United States. National War Labor Board (1942-1945)

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The National War Labor Board, a tri-partite body established in 1942 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, was charged with acting as an arbitration tribunal in labor-management dispute cases, thereby preventing work stoppages which might hinder the war effort. It was also responsible for determining wage adjustments in accordance with anti-inflationary wage stabilization criteria and policies.

From the description of Series 1. General case files, 1913-1946, bulk 1942-1946. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63540270

From the description of Series 1, Subseries 5. Waterfront Employers' Association of the Pacific Coast vs. International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union : proceedings, reports and documents, 1944-1946. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63540257

From the description of United States. National War Labor Board (1942-1945). Series 1, Subseries 3. Electrical Transcription Manufacturers vs. American Federation of Musicians : reports and documents, 1944. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63540265

From the description of United States. National War Labor Board (1942-1945) Series 1, Subseries 2. Bituminous coal industry hearings : transcripts and related documents, 1943. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63540267

From the description of Series 1, Subseries 6. United States Steel Corporation vs. United Steelworkers of America : report and documents, 1943. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63540254

From the description of National War Labor Board (1942-1945) series 1, subseries 7. Miscellaneous case files, 1942-1946. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63540253

From the description of Series 1, Subseries 4. Western Union Telegraph Company vs. American Communications Association : proceedings, reports and documents, 1942-1944. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63540263

This collection consists of statements, exhibits and documents presented to a panel hearing of the NWLB in 1943. On a petition from the United Steelworkers of America for a wage adjustment which exceeded the 15 percent increase adopted in the so-called "Little Steel Formula."

From the description of United States National War Labor Board. Case No. 111-6230-D, 1943. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 64059829

Region 2 of the U.S. National War Labor Board included New York State and northern New Jersey.

From the description of United States. National War Labor Board (1942-1945) Series 2, Subseries 1. Dispute settlement case files, part b, 1944-1945. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63540251

From the description of Arbitration Proceedings. U.S. National War Labor Board. IAM vs. Northwest Airlines and misc. others. 1940-1949. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63540248

From the description of Series 2, Subseries 3. Policies and procedures files, 1943-1946. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63540247

From the description of United States. National War Labor Board. Series 2, Subseries 4. Research and statistics files, 1943-1945. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63540246

From the description of Series 2, Subseries 5. Administrative files, 1942-1946. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 64755650

The Non-Ferrous Metals Commission was one of several tripartite industry commissions set up by the National War Labor Board to deal with particular industries on a national rather than a regional basis. The Board felt that technical, economic, and other factors called for industry-wide treatment in these cases. The Commission made final decisions subject only to appeal to the National Board.

From the description of National War Labor Board series 3. Non-Ferrous Metals Commission files, part b, 1943-1946. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 64755652

The "Little Steel Companies Case" involved a wage dispute case between the Steel Workers Organizing Coimmittee (forerunner of the United Steelworkers of America) and various steel enterprises. The Little Steel Formula, which became the anti-inflationary wage adjustment criterion adopted by the War Labor Board, was derived through this case.

From the description of United States. National War Labor Board (1942-1945). Series 1, Subseries 1. Bethlehem Steel Company et al (Little Steel Companies) vs. Steel Workers Organizing Committee: reports and documents, 1913-1942, bulk 1941-1942. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63540269

Henry J. Meyer was the United States National War Labor Board l(NWLB) iaison officer for independent unions and vice-chairman of the NWLB's National Telephone Panel.

From the guide to the United States National War Labor Board Records: Henry J. Meyer Files, 1941-1947, (Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives)

The National War Labor Board, a tri-partite body established in 1942 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, was charged with acting as an arbitration tribunal in labor-management dispute cases, thereby preventing work stoppages which might hinder the war effort. It was also responsible for determining wage adjustments in accordance with anti-inflationary wage stabilization criteria and policies.

The Board was initially divided into 12 Regional Administrative Boards which handled both labor dispute settlement and wage stabilization functions for specific geographic regions. The National Board further decentralized in 1943, when it established special tri-partite commissions and panels to deal with particular industries on a national basis.

From the description of United States. National War Labor Board files, 1913-1946, bulk 1942-1945. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63540272

Region 2 of the U.S. National War Labor Board included New York State and northern New Jersey.

