United States. Wage Stabilization Board

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When the United Steelworkers of America struck the Garfield, Utah plant of the American Smelting and Refining Co., the U.S. Wage Stabilization Board became involved, as copper and sulphuric acid production was considered essential to national defense.

From the description of United States. Wage Stabilization Board. American Smelting and Refining Company vs. United Steelworkers of America. Documents, 1951. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63890962

The Wage Adjustment Board was responsible for the implementation of the Wage Stabilization Agreement, which required wage rates on all government war construction work to be frozen at levels prevailing on July 1, 1942. Its successor, the National Wage Stabilization Board, operated from 1945 to February 1947. In September 1950 the Wage Stabilization Board (WSB) was re-established as a unit of the Economic Stabilization Agency under the authority of the Defense Production Act of 1950 to control wages and salaries during the Korean War. The Philadelphia Regional Wage Stabilization Board, region three of the WSB, was established on August 8, 1951, to oversee activities in Pennsylvania and Delaware. The WSB was abolished following the suspension of wage and salary controls in February 1953. A detailed survey, titled "History and Terminal Report: Philadelphia Regional Wage Stabilization Board," is filed in box 7 of the collection.

From the description of Wage Stabilization Board records, Region III, Philadelphia, 1950-1953. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 430826779

The United States Wage Stabilization Board was created as an agency of the Economic Stabilization Agency by executive order under the authority of the Defense Production Act of 1950. Its function was to control wages during the Korean War. An executive order, 1951, reestablished the Board with power to assist the president in settling industrial disputes. In July, 1952, the Board was reconstituted under legislative authority and stripped of its functions in the area of labor disputes. It was terminated April 30, 1953.

From the description of United States. Wage Stabilization Board. Files, 1950-1953. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63541138

When the United Steelworkers of America struck the Garfield, Utah plant of the American Smelting and Refining Co., the U.S. Wage Stabilization Board became involved, as copper and sulphuric acid production was considered essential to national defense.

This dispute grew out of negotiations for a new contract which culminated in a strike on July 2, 1951. On July 26 the President certified the dispute to the U.S. Wage Stabilization since in his opinion the dispute substantially threatened the progress of National Defense. The Chairman of the Board, George W. Taylor, appointed a panel consisting of Lloyd K. Garrison, Chairman, G. Allan Dash, Jr. and Vernon H. Jensen.

From the guide to the United States. Wage Stabilization Board. Documents, 1951., (Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library)

A work stoppage in the steel industry was threatened for Dec. 31, 195l, since various companies engaged in ore mining and the production of basis steal had been unable to negotiate a new contract with the United Steel Workers of America to replace the one that expired on that date.

The union presented a list of 22 demands, relating to a general wage increase guaranteed annual wage, paid holidays, inequities, shift and geographical differentials, over time, improved vacation periods, and other economic and non economic demands.

The companies took the position that any increase in wages would not be in the best interest of the country since any increase in costs of producing steel would require an equivalent increase in steel prices.

The President referred the dispute to the Wage Stabilization Board, which in conjunction with the Office of Price Administration was endeavoring to develop an anti-inflation program during the period of the Korean War.

The Wage Stabilization Board appointed a special panel consisting of:

Harry Shulman (Chairman), Ralph Seward, Admiral Earle W. Mills, John C. Bane, Jr., Arnold Campo, and Eli Oliver .

At a procedural meeting on Jan. 7, 1952. On January 10, 1952 the Panel began hearings which continued until Feb. 16, 1952. The panel presented its report to the Executive Meeting of the Wage Stabilization Board on February 29, 1952 and the full Board discussed the recommendations of the panel until March 19, 1952. The final report of the Board was presented to the President on March 20, 1952.

From the guide to the United States. Wage Stabilization Board. United Steelworkers of America and the United States Steel Corporation Hearing Transcript, 1952., (Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library)

This was a panel hearing conducted under the Disputes Procedures of the Wage Stabilization Board relating to the terms of a renewed contract between the parties. Since the American Locomotive Company was primarily a steel fabricating company, and its contract with the United Steelworkers of America did not expire until January 31, 1952, the parties agreed to continue negotiations rather than take part in the hearings of the Steel Industry Board earlier in 1952.

But the parties were unable to reach an agreement and they returned to the Board. A procedural hearing was held in Washington, D. C. on April 22, 1952. At this meeting it was decided to hold separate hearings on each of the three cases before a single panel.

The panel members were:

Public Members: Donald K. Strauss, chairman; William A. Hazell

Labor Members: Benjamin Fischer ; James S. Killen

Industry Members: Virgil Day ; George Myers

The union presented a list of 22 demands, approximately the same issues involved in the Steel I ndustry Dispute; a general wage increase, a guaranteed annual wage, paid holidays, inequities, shift and geographical differeatials, overtime and improved vacations. One particular problem was the request by the union for a company wide contract which the company opposed on the ground that the plants were not similar.

Hearings were held in New York City from May 21, 1952 to June 27, 1952.

