American iron and steel institute

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The American Iron and Steel Institute is the major trade association of the U.S. iron and steel industry.

From the description of Corporate records, 1908-1991. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122558635

The American Iron and Steel Institute is the major trade association for the U.S. iron and steel industries.

From the description of Executive officer files, 1917-1993. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122567893

The American Iron and Steel Association was formed on November 17, 1864 and was absorbed by the American Iron and Steel Institute in 1912. Unlike the latter organization it focused almost exclusively on the tariff issue. The Industrial League of Pennsylvania was formed on April 1, 1868 as an all-industry protectionist organization. It was reorganized as the Industrial League on May 26, 1885. By the mid-1880s the American Iron and Steel Association had assumed responsibility for distributing the League's literature, and the League ceased to meet separately after 1890.

From the description of Records of predecessor organizations, 1864-1912. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122648846

The American Iron and Steel Institute was organized in 1908 and absorbed the functions of the earlier American Iron & Steel Association (founded in 1855) in 1912. It is the primary trade association for the American iron and steel industries.

From the description of Transcript of annual meeting, 1942. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122370768

The American Iron and Steel Institute is the major iron and steel industry trade association. Its earliest antecedent was the American Iron Association, which was organized on March 6, 1855, but had ceased meeting five years later. The more successful American Iron and Steel Association was formed on November 17, 1864, to cope with the uncertainties expected to follow the end of the Civil War. The Association had been preceded by a number of ad hoc conventions and meetings which focused on the issue of tariff protection against British competition.

In its early years, the Association retained this focus on lobbying for favorable tariffs. To this end, it collected and published annual statistics on production and prices beginning in 1868 and also published a descriptive directory of iron and steel works in the United States and Canada. The Association was largely the creation of James Moore Swank (1832-1914), its secretary from 1873 to 1885 and its vice president and general manager from 1885 to 1912. Swank authored several early histories of the iron and steel industry and produced about a hundred tariff tracts.

The American Iron and Steel Institute was incorporated on March 31, 1908, and held its first meeting in October 1910. The Institute was established under the leadership of Elbert H. Gary, head of the United States Steel Corporation after the Panic of 1907 brought an end to the industry-wide consolidations that had begun in 1898 and threatened U.S. Steel's financial stability. The Institute absorbed the old Association and its statistical programs in 1912, but concerns about pricing, competition, the sharing of technical information, and public relations replaced single-minded concentration on the by now nearly irrelevant tariff. By 1954, the Institute had 2,500 individual and 98 corporate members, the latter including all the major iron and steel producers. Like most trade associations, it was organized into an ever-growing number of special subject committees, of which there were 55 by the 1950s.

Under Judge Gary, the Institute served as the industry's coordinator with the government during World War I. However, the Institute's staff remained small, and it had no paid president until 1932. The passage of the National Industrial Recovery Act in the early days of the New Deal transformed the Institute as it did most trade associations. Working with the Wall Street law firm of Cravath, de Gersdorf, Swaine & Wood, the Institute played a leading role in drawing up and administering the NIRA Code for the steel industry. Walter S. Tower was named executive secretary in September 1933 and assumed active management of the Institute through May 1952. After the NIRA was ruled unconstitutional, the Institute mobilized to press the industry's case during the conflicts with government and labor during the later New Deal, beginning much more aggressive public relations work. The Institute also began active technical research in the late 1930s with the appointment of a General Technical Committee. The first of a series of "Steel Product Manuals" appeared in 1937.

During World War II, the Institute began programs of cooperative research through its Committee on General Research. It also provided its members with up to date information on industrial relations, health and safety. The Committee on Public Relations disseminated information about the industry through pamphlets, press releases and films, as well as its publications, STEEL FACTS (1934+) and STEELWAYS (1945+). In recent years, the Institute has focused on trade and environmental issues. The restructuring of the steel industry since 1970 has somewhat diluted the Institute's influence, with separate organizations now representing minimills and other specialties, but the Institute remains the largest industry trade association.

