Darwin, Leonard, 1850-1943

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Leonard Darwin was born on 15 January 1850, fourth son of the naturalist Charles Darwin. He joined the Royal Engineers as a soldier in 1871 and became a Major in 1890, teaching at the School of Military Engineering at Chatham from 1877 to 1882. Being interested in various branches of science, he had been commissioned to carry out astronomical observations on the Transit of Venus expeditions of 1874 and 1882, and also to observe solar eclipses in distant countries. Darwin went on to serve in the Ministry of War, Intelligence Division, from 1885 to 1890. He later became a liberal-unionist Member of Parliament for the town of Lichfield in Staffordshire from 1892 to 1895.

In 1894, Darwin became Honorary Secretary of the Royal Geographical Society, a post he held for fifteen years. He went on to serve as President of the Society between 1908 and 1911. He married twice but had no children. He died in 1943.

From the guide to the Leonard Darwin collection, 1909-1931, (Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Fisher, Ronald Aylmer Sir, 1890-1962. [Papers]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Charles Eliot Norton papers Houghton Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Library. Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection. 1668-1983. American Philosophical Society
referencedIn William B. Provine collection of evolutionary biology reprints, 20th century. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Davenport, Charles Benedict, 1866-1944. Charles Benedict Davenport papers, 1874-1944. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Allen, Corinne Marie Tuckerman, 1856-1931. Papers, 1896-1927 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Correspondence and compositions collected by The Carl H. Pforzheimer Library, 1878-1923. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Leonard Darwin collection, 1909-1931 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Leonard Darwin collection, 1909-1931 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, 1921-1951. Houghton Library
referencedIn William Speirs Bruce collection, 1892 - 1919 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Allen, Corinne Marie Tuckerman, 1856-1931. Papers, 1896-1927 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Norton family. Letters received by the Norton family, 1830-1920 Houghton Library
referencedIn Lewis Beaumont collection, 1875-1922 Scott Polar Research Institute
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Allen, Corinne Marie Tuckerman, 1856-1931. person
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 person
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Corinne Marie (Tuckerman) Allen (Mrs. Clarence Emir Allen), 1856-1931 person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
associatedWith Darwin, Leonard person
associatedWith Davenport, Charles Benedict, 1866-1944. person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Fisher, Ronald Aylmer Sir, 1890-1962. person
associatedWith Fitch, John person
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
associatedWith Leach, Henry Goddard, 1880-1970 person
associatedWith Lewis Anthony Beaumont person
associatedWith Mill Hugh Robert 1861-1950 person
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith Norton, Charles Eliot, 1827-1908 person
correspondedWith Norton family, recipient. family
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
correspondedWith Provine, William B. person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
correspondedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919 person
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Scott Kathleen 1878-1947 person
associatedWith Scott Robert Falcon 1868-1912 person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
associatedWith Shackleton Ernest Henry 1874-1922 person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith William Speirs Bruce person
Place Name Admin Code Country


Birth 1850-01-15

Death 1943-03-26




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