Rosecrans, William S. (William Starke), 1819-1898

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General during the Civil War; congressman from California (1881-1885); U.S. Register of the Treasury (1885-1893).

From the description of Papers, 1864-1895. (University of Notre Dame). WorldCat record id: 24039377

William Starke Rosecrans was an inventor, coal-oil company executive, diplomat, politician, and United States Army officer during the Civil War. He was the victor at prominent Western Theater battles such as Second Corinth, Stones River, and the Tullahoma Campaign, but his military career was effectively ended following his disastrous defeat at the Battle of Chickamauga in 1863.

From the description of W.S. Rosecrans selected correspondence, 1849-1873. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 316875384

William Starke Rosecrans was born in Kingston, OH, in 1819; graduated from West Point, 1842; resigned from US army, 1854; organized Preston Coal Oil Co., Cincinnati, OH, 1857; commissioned Brigadier General in 1861 after outbreak of Civil War; commanded the Army of the Cumberland during the Tullahoma campaign and at the battles of Stone's river and Chickamauga; resigned from US Army, 1867; moved to Los Angeles, CA and became advocate for railroad building and Mexican trade in the West; appointed US Minister to Mexico, 1868; during 1870s developed mines in Nevada, the Southwest, and Sonora, Mexico; Democrat, US Congress, 1881-85; Register of the US Treasury, 1885-93; retired to ranch near Los Angeles in 1893 and died on Mar. 11, 1898; interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.

From the description of Papers, 1869-1885 [microform]. (Rutherford B Hayes Presidential Center). WorldCat record id: 69527929

From the description of Papers, 1810-1920. (University of California, Los Angeles). WorldCat record id: 38000052

Rosecrans graduated from West Point and was a major general in the Union Army during the Civil War. After the war he was a rancher in California and served in the U. S. Congress.

From the description of Letter, March 18, 1870. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 434846248

Army officer and diplomat.

From the description of Letters of William S. Rosecrans, 1862-1865. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71015403

American general.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Murfreesboro, to Col. R.C. Woods, 1863 Feb. 27. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270657626

Foreward

It is a privilege to respond to the invitation of the University Librarian, Lawrence Clark Powell, to write a brief foreword for the Guide to the Papers of General William Starke Rosecrans.

Manuscripts constitute the basic source for the writing of history, and historians rejoice whenever a great collection of manuscripts finds its way into a public repository. They rejoice even more when librarians and archivists take steps to facilitate the use of these manuscripts. Dr. Powell and Wilbur J. Smith, the Head of the fast-growing Department of Special Collections, have both recognized the need for systematic cataloguing of manuscripts and have taken the initiative in providing printed guides to the manuscript holdings of the University Library. The Guide to the Rosecrans Papers is additional evidence of their concern, and for it many a scholar will give thanks. The Guide has been prepared by James V. Mink, Assistant Head of the Department of Special Collections, and it reflects the scholarly attention he has given it. The Rosecrans Foundation has generously provided funds for the publication of the Guide.

No collection of a man's papers is ever complete, in the sense that it includes all of his correspondence or even all that has survived. The Rosecrans Papers are no exception. General Rosecrans' official correspondence as an officer of the United States Army, as Minister to Mexico, and as Register of the Treasury Department is preserved in the National Archives. His part of an extensive correspondence with Pope Pius IX is in the Library of the Vatican and his letters to many of his American friends are scattered in numerous archives across the country. Unfortunately a valuable portion of his private papers, placed in storage by him when he left Washington in 1893, was removed following his death and destroyed. The burned papers presumably included the letters from Pope Pius IX and an extensive correspondence with the French Emperor, Louis Napoleon, which was commenced during Rosecrans' diplomatic mission to Mexico. But such lacunae are characteristic of all collections.

The papers of General Rosecrans given to the University by William Starke Rosecrans II and Carmelita Rosecrans Ewing — the General's grandson and granddaughter — comprise some twenty-five to thirty thousand pieces and constitute the largest and most significant collection of papers of an individual in the University's holdings. They are a rich source for students of the American Civil War, mining and railroad activities in Mexico and Western United States, and California land problems, and, of course, for biographers of General Rosecrans or of any of his many distinguished correspondents — Presidents, generals, politicians, and business leaders.

