Garrison, Lloyd K. (Lloyd Kirkham), 1897-1991

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Attorney, educator, civil rights advocate. B.A., Harvard College, 1919; LL. B., Harvard Law School, 1922; Dean, Wisconsin Law School, 1932-1945; Chairman, National Labor Relations Board, 1934-1935; Chairman, National War Labor Board, 1945-1946; President, National Urban League, 1947-1952; Chairman, Presidential Campaign Committee (New York State) for Adlai Stevenson, 1952; Counsel, American Civil Liberties Union, 1953-1954; Partner, Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison, 1946-1989.

From the description of Papers, 1893-1990. (Harvard Law School Library). WorldCat record id: 234345326

Lawyer, government official.

From the description of Reminiscences of Lloyd Kirkham Garrison : oral history, 1982. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309733015

From the description of Reminiscences of Lloyd Kirkham Garrison : oral history, 1969. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309742371

Lloyd K. Garrison was born on November 19, 1897 in New York City. Garrison was a great-grandson of the famous abolitionist, William Lloyd Garrison, and the grandson of Wendell Phillips Garrison, the literary editor of The Nation. After service in the Navy in World War I, rising to the rank of chief petty officer, he graduated from Harvard College in 1919 and from Harvard Law School in 1922. He commenced practice in New York City with the firm of Root, Clark, Buckner & Howland, now known as Dewey, Ballantine.

In 1930, his long career of government service started as Special Assistant to the Attorney General of the United States conducting an investigation of the bankruptcy laws. He served as the first chairman of the National Labor Relations Board in 1935, thereafter general counsel. Garrison was appointed a member of the National War Labor Board in 1944 and became Vice-Chairman in March of 1945. He was active as a mediator and referee in many labor disputes, including a threatened General Motors strike in 1945, which established the pattern for wage increases in post-war labor relations. In 1947, he was appointed by the United States Supreme Court as a Special Master in a dispute between the State of Georgia and twenty railroads.

He was Dean of the University of Wisconsin Law School from 1932 to 1945, making that institution rise to greater academic prominence as one of the top American law schools. After W.W.II, he became a member of the New York City law firm of Paul, Weiss, Wharton & Garrison and remained as a partner and counsel until his death. He was a member of the Board of Overseers of Harvard University from 1938 to 1944, a member of the Board of Directors of the Field Foundation (1950-1973), a Trustee of the Taconic and Potomac Foundations (1953-1991), and a Trustee of Sarah Lawrence University and Howard University.

Long active in the civil rights movement, he was Director and then President (1947-1952) of the National Urban League. He remained active in the Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights Under Law and the American Civil Liberties Union. Between 1962 and 1968, a turbulent period of educational crisis in New York City involving teachers strikes, deterioration of schools and issues of racial integration, decentralization and minority participation in the educational system, he was a member of the New York City Board of Education, serving as Vice President in 1963 and President from 1965 to 1967.

He was a leader in the Democratic Reform Movement in New York City and in 1952 was elected to the Democratic State Committee. He later was a key member in the effort led by him, Eleanor Roosevelt, Thomas Finletter, and Herbert Lehman to oust Carmine DeSapio as New York County Democratic Leader in the years 1958 through 1961. A long-time friend of Adlai Stevenson, he was Chairman of the 1952 Stevenson Citizens Committee in New York and an active supporter in 1956. It was largely through his efforts that Stevenson became a partner in the Paul, Weiss firm from 1957 to 1961.

As a lawyer, he handled many significant cases including: the litigation which blocked the construction of a power plant at Storm King Mountain; the representation of the poet Langston Hughes (1953) and the playwright Arthur Miller before the House Committee on Un-American Activities (1956); and the defense of J. Robert Oppenheimer when the Atomic Energy Commission sought to remove his security clearance.

