Brown, Jacob, 1775-1828

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U.S. Army officer during the War of 1812.

From the description of Letter, 1812 November 22. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 145406379

Army officer.

From the description of Jacob Brown papers, 1812-1828. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71061514

Amry officer, surveyor and educator.

From the description of Papers of Jacob Brown, undated. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71068371

Commander of the U.S. Army.

From the description of Papers, 1814-1825. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 36537180

General in the War of 1812

From the description of Jacob J. Brown letter to Micah Sterling [manuscript], 1820 January 28. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 433613428

Born in Bucks County, Pa.; died in Washington, D.C. Settled in Jefferson County, N.Y.; erected the first building in Brownsville. Served during the War of 1812 at Sackett's Harbor, and commanded the American forces during the Niagara campaign of 1814.

From the description of Letters of Jacob and Joseph W. Brown, 1814-1871. (Buffalo History Museum). WorldCat record id: 56773121

Original in New York State Library,

Albany.

From the description of Jacob Brown papers, 1801-1819 (Detroit Public Library). WorldCat record id: 658853374

Jacob Jennings Brown, one of the few American army officers to gain distinction in the War of 1812, was born into a Quaker family in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. His parents were Samuel Brown and Abi White Brown. He began his career as a surveyor and teacher; he opened a Friends School in New York City in 1798, while also studying law. By 1800, he had purchased land on the borders of the St. Lawrence River and Lake Ontario; here he founded a settlement on the Black River, which became the town of Brownville. In 1802 he married Pamela Williams (b. 1785), sister of his friend and associate, Nathaniel Williams, of Williamstown, Massachusetts. Brown and his wife had nine children.

Brown was active in local politics, becoming a judge of Jefferson County and a brigadier general in the state militia. At the outbreak of hostilities in 1812, Brown was given command of the frontier from Oswego to Lake St. Francis. In this post he successfully repulsed British forces at Ogdensburg in 1812, and the following year at Sackett's Harbor. For his efforts, Brown was immediately promoted to brigadier general in the U.S. Army, and the following year to major general. He commanded the northern division of the army in the successful Niagara campaign of 1814, where he received two severe wounds. At the close of the war, he continued in command of the northern division, becoming commanding general of the army in 1821. He moved to Washington in this year and had a stroke soon after. He died in Washington in 1828.

Edmund Kirby (1794-1849) was an aid to General Brown after the war. Kirby entered the army in 1812 as an ensign and steadily climbed the ranks to 3rd, 2nd, and 1st lieutenant, captain, major and eventually colonel in the Mexican American War. He died in 1849. Kirby married Brown's second daughter Eliza in 1825, and was deeply involved with the Brown family. Brown and Kirby shared an investment in a Mill in Dexter, New York, and in 1825, with Brown deeply in debt, Kirby purchased the Brown mansion. Members of both the Kirby and Brown families lived in the house until 1865.