The Second Regional War Labor Board was the first regional board of the U.S. National War Labor Board to come into existence. It was formally constituted on Feburary 7, 1943. Region 2 had originally contained the states of New York and New Jersey, but during the transition from a Regional Advisory Board to a Regional War Labor Board, twelve counties in southern New Jersey were transferred to the jurisdiction of Region 3, which had its headquarters in Philadelphia. A variety of factors prompted this change: travel difficulties and the schedules involved, the distance from the counties to the two headquarters cities, and most important, the very large case load of the Second Region.

From the description of Series 2. Region 2 files, 1943-1946. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63540252

The American Federation of Musicians, AF of L, unilaterally decided the minimum terms and conditions of employment. They never negotiated a contract with a broadcasting, electrical transcription or recording company.

The Union believed that mechanized music was displacing live musicians so they entered into conferences in 1937 with the broadcasting, recording and transcription companies concerning this matter. The conferences resulted in the broadcasting industry accepting the so-called quota agreement, under which the independent stations and stations affiliated with networks agreed to spend more money on staff musicians. The term of this agreement was set at two years, but in 1938 the Department of Justice advised the parties that the agreement was illegal.

In 1938, the Union adopted a policy of "licensing" recording and transcription companies. The license allowed union musicians to work for these companies on the condition that the companies limit the use of their products to non-commercial purposes. At no time-did the license contain any of the terms and conditions being fixed unilaterally by the union and all licenses being terminable at its will. The courts in RCA Mfg. Company vs. Whiteman case held that the limitation on the use of phonograph records which the parties had agreed to could not be enforced. Therefore, the purpose of the license arrangement was largely defeated, but they continued to renew the license until 1942.

The Musicians Union in 1942 decided that the only way to alleviate the unemployment of musicians caused by recorded music was to refuse to work for recording and transcription companies. The union made no demands on the employers, but on August 1, 1942, all union members stopped making records and transcriptions.

Early in August 1942, the Department of Justice charged the union with violation of the anti-trust laws. The complaint was dismissed in the lower courts on the ground that the controversy was a labor dispute and the union was, therefore, immune from such prosecution. The Supreme Court affirmed this decision.

The next development was a hearing before a subcommittee of the Senate Committee on Interstate Commerce, pursuant to Senate Resolution 276, 77th Congress, second session, regarding the use of mechanical re- production of music. The hearings were held on a number of days in September and then discontinued until February 1943. The February hearings disclosed for the first time the unions demands. The principle demand involved payment to the unions of an agreed sum on each recording made, and the fund thus created was to be used in various ways for the alleviation of unemployment.

The employers upon hearing the union demands rejected them and took steps to bring the controversy before the National War Labor Board on the grounds that the cessation of work constitutes a work stoppage seriously interfering with the war effort and they asked the Board to terminate the strike.

The War Labor Board refused to terminate the strike and set up a National War Labor Board Panel to conduct hearings. The Panel was composed of Arthur S. Meyer, Chairman and Public Member; Max Zavitsky, Labor Member; Gilbert E. Fuller, Industry Member. The Panel started the hearings on September 7, 1943 and on September 9 decided to adjourn until September 20, so as the Musician Union and World Broadcasting System could put their verbal contract agreement into written form. The hearing was reconvened on September 21 and then adjourned until September 27. On September 29 World Broadcasting System and Musicians Union signed an agreement. The Panel at this time adjourned until October 20, 1943 at the request of the parties so that they could negotiate privately. The Panel on various occasions at the request of the parties acted as mediator. When the hearings were resumed on October 20, 1943, six of the seven original companies had signed agreements with the union.

The remaining company, National Broadcasting Co., was joined at this time by two additional companies, RCA-Victor Division and Columbia Recording Corporation, to the proceeding. The Panel finished its hearings on November 22, 1943 and submitted its report and recommendations to the National War Labor Board on March 9, 1944. The National War Labor Board on June 15, 1944 issued its decision on this case.

The union's position in the hearings was that: the Board did not have jurisdiction because there was no strike, no substantial interference with the war effort, no labor dispute, and the members of the union are not the employees of the phonograph and transcription companies, but of the band leaders, contractors and symphony associations, none of whom are parties to this proceeding; the union demanded that the company pay money into the union's unemployment fund and that the union receive financial remuneration for phonograph records made for home consumption and used commercially.