The University is deeply indebted to Mrs. Ewing and Mr. Rosecrans for their generous gift. It is also indebted to Professor Mail Ewing and Professor Ada Nisbet of the Department of English and to Lindley Bynum special assistant to President Robert Gordon Sproul and long-time associate of Mr. Rosecrans in the California Wine Tasters, all of whom warmly encouraged Mrs. Ewing and Mr. Rosecrans to select UCLA as the appropriate institution to receive the papers.

Brainerd Dyer Professor of History

Biography

William Starke Rosecrans was born in Kingston, Ohio, in 1819; graduated from West Point, 1842; resigned from U.S. army, 1854; organized Preston Coal Oil Company, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1857; commissioned Brigadier General in 1861 after outbreak of Civil War; commanded the Army of the Cumberland during the Tullahoma campaign and at the battles of Stone's river and Chickamauga; resigned from U.S. Army, 1867; moved to Los Angeles, California and became advocate for railroad building and Mexican trade in the West; appointed U.S. Minister to Mexico, 1868; during 1870s developed mines in Nevada, the Southwest, and Sonora, Mexico; Democrat, U.S. Congress, 1881-85; Register of the U.S. Treasury, 1885-93; retired to ranch near Los Angeles in 1893 and died on March 11, 1898; interment at Arlington National Cemetary, Arlington, Virginia.

The Papers of General Rosecrans and his Family

The Rosecrans Papers span nearly a century of America's past and comprise correspondence and papers of three generations of the family. There are sources in the papers for biographies of General Rosecrans; of his son, Adrian Louis, who was a member of the pioneer congregation of American Catholic missionaries, the Paulist Fathers; and of his brother, Sylvester H. Rosecrans, who rose in the Catholic hierarchy to become Bishop of Columbus, Ohio.

The papers begin with Rosecrans' years at the United States Military Academy and his life in the Army following graduation. These early papers, though less complete than those covering the later years of his life, are important for a number of reasons. They will be of interest to military historians who are concerned with the state of the Army in the decades immediately preceding the Civil War. They are also important for the interpretation of circumstances surrounding Rosecrans' conversion to Catholicism, which had such a profound effect on his later life and on the lives of his immediate family.

During his last year at West Point, Rosecrans came under the influence of the Transcendentalist movement which inspired so many men of letters from 1820 to 1860. Religion was discussed frequently by the cadets, and Rosecrans had read and studied much on the subject. Just as he had about decided to become an Episcopalian he happened to discover a copy of John Milner's The End of Religious Controversy . In June 1842, he formally embraced the Catholic faith.

In the following year he was married to the daughter of Adrian Hegeman, a New York jurist. Soon after their marriage she was converted and became an ardent champion of her faith. Rosecrans' younger brother, Sylvester, entered the Church in 1845 and was ordained in 1852 after study in the United States and in Rome. In 1868 he was appointed Bishop of the newly created See of Columbus, Ohio, where he gained respect for his encouragement of education and rigorous religious principles. Rosecrans' eldest son was ordained in the congregation of Paulist Fathers; two daughters, Mary Louise and Ann, entered the Ursuline order.

An immediate effect of Rosecrans' conversion was his correspondence with fellow Army officers of his faith and the formation of an officer society devoted to the Sacred Heart of Jesus which sought, among other things, the conversion of Protestant officers. This correspondence provides interesting material for study of the growth of the Catholic faith in the Army during the period when sentiment against Catholicism was crystallizing in such movements as Know-Nothingism and the Order of the Star-Spangled Banner. The correspondence of Rosecrans and his family, particularly the Religious members, will be useful to those interested in the Catholic movement in the United States from 1840 to 1880.

The papers covering the first stage of Rosecrans' army career end in 1854, when prolonged illness forced him to resign from the service. They record ten years' service with the Corps of Engineers and a wide correspondence with officers whose names appear later in the campaigns and battles of the Civil War. There are references to the military fortifications at Hampton Roads, Virginia, and Fort Adams, Rhode Island, to surveys on the Taunton River and at New Bedford, Providence, and Newport, and to various other projects which give insight into the organization and activities of the Corps during the ante-bellum years. The restlessness and discontent of many of the Corps's officers is apparent in the letters and papers concerning the demand for organizational reform and the adoption of a more equitable promotion plan.