From the description of Agency history record. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 164038664

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Lukens Steel Company. Executive officer files, 1903-1979. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Atlantic Steel Company (Atlanta, Ga.). Atlantic Steel Company records 1836-2000, undated 1901-1982. Atlanta History Center, Kenan Research Center / Cherokee Garden Library
creatorOf American Iron and Steel Institute. Corporate records, 1908-1991. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf American Iron and Steel Institute. Agency history record. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Huston, Charles Lukens, 1856-1951. Papers, 1806-1951 (bulk 1870-1951). Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Atlantic Steel Company. Atlantic Steel Company records : Public relations files, 1905-1984, undated. Atlanta History Center, Kenan Research Center / Cherokee Garden Library
referencedIn Jackson, Merrick T., 1902-1998. Papers, 1900-1985, 1993. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Dickson, William Brown, 1865-1942. William Brown Dickson papers, 1880-1941 (bulk 1897-1941). Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf American Iron and Steel Institute. Records of predecessor organizations, 1864-1912. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn National Industrial Conference Board. Records. 1916-1985. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Brinton, Clement S. (Clement Starr), 1875-1963. The Clement S. Brinton collection on the history of the iron industry, 1889-1957. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Wood family. Papers, 1760-1929 [microform]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn American Iron and Steel Institute. Office of vice president - Research and technology. Technical reports, 1939-1985. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn American Iron and Steel Institute. Public Relations Dept. Library vertical file, 1814-1975 (bulk 1934-1970). Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Jeanne McHugh Kerr papers relating to Alexander Lyman Holley, Kerr (Jeanne McHugh) papers relating to Alexander Lyman Holley, (bulk 1949-1980), 1847-1983 John Hay Library, Special Collections
creatorOf American Iron and Steel Institute. Executive officer files, 1917-1993. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Clemson University. College of Architecture. Office of the Dean. Dean of the College of Architecture records, 1940-1988, (bulk 1968-1983) Clemson University Libraries, Robert Muldrow Cooper Library
referencedIn Hill, John W. Papers, 1931-1977. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf American Iron and Steel Institute. Transcript of annual meeting, 1942. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf American Iron and Steel Institute. [Industry and finance publications]. Cornell University Library
creatorOf American Iron and Steel Institute. Trade literature, 1923-1988. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn American Iron and Steel Institute. Public Relations Dept. Library historical files, 1768-1986. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn José de Rivera papers, 1930-1991 Archives of American Art
referencedIn Sharer, Cyrus J. (Cyrus Jewett), 1922-. Publications on iron ore trade, 1950-1986. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn De Rivera, José Ruiz, 1904-1985. José de Rivera papers, 1930-1991. Archives of American Art
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Iron and Steel Association. corporateBody
associatedWith American Iron and Steel Institute. Office of vice president - Research and technology. person
associatedWith American Iron and Steel Institute. Public Relations Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith American Iron and Steel Institute. Public Relations Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith American Steel & Wire Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Arnold, Thurman Wesley, 1891-1969. person
associatedWith Atlantic Steel Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Atlantic Steel Company (Atlanta, Ga.) corporateBody
associatedWith Berry, George Leonard, 1882-1948. person
associatedWith Bethlehem Steel Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Brinton, Clement S. (Clement Starr), 1875-1963. person
associatedWith Broeker, B. D. 1909- . person
associatedWith Brown, E. Fontaine, 1908- . person
associatedWith Brown, Grover C. 1883-1956. person
associatedWith Cement Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Chrysler Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Clemson University. College of Architecture. Office of the Dean. corporateBody
associatedWith College Marketing Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Columbia Steel and Shafting Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Council for Industrial Progress. corporateBody
associatedWith Cravath, de Gersdorff, Swaine & Wood. corporateBody
associatedWith Crucible Steel Company of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Darrow, Clarence, 1857-1938. person
associatedWith de Rivera, José person
associatedWith De Rivera, José Ruiz, 1904-1985. person
associatedWith Dickson, William Brown, 1865-1942. person