The companies' position in the hearing was that: how do you measure unemployment of musicians and to what extent is the unemployment of musicians due to records and transcriptions which fellow union members helped create; the use of an unemployment fund would aggravate rather than relieve unemployment due to the fact that the Musician Union is an open union; the companies maintained that the unemployment fund is really a wage increase and is contrary to the Wage Stabilization Program; the adoption of the Union's demands would result in the creation of a private system of unemployment relief and a undermining of our National Social Security System; the companies proposed that the Union and the companies unite in pressing for copyright legislation so as to prevent records designed for home use from being used commercially without remuneration.

The Panel, besides having to evaluate the demands of both sides, had to consider if the Union's demand for an unemployment fund was a "customary" demand or a usual and novel demand which the union was able to impose due to wartime conditions. The NWLB could not impose on companies unusual and novel union demands which arise due to wartime conditions.

From the guide to the United States. National War Labor Board. Records, 1944., (Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Martin P. Catherwood Library, Cornell University.)

The National War Labor Board, a tripartite body established in 1942 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, was charged with acting as an arbitration tribunal in labor-management dispute cases, thereby preventing work stoppages which might hinder the war effort. It was also responsible for determining wage adjustments in accordance with anti-inflationary wage stabilization criteria and policies.

The Board was initially divided into 12 Regional Administrative Boards which handled both labor dispute settlement and wage stabilization functions for specific geographic regions. The National Board further decentralized in 1943, when it established special tripartite commissions and panels to deal with particular industries on a national basis.

From the guide to the United States. National War Labor Board files, 1913-1946 [bulk 1942-1945]., (Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library)

