Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890

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American soldier, politician, and diplomat.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, to W.W. Belknap, 1870 Aug. 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270634505

Lawyer, U.S. Army officer, legislator, diplomat, and promoter of railroads and mining ventures, of Dayton, Ohio, and Washington, D.C.

From the description of Papers, 1809-1882 (bulk 1850-1865). (Rutherford B Hayes Presidential Center). WorldCat record id: 70952260

From the description of Papers, 1809-1882 (bulk 1850-1865). (Rutherford B Hayes Presidential Center). WorldCat record id: 40842219

Epithet: General; American diplomatist

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000618.0x0000b5

Robert Cumming Schenck was born in Franklin Ohio, on October 4, 1809. He attended Miami University, graduating in 1827. He studied law under Thomas Corwin and subsequently practiced law in Dayton, Ohio. In 1831, Schenck was elected to the House of Representatives where he served for twenty years. President Fillmore appointed Schenck Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Brazil in 1851. Schenck returned to the United States in 1854 and resumed the practice of law.

From the guide to the Robert Cumming Schenck Collection, 1802-1981, 1821-1895, (Miami University)

U.S. representative from Ohio, diplomat, and army officer.

From the description of Signature of Robert Cumming Schenck, undated. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71064461

American soldier, politician and diplomat.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [Washington], to J.Q. Thompson, Editor of the Sunday Chronicle, 1883 Mar. 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270634482

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [London], to William W. Belknap, 1871 Aug. 7. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270633880

Robert Cumming Schenck (1809-1891) was a nineteenth century Daytonian distinguished as a lawyer, soldier, statesman and diplomat.

Robert C. Schenck was born in Franklin, Ohio, on October 4, 1809, attended rural schools in the area and graduated from Miami University of Oxford, Ohio, in 1827. He taught at the university from 1827 to 1829; he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1833 and commenced practice in Dayton, Ohio. In 1838 he married Miss Rennelche Smith. This union produced six children, all girls, of whom three died in infancy and three survived him.

General Schenck was a member of the State house of Representatives (1841-1843) and was elected as a Whig to the 28th through the 31st United States Congresses (March 4, 1843-March 3, 1851). During the 30th Congress he chaired the Committee on Roads and Canals. In 1850 he refused the nomination fro the 32nd Congress for personal reasons. His wife had died from tuberculosis in 1849, leaving him with these young daughters and himself in poor health. From 1851 to 1853 he left his children in the care of his late wife's sister and became Minister to Brazil and also accredited to Uruguay, the Argentine Confederation, and Paraguay. His health improved during this period.

He entered the Union Army on May 17, 1861, and served as brigadier general of Volunteers. He was seriously wonded at the second Battle of Bull Run on August 30, 1862. After a lengthy recovery he returned to active duty, but due to permanent damage to his right arm and hand he could no longer function as a field commander.

On September 18, 1862, he was promoted to major general, retroactive to August 30, 1862. He resigned his commission in the Army on December 3, 1863, to fill a vacant seat in the 37th U.S Congress, and was elected as a Republican to the 38th through the 41st Congresses and served from March 4, 1865, to January 5, 1871, when he resigned to accept a position in the diplomatic service. He was chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs (38th and 39th Congresses) and the Committee on Ways and Means (40th and 41st Congresses). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1870 to the 42nd Congress.

In January, 1871 he became minister to England. At the same time he was asked to serve as a member of the Joint High Commission for the settlement of questions then in dispute between the governments of England and the United States. Routine ministerial matters were attended to promptly and efficiently. During his time as minister, he permitted his name to be used to promote the sale of stock in a Utah gold mining venture; in return he received free stock. When the stock paid no dividends for the first few years it was assumed to be worthless and General Schenck was blamed. In 1876 he was ordered back to the U.S. for a congressional investigation, which exonerated him. But he resigned from his ministerial post and disposed of his mining stock. Ironically, the mine produced heavily in the years that followed and many who had been influenced to buy stock and kept it made large profits, but the old general was not one of them.