The years following Rosecrans' resignation from the Army were occupied with a number of business ventures designed to provide for the security of his growing family. When his health was sufficiently restored, he established an architectural and engineering office in Cincinnati. An opportunity to engage in coal mining then took him to West Virginia, where he had charge of the Cannel Coal Company and the Coal River Navigation Company. In 1857 he organized the Preston Coal Oil Company in Cincinnati and was a successful pioneer in the refining of petroleum. It is unfortunate that only a few records of these enterprises remain in his papers.

The Civil War interrupted the coal-oil business which was beginning to provide the family security Rosecrans desired. He rented his factory in Cincinnati and volunteered as aide to General George B. McClellan. While acting only as a citizen, he assisted in organizing and equipping home guards in Cincinnati. Governor Dennison sent him the commission of Colonel and Chief Engineer of Ohio troops, but Rosecrans accepted instead a commission as colonel of the 23rd Ohio Volunteers because he believed his military training would aid in diminishing the loss of life in the field. Almost immediately after he arrived in Columbus to organize and train his regiment, he was commissioned Brigadier General in the Regular Army.

Rosecrans' wartime correspondence and papers form a reasonably complete record of his campaigns in West Virginia, Mississippi, Eastern Tennessee, and Missouri. Monographs on the military history of the War have evaluated his capabilities as a strategist, compared him with other military leaders, and assessed his contributions to the success of the Union cause. It is unlikely that his papers suffice for a drastic revision of these estimates; however, they may suggest the need for further investigation into the reasons for his removal from command in Tennessee and Missouri, his conduct at the Battle of Chickamauga, and his relations with General Grant, President Lincoln, and the War Department.

In May, 1865, Rosecrans wrote to President Johnson requesting a special assignment to the Pacific Coast to “examine and report on its mining resources and their commercial and political relations to the interests of the neighboring states.” He did not receive the assignment, but was granted a leave of absence for the same purpose. Family letters describe his voyage to San Francisco in company with his son, Adrian Louis, and their excursions to Los Angeles, San Diego, and Nevada. They tell of mining, railroad, and agricultural conditions in California and elsewhere in the West. Letters received by Rosecrans during this period are concerned with the purchase of Los Angeles lands (which led later to extensive litigation in the Sausal Redondo case) and with the promotion of the California Southern Coast and the San Diego & Gila Southern Pacific & Atlantic Railroads.

In 1868 President Johnson appointed Rosecrans Minister to Mexico, but he was succeeded in the following year by the career diplomat Thomas H. Nelson, an appointee of the Grant administration. The correspondence and papers of his brief mission in Mexico are sparse; an evaluation of its accomplishments will require use of the official records in the National Archives and in Mexico City.

Prior to his Mexican mission, interest in the economic conditions there had suggested to Rosecrans some opportunities for enterprises in railway construction, mining, and shipping. In a memorial to Congress in 1870 he proposed that the United States promote trade with Mexico and utilize American capital for improvement of its railways and telegraph lines. Rosecrans' Mexican railway projects and various mining and colonization schemes are thoroughly documented in his papers. Corroborating material for this period in his career exists in the U. S. National Archives, in Mexico City, and in the papers of those with whom he associated in these enterprises.

In the late 1870's Rosecrans' attention again focused on mining in the West. He operated the San José Mine at Egan Canyon, Nevada, and contracted for the purchase of various mines in the Southwest and in Sonora. His interest in mining engineering led to investigation of business opportunities in mining machinery and safety equipment, and finally to the establishment of a powder business in San Francisco for the manufacture of mine blasting caps. The papers relating to the San José Mine and the Safety Powder Company are reasonably complete records of these operations, while correspondence of this period documents Rosecrans' general interest in mining.

One further aspect of Rosecrans' career remains to be noted: his participation in local and national politics. He was a member of the Democratic Party and devoted to its political principles. In 1864 he was asked to accept nomination as a candidate for President on the Democratic ticket, but he refused. He also declined nominations by his party for Governor of California in 1868, for Governor of Ohio in 1870, and for Representative to Congress from Nevada in 1876. However, he did accept a nomination for Representative from the San Francisco district of California in 1880, was elected, and served until 1885. That year President Cleveland appointed him Register of the Treasury and he remained in that office until his retirement in 1893.

Rosecrans' political papers cover the period from 1868 to 1893. Professor Dyer has noted the destruction of the papers covering his years in the Treasury Department. Very likely his Congressional papers were destroyed at the same time, for there is little correspondence after 1881, and papers concerning his political activities in Washington between 1881 and 1893 are almost nonexistent. Material concerning his earlier political activities, from 1864 to 1880, will be found mainly in his correspondence. The correspondence and papers concerning his campaign for Congress in 1880 appear to be intact, insofar as he preserved them, and provide material for investigation of local and national issues of the period.