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creatorOf United States National War Labor Board Records: Henry J. Meyer Files, 1941-1947 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
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creatorOf United States. National War Labor Board files, 1913-1946 [bulk 1942-1945]. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abernethy, Byron R. person
associatedWith A.D. Julliard Company. corporateBody
associatedWith AFL-CIO. International Federation of Professional and Technical Engineers. Local 66, Engineering and Professional Guild. corporateBody
associatedWith Alschuler, Samuel, 1859-1939. person
associatedWith Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. Southern Region. corporateBody
associatedWith American Communications Association. corporateBody
associatedWith American Federation of Labor corporateBody
associatedWith American Federation of Musicians. corporateBody
associatedWith American Iron and Steel Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Associated Fur Coat and Trimming Manufacturers. corporateBody
associatedWith Associated Music Publishers. corporateBody
associatedWith Bakery and Confectionary Workers' International Union of America. Local 34 (Des Moines, Iowa) corporateBody
associatedWith Barrett, James F. person
associatedWith Batt, George K. person
associatedWith Batt, George K. person
associatedWith Bester, Earl Thomas, 1900- person
associatedWith Bethlehem Steel Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Blough, Roger M. (Roger Miles), 1904-1985. person
associatedWith Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. corporateBody
associatedWith Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen. corporateBody
associatedWith Burns, Robert K. person
associatedWith Califf, Joseph, 1911- person
associatedWith Cammer, Harold person
associatedWith Chicago and North Western Railway Company. Labor Relations Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Ching, Cyrus S. (Cyrus Stuart), 1876-1967. person
associatedWith Cohen, Lucy Kramer. person
associatedWith Cole, David Lawrence, 1902-1977. person
associatedWith Columbia Recording Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Congress of Industrial Organizations (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith C. P. MacGregor Collection (Library of Congress) corporateBody
associatedWith Davey, Harold W. person
associatedWith Davis, William H. (William Hammatt), 1879-1964. person
associatedWith Du Pont, Ethel Bidermann, 1896-1980. person
associatedWith Dworkin, Harry J., 1909- person
associatedWith Electrical Transcription Manufacturers. corporateBody
associatedWith Electrical Transcription Manufacturers. corporateBody
associatedWith Empire Broadcasting Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Federation of Glass, Ceramic and Silica Sand Workers of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Fitch, John A. (John Andrews), 1881-1959. person
associatedWith Ford Colliers Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Foremen's Association of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Fur Floor Boys and Shipping Clerks' Union. corporateBody
associatedWith Furriers' Joint Council of New York. corporateBody
associatedWith Garrison, Lloyd K. (Lloyd Kirkham), 1897-1991. person
associatedWith Garst, Delmond, 1903- person
associatedWith Gellhorn, Walter, 1906-1995. person
associatedWith General Electric Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Graham, Frank Porter, 1886-1972. person
associatedWith Guthrie, Paul Newman, 1903- person
associatedWith Helena Rubinstein, inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Henderson, Leon, 1895-1986. person
associatedWith Hill, James C., 1914- person
associatedWith Industrial Commission of Wisconsin. corporateBody
associatedWith Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America (IUMSWA) corporateBody
associatedWith Inland Steel Company. corporateBody
associatedWith International Association of Bridge, Structural and Ornamental Iron Workers. corporateBody
associatedWith International Association of Machinists. corporateBody
associatedWith International Brotherhood of Boilermakers, Iron Ship Builders, Blacksmiths, Forgers, and Helpers. corporateBody
associatedWith International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen, and Helpers of America. corporateBody
associatedWith International Federation of Professional and Technical Engineers. Local 66 (Engineering and Professional Guild). corporateBody
associatedWith International Federation of Technical Engineers', Architects' and Draftsmen's Unions. corporateBody
associatedWith International Harvester Company. corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. corporateBody
associatedWith International Longshoremen's Association. corporateBody
associatedWith International Union of Mine, Mill, and Smelter Workers. corporateBody
associatedWith International Union of Operating Engineers. corporateBody
associatedWith International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace, and Agricultural Implement Workers of America. Local 807 (Burlington, Iowa) corporateBody
associatedWith International Union, United Automobile, Aircraft, and Agricultural Implement Workers of America. corporateBody
associatedWith International Union, United Automobile, Aircraft, and Agricultural Implement Workers of America. Local 14 (Toledo, Ohio) corporateBody
associatedWith International Union, United Automobile, Aircraft, and Agricultural Implement Workers of America. Local 174 (Detroit, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith International Union, United Automobile, Aircraft, and Agricultural Implement Workers of America. National War Labor Board. corporateBody
associatedWith International Woodworkers of America. Local 3-101 (Everett, Wash.) corporateBody
associatedWith Jacobs, Joseph, 1908- person
associatedWith J.E. Rhoads & Sons, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Jones, Leroy. person
associatedWith Jordan, John, 1899- person
associatedWith Kings County Light and Gas Employees Union (N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Lang-Worth Feature Program, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Lapatin, Anne. person
associatedWith Lapham, Roger Dearborn, 1883-1966. person
associatedWith Lehoczky, Paul N., 1905- person
associatedWith Leiserson, William M. person
associatedWith Le Sueur, Arthur, 1867-1950. person
associatedWith Lewis, John L. (John Llewellyn), 1880-1969. person
associatedWith McCracken, Harlan Linneus, 1889-1961. person
associatedWith McCulloch, Frank W., 1905-1996. person
associatedWith McDavitt, Clarence G. (Clarence Godfrey), 1877-1957. person
associatedWith Meyer, Arthur S., 1880-1955. person
associatedWith Meyer, Henry J. person
associatedWith Meyerhoff, Howard A. (Howard Augustus), 1899- person
associatedWith Miller, Marvin, 1917- person
associatedWith Miller, Neville, 1894-1977. person
associatedWith Montgomery, Robert Hiester, 1872-1953, person