Returning to Washington, he resumed the practice of law; subsequently he worked for the State Department for many years on the codification of international laws.

Robert C. Schenck died in Washington on March 23, 1890, and was buried in Woodland Cemetery in Dayton, Ohio.

From the guide to the Robert C. Schenck Collection, 1800-1891, (Dayton Metro Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn James Gillespie Blaine Papers, 1777-1945, (bulk 1870-1892) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Delano, Columbus, 1809-1896. Letterbooks, 1871-1874. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893. James Gillespie Blaine family papers, 1777-1945 (bulk 1870-1892). Library of Congress
creatorOf Schenck, William Cortenus, 1773-1821. Robert C. Schenck collection 1800-1891. Dayton Metro Library
referencedIn Reynolds, William F., fl. 19th cent. Letter : Maryland, to Robert Cumming Schenck, Maryland, 1863 May 11. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Holmes, Edward Jackson, 1846-1884. Journal, 1870-1871. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Fish, Hamilton, 1808-1893. Hamilton Fish papers, 1732-1914 (bulk 1840-1890). Library of Congress
referencedIn Fillmore, Millard, President of United States, 1800-1874. Printed document filled out by another hand and signed by Fillmore : Washington, 1852 May 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. Letter : Baltimore, Md., to the General-in-Chief, n.p., 1863 Jan. 24. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. Letter : Baltimore, Md., to [John Cunningham] Kelton, Washington, D.C., 1863 Jan. 16. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873. Letter press book of the Secretary of the Treasury. 1863, June 1 -- Dec. 31. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Reynolds, William F., fl. 19th cent. Letter : Maryland, to Robert Cumming Schenck, Maryland, 1863 May 11. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Allen, Mary Rivers,. Collection of letters and autographs, 1846-1881. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Washburne, E. B. (Elihu Benjamin), 1816-1887. E. B. Washburne papers, 1829-1889 (bulk 1852-1882). Library of Congress
referencedIn Vol. CCCLVII (ff. 326). Jan.-20 . Feb. 1874.includes:ff. 1, 4 Alexander Stuart Murray, LL.D; FSA; Keeper of Greek and Roman Antiquities, British Museum: Correspondence with W. E. Gladstone: 1873-1880.ff. 2, 60, 81, 92 Lieutenant-Colonel Hon Edwar... British Library
creatorOf Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. Autograph, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. Papers, 1809-1882 (bulk 1850-1865). Rutherford B Hayes Presidential Center, Hayes Presidential Center
referencedIn E. B. Washburne Papers, 1829-1889, (bulk 1852-1882) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Bickham, Charles G. [Bickham collection] 1728-1949 1860-1902. Dayton Metro Library
referencedIn Bliss, Calvin Comins, 1823-1891. Calvin Comins Bliss papers, 1841-1906. Arkansas History Commission, Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Gest, E. (Erasmus), 1820-1908. Papers 1834-1885. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. Letter, 1861 February 26 [n.p.]., to Mr. Webster [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Burchard, William. Battlefield of August 29th and 30th 1862 / Wm. Burchard. Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
referencedIn Vol. CCCXLVIII (ff. 320). Jan.-18 Mar. 1872.includes:f. 1 Sir Henry Holland, 1st Baronet; FRS: Correspondence with W. E. Gladstone: 1860-1873. ff. 3, 76 George Edward Paget, KCB 1885; Regius Professor of Physic at Cambridge: Letters to W. E. Gladsto... British Library
creatorOf Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. Autograph letter signed : [London], to William W. Belknap, 1871 Aug. 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Vol. CCCLXIII (ff. 358). Sept.-Dec. 1875.includes:f. 1 T-Baudry Jeancourt, of 'Galignani's Messenger', Paris: Letters to J. Murray: 1875.ff. 3, 43 Alfred Rimmer, formerly Danish Consul for the Canadas: Letters to W. E. Gladstone: 1875.ff. 5, 71... British Library
