Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840

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Isaac Chauncey was a U.S. naval officer from Connecticut who commanded the naval forces on Lake Ontario during the War of 1812.

From the description of Isaac Chauncey letter to Henry Dearborn, 1812 September 8. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 769136866

United States naval officer who served successively in various commands including the brig "Hornet", the U.S. Navy yard in New York City, Chief of the naval forces on Lakes Ontario and Erie, the U.S.S. "Washington", and the Mediterranean Squadron.

From the description of Abstract of accounts with the Navy Department, 1812 to 1815, Lakes : account book, 1812-1815 / Isaac Chauncey. (New York University, Group Batchload). WorldCat record id: 58661959

From the description of Letter books, 1805-1821. (New York University). WorldCat record id: 477023062

Chauncey was born in Black Rock, CT in 1779. He fought in the Quasi War with France and against the Barbary pirates. During the War of 1812, he commanded naval forces on Lake Ontario. He was president of the Board of Navy Commissioners.

From the description of Letter, January 28, 1808. (Naval War College). WorldCat record id: 704551136

Isaac Chauncey (1772-1840), American naval commander, was born in Black Rock, Connecticut, to Wolcott Chauncey and Ann Brown, both of established Connecticut families. After only a modest formal education, Chauncey entered the shipping trade around age 12 under the merchant marine Captain Brewster. At age 19, he was put in command of the Jenny for a shipping company out of New York, and by 1799 was commissioned as a lieutenant in the Navy. Around this time he supervised the outfitting of the President and served under Thomas Truxtun in the Franco-American War (also known as the Quasi-War). Chauncey was appointed to the frigate New York in 1802, and served in the Mediterranean during the First Barbary War, after which he was given command of the John Adams (1804). He was officially made a captain on April 24, 1806.

In 1806 Chauncey requested a furlough from the navy to command the private trading ship the Beaver for John Jacob Astor. The Beaver voyaged to China and at Whampoa, China, was boarded twice by the British Navy searching for deserters or undocumented Americans who could be impressed into service. Upon the second boarding, by the HMS Lion, Chauncey defended his crew and refused to allow them to be searched or interrogated. He held his ground against the British and was eventually released unharmed and was able to return the ship safely to America, with the loss of only one man to impressments. After his return, Chauncey was appointed to command the Navy Yard in Brooklyn, where he remained until the outbreak of the War of 1812.

Lake Ontario and Lake Erie were deemed crucial by the United States and in August 1812, Chauncey was appointed commanding officer of all naval forces on both lakes, and operated out of a frontier base at Sackets Harbor, New York. Chauncey initiated an intense shipbuilding effort to establish an American navy in the Great Lakes, and by the end of 1812, the United States had full control of Lake Ontario and Chauncey was named commodore. In 1813, Chauncey's naval forces assisted General Henry Dearborn's army in facing the British army under Sir James Yeo. Chauncey delivered a number of victories including an amphibious attack capturing York [Toronto] on April 27, 1813, and an attack on Fort George, Upper Canada, on May 27. Chauncey continued his aggressive naval construction program but could not contend with the competing British war ships and, before the end of the war, was forced to surrender control of the lake to Yeo.

In June 1816, Chauncey replaced Stephen Decatur as commander of the Mediterranean Squadron and assisted with peace negotiations with the Dey of Algiers to end the Second Barbary War. Chauncey returned to New York to command the navy yards in 1818, and from 1821-1824, he served as navy commissioner in Washington D.C. After another term at the New York Navy Yard from 1825-1832, he was appointed as president of the Board of Navy Commissioners from 1937 until his death in 1840. He and his wife Catherine Sickles married c.1794; they had three children: Naval Lieutenant Charles W. Chauncey, sailor John S. Chauncey, and Reverend Peter S. Chauncey of St. James's Church in New York.

