Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen

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The Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, founded in 1863, recognized the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen in 1874. The combined Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen (BLF & E) represented a wide spectrum of railroad occupations in labor negotiations. In 1969, it merged with other industry unions to form the United Transportation Union.

From the description of Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen journals, 1874-1968 (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 299169382

Born to Samuel and Ella (Oliphant) Carter in Austin, Texas, William Samuel Carter (1859-1923) grew up herding cattle in Jollyville before attending the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (now Texas A & M University). In 1879, he became a fireman for the Central Market Railway (later the Beaumont Division of the Gulf, Colorado, and Santa Fe Railway), and the next year, he married Mary Evelyn Gorsuch, with whom he had three children. After her death in 1892, Carter married Julia I. Cross in 1902, and the couple bore three daughters. Initiated into the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen’s Alamo Lodge #263 in San Antonio in 1887, Carter served as the national magazine editor and manager (1895-1903), grand secretary and treasurer (1904-1908), president (1909-1922), and manager of the research department (1922-1923). From 1918 to 1920, he was also the only director of the U. S. Railroad Administration’s Division of Labor.

Sources:

Carter, William Samuel. Handbook of Texas Online . Accessed May 10, 2011. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fca74 .

Brother Carter Called by Death. Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen’s Magazine 74 (1923), p. 155-159.

From the guide to the Carter, William Samuel, papers 1940., 1935, (Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin)

The Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen was founded on December 1, 1873, at Port Jervis, New York, to provide mutual support for railroad firemen. The Brotherhood initially emphasized insurance, but by the late nineteenth century had branched out into labor-management relations.

At the turn of the century, the organization changed its name to the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen (BLF & E) after permitting engineers to join its ranks. In 1969, the union merged with the Order of Railway Conductors and Brakemen, the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, and the Switchmen's Union of North America to form the United Transportation Union.

From the description of Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen records, 1873-1975, 1910-1970 (bulk). (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 64091557

Historical Background

The Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen was founded on December 1, 1873 at Jervis, New York, to provide mutual support for railroad firemen. The Brotherhood early on emphasized insurance, although in the late nineteenth century it became involved in labor/management relations. By the turn of the century, the organization also had changed its name to the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen, thereby permitting locomotive engineers to hold membership. In 1969, it joined with the Order of Railway Conductors and Brakemen, the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, and the Switchmen's Union of North America to form the United Transportation Union.

From the guide to the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen / Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen Collection, 1890-1962, (California State Railroad Museum Library)

The Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen was founded on December 1, 1873, at Port Jervis, New York, to provide mutual support for railroad firemen. The Brotherhood initially emphasized insurance, but by the late nineteenth century had branched out into labor-management relations.

At the turn of the century, the organization changed its name to the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen (BLFE) after permitting engineers to join its ranks. In 1969, the union merged with the Order of Railway Conductors and Brakemen, the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, and the Switchmen's Union of North America to form the United Transportation Union.