referencedIn Vol. CCCLII (ff. 271). Jan.-Feb. 1873.includes:f. 1 Frédéric Reitlinger, envoy from the French Government: Letters to W. E. Gladstone: 1870-1875.: Engl. and Fr.f. 3 Robert Frederick Smith, Vicar of Halam: Letters to W. E. Gladstone: 1872-1873.f.... British Library
referencedIn Vol. CCCLXV (ff. 310). May-July 1876.includes:f. 1 Arthur Rawson Ashwell, Canon of Chichester: Letters to W. E. Gladstone: 1874-1879.f. 2 Reverend Alexander Balloch Grosart, editor: Letters to W. E. Gladstone: 1865-1897.ff. 3, 19, 140, 206 Cou... British Library
referencedIn Pennsylvania. Governor (1861-1867 : Curtin). Letter : Harrisburg, Pa., to [Abraham Lincoln], [Washington, D.C.?], 1863 Oct. 26. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Motley, John Lothrop, 1814-1877. Autograph letter signed : London, to John Bright, [no year] July 2. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. Autograph letter signed : [Washington], to J.Q. Thompson, Editor of the Sunday Chronicle, 1883 Mar. 2. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Charles Sumner correspondence, 1829-1874. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. Papers 1860-1880. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Vol. CCCLIII (ff. 364). Mar.-May 1873.includes:f. 1 Daniel Bagot, Dean of Dromore: Letters to W. E. Gladstone: 1863, 1873.ff. 3, 211 Freshfields; Messrs.; solicitors: Correspondence with W. E. Gladstone: 1840-1891.f. 5 John James Digges La Tou... British Library
referencedIn Flagg, S. Griswold. S. Griswold Flagg collection, 1825-1938 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Smith, John Armstrong, 1814-1892. John Armstrong Smith papers, 1816-1893. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Hamilton Fish Papers, 1732-1914, (bulk 1840-1890) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part III: The Civil War: The Union, 1804-1915. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Ladies' State Sanitary Fair Register, 1864. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
creatorOf Cumming, Alexander M., fl. 1870. Autograph letter signed : Princeton, to Gen. Robert C. Schenck, 1870 Jan. 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Ewing, Hugh, 1826-1905. Papers 1841-1893. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. Letter : Baltimore, Md., to the General-in-Chief, n.p., 1863 Jan. 24. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Philip Case Lockwood memorial collection of Civil War portraits and autographs, 1862-ca. 1886. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. Signature of Robert Cumming Schenck, undated. Library of Congress
referencedIn Vol. CXXX1V (ff. 188). June 1871-April 1872.includes:ff. 1, 22, 57, 70, 85-88b, 91 Sir John Alexander Macdonald, GCB; Prime Minister of Canada: Correspondence with Lord Ripon: 1871.ff. 7-168b passim Mountague Bernard, international lawyer: Corres... British Library
referencedIn PH 1716, Young, Brigham 1801-1877. Brigham Young photographs circa 1860-1870 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. Papers, 1809-1882 (bulk 1850-1865). University of Oslo Medical Library
referencedIn Vol. LXXXIII (ff. 280). 1871-June 1872.includes:f. 138 Robert Vernon Smith, 1st Baron Lyveden; afterwards Vernon: Letter to Lord Granville: 1871.f. 257 General Robert Cumming Schenck, American diplomatist: Letter to Lord Granville: 1872.: Copy. British Library
creatorOf Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. Letter : [Washington, D.C.], to to the publisher of the Congressional globe, [Washington, D.C.], 1864 May 17. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Van Cleve-Dover collection 1791-1954 1830-1860. Dayton Metro Library
creatorOf Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. Note signed : Baltimore, Md., to the General-in-Chief, n.p., 1863 Jan. 29. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Bickham Papers, 1728-1949, 1860-1902 Dayton Metro Library
creatorOf Robert Cumming Schenck Collection, 1802-1981, 1821-1895 Miami University
creatorOf Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. Papers. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf McGuffey, Alexander H. (Alexander Hamilton), 1816-1896. McGuffey Papers, 1814-1955, bulk 1826-1874. Miami University Libraries, King Library