associatedWith Elder, Cyrus, 1833-1912. person
associatedWith European Social Initiatives and Research Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Fairless, Benjamin F. b. 1890. person
associatedWith Filene, E. A. 1860-1937. person
associatedWith Gary, Elbert H. 1846-1927. person
associatedWith General Motors Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Girdler, Tom M. 1877-1965. person
associatedWith Grace, Eugene G. 1876-1960. person
associatedWith Hill, John W. person
associatedWith Howell, Max D. 1887-1967. person
associatedWith Huston, Charles L. 1906-1982. person
associatedWith Huston, Charles Lukens, 1856-1951. person
associatedWith Industrial League. corporateBody
associatedWith Industrial League of Pennsylvania. corporateBody
associatedWith Inland Steel Company. corporateBody
associatedWith International Labour Organisation. corporateBody
associatedWith Irvin, W. A. 1873-1952. person
associatedWith Jackson, Merrick T., 1902-1998. person
associatedWith Kahn, Albert, 1869-1942. person
associatedWith Kahn & Jacobs. corporateBody
associatedWith Kawasaki Seitetsu Kabushiki Kaisha. corporateBody
associatedWith Lamont, Robert P. 1867-1948. person
associatedWith Larkin, Joseph M. 1888-1970. person
associatedWith Lockhart Iron and Steel Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Lukens Steel Company. corporateBody
associatedWith McHugh, Jeanne person
associatedWith McLain, Chester A. 1891-1953. person
associatedWith Moore, H. A. 1870-1958. person
associatedWith Morrell, Daniel J. 1821-1892. person
associatedWith National Association of Manufacturers (U.S.). corporateBody
associatedWith National Industrial Conference Board. corporateBody
associatedWith National Tube Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Nippon Kokan Kabushiki Kaisha. corporateBody
associatedWith Reeves, Samuel J. 1818-1878. person
associatedWith Replogle, J. Leonard 1876-1948. person
associatedWith Republic Steel Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Robison, W. W. 1879- . person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. 1882-1945. person
associatedWith Schwab, Charles M., 1862-1939. person
associatedWith Sharer, Cyrus J. (Cyrus Jewett), 1922- person
associatedWith Sharon Steel Hoop Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sheffield Steel Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith South Chester Tube Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Swank, James Moore, 1832-1914. person
associatedWith Tower, Walter Sheldon, 1881-1969. person
associatedWith United States. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Justice. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Environmental Protection Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Federal Trade Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Labor Relations Board. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Recovery Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Wage Stabilization Board. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National War Labor Board (1942-1945). corporateBody
associatedWith United States Steel Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. War Industries Board. corporateBody
associatedWith United Steelworkers of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Ward, Eber B. 1811-1875. person
associatedWith Weir, Ernest Tener, 1875-1957. person
associatedWith Wharton, Joseph, 1826-1909. person
associatedWith Wheeling Steel Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Wilmer, Richard H. 1892-1976. person
associatedWith Wood family. family
associatedWith World Health Organization. corporateBody
associatedWith World Trade Center (New York, N.Y.). corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
Japan
Subject
Hours of labor
Posters
Plastics as metal substitutes
World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects
Company unions
Collective labor agreements--Steel industry
Building Law
Steel, structural
College graduates--Employment
Free trade
Pollution--law and legislation
Press releases
Coke-ovens
Steel industry and trade--Noise
Labor laws and legislation
Steel industry and trade
Voluntary restraint agreements
Open-hearth process
Antitrust law
Stainless steel in building
noise control
Tariff
Pollution--Research
Price fixing
Protectionism
Electric furnaces
World War, 1914-1918--Economic aspects
Lobbying
Tariff on steel
Factory and trade waste--environmental aspects
Cement industries--Basing-point system
Industrial safety
Building codes
Tin cans--Advertisements
Price discrimination
World War, 1939-1945--Priorities, Industrial
Steel, Stainless
Basing-point system
Wages--Iron and steel workers
Freight and freightage--Rates
Tariff on iron
New Deal, 1933-1939--Law and legislation
Steel industry and trade--Health aspects
Standardization
Bessemer process
Grievance arbitration
Industrial relations
Construction industry
Trade associations
World War, 1939-1945--Conservation of natural resources
Women iron and steel workers
Employee representation plans
Blast furnaces
Steel in building
Steel--Imports
Iron and steel workers
Federal incorporation
Iron industry and trade
Industrial hygiene
Antitrust investigations
Occupation
Activity

Corporate Body

Active 1908

Active 1991

Americans

English

Information

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