful outcome was his simple presence in a region in which British influence was gaining, making the implicit statement that America was finally exerting its territorial claims.

Regardless of the merits of the Mississippi expedition, the scheming Wilkinson immediately convinced Pike to lead a second, more ambitious expedition, to scout the headwaters of the Arkansas and Red Rivers and enter Spanish territory as far west as present day New Mexico. Once again, Wilkinson operated without Jefferson's approval on motives that remain unclear. Whether Wilkinson intended, as some believed, a conspiracy to separate the western territories from the union or, as others insist, to investigate Spanish territory for the good of the nation, Pike followed orders without question, though he was probably aware that his mission was tantamount to spying. In July 1806, Pike crossed Missouri and Kansas, by late November reaching (but not ascending) the peak that was later named after him in the front range of the Colorado Rockies. The party surveyed the headwaters of the Arkansas River and headed southward, deeper into Spanish territory. Having crossed the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, his party dwindling in number from the hardships of the voyage, a disheveled Pike was taken prisoner by Spanish forces in February 1807. He was released in the early summer and after returning to the east, successfully cleared himself of suspicion for his involvement with the duplicitous Wilkinson. Resuming his military career, Pike enjoyed a succession of promotions culminating in his appointment to Brigadier during the early stages of the War of 1812. He was killed in action leading his troops in the capture of York, Ontario in 1813.