From the guide to the Papers, 1893-1990, (Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Garrison, Lloyd K. (Lloyd Kirkham), 1897-1991. Reminiscences of Lloyd Kirkham Garrison : oral history, 1982. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Davis, William Hammatt, 1879- . Papers, 1905-1963. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967. J. Robert Oppenheimer papers, 1799-1980 (bulk 1947-1967). Library of Congress
referencedIn Burlingham, Charles Culp, 1858-1959. Papers of Charles C. Burlingham, 1876-1960 (inclusive), 1920-1958 (bulk). Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
creatorOf Garrison, Lloyd K. (Lloyd Kirkham), 1897-1991. Papers, 1931-1942. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Oswald Garrison Villard papers, 1872-1949. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Jay, Pierre, 1870-1949. Pierre Jay papers, 1920-1930 (inclusive), 1925-1930 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Lerner, Max, 1902-2001. Max Lerner papers, 1927-1992 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Thomas Day Thacher papers, 1779-1984, 1914-1950 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Fleming, Harold C. Harold C. Fleming papers, 1950-1993 (bulk 1961-1987). Library of Congress
referencedIn Garrison family correspondence, 1857-1919. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Frank, Jerome, 1889-1957. Jerome New Frank papers, 1918-1972 (inclusive), 1929-1957 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Max Lerner papers, 1927-1998 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn John Mason Brown papers, 1922-1967. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Frank, Jerome, 1889-1957. Jerome New Frank papers, 1918-1972 (inclusive), 1929-1957 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Correspondence, 1860-1979. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Thacher, Thomas D. (Thomas Day), 1881-1950. Thomas Day Thacher papers, 1779-1984 (inclusive), 1914-1950 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Fishman, Fred Norman, 1924-. Papers, 1949-1965. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn William Roscoe Thayer papers, 1762-1927 (inclusive), 1872-1921 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Papers, 1893-1990 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Papers, 1949-1965 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives. Oral histories, 1918-1990. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Harold C. Fleming Papers, 1950-1993, (bulk 1961-1987) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Garrison, Lloyd K. (Lloyd Kirkham), b. 1897. Papers, 1893-1990. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn Murray, Pauli, 1910-1985. Papers: Series IV, 1926-1985 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1876-1960 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Garrison, Lloyd K. (Lloyd Kirkham), 1897-1991. Reminiscences of Lloyd Kirkham Garrison : oral history, 1969. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Jerome New Frank papers, 1918-1972, 1929-1957 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Pierre Jay papers, 1920-1930, 1925-1930 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn John Jay Chapman papers, 1841-1940. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967. Papers of J. Robert Oppenheimer, 1921-1980 (bulk 1947-1967). Library of Congress
referencedIn Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986. Chester Bowles papers, 1924-1982 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Chester Bowles papers, 1924-1982 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn J. Robert Oppenheimer Papers, 1799-1980, (bulk 1947-1967) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Fuller, Lon L. (Lon Luvois), 1902-1978. Papers, 1926-1977. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn Correspondence, 1860-1979. Houghton Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Company. corporateBody
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associatedWith American Jewish Congress. corporateBody
associatedWith Ballantine, Arthur. person
associatedWith Ballantine, Arthur. person
associatedWith B. Bernstein person
associatedWith Benjamin, Robert M. person
associatedWith Binger, Carl Alfred Lanning, 1889- person
associatedWith Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986. person
associatedWith Brandeis, Louis Dembitz, 1856-1941. person
correspondedWith Brown, John Mason, 1900-1969 person
associatedWith Burlingham, Charles Culp, 1858-1959. person
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associatedWith Center for Public Representation. corporateBody
associatedWith Century Association (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
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correspondedWith Chapman, John Jay, 1862-1933 person
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associatedWith Commission on Industrial Relations in Great Britain corporateBody
associatedWith Committee on International Arms Control. corporateBody
associatedWith Committee to Oppose Sale of St. Bartholomew's Church corporateBody
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associatedWith Curtis, Charles P. (Charles Pelham), 1891-1959. person
associatedWith Davis, William Hammatt, 1879- . person
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correspondedWith Democratic Citizens Committee corporateBody
associatedWith Democratic National Committee (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Edwin, Ed, person
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associatedWith Fishman, Fred N., 1924- person
associatedWith Fishman, Fred Norman, 1924- person
correspondedWith Fleming, Harold C. person
correspondedWith Fleming, Harold C. person