James V. Mink Acting Archivist

From the guide to the William S. Rosecrans Papers, 1810-1920, (University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.)

Archival Resources
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referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part III: The Civil War: The Union, 1804-1915. Houghton Library.
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referencedIn Larned, Daniel Read. Daniel Read Larned papers, 1861-1878. Library of Congress
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Civil War Commandery of the State of Massachusetts collection: Patriotic covers, ca. 1861-1865. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Opdycke, Emerson, 1830-1884. Papers 1861-1913. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Haskell, Clinton H. Clinton H. Haskell Civil War collection, 1841-1895. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Lake, Delos W., b. 1840. Papers of Delos W. Lake, 1862-1865. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Carrington family. Carrington family papers, 1749-1929 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Virginia. Governor (1861-1865 : Pierpont). Executive papers, 1861-1865. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Fisher, Horace Cecil. Horace Cecil Fisher papers, 1859-1962. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Stanley, David Sloane, 1828-1902. Memoirs and related papers, 1862-1897. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Dixon family papers, 1833-1875, 1862-1865, 1873-1875 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. Papers, 1843-1969 (bulk 1843-1908) Library of Congress
referencedIn San Jose Mining Company. San Jose Mining Company records, 1866-1882. Nevada State Historical Society
creatorOf Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. Letters, 1851, 1862 and 1871. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Haymond, Henry. Civil War letters, 1863. Navarro College
referencedIn Markham, N. G. Papers. 1854-1905. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn PH 1716, Young, Brigham 1801-1877. Brigham Young photographs circa 1860-1870 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn Mussey, R. D. (Reuben Delevan), 1833-1892. Letter : Nashville, Tenn., to [Joseph H.] Barrett, n.p., 1863 May 31. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Ross, Leonard Fulton, 1823-1901. Civil War documents of Leonard Fulton Ross, 1861-1863. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
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referencedIn Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. Papers, 1809-1882 (bulk 1850-1865). University of Oslo Medical Library
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creatorOf Wade, B. F. (Benjamin Franklin), 1800-1878. Benjamin Franklin Wade Papers, 1832-1881 1852-1869. Michigan State University Libraries, Main Library
creatorOf Dennison, William, 1815-1882. Papers 1860-1861. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
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creatorOf Doubleday, Abner, 1819-1893. Autograph letter signed : Monterrey, Mexico, to W[illiam] S[tarke] Rosecrans, 1847 Feb. 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Smith, Richard, b. 1823. Telegram : Cincinnati, Ohio, to Joseph H. Barrett, [Washington, D.C.], 1864 July 20. Texas Christian University
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creatorOf Oroville and Virginia City Railroad Company. Oroville and Virginia City Railroad Company papers, 1867-1868. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Bickham Papers, 1728-1949, 1860-1902 Dayton Metro Library
creatorOf Rosecrans, William S. (William Starke), 1819-1898. Letters of William S. Rosecrans, 1862-1865. Library of Congress
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creatorOf Rosecrans, William S. (William Starke), 1819-1898. Papers, 1810-1920. University of California, Los Angeles
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referencedIn Levering, John, 1826-. Recollections of the Civil War, 1861-66, 1884-1891. University of Virginia. Library
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creatorOf Rosecrans, William S. (William Starke), 1819-1898. W.S. Rosecrans selected correspondence, 1849-1873. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Rosecrans, William S. (William Starke), 1819-1898. Letter : San Rafael, Cal., to D.S. Steele, Phillipsburg, N.J., 1869 Nov. 21. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Ayres, Hugh Alfred, (1839-). Papers 1861-1896. Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
referencedIn Tompkins, J. A., fl. 1862-1864. Tompkins family Civil War letters, 1862-1865. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn James A. Garfield Papers, 1775-1889, (bulk 1850-1881) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Smith, Marion O. General Rosecrans's visit to Long Island saltpeter cave / by Marion O. Smith. University of West Georgia, Irvine Sullivan Ingram Library