From the guide to the Isaac Chauncey papers, Chauncey, Isaac papers, 1801-1818, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Macdonough, Thomas, 1783-1825. Autograph letter signed : Middletown, to Commodore Isaac Chauncey, 1815 June 19. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Barron, James, 1761-1851. Papers, 1831-1836. Independence Seaport Museum
creatorOf Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840. Superior. Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee County Federated Library System
referencedIn Evans, Samuel. Captain Samuel Evans letterbook and boatswain's accounts, 1815-1826. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840. Lark. Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee County Federated Library System
referencedIn Brown, Jacob, 1775-1828. Jacob Brown papers, 1812-1828. Library of Congress
creatorOf Yeo, James Lucas, Sir, 1782-1818. Commodore James Lucas Yeo letter to Commodore Isaac Chauncey [manuscript], 1815 Mar 2. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840. Vincent. Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee County Federated Library System
referencedIn Typed copy of letter regarding Major Totten, 1814 June 21. Maine Historical Society Library
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. Oliver Hazard Perry papers, 1796-1969. William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Barnes, John S. (John Sanford), 1836-1911. Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1756-1931. New-York Historical Society Library
creatorOf Eckford, Henry. Madison. Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee County Federated Library System
referencedIn Edward Preble Papers, 1680-1912, (bulk 1799-1809) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Preble, Edward, 1761-1807. Papers of Edward Preble, 1680-1912 (bulk 1799-1809). Library of Congress
creatorOf Constitution (Frigate). Ship's papers of the U.S.S. Constitution pertaining to the Tripolitan War, 1803-1805. Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn Brown, Jacob, 1775-1828. General Jacob Brown letterbook, [microform] Apr. 17 - Aug. 20, 1814. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
creatorOf Eckford, Henry. Sylph. Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee County Federated Library System
referencedIn John Shaw Papers, 1798-1895, (bulk 1810-1822) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Lockman, DeWitt McClellan, 1870-1957,. [Map of the area later bounded by 82nd and 85th Streets, the East River and York Avenue, Manhattan, New York (N.Y.)]. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Rodgers, John, 1773-1838. John Rodgers papers, 1796-1908, bulk 1801-1836. William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Chauncey family. Chauncey family papers, 1675-1928 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840. Governor Tomkins. Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee County Federated Library System
referencedIn Thomas J. Chew family papers 1797-1875 1802-1857 Chew, Thomas J. family papers William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Eleuthère Irénée, 1771-1834. Papers, 1771-1922. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Shaw, John, 1773-1823. Papers of John Shaw, 1798-1895 (bulk 1810-1822). Library of Congress
creatorOf Madison, James, 1751-1836. Papers of James Madison [manuscript], 1765-1836, n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Samuel Francis, 1803-1865. Log books, 1817-1859 [microform]. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Eckford, Henry. Oneida. Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee County Federated Library System
referencedIn Oliver Hazard Perry papers 1796-1969 1812-1819 William L. Clements Library
creatorOf Isaac Chauncey papers 1801-1818 Chauncey, Isaac papers William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Perry, Oliver Hazard, 1785-1819. Letter, January 1, 1816. Naval War College, Henry E. Eccles Library
creatorOf Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840. Raven. Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee County Federated Library System
referencedIn Langdon, John, 1741-1819. John Langdon, William Whipple, and Elwyn family papers, 1713-1965 (bulk 1761-1853). Portsmouth Athenaeum Library & Museum
creatorOf Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840. Pert. Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee County Federated Library System
