Bligh, William, 1754-1817

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Epithet: Captain; of Add MS 31865

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000126.0x00033e

Bligh was an officer of the British Royal Navy and colonial administrator. He is best known for the famous mutiny that occurred against his command aboard HMAV Bounty. After the Bounty mutiny he became Governor of New South Wales.

From the description of Papers [manuscript]. 1958. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 224756309

Bligh died in 1817, leaving his lands Copenhagen, Camperdown, Mount Betham, Simpson's Farm and Tyler's Farm to his six daughters:- Elizabeth Bligh, Dame Mary O'Connell, Harriet Barker, Frances, Jane and Ann Bligh. In 1838 these lands were vested in trustees, Charles Hallett and Felix Slade, for sale.

From the description of Papers of Bligh estate [manuscript]. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225790891

On 28 April 1789, Bligjh and 18 men from the "Bountry" were set adrift in the ship's launch. After one of the longest known open boat voyages, the launch reached Koepang, Timor, on 15 June. They secured a schooner, the "Resource", and proceeded on toBatavia, pausing at Sourabaya for supplies, where disputes broke out amongst themen. The Dutch governor was obliged to carry out investigations into the men's complaints.

From the description of [Signed documents] [manuscript]. 1789-1938. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225841423

Sir Joseph Banks was an English naturalist and president of the Royal Society.

From the guide to the Sir Joseph Banks papers, 1766-1820 (bulk), 1766-1820, (American Philosophical Society)

English Vice-Admiral.

From the description of Document signed, an autograph letter from Richard Symons : "Irresistible," Yarmouth Road, to Samuel Lewis, Agent for Victualling His Majesty's Navy, 1801 Aug. 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270536468

William Bligh, son of Francis and Jane Bligh, was born at Plymouth in 1754. In 1776 he was appointed master of the Resolution under the command of Captain James Cook and in 1787 took command of the Bounty on an expedition to the West Indies. The crew, under Fletcher Christian, mutinied in 1789. Bligh became Governor of N.S.W. in 1806. He was recalled to England in 1810 and in 1812 became Rear-Admiral of the White. He died in London in 1817.

From the description of Notebook and list of mutineers. 1789. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 221425785

William Bligh, naval officer and colonial governor. While in command of the transport ship Bounty in the South Pacific, Bligh's crew mutinied, the story of which later served as inspiration for many novels and films. Bligh briefly served as governor of New South Wales, Australia from 1806-1808.

From the description of William Bligh manuscript material : 1 item, 1816 (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 76944950

From the guide to the William Bligh manuscript material : 1 item, 1816, (The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.)

Admiral and Governor of N.S.W. Appointed master of the Resolution under the command of James Cookin 1776. Offered the command of the H.M.S. Bounty in 1787 on a expedition to procure breadfruit plants for the West Indies during which the crew mutinyed, seized Bligh and placed him in a boat with 18 others crewmen. 1801 made a Fellow of the Royal Society. 1805, Sir Joseph Banks offered him the position of Governor of N.S.W.

From the description of Letters [manuscript]. 1776-1811. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225710557

Epithet: Captain; RN; Governor of New South Wales

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000126.0x000340

Master of the Resolution on Cook's 3rd voyage. Survived a mutiny on H.M.S. Bounty (sent under his command to Tahiti to procure breadfruits in 1787) by sailing an open boat to Timor. Was Governor of New South Wales, 1806-1810.

From the description of Memorandum [manuscript]. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225804264

Admiral, and Governor of New South Wales.

From the description of Logbooks [manuscript]. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225768898

William Bligh was born at Plymouth, England on 9 September 1754. On 27 July 1770 Bligh joined the Royal Navy as an able-seaman. A year later he became a midshipman. As master of H.M.S. Resolution Bligh made his first voyage to the South Seas in 1776 with Captain James Cook. Bligh returned to England in 1780. He was married to Elizabeth Betham in 1781.

In 1787 Bligh was appointed commander of H.M.S. Bounty, with the objective of procuring bread-fruit plants from the South Pacific to introduce to the West Indies. On 30 April 1789 the crew of the Bounty mutinied, casting off Bligh and 18 loyalists in an open, 23 foot long boat. With scarce provisions and no charts, Bligh managed to navigate the boat 6705 kilometres to Timor over six weeks. Bligh was honourably acquitted in October 1790. In 1791 Bligh was commissioned again to transport bread-fruit plants from Tahiti to the West Indies, as commander of H.M.S. Providence. This time Bligh succeeded in his voyage. In addition, Bligh charted part of the south-east coast of Van Dieman?s Land while staying in Adventure Bay. He also made significant explorations of Tahiti, Fiji and Torres Strait and returned in 1793.