creatorOf Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. Note signed : Baltimore, Md., to the General-in-Chief, n.p., 1863 Jan. 29. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Autograph File, S, 1556-1996. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. Papers, bulk 1857-1880. Miami University Libraries, King Library
referencedIn Vol. CCCL (ff. 292). Aug.-Oct. 1872.includes:f. 1 Charles Gordon, 11th Marquess of Huntly: Letters to W. E. Gladstone: 1870-1885.ff. 3, 22 Sir George Osborne Morgan, Baronet: Correspondence with W. E. Gladstone: 1870-1893.f. 12 Georgiana Charlo... British Library
referencedIn Vol. CCCXLIX (ff. 335). 19 Mar.-July 1872.includes:ff. 1, 82 General Robert Cumming Schenck, American diplomatist: Correspondence with W. E. Gladstone: 1872-1876.f. 3 Henry Yates Thompson, manuscript collector: Letter to W. E. Gladstone: 1872.ff... British Library
creatorOf Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. Letter : Baltimore, Md., to [John Cunningham] Kelton, Washington, D.C., 1863 Jan. 16. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. Autograph letter signed : Washington, to W.W. Belknap, 1870 Aug. 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Delano, Columbus, 1809-1896. Papers. Library of Congress
referencedIn Vol. CCCLX (ff. 302). Nov.-Dec. 7 1874.includes:f. 1 Alexander Wood, physician: Letters to W. E. Gladstone: 1868-1874.ff. 3, 10, 21, 53, 66, 162, 242, 249 Ambrose Lisle March Phillipps De Lisle, Catholic writer: Correspondence with W. E. Gladston... British Library
referencedIn Joseph Halle Schaffner autograph collection, 1683-1948. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Cowen, Benjamin R. (Benjamin Rush), 1891-1908. Papers 1846-1897. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Robert C. Schenck Collection, 1800-1891 Dayton Metro Library
referencedIn S. Griswold Flagg collection, 1825-1938 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Van Cleve-Dover Papers, 1791-1954, 1830-1860 Dayton Metro Library
referencedIn Vol. CCCLXIV (ff. 318). Jan.-Apr. 1876.includes:f. 1 Reverend William Norris Dampier, of Ramsgate: Letters to W. E. Gladstone: 1875, 1876.ff. 3, 11 General Robert Cumming Schenck, American diplomatist: Correspondence with W. E. Gladstone: 1872-1... British Library
creatorOf Schenck, Robert Cumming, 1809-1890. Autograph note signed and 2 autograph signatures, 1863. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Vol. CCCLXII (ff. 395). Apr.-Aug. 1875.includes:f. 1 Thomas Joseph Weld-Blundell, of Ince-Blundell: Correspondence with W. E. Gladstone: 1865-1875.f. 3 John Bovey, Peruvian consul: Letter to W. E. Gladstone: 1875.f. 5 Karl Arnold Hillebrand, G... British Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
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correspondedWith Chaffee, A. H. person
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correspondedWith Schenck, Julia person
correspondedWith Schenck, Lilly person
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Place Name Admin Code Country
United States of America
United States
Ohio--Dayton
United States
Brazil
Italy, Europe
United States
Brazil
United States
Great Britain
United States
Greece, Europe
Greece, Europe
Straits of Malacca, South East Asia
West Virginia
Great Britain
United States
United States
Ohio
Ohio
United States
West Virginia
Ohio
United States
Subject
Mineral industries
Archives--Ohio
United States--History--1849-1877
Railroads
Practice of law
Ohio--History--1787-1865
Diplomatic and consular service, American
Alabama claims
United States. Army--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Dayton (Ohio)--Biography
Mineral industries--Finance
Occupation
Lawyers--Ohio--Dayton
Soldiers--United States
Diplomats--United States
Public officials--Ohio
Army officers
Diplomats
Representatives, U.S. Congress--Ohio
Legislators--Ohio
Legislators--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1809-10-04

Death 1890-03-23

Information

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