From the guide to the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen records, 1873-1975 [bulk 1910-1970]., (Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen records, 1873-1975 [bulk 1910-1970]. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
creatorOf Carter, William Samuel, papers 1940., 1935 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters records, 1920-1968 (bulk 1950-1968). Library of Congress
referencedIn American Association for Labor Legislation. Series 1, Subseries 2, part a. Correspondence (A-G) 1910-1915. [microform]. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Hiles, Jarvis, 1909-. Oral history interview with Jarvis Hiles in Estherville, Iowa, 1982 Nov. 11 [microform] / conducted by Merle O. Davis. Iowa State Historical Society
referencedIn Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters Records 1920-1968 (bulk 1950-1968) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Carter, William Samuel, 1859-1923. Carter, William Samuel, papers, 1935 University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn United States Emergency Board No. 154. Transcript of proceedings and exhibits of the Emergency Board No. 154. Eastern, Western, and Southeastern Carriers Conference Committees and the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen, the Order of Railway Conductors and Brakemen, the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen and the Switchmen's Union of North America. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Application card fee statement, 1924. Mid-Continent Public Library, Administrative Headquarters
referencedIn Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Personnel Dept. Records, 1887-1968 (bulk 1920-1955). Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Seidenberg, Jacob, 1914-. Jacob Seidenberg. Series 1. Arbitration case files, 1962-1977. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen / Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen Collection, 1890-1962 California State Railroad Museum Library
referencedIn Aubrey L. Miller, Chairman, A.T. & S.F. Railway General Greivance Committee Photographs. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Graphics. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen. Series 5, Subseries 2. Mediation and dispute files, 1891-1967. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way Employees Files, 1925-1970, bulk 1941-1970. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
referencedIn Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen, Texas Legislative Board, Records AR38., 1891-1976, 1904-1966 Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library
referencedIn Novack, George. George Novack. "Unity caucus on the railroads.", 1946-1949. Cornell University Library
referencedIn United States. National Railroad Adjustment Board. Case files, 1939-1962. Saint Cloud State University
referencedIn Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Western Region. Labor and Wage Bureau. Records, 1917-1953 (bulk 1922-1939). Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Dwyer, Robert E. Robert E. Dwyer papers, 1924-1982 (bulk 1954-1967). Wisconsin Historical Society Archives
creatorOf Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. [Constitutions, agreements, etc.] Wisconsin historical society
referencedIn Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Motive Power Dept. Records, 1881-1964 (bulk 1910-1948). Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Texas Legislative Board. Records, 1891-1976, bulk 1904-1966. University of Texas at Arlington, Central Library
referencedIn Penn Central Transportation Company. Public Affairs - Public Relations Dept. Records, 1968-1976. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railroad. General Chairman's records, 1886-1981 (bulk 1910-1970). Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Northern Pacific Railway Company. Minnesota Division. Northern Pacific Railway Company. Minnesota Division labor files, 1903-1945. Cornell University Library
referencedIn United States. Presidential Railroad Commission. United States. Presidential Railroad Commission documents, 1960-1962. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Aubrey L. Miller, Chairman, A.T. & S.F. Railway General Greivance Committee Memorabilia. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Collection, 1873- Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies Library
referencedIn Pennsylvania Lines West of Pittsburgh. St. Louis System. Predecessor and subsidiary companies. Corporate records, 1847-1956. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf United Transportation Union. Office of the Illinois State Legislative Director (Chicago, Ill.). Records, 1958-1976 (bulk 1960-1972) Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Aubrey L. Miller, Chairman, A.T. & S.F. Railway General Greivance Committee Records, 1924-1982. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers (U.S.). Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers records, 1917-1980 University of Pittsburgh
referencedIn Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company. Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company vs. Charles Sawyer, United States secretary of commerce : legal documents, 1952. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen journals, 1874-1968 Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Eugene V. Debs Photographs, [ca. 1895]-1923 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Pennsylvania Lines West of Pittsburgh. St. Louis System. Office of General Superintendent. Records, 1913-1920 (bulk 1918-1920). Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen records, 1873-1975, 1910-1970 (bulk). Cornell University Library