From the guide to the United States. Wage Stabilization Board. American Locomotive Company and the United Steelworkers of America Hearing Transcript, 1952., (Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn United States National War Labor Board Records: Henry J. Meyer Files, 1941-1947 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Murray, Philip, 1886-1952. The Philip Murray papers. Catholic University of America
creatorOf United States. Wage Stabilization Board, 1952. Transcript of the hearing before the Wage Stabilization Board, United Steelworkers of America and the United States Steel Corporation, et al. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America. Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America (IUMSWA) archives, 1934-1970. University of Maryland Libraries, UMD Libraries
referencedIn Hill, James C., 1914-. Hill, James C. Papers, 1942-1976. Cornell University Library
creatorOf United States. Wage Stabilization Board. American Locomotive Company and the United Steelworkers of America Hearing Transcript, 1952. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
referencedIn Cole, David Lawrence, 1902-1977. Cole, David Lawrence. Series 1. Correspondence, 1946-1977. Cornell University Library
creatorOf United States. Wage Stabilization Board. United States. Wage Stabilization Board. Files, 1950-1953. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Maietta, Julia L. (Julia Luigia), 1909-1994. Julia L. Maietta papers, 1937-1981 (bulk 1964-1980) Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Sollie, Violet Johnson, 1907-. Violet Johnson and Allen N. Sollie papers, 1925-1989. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Washington State Federation of Labor records, circa 1901-1967 University of Washington Libraries Special Collections
creatorOf United States. Wage Stabilization Board. United States. Wage Stabilization Board. American Smelting and Refining Company vs. United Steelworkers of America. Documents, 1951. Cornell University Library
creatorOf United States. Wage Stabilization Board. United Steelworkers of America and the United States Steel Corporation Hearing Transcript, 1952. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
creatorOf Slater, Daniel Harold, 1893-1959. Papers, 1909-1959. Washington State Historical Society
referencedIn Hill, James C., 1914-. Series 1. U.S. National War Labor Board and U.S. Wage Stabilization Board materials, 1942-1955. Cornell University Library
creatorOf International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers. District Lodge 118. International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers District Lodge 118 records, 1937-1983. Iowa State Historical Society
creatorOf United States. Wage Stabilization Board. Documents, 1951. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
referencedIn Garman, Phillips L. Phillips L. Garman papers, 1907-1946, (bulk 1930-1946). Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban Affairs
creatorOf Enarson, Harold L., 1919-2006. Papers, 1941-1953. Harry S Truman Library
creatorOf United States. Wage Stabilization Board. Wage Stabilization Board records, Region III, Philadelphia, 1950-1953. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn International Union, United Automobile, Aircraft, and Agricultural Implement Workers of America. Local 932 (Minneapolis, Minn.). UAW Local 932 records, 1937-1964, (bulk 1940-1961). Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban Affairs
referencedIn United Packinghouse Workers of America. Local 128 (Fort Dodge, Iowa). United Packinghouse Workers of America Local 128 records, 1942-1954. Iowa State Historical Society
creatorOf United States. Wage Stabilization Board, 1952. Transcript of the hearing before the Wage Stabilization Board, 1952. American Locomotive Company and the United Steelworkers of America. Cornell University Library
referencedIn United Steelworkers of America. Research Dept. United Steelworkers of America, Research Department records, 1921-1981. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen, and Helpers of America. Records, 1904-1952. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Feinsinger, Nathan. Papers, circa 1938-1966. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Cole, David Lawrence, 1902-1977. Series 2, Subseries 1. Miscellaneous commissions and boards files, 1942-1976. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Textile Workers Union of America. South Carolina State Director. Records, 1942-1952. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Bernheim, J. L. Papers, 1951-1953, 1964. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America (IUMSWA) archives, 1934-1970, 1934-1970 State of Maryland and Historical Collections
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith American Federation of Labor corporateBody
associatedWith American Locomotive Company corporateBody
associatedWith American Smelting and Refining Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Bernheim, J. L. person
associatedWith Cole, David Lawrence, 1902-1977. person
associatedWith Congress of Industrial Organizations (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Enarson, Harold L., 1919-2006. person
associatedWith Feinsinger, Nathan. person
associatedWith Garman, Phillips L. person
associatedWith Hill, James C., 1914- person
associatedWith Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America (IUMSWA) corporateBody
associatedWith International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers. District Lodge 118. corporateBody
associatedWith International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen, and Helpers of America. corporateBody
associatedWith International Union, United Automobile, Aircraft, and Agricultural Implement Workers of America. Local 932 (Minneapolis, Minn.) corporateBody
associatedWith Maietta, Julia L. (Julia Luigia), 1909-1994. person
associatedWith Murray, Philip, 1886-1952. person
associatedWith Slater, Daniel Harold, 1893-1959. person
associatedWith Sollie, Violet Johnson, 1907- person
associatedWith Textile Workers Union of America. South Carolina State Director. corporateBody
associatedWith United Packinghouse Workers of America. Local 128 (Fort Dodge, Iowa) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National War Labor Board, 1942-1945. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Steel Corporation corporateBody
associatedWith United Steelworkers of America corporateBody
associatedWith United Steelworkers of America. Research Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Washington State Federation of Labor corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
Subject
Wage-price policy
Wage-price policy--United States
American Smelting and Refining Company Strike, 1951
Wage-price policy--History--20th century--Sources
Chemical workers
Arbitration, Industrial--Sources
Iron and steel workers--Labor unions--Sources
Korean War, 1950-1953--Economic aspects
Wages--History--20th century--Sources
Arbitration, Industrial--United States--Sources
Copper industry workers
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1909

Active 1959

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