associatedWith Montgomery Ward. corporateBody
associatedWith Morgan, Daniel Edgar, 1877-1949. person
associatedWith Morse, Theresa Jacobson, ca.1909-1993. person
associatedWith National Association of Broadcasters. corporateBody
associatedWith National Battery Company. corporateBody
associatedWith National Bearing Company. corporateBody
associatedWith National Broadcasting Company, inc. corporateBody
associatedWith National City Lines. Southern Region. corporateBody
associatedWith National Maritime Union of America. corporateBody
associatedWith National Union of Marine Cooks and Stewards. corporateBody
associatedWith National Union of United Aircraft Welders. corporateBody
associatedWith New Mexico. Governor (1943-1946 : Dempsey) corporateBody
associatedWith Northwest Airlines. corporateBody
associatedWith Oregon War Industries. corporateBody
associatedWith Paul, Lee G. person
associatedWith Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Legal Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Motive Power Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Water and Power Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Phillips, Walter Massey, 1912-1985. person
associatedWith Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Postal Cable Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Pound, Arthur, 1884-1966. person
associatedWith Radio Recording Division. corporateBody
associatedWith RCA-Victor Company, inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Republic Steel Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith R.H. Macy and Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Rice, William Gorham, 1892-1979. person
associatedWith Robinson, Archie. person
associatedWith Russell, Frank M. person
associatedWith Saginaw and Manistee Lumber Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Southern Coal Producers Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Standard Radio Transcription Services. corporateBody
associatedWith Steel Workers Organizing Committee (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Stevenson, A. E., 1909-1976. person
associatedWith Textile Workers' Union of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Theresa Jacobson Morse, ca. 1909-1993 person
associatedWith TRW Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith United Clerical, Technical and Supervisory Employees of the Mining Industry. corporateBody
associatedWith United Department Store, Delivery and Interior Employees of Greater New York. corporateBody
associatedWith United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America. corporateBody
associatedWith United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America. Legal Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith United Gas, Coke, and Chemical Workers' International Union. corporateBody
associatedWith United Mine Workers of America. corporateBody
associatedWith United Mine Workers of America. District 20. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Agriculture. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Factfinding Board on the Pacific Longshore. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Factfinding Panel on the Bituminous Coal Industry. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Federal Communications Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Labor Relations Board, 1942-1945 corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National War Labor Board (1918-1919) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National War Labor Board (1942-1945). Daily Newspaper Printing and Publishing Commission (Chicago, Ill.) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National War Labor Board, 1942-1945. Non-Ferrous Metals Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National War Labor Board (1942-1945). Region 2. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National War Labor Board (1942-1945). Region 2. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Non-Ferrous Metals Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Potash Company. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Steel Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Wage Stabilization Board. corporateBody
associatedWith United Steelworkers of America. corporateBody
associatedWith United Steelworkers of America. District 32. corporateBody
associatedWith Utah Copper Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Vanadium Corporation of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Virginia Citizens Political Action Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Wade, Raymond R., 1896-1972. person
associatedWith Waterfront Employers' Association. corporateBody
associatedWith West Coast Airframe. corporateBody
associatedWith Western Union Telegraph Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Wilse, Jack, 1906- person
associatedWith Wise, Henry. person
associatedWith Witte, Edwin E. (Edwin Emil), 1887-1960. person
associatedWith World Broadcasting System. corporateBody
associatedWith Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
New York (State)
United States
United States
New York (State)
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
Subject
World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects
Arbitration, Industrial
Arbitrators, Industrial
Management rights
Open and closed shop
Metal workers
World War, 1939-1945--United States
Mediation and conciliation, Industrial--Cases
Steel industry and trade--Employees
Wages--Effect of inflation on
Labor disputes
Collective bargaining--Metal-workers
Collective bargaining--Steel industry
Industrial mobilization
Arbitration, Industrial--Statistics
World War, 1939-1945
Wages--Steel industry
Iron and steel workers
Manpower policy--Statistics
Seniority, Employee--Statistics
Grievance procedures
Wages--Steel industry--United States
Hours of labor--Statistics
Arbitration, Industrial--United States--Cases
Telecommunication--Employees--Labor unions--United States
Arbitration, Industrial--United States
Veterans--Employment--Statistics
Wage-price policy
Mediation and conciliation, Industrial--United States--Cases
Labor disputes--Cases
Collective bargaining--Steel industry--United States
World War, 1939-1945--Manpower
Wages--Statistics
Collective bargaining--Telecommunication--United States
Veterans--Employment
Labor unions--Membership
Labor laws and legislation
Steel industry and trade--Employees--United States
War and emergency powers
War and emergency powers--United States
Arbitration, Industrial--Cases
Coal miners
Grievance procedures--Statistics
Metal workers--Labor unions
Strikes and lockouts--Statistics
Musicians
Labor policy--United States--1940-1950
Wage-price policy--United States
Equal pay for equal work
World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects--United States
Occupation
Function
Stevedores
Telegraph workers
Iron and steel workers

Corporate Body

Active 1942

Active 1948

Information

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Ark ID: w6hq7qqg

SNAC ID: 12750706