referencedIn Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Personnel Dept. Departmental library, 1903-1946. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Memorabilia. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Charles L. Schmidt, Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Papers, 1955-1967. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Office of Vice President-Operations. Records, 1917-1968 (bulk 1930-1964). Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn National Railway Labor Conference. Report to the Committee on Commerce, United States Senate, on the administration of Public Law 88-108. Carrier analysis of B.L.F&E. hardship claims (B.L.F&E. questionnaires R&E 1, 2, 3 - 65). University of California, Los Angeles
creatorOf Veenstra, Anna Ness. Anna Ness Veenstra papers, ca. 1901-ca. 1915. Nevada State Historical Society
referencedIn United States. National War Labor Board (1942-1945). National War Labor Board series 3. Non-Ferrous Metals Commission files, part b, 1943-1946. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen. Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen series 6. General subject files, 1897-1968, bulk 1934-1968. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Ladies' Society. Grand Lodge records, 1884-1972. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
creatorOf Malcolm H. Nelsen Collection of Railroad Labor Union Materials National Museum of American History (U.S.). Archives Center
referencedIn Debs, Eugene V. (Eugene Victor), 1855-1926. Eugene V. Debs papers, 1834-1945, bulk 1877-1927. [microform] Cornell University Library
creatorOf Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Records, General Chairman, Boston and Maine Railroad. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Eastern Region. Labor and Wage Bureau. Records, 1906-1955 (bulk 1920-1942). Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way Employees. Miscellaneous files, 1925-1970, bulk 1941-1970. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Seward, Ralph T. (Ralph Theodore), 1907-. Ralph T. Seward. Series 4. National Mediation Board, Arbitration Board No. 282 files, 1963-1966, bulk, 1963-1964. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Additional records. Cornell University Library
referencedIn American Association for Labor Legislation. Series 1, Subseries 1, part a. Correspondence (A-H), 1905-1910. [microform] Cornell University Library
referencedIn United States. Presidential Railroad Commission documents, 1960-1962. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Allen, H. J. person
associatedWith American Association for Labor Legislation. corporateBody
associatedWith Boardman, F. B. person
associatedWith Boston and Maine Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Ladies' Society. Grand Lodge. corporateBody
correspondedWith Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Texas Legislative Board. corporateBody
associatedWith Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen (U.S.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen (U.S.). Texas Legislative Board. corporateBody
associatedWith Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way Employees. corporateBody
associatedWith Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen. corporateBody
associatedWith Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. corporateBody
associatedWith Carter, William Samuel, 1859-1923 person
associatedWith Columbus, Frank S. person
associatedWith Debs, Eugene V. (Eugene Victor), 1855-1926. person
associatedWith Dwyer, Robert E. person
associatedWith Eavers, H. person
associatedWith Ehrlich, Nancy. person
associatedWith Hickman, Annie. person
associatedWith Hiles, Jarvis, 1909- person
associatedWith Kinsley, Otto L. person
associatedWith Leach, Joshua. person
associatedWith National Railway Labor Conference. corporateBody
associatedWith Northern Pacific Railway Company. Minnesota Division. corporateBody
associatedWith Novack, George. person
associatedWith Order of Railway Conductors and Brakemen corporateBody
associatedWith Order of Railway Conductors of America corporateBody
associatedWith Penn Central Transportation Company. Public Affairs - Public Relations Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Lines West of Pittsburgh. St. Louis System. Office of General Superintendent. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Lines West of Pittsburgh. St. Louis System. Predecessor and subsidiary companies. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Eastern Region. Labor and Wage Bureau. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Motive Power Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Office of Vice President-Operations. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Personnel Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Personnel Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Western Region. Labor and Wage Bureau. corporateBody
associatedWith Schmidt, Charles L. person
associatedWith Seidenberg, Jacob, 1914- person
associatedWith Seward, Ralph T. (Ralph Theodore), 1907- person
associatedWith United States Emergency Board No. 154. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Railroad Adjustment Board. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National War Labor Board (1942-1945) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Presidential Railroad Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith United Transportation Union. Office of the Illinois State Legislative Director (Chicago, Ill.) corporateBody
associatedWith Veenstra, Anna Ness. person
associatedWith Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
San Antonio (Tex.)
United States
Subject
African Americans
Afro
Arbitration, Industrial
Arbitration, Industrial
Collective bargaining
Collective bargaining
Grievance procedures
Grievance procedures
Labor disputes
Labor disputes
Labor disputes
Labor unions
Locomotive engineers
Locomotive firemen
Locomotive firemen
Railroad conductors
Railroad law
Railroad law
Railroad law
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Strikes and lockouts
Strikes and lockouts
Occupation
Activity

Corporate Body

Active 1901

Active 1915

Information

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