referencedIn War of 1812 mss., 1776-1879 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Bates, Richard W., 1892-1973. Autograph collection of Richard W. Bates, 1780-1865. Library of Congress
creatorOf Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840. Ontario. Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee County Federated Library System
creatorOf Philadelphia Naval Shipyard (Philadelphia, Pa.). Office of the Commanding Naval Officer. Letters received, 1831-1842. Independence Seaport Museum
creatorOf Eckford, Henry. General Pike. Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee County Federated Library System
creatorOf Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840. Abstract of accounts with the Navy Department, 1812 to 1815, Lakes : account book, 1812-1815 / Isaac Chauncey. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Eckford, Henry. Lady of the Lake. Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee County Federated Library System
referencedIn The Naval History Society Collection, 1721-1995 (bulk 1781-1936) New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Charles Morris papers (1801-1861) William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Woodbury, Levi, 1789-1851. Letters, 1813-1851. New Hampshire Historical Society Library
creatorOf Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840. Letter, January 28, 1808. Naval War College, Henry E. Eccles Library
creatorOf Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840. Fly. Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee County Federated Library System
creatorOf Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840. Mohawk. Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee County Federated Library System
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. Charles Morris papers, 1801-1861. William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Dearborn, Henry, 1751-1829. Letter books, 1812 June 3-1813 Dec. 22. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Sage, Gardner A. Map of property in the Twelfth Ward belonging to Com. Isaac Chauncey / a true copy G.A.S. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840. Lady Murray. Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee County Federated Library System
creatorOf Hull, Isaac, 1773-1843. Papers, 1810-1842. Boston Athenaeum
creatorOf Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840. Isaac Chauncey papers, 1801-1818. William L. Clements Library
creatorOf Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840. Letter books, 1805-1821. Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Isaac Chauncey letters, 1817-1839 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Collection on William Harris Crawford, 1814-1833. Georgia Historical Society
creatorOf Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840. Isaac Chauncey letter to Henry Dearborn, 1812 September 8. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn John Rodgers papers 1796-1908 1801-1836 Rodgers, John papers William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Captain Samuel Evans letterbook and boatswain's accounts, 1815-1826 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Barnes, John S. (John Sanford), 1836-1911 person
associatedWith Barron, James, 1761-1851. person
correspondedWith Bates, Richard W., 1892-1973. person
associatedWith Brown, Jacob, 1775-1828. person
associatedWith Bullus, John, 1774 or 5-1818. person
associatedWith Bullus, John, 1774 or 5-1818. person
associatedWith Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850. person
associatedWith Chandler, John, 1762-1841 person
associatedWith Chauncey family. family
associatedWith Clinton, DeWitt, 1769-1828. person
associatedWith Constitution (Frigate) corporateBody
associatedWith Crane, William Montgomery, 1784-1846. person
associatedWith Creighton, John Orde. person
associatedWith Crowninshield, Benjamin Williams, 1772-1851. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Henry, 1751-1829. person
associatedWith Decatur, Stephen, 1779-1820. person
associatedWith Du Pont, Eleuthère Irénée, 1771-1834. person
associatedWith Du Pont, Samuel Francis, 1803-1865. person
associatedWith Eckford, Henry, 1775-1832 person
associatedWith Elliott, Jesse D. (Jesse Duncan), 1782-1845. person
associatedWith Evans, Samuel person
associatedWith Evans, Samuel. person
associatedWith Gamble, Thomas, Capt. person
associatedWith General Pike (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith Goldsborough, W. C. person