Between 1795 and 1802 Bligh commanded H.M.S. Director at the battle of Camperdown and as commander of H.M.S. Glatton fought in Copenhagen under Vice-Admiral Lord Nelson. Upon his good friend Sir Joseph Banks?s recommendation, Bligh was appointed governor of New South Wales in 1805. Bligh's attempts to reform the colony caused tension among the New South Wales Corps and upset many powerful settlers. On 26 January 1808 Major George Johnston, head of the New South Wales military, marched on Government House, placed Bligh under arrest and took control of the colony.

Bligh was released in 1809 and sailed back to England in 1810. He was acquitted after a court martial and promoted to rear-admiral of the Blue in July of 1810. He was promoted to vice-admiral in 1814. After his wife?s death in 1812, Bligh moved from Lambeth to Faringham, Kent. Bligh died on 7 December 1817, leaving his estate to his six surviving daughters.

From the description of OM71-34 William Bligh Log, 1791-1793. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 755789398

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Grant, John, b. 1776. Papers of John Grant. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Maskelyne, Nevil, 1732-1811. Papers of Nevil Maskelyne, 1771-1809. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Great Britain. Admiralty. [Instructions to David Nelson, appointed to proceed with Lieutenant Bligh on the ship Bounty to the Society Islands for the purpose of collecting bread-fruit trees, 1787] [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. William Bligh charts [cartographic material]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. A chart of Bligh's islands discovered by Captain Wm. Bligh. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Caley, George, 1770-1829. Letters [microform]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Banks, Joseph, 1743-1820. Papers, 1766-1820 (bulk). American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Ware, Ronald William. Flag [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. A chart of Bligh's Straits in the Clarence Archipelago discovered & explored by Captain William Bligh of the Royal Navy. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Australia : [Album of newspaper cuttings about early Australia and New South Wales.] Libraries Australia
creatorOf National Maritime Museum (Great Britain). Collections [microform]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. Extract from the log of the proceedings of His Majesty's ship Bounty, 1789 Apr. 28-1789 Sept. 13 [manuscript] / Wm. Bligh commander from Otaheite towards Jamaica. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Vol. XXX. (XXIX. ff. 349). 1 Sept.-2 Nov. 1805.includes:f. 1 John James Hamilton, 1st Marquess of Abercorn: Letter to Lord Nelson: 1805. f.3 Alexander Hamilton, Marquess of Douglas; 10th Duke of Hamilton: Letter to Lord Nelson: 1805. f. 5 George Gr... British Library
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. Document signed, an autograph letter from Richard Symons : "Irresistible," Yarmouth Road, to Samuel Lewis, Agent for Victualling His Majesty's Navy, 1801 Aug. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf OAC Review Index (University of Guelph). The breadfruit, OAC Review, v.47, no.8, Summer 1935, p. 478-479, con't on p. 482-484. University of Guelph
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. Papers [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Johnston, George, 1764-1823. Report. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. Logbook of HMS "Bounty" [microform]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. Letters. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. A chart of islands to the north of the New Hebrides discovered by Captain William Bligh. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. Voyage in the "Bounty's" launch [microform]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf William Bligh manuscript material : 1 item, 1816 The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.
referencedIn Mackaness, George, 1882-1968. The Life of Vice-Admiral William Bligh, R.N., F.R.S. [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Morrison, James, 1763 or 4-1807. Journal on HMS "Bounty" [microform]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Sir Joseph Banks papers, 1766-1820 (bulk), 1766-1820 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. [Signed documents] [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Great Britain. Admiralty. Records relating to British maritime activities in northwestern North America [manuscript], 1770-1870. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. Letters [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Fryer, John, 1752-1817. Statement of service [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. Letter : Derwent, New South Wales [sic.] [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. Views of Bligh's islands. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn HARRIS PAPERS. Vol. I (ff. 86). Letters of G.P. Harris to members of his family, together with correspondence of the latter about him; 17 July 1803-23 Nov. 1812. Also included are:-(1) Sketches and plans, by Harris, of the camps at Port Philip (ff. 1... British Library