From the guide to the Expedition Journals, 1804-1806, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Meriwether, David, 1800-1892. Memoirs, 1800-1855. The Filson Historical Society
contributorOf Lists and Other Reference Materials Relating to Revolutionary War Records, 1930 - 1930 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Hollon, W. Eugene (William Eugene), 1913-. Papers, 1945- University of Toledo, William S. Carlson Library
creatorOf Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813. Zebulon Montgomery Pike letters, 1801-1811 [microform]. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
contributorOf Germany United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813. Letters, 1811-1813. Harold B. Lee Library
creatorOf Nicollet, J. N. (Joseph Nicolas), 1786-1843. J.N. Nicollet papers, 1797-1843. Library of Congress
contributorOf Adm. History United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813. Letter : Sacketts Harbor, [N.Y.], to Major General Henry Dearborn, Albany, [N.Y.], 1813 Apr. 8. Newberry Library
creatorOf Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813. Journal, 1805-1806. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Stoddard, Amos. Letter, 1807 September 4, Fort Adams [to] Hon. Nicholas Gilman, Esq. Colorado College, Tutt Library
referencedIn Biography -- Pike, Zebulon. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
creatorOf Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813. Zebulon Montgomery Pike letters, 1801-1811. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813. Journal of a voyage to the source of the Mississippi in the years 1805 and 1806, 1805 August 9-1806 April 30. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Special Files, 1790 - 1946 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813. Biographical materials, 1780-1956. American Philosophical Society Library
contributorOf 1805 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf Australia United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813. Letter, 1798-1813. Harold B. Lee Library
creatorOf Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813. Receipt for money paid by W. Carson, District Paymaster : Red River, [Territory of Orleans?], [1807 Jul?]. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
contributorOf [Zebulon] Pike Documents from New Mexico [1806 to 1810] - Translations Furnished by Representative [Lawrence] Lewis [April 1940 and Undated] United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813. Letter, 1809. Harold B. Lee Library
creatorOf Expedition Journals, 1804-1806 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Records of the U.S. House of Representatives. 1789 - 2015. Records of Early Select Committees. 1793 - 1909. Committee Papers of the Select Committee to Authorize Compensation for Zebulon Pike and His Companions for Exploration Services
contributorOf 1807 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813. Receipt for money paid by W. Carson, District Paymaster : Red River, [Territory of Orleans?], [1807 Jul?]. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Acme White Lead and Color Works. Trade catalogs of travel, 1874-1938. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
referencedIn Bathke, Edwin A. The Pike centennial celebration, 1906 [manuscript] / Edwin and Nancy Bathke. -- 1972. Pikes Peak Library District
creatorOf Chouteau, Auguste Pierre, 1768-1838,. Papers regarding the Lewis and Clark expedition [manuscript], 1803-1816. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Tilden, Rufus. Letter to Zebulon M. Pike 1812 July 10 - Aug. 7. Boulder Public Library
referencedIn Nathaniel A. Balch papers, 1797-1884 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
contributorOf U.S.A. United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Pikes Peak Centennial Celebration. Invitations Committee. Letters. Colorado College, Tutt Library
referencedIn Parker, Daniel. Letter, 1813 May 18. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf [Zebulon] Pike Data Assembled by P. E. [Preston W. Edsall] [Lists, Notes, Reports, Extracts from Publications, Transcripts, and Drafts Relating to Records of and Publications Relating to Zebulon Pike from 1795 to 1928, March 1940 and Undated] United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf [Illegible] United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Tallichet, Jules Henri, 1877-1937. Tallichet, Jules Henri, Essay, 1927 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn War of 1812 mss., 1776-1879 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
contributorOf Orderly Book of the Adjutant, 7/1810 - 11/1810 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813. Letters of Zebulon Montgomery Pike, 1796-1806. Library of Congress
referencedIn Committee Reports and Papers of Various Select Committees from the 11th Congress United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813. Papers of Zebulon Montgomery Pike, 1805-1806. Library of Congress
referencedIn John F. (John Fishbourne) Mifflin receipt book, 1800-1813, 1800-1813 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Zebulon Montgomery Pike biographical materials, 1780-1956, 1780-1956 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn H. W. Stowell Papers, 1933-1983 University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research
contributorOf 1806 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Vanderhoof, Cornelius. War of 1812 papers, 1812-1818. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Pike-Pawnee Village Monument letters [microform], 1901. Kansas State Historical Society
contributorOf Records of U.S. Army Commands. 1784 - 1874. Orderly Books of the Adjutant
referencedIn Fortier, Edward J. Minnesota's forgotten first outpost, [ca. 1942]. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Bloomfield-Pike letterbook, 1812-1813 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn J. N. Nicollet Papers, 1797-1843 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Spanish Archives of New Mexico II, 1621-1821 New Mexico State Records Center and Archives
contributorOf Subsequent United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1800-1804 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf Miscellaneous United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Tallichet, Jules Henri, Essay, 1927 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
contributorOf Zebulon Pike Project Index Cards, ca. 1935 - ca. 1941 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Kenneth and Lorene Englert : [collection] ; 1902-1979. History Colorado
creatorOf Letter from Captain Zebulon Pike Concerning Compensation for his Western Exploration United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Haight, Mary, 1899-1969. Papers, 1925-1969. Dearborn Historical Museum