creatorOf Burlingame, Dwight C. Papers of the Winchester and Burlingame families, 1749-1961. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
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referencedIn E. & H.T. Anthony (Firm : New York, N.Y.). William Starke Rosecrans [graphic] / E. & H.T. Anthony [photographer]. Arkansas History Commission
referencedIn Memoirs and related papers, 1862-1897. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Smith, Richard, b. 1823. Telegram : Cincinnati, Ohio, to Joseph H. Barrett, [Washington, D.C.], 1864 July 20. University of Chicago Library
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referencedIn Copeland, J. T. J. T. Copeland letter, 1889 June 9. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
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referencedIn U.S. History mss., 1612-1977 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
creatorOf Colby, Robert, 1822-1904. Letter, 1863 Nov. 7, New York, to Gen. Rosecrans. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Tenney, Charles, fl. 1861-1863. Correspondence of Charles Tenney with Adelaide Case, 1861-1863. University of Virginia. Library
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referencedIn Rollins, Clinton, 1844-1933. Henry Clinton Parkhurst collection, 1862-1921. Iowa State Historical Society
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referencedIn Thomas A. Davies papers, 1829-1874 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Benjamin L. Askue Archival Collection, 1851-1952 University of Cincinnati, Health Sciences Library, Henry R. Winkler Center for the History of the Health Professions
creatorOf Mitchell, John L. (John Lendrum), 1842-1904. Mitchell family papers, 1847-1923. University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, UWM Libraries
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referencedIn Lamars, William Mathias, 1900-. Papers, ca. 1952-1971. University of California, Los Angeles
referencedIn B. A. G. Fuller autograph collection, 1620-1920. Houghton Library.
creatorOf United States. Army of the Cumberland. Letter, 1863. Alabama Department of Archives and History
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referencedIn The John D. Beach collection, 1861-1865 Willamette University University Archives and Special Collection
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referencedIn Handy, Frank A. Diary, 1862-1865. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Rosecrans, William S. (William Starke), 1819-1898. Letter, March 18, 1870. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn B. F. Wade Papers, 1832-1886, (bulk 1852-1869) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf William S. Rosecrans Papers, 1810-1920 University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.
referencedIn Carrington family. Carrington family papers, 1749-1929 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Miller, John Franklin, 1831-1886. John Franklin Miller papers, 1848-1886. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn McCabe, James Dabney, 1842-1883. James D. McCabe papers, 1862-1881. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
creatorOf Rosecrans, William S. (William Starke), 1819-1898. Letter, 1886 May 3, Washington, D.C., to R.W. Mercer, Cincinnati, O. Dartmouth College Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Askue, Benjamin L., 1833-1906 person
associatedWith Ayres, Hugh Alfred, (1839-) person
associatedWith Beach, John D. person
associatedWith Beauregard, G. T. (Gustave Toutant), 1818-1893. person
associatedWith Bickham, William Dennison, 1827-1894 person
associatedWith Bicknell, John Dustin, 1838-1911. person
associatedWith Buell, Don Carlos, 1818-1898. person
correspondedWith Burns, William Wallace person
correspondedWith Burns, William Wallace. person
associatedWith Butler, Benjamin F. (Benjamin Franklin), 1818-1893. person
associatedWith Carrington family family
associatedWith Carrington family. family
associatedWith Carrington family. family
correspondedWith Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873. person
associatedWith Colby, Robert, 1822-1904. person
associatedWith Copeland, J. T. person
associatedWith Darrah, Wallace W., d. 1864. person
associatedWith Davies, Thomas A. (Thomas Alfred), 1809-1899. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Dennison, William, 1815-1882. person
associatedWith De Peyster, J. Watts (John Watts), 1821-1907. person
associatedWith Dixon, Annie Marie person
associatedWith Doubleday, Abner, 1819-1893. person
associatedWith Dow family. family
associatedWith E. & H.T. Anthony (Firm : New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Ewing family family
correspondedWith Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871. person
correspondedWith Faulk, Andrew Jackson, 1814-1898. person
associatedWith Fisher, Horace Cecil. person
associatedWith Foster, Herbert Sidney, 1853-1932. person
associatedWith Fuller, B. A. G. (Benjamin Apthorp Gould), 1879-1956 person