referencedIn Walker, G. J. (Geraldine J.). Papers [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Album [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. Memorandum [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Betham, Matilda, 1776-1852. Poems [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. OM71-34 William Bligh Log, 1791-1793. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. Papers of Bligh estate [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Johnston, George, 1764-1823. Papers. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Johnston, George, 1764-1823. Letters and documents relating to the deposition of Governor Bligh. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Chandler, J. E. (Jess Eric). Muster roll [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Guthrie Lt. Journal kept on board H.M.S. Providence [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Johnston, George, 1764-1823. [Correspondence, 1808, concerning the arrest and deposition of William Bligh, governor of New South Wales ] [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. Notebook and list of mutineers. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. William Bligh manuscript material : 1 item, 1816 New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Australiana : [Album of newspaper cuttings about early New South Wales.] Libraries Australia
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. Bligh's charts [cartographic materisl] / by Lieut. Wm. Bligh R.N. ; George Holwell, MF. Libraries Australia
referencedIn E. " A sketch of Holyhead Harbour, taken January 25th, 1801, by Capt. William Bligh, R.N."Holyhead, Anglesey: Sketch of the harbour: 1801.William Bligh, Captain: R.N. Sketch of Holyhead Harbour: 1801. British Library
creatorOf Bligh, William, 1754-1817. Logbooks [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
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associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Alexander Turnbull Library. corporateBody
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associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Assistant (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith Assistant (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, 1743-1820. person
associatedWith Beccaria, Giambatista, 1716-1781 person
associatedWith Betham, Matilda, 1776-1852. person
associatedWith Bond, Francis Godolphin, 1765-1839 person
associatedWith Bond, John Godolphin person
associatedWith Bounty (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith Caley, George, 1770-1829. person
associatedWith Chandler, J. E. (Jess Eric) person
associatedWith Cook, James, 1728-1779. person
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
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associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Fabbroni, Giovanni Valentino Mattia, 1752-1822 person
associatedWith Fitch, John person
associatedWith Flinders, Matthew, 1774-1814. person
associatedWith Forster, Georg, 1754-1794 person
associatedWith Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790 person
associatedWith Fryer, John, 1752-1817. person
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
associatedWith Grant, John, b. 1776. person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Great Britain. Admiralty. corporateBody
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
associatedWith Holwell, George. person
associatedWith Hope, John, 1725-1786 person
associatedWith Humboldt, Alexander von, 1769-1859 person
associatedWith Ingenhousz, Jan, 1730-1799 person
associatedWith Johnston, George, 1764-1823 person
associatedWith Lewis, Samuel, person
associatedWith Mackaness, George, 1882-1968. person
associatedWith Maskelyne, Nevil, 1732-1811. person
associatedWith Mitchell Library, Sydney. corporateBody
associatedWith Morrison, James, 1763 or 4-1807. person
associatedWith National Library of Australia. corporateBody
associatedWith National Maritime Museum (Great Britain) corporateBody
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith Norton Smith and Co corporateBody
associatedWith OAC Review Index (University of Guelph) corporateBody
associatedWith Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827 person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Pollock, F. (Frederick), 1783-1870. person
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associatedWith Public Library of South Australia. corporateBody
associatedWith Resource (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Rose (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. corporateBody
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associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
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associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
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associatedWith Walker, G. J. (Geraldine J.) person
associatedWith Ware, Ronald William. person
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith Wedgwood, Josiah, 1730-1795 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Gibraltar, Spain
Santa Cruz, Teneriffe
Holyhead, Anglesey
Great Britain
Brazil
Oceania
Oceania
Oceania
Oceania
Great Britain
Canada
Great Britain
Hobart, Tasmania
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Oceania
Pitcairn Island
Islands of the Pacific
Australia--New South Wales
Oceania
Oceania
Port Philip, New South Wales
Great Britain
Naturalists - England
Oceania
Subject
Islands--Maps
Sailors--Archives
Governor--Correspondence
Marine biology
Horticulture
Sailors--Correspondence
Ship captains--Archives
Botany
Bounty Mutiny, 1789
Great Britain--Royal Navy--Officers--19th century--Correspondence
Voyages and travels
Nautical charts
Occupation
Naval officers
Governors
Sailors
Ship captains
Function

Person

Birth 1754-09-09

Death 1817-12-07

Britons

English,

Dutch; Flemish

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