From the guide to the Jacob Jennings Brown papers, Brown, Jacob Jennings papers, 1799-1950s, 1799-1837, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879. Papers, 1820-1865. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Christopher Van Deventer papers, Van Deventer, Christopher, papers, 1799-1925 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Brown, Jacob, 1775-1828. Jacob Brown papers, 1812-1828. Library of Congress
creatorOf Brown, Jacob Jennings. Papers, 1814-1825. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Jacob Brown letters, 1804-1823 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Brown, Jacob, 1775-1828. Letters of Jacob and Joseph W. Brown, 1814-1871. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
creatorOf Brown, Jacob, d. 1828. Letter, 1815 December 4th, West Point [to the] Committee in behalf of the Cadets at West Point. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf Johnson, A. B. (Alexander Bryan), 1786-1867. Letters received, 1811-1870 ; bulk: 1811-1831. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Biddle, Nicholas, 1786-1844. Letters, 1821-1844. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Goodyear, A. Conger (Anson Conger), 1877-1964,. War of 1812 manuscripts, 1779-1862. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
referencedIn Sprague, John. Papers, 1776-1868. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Brown-Kirby family papers, 1800-1865. St. Lawrence University, Owen D. Young Library
referencedIn Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845. Letter, 1827. Tennessee State Library & Archives, TSLA
creatorOf Brown, Jacob, 1775-1828. Jacob Brown papers, 1801-1819 Detroit Public Library, Detroit Main Library
referencedIn Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840. Letter books, 1805-1821. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn War of 1812 mss., 1776-1879 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Thomas Sidney Jesup Papers, 1780-1907 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Jacob Jennings Brown papers, Brown, Jacob Jennings papers, 1799-1950s, 1799-1837 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Brown, Jacob Jennings, 1775-1828. Jacob Jennings Brown papers, 1799-1950s, bulk 1799-1837. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Adams, John, 1735-1826. Letters to Jacob Jennings Brown [manuscript], 1819, 1825. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Harris, Samuel D. (Samuel Devens). Samuel D. Harris War of 1812 and Boston Fire Dept. papers, 1812, 1828. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
creatorOf Brown, Jacob Jennings, 1775-1828. Letter, 1812 November 22. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf Van Deventer, Christopher, d. 1838. Christopher Van Deventer papers, 1799-1925. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Jones, Roger, 1789-1852. Papers of Roger Jones, 1816-1819. Library of Congress
referencedIn Jones, Roger, 1789-1852. Letter, 1828 Feb. Historical Society of Washington, Dc
creatorOf Records of the Office of the Secretary of War. 1791 - 1948. Confidential and Unofficial Letters Sent
referencedIn Private journal kept by an aide-de-camp of General Jacob Brown: Diary, 1819-1820. New York State Library
referencedIn Private Journal No. V, 1827 September 20-1828 March 22 University of Delaware Library - Special Collections
creatorOf Brown, Jacob Jennings, 1775-1828. Jacob J. Brown letter to Micah Sterling [manuscript], 1820 January 28. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Jones, Roger, 1789-1852. Journal, 1819. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Jones, Roger, 1789-1852. Journal of a military inspection tour of the Western Lakes, 1819 May 30-July 18. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
creatorOf Brown, Jacob, 1775-1828. Letter, 1819. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Brown, Jacob, 1775-1828. General Jacob Brown letterbook, [microform] Apr. 17 - Aug. 20, 1814. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
creatorOf Brown, Jacob, 1775-1828. Jacob Brown papers, 1813-1849. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Brown, Jacob Jennings, 1775-1828. ALS, 1814 August 30 : West Bloomfield [New York], to Nathan Williams or Thomas Childs, Utica. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn United States. Army. Eastern Department. Orderly book of the Eastern Department of the United States Army, 1821 June 1 - 1828 July 30. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Brown, Jacob, 1775-1828. Papers of Jacob Brown, undated. Library of Congress
creatorOf Goodyear, A. Conger (Anson Conger), 1877-1964,. War of 1812 manuscripts, 1779-1862 [microform]. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
referencedIn Brown family. Papers, 1800-1863. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Isaac Chauncey papers, Chauncey, Isaac papers, 1801-1818 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Jesup, Thomas Sidney, 1788-1860. Thomas Sidney Jesup papers, 1780-1907. Library of Congress
referencedIn Vinton, John Rogers, 1801-1847. Private Journal No. V, 1827 September 20-1828 March 22, University of Delaware Library, Hugh M Morris Library
referencedIn Gardner, Charles K. (Charles Kitchell), 1787-1869. Papers, 1803-1897. American Periodical Series I
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, John, 1735-1826. person
associatedWith Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848. person
correspondedWith Armstrong, John, 1758-1843 person
correspondedWith Barbour, James, 1775-1842 person
associatedWith Biddle, Nicholas, 1786-1844. person
associatedWith Brown family. family
associatedWith Brown, Joseph White, 1793-1880. person
associatedWith Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850. person
associatedWith Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840. person
associatedWith Childs, Thomas, 1796-1853. person
associatedWith Clinton, DeWitt, 1769-1828. person
associatedWith Crawford, William Harris, 1772-1834. person
correspondedWith Dallas, Alexander James, 1759-1817 person
associatedWith Dearborn, Henry, 1751-1829. person
associatedWith Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879. person
associatedWith Gaines, Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849. person
correspondedWith Gardner, Charles K. (Charles Kitchell), 1787-1869. person
associatedWith Goodyear, A. Conger (Anson Conger), 1877-1964, person
correspondedWith Graham, George, 1770-1830 person
associatedWith Harris, Samuel D. (Samuel Devens). person
correspondedWith Izard, George, 1777-1828 person
associatedWith Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845. person
correspondedWith Jesup, Thomas Sidney, 1788-1860. person
associatedWith Johnson, A. B. (Alexander Bryan), 1786-1867. person
associatedWith Jones, Roger, 1789-1852. person
associatedWith Kirby, Edmund. person
associatedWith Kirby, Edmund. person
associatedWith Macomb, Alexander, 1748-1831. person
associatedWith Macomb, Alexander, 1782-1841. person
associatedWith Miller, James, 1776-1851. person
associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831. person
associatedWith Morris, Gouverneur, 1752-1816. person
associatedWith New York (State). Militia. corporateBody
associatedWith Ormsby, D. person
associatedWith Parker, Daniel. person
correspondedWith Parker, Daniel, 1782-1846 person
associatedWith Porter, Peter B. (Peter Buell), 1773-1844. person
associatedWith Scott, Winfield, 1786-1866. person
associatedWith Smith, Joseph Lee, 1776-1846. person
associatedWith Spencer, Ambrose, 1765-1848. person
associatedWith Spencer, John C. (John Canfield), 1788-1855. person
associatedWith Sprague, John. person
associatedWith Sterling, Micah, 1784-1844, person
associatedWith Thompson, Smith, 1768-1843. person
associatedWith United States. Army. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Division of the North. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Eastern Department. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. War Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Van Deventer, Christopher, 1788-1838 person
associatedWith Van Deventer, Christopher, d. 1838. person
associatedWith Vinton, John Rogers, 1801-1847 person
associatedWith Waffle, William, 1787-1876. person
associatedWith Wilkinson, James, 1757-1825. person
associatedWith Williams, Nathan, 1773-1835. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Niagara Falls (N.Y.)
United States
Ogdensburgh (N.Y.)
Fort Erie (Ont.)
United States
United States
United States
Great Lakes (North America)
Dexter (N.Y.)
United States
United States
United States
New York (State)
New York (State)
Fort Erie (Ont.)
Niagara Peninsula, (Ont.)
Ontario, Lake, Region (N.Y. and Ont.)
Lundy's Lane, Battle of, Ont., 1814
Chippewa, Battle of, Ont., 1814
Sackets Harbor (N.Y.)
Northwest, Old
Brownville (N.Y.)
Jefferson County (N.Y.)
Black River Canal (N.Y.)
Niagara Frontier (N.Y.)
New York (State)
New York (State)
New York (State)
United States
Old Fort Niagara (N.Y.)
United States
Dexter (N.Y.)
Ontario
Black River Canal (N.Y.)
Niagara Frontier
Subject
Lundy's Lane, Battle of, Ont., 1814
Missouri compromise
Lake Erie, Battle of, 1813
Fortification
Real estate development
Estate planning--New York (State)
Indians of North America
Sackets Harbor (N.Y.), Battle of, 1813
Chippewa, Battle of, Ont., 1814
Occupation
Educators
Surveyors
Army officers
Function

Person

Birth 1775-08-09

Death 1828-02-24

English

Information

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