associatedWith Gregory, Francis H., 1789-1866. person
associatedWith Hall, John, Capt. person
associatedWith Hamilton, Paul, 1762-1816. person
associatedWith Hatfield, William B. person
associatedWith Homans, Benjamin. person
associatedWith Hornet (Brig) corporateBody
associatedWith Hull, Isaac, 1773-1843. person
associatedWith Hull, Joseph, Esq. person
associatedWith Izard, George, 1777-1828. person
associatedWith Jones, George, 1766-1838. person
associatedWith Jones, Jacob, 1768-1850. person
associatedWith Jones, William, 1760-1831. person
associatedWith Kennedy, Edmund P., d. 1844. person
correspondedWith Langdon, John, 1741-1819. person
associatedWith Lawrence, James, 1781-1813. person
associatedWith Lear, Tobias, 1762-1816. person
associatedWith Macdonough, Thomas, 1783-1825. person
associatedWith Madison, James, 1751-1836. person
associatedWith Madison (Schooner) corporateBody
associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831. person
associatedWith Murray, Alexander, 1754 or 5-1821. person
associatedWith Murray, Alexander, 1754 or 5-1821. person
associatedWith Naval History Society corporateBody
associatedWith New York Naval Shipyard. corporateBody
associatedWith Nicholson, Joseph J. person
associatedWith O'Brien, Richard, ca. 1758-1824 person
associatedWith O'Brien, Richard, ca. 1758-1824. person
associatedWith Onís, Luis de, 1762-1827. person
associatedWith Perry, Oliver Hazard, 1785-1819. person
associatedWith Philadelphia Naval Shipyard (Philadelphia, Pa.). Office of the Commanding Naval Officer. corporateBody
associatedWith Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813 person
associatedWith Pinkney, William, 1764-1822 person
associatedWith Portsmouth Naval Shipyard (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Preble, Edward, 1761-1807. person
associatedWith President (Frigate) . corporateBody
associatedWith Prevost, George, Sir, 1767-1816 person
associatedWith Renshaw, James, d. 1846. person
associatedWith Rodgers, George Washington, 1787-1832. person
associatedWith Rodgers, John, 1773-1838. person
associatedWith Rodgers, John, 1812-1882 person
associatedWith Sage, Gardner A. person
associatedWith Shaler, William, 1778?-1833. person
associatedWith Shaw, John, 1773-1823. person
associatedWith Smith, Robert, 1757-1842. person
associatedWith Stewart, Charles, 1778-1869. person
associatedWith Thompson, Smith, 1768-1843. person
associatedWith Tompkins, Daniel D., 1774-1825 person
associatedWith Trenchard, Edward, 1784-1824. person
associatedWith Truxtun, Thomas, 1755-1822. person
associatedWith Turner, Thomas, fl. 1799-1800. person
correspondedWith United States corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Navy corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Navy Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Navy. Mediterranean Squadron. corporateBody
associatedWith Washington (Battleship : BB-56) corporateBody
associatedWith Washington (Ship of the line) corporateBody
associatedWith Wilkinson, James, 1757-1825. person
associatedWith William L. Clements Library person
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
correspondedWith Woodbury, Levi, 1789-1851. person
associatedWith Woolsey, Melancthon T. (Melancthon Taylor), 1780-1838. person
associatedWith Yeo, James Lucas, Sir, 1782-1818. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Mediterranean Region
Black Rock (N.Y.)
Ontario, Lake.
Portsmouth (N.H.)
Erie (Pa.)
Tunis (Tunisia)
Great Lakes (North America)
Sackets Harbor (N.Y.)
Albany (N.Y.)
Algiers (Algeria)
Sackets Harbor (N.Y.)
Naples (Italy)
Great Lakes Region (North America)
Great Lakes Region (North America)
Mediterranean Sea.
United States
Spain
Annapolis (Md.)
Oswego (N.Y.)
Erie, Lake.
Malaga (Spain)
Messina (Italy)
United States
United States
Niagara River (N.Y. and Ont.)
Presque Isle Bay (Pa.)
New York (N.Y.)
Niagara (N.Y.)
United States
Boston (Mass.)
Gibraltar.
Fort George (Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ont.)
Kingston (Ont.)
Mahon (Spain)
United States
Subject
Chesapeake
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry
Desertion, Naval
Diplomatic and consular service, American
Mohawk Indians
Mohawk Indians
Naval discipline
Navy-yards and naval stations, American
Navy-yards and naval stations, American
Parole
Shipbuilding
Shipbuilding
Spies
York, Battle of, Toronto, Ont., 1813
Occupation
Military officers
Activity

Person

Birth 1772

Death 1840

Information

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Ark ID: w6n0198d

SNAC ID: 21854770