referencedIn Lewis Walker letter books, Walker, Lewis letter books, 1813-1880, 1813-1815 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
contributorOf France United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Peter, Robert, 1726-1806. Papers of Robert Peter [manuscript], 1696-1897. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Zebulon Pike's Notebook of Maps, Traverse Tables, and Meteorological Observations United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813. Papers, 1806-1813. Denver Public Library, Central Library
referencedIn Isaac Chauncey papers, Chauncey, Isaac papers, 1801-1818 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Letter from Major Zebulon M. Pike to Secretary of State James Madison United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf England United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Scott, John M., d. 1839. John M. Scott letters, 1812-1818. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Library. Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection. 1668-1983. American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Pearce, Cromwell, b. 1771. Memoir, 1855. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813. Letter, 1813. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Mifflin, John F. (John Fishbourne), 1759-1813. Receipt book, 1800-1813. American Philosophical Society Library
contributorOf 1808 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Balch, Nathaniel A. (Nathaniel Aldrich), 1808-1894. Nathaniel A. Balch papers, 1797-1884. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Carter, Carrol Joe. Pike in Colorado, 1978. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn MUCHNIK WITH PIKE'S PEAK OR BUST, THE STORY OF ZEBULON PIKE United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Balch, Nathaniel A. (Nathaniel Aldrich), 1808-1894. person
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 person
associatedWith Bathke, Edwin A. person
associatedWith Bloomfield, Joseph, 1753-1823 person
associatedWith Boilvin, Nicholas. person
associatedWith Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850. person
associatedWith Carson, W. person
associatedWith Carter, Carrol Joe. person
associatedWith Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840 person
associatedWith Clark, William, 1770-1838. person
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
correspondedWith Dearborn, Henry, 1751-1829 person
associatedWith Dill, James, 1772-1838 person
associatedWith Dunbar, William, 1749-1810 person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Evans, David R. person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Fitch, John person
associatedWith Fort Bellefontaine, Missouri person
associatedWith Fortier, Edward J. person
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
associatedWith Goldmann, Sidney, 1903- person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Haight, Mary, 1899-1969. person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
associatedWith Henry, Joseph. person
associatedWith Hollon, W. Eugene (William Eugene), 1913- person
associatedWith Hunter, George, 1755-1824 person
associatedWith King, Nicholas. person
associatedWith King, William, Major. person
correspondedWith Madison, James, 1751-1836 person
associatedWith May, T. R. person
associatedWith Meek, William E. person
associatedWith Meriwether, David, 1800-1892. person
associatedWith Mifflin, John F. (John Fishbourne), 1759-1813. person
associatedWith Mills, Edwin person
associatedWith Mills, Edwin W. person
associatedWith Missouri Historical Society person
associatedWith Montero, Bernardino person
associatedWith Mulford, Clarence person
associatedWith Newberry Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith Nicollet, J. N. (Joseph Nicolas), 1786-1843. person
associatedWith Overton, Walter Hampden, 1788-1845 person
associatedWith Parke, Benjamin, 1777-1835 person
associatedWith Parker, Daniel. person
associatedWith Pearce, Cromwell, b. 1771. person
associatedWith Peter, Robert, 1726-1806. person
associatedWith Pike family. family
associatedWith Pike family. family
associatedWith Pike Family Association person
associatedWith Pike, George. person
associatedWith Pike, George W. person
associatedWith Pike, George W. person
associatedWith Pike, Isabel. person
associatedWith Pike, Maria. person
associatedWith Pikes Peak Centennial Celebration. Invitations Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Pike, Zebulon, 1751-1834. person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
associatedWith Rush, Richard, 1780-1859. person
associatedWith Salcedo y Salcedo, Nemesio, 1754-1814? person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Scott, John M., d. 1839. person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
associatedWith Sibley, John, 1757-1837. person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
associatedWith Stoddard, Amos. person
associatedWith Stowell, H. W. (Harold W.) person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Tallichet, Jules Henri, 1877-1937 person
associatedWith The Daily Democrat, Doylestown, Penna. person
associatedWith The Lawrenceburg Press, Lawrenceburg, Ind. person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
correspondedWith Tilden, Rufus. person
associatedWith United States person
associatedWith United States. Army person
correspondedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 15th (1812-1815) corporateBody
associatedWith United States Military Academy corporateBody
associatedWith U. S. person
associatedWith Walker, Lewis, ca. 1770-1840 person
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony, 1745-1796 person
associatedWith Whitlock, Ephraim L. person
associatedWith Wilkins, John. person
correspondedWith Wilkinson, James, 1757-1825. person
associatedWith Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815. person
associatedWith Wolsey, M. L. person
associatedWith Woolsey, M. L. person
associatedWith Work projects administration. Louisiana person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New Jersey NJ US
United States 00 US
Toronto 08 CA
Subject
Ojibwa Indians
Exploration
Manuscripts, American
Soldiers--Biography--Sources
Hot springs--Arkansas
Explorers--Correspondence
Osage Indians
Caddo Indians
Explorers--Biography--Sources
Trade
Military engineering
Indians of North America
Travel
Chickasaw Indians
Soldiers--Correspondence
Natural history--Louisiana
Native America
Military appointments
Discoveries in geography--American
Meteorology--Louisiana
Dakota Indians
Explorers
Frontier and pioneer life
Chippewa Indians
Occupation
Army officers
Explorers
Explorers--19th century.--Southwestern states
Function

Person

Birth 1779-01-05

Death 1813-04-27

Americans

Spanish; Castilian,

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cv4m35

Ark ID: w6cv4m35

SNAC ID: 76166853