associatedWith Ford Foundation corporateBody
associatedWith Frankfurter, Felix, 1882-1965. person
associatedWith Frank, Jerome, 1889-1957. person
associatedWith Fuller, Charles F. person
associatedWith Fuller, Charles F. person
associatedWith Fuller, Lon L. (Lon Luvois), 1902-1978. person
associatedWith Gandhi, Mahatma, 1869-1948. person
associatedWith Garrison family. family
associatedWith Garrison, Wendell Phillips, 1840-1907. person
associatedWith Garrison, William Lloyd, 1805-1879. person
associatedWith General Motors Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961. person
associatedWith Harvard University. Porcellian Club. corporateBody
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
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associatedWith Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967. person
associatedWith Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978. person
associatedWith Jay, Ellen. person
associatedWith Jay, Ellen. person
associatedWith Jay, Pierre, 1870- person
associatedWith Jay, Pierre, 1870-1949. person
associatedWith Kadilis, John J. person
associatedWith Kadilis, John J. person
associatedWith Kennedy, Edward M. (Edward Moore), 1932-2009. person
associatedWith Kennedy, Edward Moore, 1932- person
associatedWith Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968. person
associatedWith Kirkham, Alice. person
associatedWith Kirkham, Alice. person
associatedWith Labor-Management Board corporateBody
associatedWith Laski, Harold Joseph, 1893-1950. person
associatedWith Lawrence, Blake. person
associatedWith Lawrence, Blake. person
associatedWith Lawyer's Committee for Civil Rights Under Law. corporateBody
associatedWith Lerner, Max, 1902- person
associatedWith Lerner, Max, 1902-2001. person
correspondedWith Lexington (N.Y.) Democratic Club corporateBody
associatedWith Leydet, Francois G. person
associatedWith Leydet, Francois G. person
associatedWith Lindbergh, Anne Morrow, 1906-2001. person
associatedWith Lindsay, John V. (John Vliet) person
associatedWith Lindsay, John V. (John Vliet) person
associatedWith Lloyd McKim Garrison person
associatedWith Morley, Frank Vigor, 1899- person
associatedWith Morley, F. V. (Frank Vigor), 1899-1980. person
associatedWith Murray, Pauli, 1910-1985. person
associatedWith National Committee Against Discrimination in Housing. corporateBody
associatedWith National Urban League. corporateBody
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
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associatedWith New York Democratic Committee corporateBody
associatedWith New York (N.Y.). Board of Education. corporateBody
correspondedWith Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967. person
associatedWith Paul, Randolph Evernghim, 1890- person
associatedWith Perkins, Frances, 1880-1965. person
associatedWith Porcellian Club corporateBody
associatedWith Potomac Institute corporateBody
associatedWith Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Theodore person
correspondedWith Seventh Regiment Armory corporateBody
associatedWith Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1900-1965. person
associatedWith St. Paul's School Alumni Association corporateBody
associatedWith Taylor, Harold. person
associatedWith Taylor, Harold. person
associatedWith Thacher, Thomas D. (Thomas Day), 1881-1950. person
correspondedWith Thayer, William Roscoe, 1859-1923 person
associatedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972. person
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. Committee on Un-American Activities. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Labor. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Labor Relations Board. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Railroad Adjustment Board. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National War Labor Board (1942-1945) corporateBody
associatedWith University of Wisconsin Law Alumni Association corporateBody
associatedWith University of Wisconsin. Law School. corporateBody
associatedWith Urban Coalition. corporateBody
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
correspondedWith War Labor Board corporateBody
associatedWith Weiss, Louis. person
associatedWith Weiss, Louis. person
associatedWith Wharton, John. person
associatedWith Wharton, John. person
associatedWith William Lloyd Garrison III person
associatedWith Worcester, Dean K. person
associatedWith Worcester, Dean K. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Africa
United States
United States
Wisconsin
New York (State)
Cambodia
United States
Subject
Cambodia--Description and travel
Law--Study and teaching
Labor unions--Political activity
Conservation of natural resources
Law schools--Wisconsin
Lawyers--Interviews
Civil rights
African Americans--Civil rights
Law schools
Labor unions--United States--Political activity
African Americans--Legal status, laws, etc.--United States
Labor laws and legislation
Practice of law
Disarmament--Study and teaching
Disarmament--Study and teaching--United States
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Un--American Activities
Disarmament--Moral and ethical aspects
Communism--Government policy
United States. National Labor Relations Board
Communism--Government policy--United States
Africa--Description and travel
Civil rights--United States
Arbitration, Industrial
New Deal, 1933-1939
United States. National War Labor Board (1942-1945)
Nuclear disarmament
African Americans--Legal status, laws, etc
Government executives--Interviews
Law--Study and teaching--Wisconsin
African Americans--Civil rights--United States
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1897-11-19

Death 1991-10-02

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Ark ID: w66h53x3

SNAC ID: 45507153