associatedWith Fulton, Louis B. person
associatedWith Fulton, Louis B., b. 1841. person
associatedWith Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881. person
correspondedWith Getty family family
correspondedWith Gibson family family
associatedWith Gilmore, James R. (James Roberts), 1822-1903. person
associatedWith Gorgas, Josiah, 1818-1883. person
associatedWith Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. person
correspondedWith Grant, U. S. (Ulysses S.), 1881-1968 person
associatedWith Greer, Louise, 1899- person
associatedWith Hagans, A. D. person
associatedWith Handy, Frank A. person
associatedWith Haskell, Clinton H. person
associatedWith Haskell, Clinton H. person
associatedWith Haymond, Henry. person
associatedWith Higgins, Adam C., b. 1827. person
associatedWith Hillyer, William Silliman, 1831-1874. person
associatedWith Hooker, Joseph, 1814-1879. person
associatedWith Hunter, William F. person
correspondedWith Johnson, Andrew, 1808-1875. person
associatedWith Johnson, L. person
associatedWith Lake, Delos W., b. 1840. person
associatedWith Lamars, William Mathias, 1900- person
associatedWith Lander, F. W. (Frederick West), 1821-1862. person
associatedWith Larned, Daniel Read. person
associatedWith Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870. person
associatedWith Levering, John, 1826- person
correspondedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 person
correspondedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. person
associatedWith Lockwood, Philip Case, 1844-1897 person
associatedWith Lyford family. family
associatedWith Markham, N. G. person
associatedWith Mason, Francema A., 1837-1911. person
associatedWith McCabe, James Dabney, 1842-1883. person
correspondedWith McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885. person
correspondedWith McClure family family
associatedWith Mercer, Robert W. person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Miller, John Franklin, 1831-1886. person
associatedWith Mitchell, John L. (John Lendrum), 1842-1904. person
associatedWith Mussey, R. D. (Reuben Delevan), 1833-1892. person
associatedWith National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers. corporateBody
associatedWith Opdycke, Emerson, 1830-1884. person
associatedWith Oroville and Virginia City Railroad Company. corporateBody
correspondedWith Palfrey family. family
associatedWith Peter, Robert, 1726-1806. person
associatedWith Peterson, Elisha A. person
associatedWith Porter, Lucia Chauncey. person
associatedWith Price, Louis Singleton, d. 1867. person
associatedWith Rollins, Clinton, 1844-1933. person
associatedWith Rosecrans family. family
associatedWith Rosecrans family. family
associatedWith Rosecrans family. family
associatedWith Ross, Leonard Fulton, 1823-1901. person
correspondedWith San Jose Mining Company. corporateBody
correspondedWith Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. person
associatedWith Schurz, Carl, 1829-1906. person
associatedWith Scribner, B. F. (Benjamin Franklin), 1825-1900. person
associatedWith Sea, Andrew McBrayer, Collector, b. 1876. person
associatedWith Seys, Harriet H. Foote, d. 1876 person
associatedWith Sibley, Henry Hastings, 1811-1891. person
associatedWith Smith, David William, b. 1827. person
associatedWith Smith, Marion O. person
associatedWith Smith, Richard, b. 1823. person
associatedWith Stanley, David Sloane, 1828-1902. person
associatedWith Steele, D. S., fl. 1869. person
associatedWith Stone, Chas. P. (Charles Pomeroy), 1824-1887. person
correspondedWith Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874 person
associatedWith Taylor, Thomas Thomson, 1836-1908. person
associatedWith Tenney, Charles, fl. 1861-1863. person
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army of the Cumberland. corporateBody
associatedWith Vincent-Dennison family. family
associatedWith Virginia. Governor (1861-1865 : Pierpont) corporateBody
associatedWith Wade, B. F. (Benjamin Franklin), 1800-1878. person
associatedWith Wallace, Lew, 1827-1905. person
associatedWith Welshimer, Philip, 1826-1900. person
associatedWith William L. Clements Library corporateBody
associatedWith Woods, R. C., Col, person
associatedWith Woodward, Ashbel, 1804-1885. person
associatedWith Wright, Horatio Gouverneur, 1820-1899. person
associatedWith Young, Brigham 1801-1877 person
associatedWith Young, Emor, 1823-1869. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
West (U.S.)
West (U.S.)
United States
Confederate States of America
United States
California
California
United States
United States
California
United States
California
West (U.S.)
Subject
Generals--United States--Archival resources
Politicians--United States--Archival resources
Generals--Archival resources
Politicians--Archival resources
Occupation
Diplomats
Generals--United States
Generals--Confederate States of America
Army officers
Function

Person

Birth 1819-09-06

Death 1898-03-11

Information

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